Heart of Our Commztnal Life
...THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle connnencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewisb Newspapers, Michigan Press Associations, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1952 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich., under act of Congress of
March 8, 1879.
Editor and Publisher
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the tenth day of Kislev, 5722, the following Scriptural selections will be read in
our synagogues: -
. Pentateuchal portion, Way-yeze, Gen. 28:10-32:3. Prophetical portion, Hosea 12:13-14:10.
Licht Benchen. Friday, Nov. '17, 4:51- p.m.
VOL. XL. No. 12
November 17, 1961
Misconceptions in Arab Refugee Issue
A major issue in the present General
Assembly of the United Nations will be
the Arab refugee problem, and all of the
vituperative talk that had been heard in
the United Nations during the past 12
years undoubtedly will be repeated by
There are many misconceptions about
the tragic problems of the refugees,
and it is important that the basic facts
should be known.
The debate is certain to revolve
around the UN Resolution 194 adopted
by the General Assembly on Dec. 14,
1948. Paragraph III of that resolution
"The General Assembly .. .
CALLS UPON the Governments and authorities
concerned to extend the scope of the negotia-
tions proVided for in the Security Council
resolution of 16 November 1948 and to seek
agreement by negotiations conducted either
with the Conciliation Commission or directly
with a view to the final settlement of all
questions outstanding between them;
"INSTRUCTS the Conciliation Commission to
take steps to assist the Governments and au"-
thorities concerned to achieve a final settlement
of all outstanding questions between them."
Paragraph XI, the one out of the 14 dealing
with the refugees, provided that: "the refugees
wishing to return to their homes and live at
peace with their neighbors should be permitted
to do so at the earliest practicable date,"
and instructed the Conciliation Commission
"to facilitate the repatriation, resettlement and
economic and social rehabilitation of the refu-
gees and the payment of compensation."
The Arab delegations voted against
this resolution. Now, however, they are
using it in distorted fashion in claims for
the "right to return." It will be noted that
the resolution emphasizes facilitation not
only of repatriation but also "resettle-
ment" and "payment of compensation,"
points which were emphasized by Pres-
ident Kennedy in his letter to heads of
Arab states on May 11. By their refusal
to confer with Israel's spokesmen in plan-
ning a solution in line with the original
resolution, the Arab states are obstruct-
ing peace. There is no doubt that their
UN representatives . will again resort to
obstructionism in the forthcoming debate.
The United States, as the supporter of
the Arab refugees in their camps to the
tune of $ 250,000.000 during the last
decade — a sum that represents 65 per
cent of the total expended for that pur-
pose—will be compelled to play a major
role in the deliberations. Our delegates to
the UN General Assembly will be called
upon to suggest a solution to a probleni
whose solution is long overdue. It is vital
that the sentiments expressed by Con-
gress should be taken into consideration
by the U.S. delegates.
The following excerpts from the re-
port of the Committee on Foreign Affairs
of the 27th Congress, included in the
Mutual Security Act of 1961, dated Aug.
4, 1961. mnst be taken info considaration:
"The committee regrets that only limited
progress has been made to solve the problem
of the Palestine Arab refugees. Some progress
has been made within recent years because
refugees who have acquired skills have found
employment and have been absorbed in the
local economy. -The United Nations Relief and
Works Agency now plans to expand the
vocational training program in order to stimu-
late employment of the refugees, and part of
the funds included in this year's authorization
for the U.S. contribution to UNRWA are to be
used for this vocational training program.
Nevertheless, progress toward a final solution
remains regrettably slow. The only favorable
developments during the past year were (1)
real progress in the rectification of UNRWA
relief rolls and (2) an expanded program of
vocational training. While the committee con-
tinues to support the program, it is of the
opinion that more vigorous action is needed
to bring the refugee problem to an acceptable
and early solution. The committee believes that
the vast majority of the refugees will eventually
have to be resettled in lands where there is
room and opportunity for them.
"The committee has been informed that aid
to Israel will, in the future, stress loans and
food for peace. Under difficult circumstances
Israel has achieved impressive economic devel-
opment, so that for the first time in 10 years,
grant assistance has not been programmed for
Israel. The committee is of the opinion that
Israel should continue to receive development
loans and other forms of economic aid at levels
high enough to insure continued development.
Should circumstances arise which find Israel
again in need of grant aid, the committee
believes that the administration should deal
sympathetically with any such request.
"It should be stressed that Israel has strug-
gled for stability at great odds in a disturbed
area. Lack of peace and economic relations
with her neighbors has led Israel to snake large
expenditures for security and survival. Israel
has never received grant military aid or defense
support under the mutual security program.
Under these circumstances, the committee con-
tinues to be concerned about Israel's progress."
Israel has made offers of repatriation
which she has been compelled to abandon
in view of changing conditions. It should
be remembered that half a million Arabs
had left Israel and that their number has
grown to a million. If the tragedy of these
people in refugee camps is permitted to
drag on, that number will continue to
increase, and the wrong impression is
given that the children, who form half
the number of the -present hordes of
refugees, also have been expatriated.
To solve the problem, Israel's views
must be respected, and a serious effort
must be made to arrive at . a lasting solu-
tion. Israel stands ready to assume respon-
sibility for compensation. Through proper
resettlement of the refugees in Arab
countries, together with compensations,
a halt can be called soon to - the issue.
The United Nations must take into
view the fact that as many Jews had
been forced to leave Arab countries as
the number of those who left Israel in
haste in 1948 at the behest of their leaders
and against the- appeals made to them by
Palestinian Jewry that they should re-
main where they - were.
It is a tragic issue and it must be
solved. But it can not be remedied
through obstructionism and the search
for "moral" weapons by Arabs against
Israel. The United Nations can emerge a
strong force for good by compelling'-an
Arab-Israel accord on this and on other
questions involving the peace of the Mid-
dle East. If it fails to exercise courage
during the coming debate, it will be
yielding to pressures that lead to pro-
longation of war threats. Well may all of
us pray that the UN will emerge strength-
ened and ready to act realistically and
firmly on this as on other issues.
In his Thanksgiving message, Pres-
ident Kennedy emphasized that while we,
as a nation, have reason "to be thankful
for the abundance of our blessings," we
must not be "unmindful of the plight of
those in many parts of the world to whom
hunger is no stranger and the plight of
those millions more who live without the
blessings of liberty."
The President has spoken in the spirit
of the Hebraic tradition of Sukkot whence
stems the idea of the American Thanks-
giving. His message inspires us to strive
for the perpetuation of the freedoms we
enjoy and to labor to the end that all
perils shall perish from the earth.
4 Noteworth JPS Paperbacks
Korn's Civil War Book ; Baeck ,
Parkes, Trachtenberg -Volumes
Four important volumes have just been issued by the Jewish
Publication Society, jointly with Meridian Books of World
Publishing Co., in popularly priced paperbacks.
Included among them is "American Jewry and the Civil
War," by Rabbi Bertram W. Korn. The centenary of the Civil
War makes the -republication of this book, and its availability
as a low-priced paperback, especially timely. Allan Nevins has
written the introduction' to Rabbi Korn's book.
Equally significant in this new series of paperbacks is
the series of essays by the late Leo Baeck, "Judaism and
Christianity," translated and introduced by another eminent
scholar, Walter Kaufmann.
The Conflict of the Church and the Synagogue," by the well
known Christian theologican, Dr. James Parkes, is a study in the
origins of anti-Semitism. It is the lengthiest in this new group
The fourth title is "The Devil and the Jews," by Rabbi
JoShua Trachtenberg. It offers explanations of the medieval
conception of the Jew in relation to modern anti-Semitism.
'What Ship? Where Bound?',
Refugee Ship Running Novel
One of the most dramatic stories of the century relates to the
attempts to smuggle refugees into Palesine, before the establish-
ment of Israel, by ship runs that sought to break through the
The British resorted to every means at their disposal to prevent
the arrival of escapees from Hitlerism or any others who aspired
to settlement in Palestine.
But from many ports there came thousands of immigrants who
risked their lives, Whb faced the danger of having their ships sunk
—only to escape the humiliations they were subjected to in lands
of oppression and in concentration camps.
The story of one such ship is told in a novel by Shepard
Rifkin, entitled "What Ship? Where Bound?" and_: published by
Knopf (501 Madison, N.Y. 22).
Rifkin, a 43-year-old New Yorker who grew up in Omaha,
served in the Merchant Marine in the last war. He loves the sea
and his novel shows the deep knowledge he has about the sea
and seamen, about life on boats and at ports.
1vIuch of this novel is devoted to preparations for the trip to
pick .up- the refugees who sought entrance into Palestine on the
Felicidad, an, old vessel that was purchased for the trip and was
sent on its difficult voyage.
The title of the book is from the inquiries made of all vessels
entering the Mediterranean by the Gibraltar Signal Station: "What
Ship? Where Bound?" When that was addressed to the Felicidad
when it approached the Palestinian shore, there was no answer.
Then the British boarded the ship to take charge of the newcomers
for deportation. It recalls the Cyprus chapter in the Jewish-British
struggle, the Exodus and other incidents. -
Rifkin's novel assumes particular importance because of its
vivid descriptions of - the seamen's activities, but- more especially
because the author shows the battle for control of immigration and
the search for political superiority between Haganah and the Revi-
sionists. The enmity that existed between the two at times-hindered
progress in moving the immigrants and threatened -Jewish unity.
"What Ship? Where Bound" is an ably written. novel that adds
to an understanding of the trying period during which the flight
of Jews fOr safety in the Jewish. National Home was a major strug-
gle for human rights.
Two Children's Hanukah Stories .
Among the books published for very young children is one
especially timely for Hanukah.
It is the 2-in-1 story book issued by Ktav (65 Suffolk, N.Y. 2).
The two stories, "The Singing Shammos" and "The Gelt That
Grew," deal with the Hanukah theme—the Hanukah gelt given a
youngster as a reward for his having given up a subway token to
a lady who had no money with her at the subway, and the compe-
tition among candles for the Shammos position.
Ruth Samuels authored the stories and the illustrations were
drawn by Ezekiel Schloss.