Book Pa '6;F e - st:iv- id O
-fft-Center Tomorrow Night
"Books shall be thy companions; book cases and shelves thy pleasure— ..nooks and gardens."
—From the ethical will of Judah ibn Tibbon, 12th century Spanish-Jewish scholar
Detailed Book Fair Festival Program. on Page 6
Vol. XL, No. 12
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NI I I—II GA NI
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
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17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Nov. 17, 1961 —$5.00 Per Year;- Single Copy 15c
Allegations Against Arrested
Soviet Jews Denied; Renewed
Anti-Sernitism Stirs Protests
High. Court Holds Rockwell
Has Right to ‘Free Speech'
WASHINGTON, (JTA)—The United States Supreme Court in
effect upheld the Constitutidnal right of George Lincoln Rockwell,
leader of the American Nazi party, to hold a public meeting in New
York. The high tribunal refused to rule on a petition by New York
City Parks Commissioner Newbold Morris, who had appealed from
a ruling by the New York State Court of Appeals;
Rockwell had originally asked for the permit for a rally sched-
uled for July 4, 1960. On the grounds that such a rally would foment
rioting, due to Rockwell's anti-Semitism, the permit was refused by
Commissioner Morris and Mayor Robert F. Wagner. On appeal the
New York court ruled in favor of Rockwell, declaring "the right of
free expression is not to be entrusted to administrative, previous
restriction for contemplated violations of the law."
Third Algerian Jew Killed
PARIS, (JTA)—Anxiety again gripped the Algerian Jewish
community when 60-year-old Camille Levy was shot to death by
three unidentified terrorists. The killing followed the murders last
Week of David Zermati, president of the Jewish 'community of Setif,
Algeria, and Dr. Joseph Cohen, a well-known Algiers physician.
Algerian police said they could not determine whether the
terrorists who killed Levy were members of the Algerian FLN
rebel organization or of the OAS, the French European underground
Book Month Symbol: This repro-
duction of the three-color Jewish Book Month poster
announces the dates of the national celebration now being
observed by 2,000 Jewish organizations throughout the
land under: auspices of the Jewish Book Council of the
National Jewish Welfare Board.
JERUSALEM, (JTA)--The 'full text of the article in the Soviet news-
paper Leningradskaya Pravda which linked the three arrested leaders of the
Leningrad Jewish community with "espionage activities," contains no direct
mention of Israel or of the accused maihtaining any contact with Israeli diplo-
mats in the Soviet Union.
The paper carries a report of the trial of the three Jewish leaders and
said that they were charged with supplying information "to a certain capitalist
country." A report by the United Press International from Moscow carried in
the Jerusalem Post said that the Leningradskaya Pravda reported that "two
witnesses testified that the defendants had transmitted 'espionage material' to
Israel embassy officials during services in a Leningrad synagogue."
"The Israeli officials," the UPI report from Moscow continued, "were
identified by the witnesses as Yaacov Sharett and Eliahu Hazan." Pointing
out that Sharett is the son of former Israel Prime Minister - Moshe Sharett, the
UPI report said that he was expelled last summer from Russia on charges of
espionage and that Hazan was likewise expelled after being arrested in
Odessa in 1957.
The UPI report also said that the Leningradskaya Pravda "also claimed
that the defendants distributed 'anti-Soviet literature,' presumably Zionist
pamphlets published in Israel." It is believed here that this part of the UPI
report referring to Israel was in the nature of an elaboration rather than a
direct quotation from the Leningrad newspaper. -
Reports that the three Jewish leaders in Leningrad were arrested and
sentenced because they transmitted "espionage material" to Israeli Embassy
officers during religious services were officially termed here as "completely
without foundation." (The Soviet authorities also arrested three Jewish
leaders in Moscow.)
Eliahu Hazan, formerly a member of Israel's Embassy staff at Moscow,
was arrested by Soviet authorities at Odessa in 1957, and expelled from the
Soviet Union. Sharett was arrested at Riga last summer and also orde'red to
leave the USSR.
Sharett said here that, during his tenure in Moscow, he , had met hundreds
of Jews at the Moscow synagogue, but he does not recall the names of the three
Jews arrested in Leningrad. His only "conversation" with Jews he met, Sharett
said, consisted of the traditional greeting, "Shalom Aleichem," which usually
drew the customary "Shalom" in response. The espionage charges against him-
self and Hazan, Sharett said, are "fantastic."
Other officials here said the Soviet allegations in both expulsion cases
were "groundless." Observers here speculate that the charges against the Rus-
sian Jews and the linking of those men with Sharett and Hazan may have been
intended by Soviet authorities to counter - balance espionage cases recently
brought here against Israelis charged with handing secret information to an
unnamed "foreign power."
The Israel Foreign Ministry, it was said, is not likely to respond to the
allegations in the Leningrad newspaper, unless it is followed by a formal note
from the Soviet Union. No such note has been received. The Israel Embassy
in Moscow has been requested to send to the Foreign Ministry the complete
text of the article in the Leningradskaya Pravda.
It was pointed out that, neither at the time of Hazan's expulsion, nor
when Sharett was ordered out of the Soviet Union, did the Soviet govern-
ment connect them in any way with the Jews since arrested and sentenced at
Leningrad. Nor, it was pointed out here, did the Soviet government ever make
diplomatic representations or complaints to the Israel government, charging any
such connections either against Sharett or against Hazan.
According 'to the Leningrad newspaper, the three Leningrad Jewish
leaders were convicted after 20 witnesses testified that they had transmitted
"espionage material" to the two Israelis during religious services in the Lenin-
grad synagogue. The Leningrad newspaper charged that the three Jews sen-
Continued on Page 7
This Is Section A
of Two Sections
Special 8-Page Book Fair
Supplement in This Issue
TheSpecial Supplement dedicated to Detroit's Annual Jewish Book Fair, appears
Tp: fold it, remove the Supplement between these
pages, then fold, and trim - alongtop edge to make it into an 8-page brochure.