THE DETROIT JEWISH NEW S Friday, November 10, 1% 1 - 2
By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
'The. German Mind' Fails to Define the Defilement
In "The German Mind," Dr. William J. Bossenbrook, professor
of history at Wayne State University, shows how "nationalism
became the vehicle of a supra-social mass insurgence" in Central
Europe. National Socialism is viewed by him as "an attempt to
re-establish the German Reich as the axis of a Europe which would
again be able to assert itself among the other global powers, as
it had in the time of Charlemagne and Otto the Great."
In this book, published by Wayne State University Press, Prof.
Bossenbrook reviews the eras .during which Germany produced its
great minds and distinguished leaders—including Einstein, Goethe,
Schiller, and scores of others..
He deals with the Hitler era and he calls National Socialism
"a phase of the technological revolution." He attempts the explana-
"The tendency of • historians to deal with National Socialism
as a totally alien phenomenon has its sources largely in the impact
of the surface aspects of terrorism and brutality of the regime
plus its projectiOn of apparently incredible and fantastic notions
about race and Reich. All of these were essentially part of a
propaganda of deed and word behind which the rationale of the
technological breakthrough made itself apparent."
Of course, the WSU professor takes note of anti-Semitism in
Germany. He goes back to Paul de Legarde (1827-1891) who "was
all for purging the Jewish influence from contemporary Christian-
ity"; whose "pronounced anti-Semitism may perhaps be ascribed to
the fact that he saw, in the rapid rise of the Jew in all spheres of
German life, the effects of a competing messianism . . ."
, He is led to a philosophical discussion of German thinking, - of
the fear for the alien, and he writes:
"The most obvious alien was the Jew, since he was assumed
to have preserved more or less intact his own tribal customs and
religion, which he carried with him wherever he went, As religion
ceased to be a factor in distinguishing the Jew from others because
of the general enlightenment and indifference to theology and
dogma, another distinctiOn appeared—race. Anti-Semitism began
to gather momentum in Germany in the late 19th century just
when the Germans were becoming Kultur conscious."
Finally, referring to the. last war and the Nazi era, he states:
"The large Jewish population in Poland was also given 'special
treatment'—extermination and incarceration in ghettos„ The . anti-
Semitic movement had entered a new phase after 1938, when the
assassination of a German official by a Jew furnished the trigger
action for the already projected systematic extermination. Anti-
Semitic propaganda and violence was .increased to a fever pitch
both within Germany and in the conquered areas. It was intended
not only to serve- as a means of whipping up German public
opinion against the foe within and without, but to turn the seething
mass of national hatreds and resentments in middle Europe away
from the German toward the Jew, who had played such air im-
portant role in the economic and intellectual life of that area."
But what about the German mind in the Nazi body? What about
the Goebbels and the Goerings and the Streichers and the Himm-
The WSU professor leaves us flat. He is entirely too objective
when referring to the Jewish- tragedy, which really is the German
tragedy and -which indeed _calls for an analysis of the collective
mind of a people that could sink as low as the Germans had in our
. "The German Mind" describes admirably the genius of
Germany before the era of murders and sadism. It fails to explain
the deterioration under Hitler and his associates. It rationalizes
too much and is too tolerant to a generation of morally degraded
rulers who permitted banditry to negate and to replace kultur.
Former Nazi Scientists Help Nasser
Build V-2 Buzz Bomb Rocket; Israel
Fears New Arms Race in Middle East
JERUSALEM, (JTA).=—,Lsraeli stresses that the vulnerability for the Israelis, France posses-
circles expressed grave • concern of Israel's electric power in- ses a superb, single-engined,
over reports that Egypt, with - stallations and communica- supersonic jet fighter, Mirage-3,
the help of a West German tions to Egypt's Ilyushin-28 which fits their requirements
scientist at Stuttgart, has devel- bombers and MIG fighters perfectly." As for air-to-air
oped a rocket similar to the carrying bombs "is a preoccu- weapons, the Guardian declared
Nazi V-2 rocket which Hitler pation" of the Israeli Defense "there is good evidence" that
used to "buzz-bomb" London Ministry. He points out that these will soon "come into ser-
near the end of World War II. the United States sells no vice in both the Israeli and
Egypt, according to the re- military equipment to Israel, Egyptian air forces."
ports, has already constructed while Britain "sells only with
The correspondent stated "it
a new V-2 model rocket with a reluctance and when it ap- is believed in Israel that a new
250-mile range, capable of pears that no other sources Russian fighter will soon be
reaching almost any part of are available."
supplied to the Egyptians. This
Israel. Israelis fear this new
Referring to the "strong" might be expected to be the
Egyptian rocket program may France-Israeli ties, the corres- advance MIG-21, but could also
lead to a renewed arms race in pondent added: "Fortunately be the new Sukhoi interceptor."
the Middle East region.
According to reports reach-
ing Israel, Nazi technicians,
Boris Smola r's
who worked in secret German
plants producing the V-2 rocket
under Hitler's regime, proposed
to United Arab Republic Presi-
dent Gamal Abel Nasser that
they produce a similar rocket
When Nasser supported the
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
proposal, the Nazis. approached
Prof. Eugene Saenger, head of The American Scene
the Jet Propulsion Research
Ainerican Jewish organizations interested in protecting civil
Institute at Stuttgart, West rights are now watching the unprecedented growth of extreme
Germany, who provided them right-wing organizations in this country . .. In the last 18 months
with the necessary technical their number has mushroomed from 18 to 95 . .. In the first six
months of 1961, more extreme right-wing groups have emerged
and scientific data.
West German authorities, than in any other single year of the past two decades . . . Not
learning of Saenger's aid to all of them are anti-Semitic . .. Some of them go out of their way
the Nazis working for Nas- not to permit the injection of any anti-Jewish utterances in their
ser, have suspended the pro- propaganda and activities . . . Others make it a point to declare
fessor from his post, accord- they are against religious prejudice . . . Only a small number of
ing to information reaching the 95 organizations are outspokenly anti-Jewish . . Most of the
extreme right-wing groups . concentrate their activities on combat-
ting Communism . . . Some of them are simultaneously against
* * *
the United. Nations, liberal policies of the Washington administra-
LONDON, (JTA)—Israel has
tion, integration, foreign aid and social welfare legislation . . •
ordered about 40 French Mi- Leading these organizations are the Christian Anti-Communism
rage-3 jet fighter planes "in League, despite calling itself "Christian" is definitely
view of the need to match Arab Jewish . . . It claims more than 70,000 followers and is conducting.
aircraft," the Guardian of an intensive campaign against Communism . . . It exists on dona-
Manchester reported in a dis- tions and will probably go over the $1,000,000 mark this year .
patch from Tel Aviv:
The John, Birch Society, with 100,000 members, disclaims religious
According to the Guardian's bigotry, and claims to have Jews among its members . . . However,
correspondent, military tensions it is feared that the group's arch-conservative program makes it a
in Israel have "eased notice- target for infiltration by religious and racial hatemongers . . .
ably". since Syria broke away Especially, because the organization is run on the basis of "cells"
from the United Arab Republic consisting of no more than 20 members each—and members of one
recently. "The subsequent sur- "cell!' may not know who the members of other cells are . . . The
vival of King Hussein in Jor- John Birch Society, only three years old, is growing and is said
dan, against all the forecasts," to have among its members very influential people . : It is led
the dispatch continued, "and by Robert H. W. Welch, a 61-year-old retired candy manufacturer
the re-assertion of Syria, has of Belmont, Mass., and is operating in 34 states . Jewish leaders
convinced the Israeli military foresee that the influence of extreme right-wing groups may in-
authorities that a shift in the crease. as KhruShchev continues to antagonize Americans by his
balance of power against them blunt anti-American tactics, and they believe the surge of right-
can be ruled out for the, fore- Wing activity will not abate significantly in the next three or four
The Passing of a Distinguished . Editor
years . . . The Jewish organizations are determined to stand
David J. Gaiter's death leaves a great void in Jewish - literary
But the correspondent behind the liberal policies of the American Government which
keeps an eye on the activities of extreme right-wing groups but
does not undertake anything to check them.
He was one of the very few men in • our midst who not only
was an able writer in English but who also was a master of
Hebrew and Yiddish.
UN - Action
He was among our best informed men in Jewish life. As editor
The United Nations is now trying to establish what the value
of the Philadelphia Jewish Exponent, as author, since his retire-
of the property of the Arab refugees from Palestine was in 1947,
ment, of the "Baruch Haba" column .in which he fearlessly ex-
the year before Israel. was established . . . Approximately 450,000
pressed his views on all pertinent Jewish issues, and as a devoted
NEW YORK, (JTA) — The parcels of land are involved . . . The Arab states contend that the
supporter of the participant in the activities of the Jewish Pub-
property left by the refugees in Israel, together with accumulated
lication Societ-y of America, he ranked high as a man of knowl- 1,200-member Jewish commu- interest, would come to about $12,000,000,000 . . . This figure
edge who helped guide his associates along many constructive
regarded as "fantastic" because in 1951 the UN Palestine - Concilia-
Jewish literary paths.
plans to fly children from one
tion Commission reported that the value of the Arab refugee prop-
It is certainly to the credit of Mr. Gaiter's alma mater, Gratz town that has no Jewish educa- erty in Israel was estimated at a total of $300,000,000 . . . This
College, that it has decided to honor his memory by naming tional facilities to a n o t h e r estimate coincides with reports from other sources which assert
the chapel in the planned new Gratz College Building the David which does, for three months of that after making full allowance for all sales as well as for urban
intensive Jewish education, a building plots, the total value of abandoned Arab property in Israel
J. Gaiter Chapel.
leader of the community re- for compensation.. purposes is probably below $280,000,000 • .
David Gaiter had a keen sense of humor. He appreciated a
vealed here this week.
Land and buildings abandoned by the Arab refugees in Israel are
good Jewish story and could tell one with ability. He was a mine
Herbert Gedalius, president now administered in the United States . . . In Jerusalem, Haifa
of Jewish information. Such men are not easily replaceable. Blessed
of the Association de Beneficia and Tel Aviv-Jaffa, refugee property is under the adminisration of
be his memory.
Israelita, said Ecuador Jews live the Development Authority, which is part of the Ministry of Finance
in Quito, which has Jewish edu- . . . This office has administered 8,930 buildings in Tel Aviv-
Memories of Zionist Veterans
cational facilities, and in Gua-
Brith Rishonim, the interesting non-partisan organization of yaquil, which does not. The two Jaffa, about 5,000 in Haifa and 1,740 in Jerusalem . . . The total
Zionists who were affiliated with the movement since the 1920s, cities are 300 miles apart: He amount of rent to be collected for the current year has officially
had an interesting session at which activities of three pioneers said the plan is to fly the 12 been estimated at about $3,000,000 . . . The full market value of
these buildings would- appear at the highest to be $60,000,000 . .
Jewish children in Guayaquil to Arab houses in other places administered by the Development
The lives of Prof. Richard Gottheil, who, in 1898, was the Quito for the three summer Authority are estimated to have a market value of $25,000,000 at
president of the Federation of American Zionists, predecessor of months. He added that a num- the highest . . . As regards agricultural land and land suitable
the Zionist Organization of America, which received the latter ber of Jewish families in Quito for cultivation—these reached in 1961 a little over 1,000,000 du-
name under the leadership of the late U.S. Supreme Court Justice had indicated they would ac- nams, most of which is in the Negev and a part of which is
Louis D. Brandeis; Prof. Israel Friedlander, one of the pioneers in commodate the children during leased to Arabs and to Negev Bedouins . . . The amount of rent
American Zionism, who died a martyr's death in 1921, at the hands their stay.
to be collected for this year from all the million dunams will
of Russian bandits, while on a mission with Rabbi Cantor in behalf
Gedalius came to the United reach about $500,000 . . . In addition, about 2,770,000 dunams'
of the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and Henri- States to confer with officials of have been sold to the Jewish National -Fund for a sum of about
etta Szold, founder of Hadassah, were memorialized by Morris the World Jewish Congress, of $55,000,000 . . . This gives an approximate picture of the total
Margulies, Dr. Samuel Margoshes and Mrs. David de Sola Pool.
which the Beneficia is an affili- value of the property which the Arab refugees left behind in Israel
Brith Rishonim thereby has earned its right to a successful ate. Current arrangements, he . . . The UN Palestine Conciliation Commission has established that
existence—by keeping alive the record' of past achievements and said, have provided for the teach- continuing progress is being made in evaluating the properties of
by causing the names of Zionist pioneers to live in our memories. er, who came to Ecuador from Arab refugees for which compensation might be paid . . . Israel
Louis Lipsky, who is recognized as the dean of American Zionism, Israel, to travel from Quito to is willing to pay compensation under certain arrangements, but
a man of vigor and Zionist devotion .even as an octogenarian, is Guayaquil for two or three days the Arab states, anxious to keep the refugee issue alive, are not
the movement's able guide and leader.
permitting the refugees to accept compensation.
... and Me'
Fly 300. Miles
to Jewish School