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November 10, 1961 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-11-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Eichmann Claim for Aid Rejected by German Court
JNF Adopts Plan for Additional
(JTA)—The Mun- to clarify basic constitutional focusing overspecifically on
1 000,000 Trees in Israel Annually ster MUNSTER,
Superior Administrative questions.


(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — A commit-
tee set up to study the impact
of afforestation on Israel's
water resources endorsed
Wednesday a five-year Jewish
National Fund plan to plant
6,500,000 trees annually.
The committee which in
eludes water forestry and soil
conservation experts was estab-
lished by agriculture Minister
Moshe Dayan. The committee
found that wooding of areas, in
addition to preVenting soil
erosion, increased local water
supplies by retaining rainfall.
The committee said there
was no basis for contentions
that forests exhausted Israel's

court confirmed a lower court's
rejection of the claim of former
Nazi colonel Adolf Eichmann for
financial aid from the West
German Government to help pay
the costs of his trial last summer
in Jerusalem.
The Cologne Administrative
court had rejected Eichmann's
claim on grounds that the crimes
with which he was charged by
the Israel prosecution were not
committed "in the course of
military duty."
Dr. Robert Servatius, Eich-
mann's chief defense counsel in
the four-month trial, said he
would appeal to the West Ger-
man Federal Administrative
court. He said that costs of the
defense had amounted until the
current stage of the trial to
110,000 marks ($27,000) and
that he had received only $20,-
000 from the Israel government.
immigration to Israel and the He said that he had accepted
absorption of these new people the money "in the hope of being
into the social fabric of life in able to pay it back later with a
German government grant."
Dr. Servatius has indicated
that the expected verdict of
guilty will be appealed.
(The three-man Israeli court
that tried Eichmann will an-
nounce the exact date for the
verdict on Nov. 21. It is ex-
pected that reading of the ver-
dict will commence on Dec. 15.
(Correspondents from all over
the world again are expected to
flock, to Jerusalem to cover the
culmination of the trial. The
verdict, to be read in Hebrew
and to be translated simultane-
ously into English, French and
German, is expected to take six
days. Stenographers and trans-
lators who are working for the
court in preparation of the text
of the verdict are being held in;
communicado, precautions being
taken against revelation of the
verdict prior to its delivery.).

limited soil and water resources
and it rejected arguments ad-
vanced by some opponents of
heavy tree planting that the
JNF afforestation program
taxed Israel's water supplies.
In support of the findings,
the committee cited data col-
lected by a special commission
of the United Nations Food and
Agricultural Organization a s
well as data from surveys car-
ried out in arid parts of the
United -States and South Africa.
In recent years, the JNF has
been planting woods at the rate
of 5,500,000 trees a year. The
new five-year plan represents
a 20 per cent increase in its
afforestation program.

`Modest' Advances. in Jewish Life
Reported in Russia by Label Katz


"very modest" advances in the
cultural life of Soviet Jewry
have recently been made in the
Soviet- Union, it was reported
here by Label Katz, internation-
al president of Bnai Brith, who
led a mission to the Soviet
Union last August.
"Recently, several concerts of
music by Jewish composers in
Moscow and Odessa and produc-
tions of Yiddish theatre in Mos-
cow were oversubscribed," Katz
"Tliat they were held at all
is a hopeful sign." He also said
that a small Yiddish magazine
appeared in the Soviet Union
recently. Katz contrasted the
Jewish culture in the Soviet
Union with the limitless oppor-
tunity for its expression in the
United States.
"In the Soviet Union," he
said, "there is no Jewish educa-
tion. In Moscow, a city with
some 500,000 Jews there is just
one large synagogue and two
small ones.
Here, in the United States,
we ,recognize Jewish education
as the foundation of Jewish life.
Educated, knowledgeable, and
informed Jews will ensure the
continuity of Jewish life."
Katz, who serves on the na-
tional cabinet of the United
Jewish Appeal, told the audi-
ence that in 1962 the UJA will
require more than $100 million,
a minimum 50 per cent increase
over its needs in 1961.
"The largest portion of the
money," he said, "will be ear-
marked to meet the costs of

Dr. Ravdin, Sees
Cancer 'Break'

DR. I. S. RAVDIN of the
University of Pennsylvania
told the National Cancer Con-
ference on experimental clini-
cal cancer chemotherapy in
Washington that a m 4.j o r
break-through in cancer treat-
ment will be achieved within
the coming year He said real
progress has been made in
the past two yearg, and ef-
fective chemical agents al-
ready have been found for
treatment of special types.

Eichmann Trial Seen
Having 'Undesirable Effect'
On International Law
NEW YORK, (JTA)--The al-

The report was prepared by
Yosal Rogat, a specialist in
constitutional law, who last year
joined the staff of the Center.
Previously he taught in the polit-
ical science department of the
University of California. In is-
suing the report, the Center
emphasized that the author is
responsible for his statements of
fact and expressions of opinion,
and the Center is responsible
"only for determining that the
material should. be presented to
the public as a contribution to
discussion of the free society."
Rogat ,argues that the Eich-
mann trial "should have been
held before an international tri-
bunal, if it should have been held
at all." He claims that "the very
act of trying Eichmann in an
international tribunal would have
had desirable consequences for
the development of international
criminal law. Stich a tribunal, he
says, would in some sense have
been a successor to the Nurem-
berg International Military Tri-
bunal; it would, therefore, have
been better able to assimilate
Eichmann to the other Nurem-
berg defendants and to avoid

Rogat feels that Israel, after
preparing its case against Eich-
mann, should have asked for an
international tribunal; then, in
the event the request was de-
nied, Israel would have had a
clearer justification for conduct-
ing the trial herself. But the
Israel Government "neither de-
sired, nor even considered, such
a solution," declares the report.

JDC-financed ORT (Organ-
ization for Rehabilitation
through Training) schools pro-.
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legation that Israel's decision to
try Adolf Eichmann in an Is-
raeli. court "had an undesirable
effect on the development of in-
ternational law" is made in a
report issued today by the Cen-
ter for the Study of Democratic
Institutions, which has been set
up by the Fund for the Republic

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ADL Releases Study
Report on Jews in
New York Banking ,

study by the Bnai Brith Anti-
Defamation League shows only
three and one-half per cent of
high executive officials of com-
mercial banks in New York City
are Jews. The city's population is
25 per cent Jewish.
The findings were presented
at a hearing of a special labor
subcommittee of the House Com-
mittee on Education and Labor
by Moses L. Kove, chairman of
the New York regional advisory
board of the ADL. -
Kove said that the study of
eight of the largest commercial
banks showed that of a "total
roster of 844 officers of the rank
of vice-president and above,
only 30 were of the Jewish
Of the 30, 22 were in two
banks and seven in a third. One
bank had one Jewish high exec-
utive and the remaining four had
none, he said. The study found
197 persons on the boards of
the eight banks of whom three
were Jews.
Kove also told the subcommit-
tee about an ADL survey which
found that discrimination still
persisted in the life insurance




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