Florida Resort and Travel Section
idea 'in Danger
Vol. XL, No. 11
6 and 7
Needs Scrut iny
Passing of an
A Weekly Review
1 I ci--11A.,Ni
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Two Algerian Jewish Community
Leaders Killed in Bomb Plots
Knesset Opposes Admission
of Arab Refugees to Israel
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM—The resolution opposing admission of
Arab refugees in Israel, approved Monday by the Knesset,
will serve as the basis and guide for the Israeli delegation
at the United Nations when the annual debate on the
problem begins in a few weeks at the UN General
Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, is sched
uled to return to the_ ;United States to head the delegation
for the debate.
Mrs. meir Said it was up to Israel as a sovereign state to decide
who might 'enter its territory and that the idea that others should
decide the question was as inconceivable as their right to decide
who should immigrate into the United Sthtes or the Soviet Union.
She said that "when we believed that the war had ended in
1949," Israel announced its readiness then to accept up to 100,000
Arab refugees as part of a general peace settlement, but this was
ignored. The proposal has since lapsed, she added, because the
situation has changed.
The resolution on the Arab refugees was adopted by the Knesset
by a vote of 68 to 7. It was submitted jointly by seven political
parties, only left-wing Mapam and the Communists voting against it.
It endorsed the statement on the question made,last month by Prime
Minister David Ben-Gurion.
PARIS, (JTA)—Two prominent Algerian Jews were killed and a third
was shot and seriously injured last Saturday, culminating a week of high terror
during which more than 20 plastic bombs were exploded in Jewish homes
and shops in the capital of Algiers and in other sections of Algeria.
• The deaths were attributed to the OAS, the French underground which
oppoSes Algerian independence as proposed by President Charles de Gaulle.
The dead were David. Zermati, 54, president of the Jewish, Community
of Setif, a provincial city of about 42,000 population; and Dr. Joseph Cohen,
32, a well-known Algiers physician. The injured man, who is in serious condition
after having been shot through the neck•, is Yossef Perez, warden of the syna-
gogue in the Casbah at Algiers.
The shooting of Perez was attributed to the fact that, recently, he had refused to turn
over his apartment to a Moslem who had insisted on taking over the Perez home. But the
attacks against Zermati and Dr. Cohen were laid to OAS terrorists. Zermati was known as an
ardent Gaullist. He had held high posts in the Algerian Ministry of the Interior and, for two
terms, served president of the Setif Bar Association. He was shot in the back while picking
_up his mail in
in the Setif pott office.
Dr. Cohen was not - known to be active in any political movement, but was con,sidered
a liberal. He was widely known in Algiers particularly for his work among the Moslem poor,
whom he had been serving since his graduation from medical school.
During last week, at least 20 plastic bombs of 50 exploded in a single day were aimed
at Jewish shops in the Bab El Oued district in Algiers. The bombs were of a type used both
by the OAS and by Algerian rebels.
The Jewish community, its morale shaken by the recurrent attacks, is wondering
whether Nazi elements had obtained control of the OAS, although efforts have been made
of late by the OAS to ,enlist the sympathies of Jewish residents in Algeria.
Dr. A. Zaffran, a member of the administrative council of the Zionist Federation in
Algeria, made hasty plans to leave the coun try after receiving murder threats from the
OAS. Dr. Zaffran was a close friend of Police Commissioner Goldenberg who was assinated
recently. The aggravatiOn of the* general conditions in Algeria has resulted. in an increase
of Jewish emigration to France.
Former Detroiter Dr. Melvin Calvin and
Dr. Robert Hofstadter Win Nobel Prizes
Twn distinguished Jewish scientists--one of them a former Detroiter—are the
1961 Nobel Prize winners in chemistry and physics.
Dr. Melvin Calvin, a graduate of Detroit's Central High School, was awarded
the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
Dr. Robert Hofstadter, a -native of. New York City, shared the Nobel Prize
in physics with Dr. Rudolf Mossbauer of Germany.
Dr. Calvin received his \ Bachelor of Science degree in physics from Michigan
College of Mining and Technology, Houghton, Mich., in 1931. He was honored
by his Michigan alma mater in 1955 with an honorary Doctor of Science degree.
He is now professor of physics at the 'University of California, Berkeley,
Calif., and is director of the university's biorganic section of the Lawrence
His mother, Mrs. Rose Calvin, now resides in Los Angeles. His father, the
late Elias Calvin, came to Detroit from Lithuania and was the manager of an A&P
food store here.
A world authority on photosynthesis, Dr. Calvin received the Nobel Prize
for his work on photosynthesis, a basic plant function. He was attending a scientific
conference in West- Virginia when his wife, who acted as his secretary, telephoned
the news to him of his having won the Nobel Prize.
Dr. Calvin entered the Michigan College of Mining and Technology in 1927
and completed his four-year course in 1931. He received his doctorate in chemistry
from the University of Minnesotain 1935. Under a Rockefeller grant, he attended
the Univeiiity of Manchester in England in 1936-1937.
In addition to receiving his honorary doctorate from his alma .mater, Michigan.
Tech, he also received honorary Doctor of Science degrees from
Nottingham University in England in 1958 and Oxford University
in England in 1959.
Among the other worldwide honors accorded Dr. Calvin are:
Sugar Foundation Prize, 1950; Award of Chemical Society of
London, 1953; Richards Medal of New York section of American
Chemical Society, 1956; American Chemical Society award for
nuclear application of chemistry, 1957; Nichols Medal of New
York Section of American Chemical Society, 1958.
'During World War II, Dr. Calvin was an investigator for the
National Defense Committee. In 1944-1945, he was chemical
adviser to the Manhattan Project.
Dr. Hofstadter, the winner of the Nobel Prize in physics,
who was named for the award by the Nobel dommittee in
Stockholm for his work in nuclear physics, was ed ated at the
College of the. City of New York where he late became an
instructor in physics.
He later became an assistant professor of physics at Pm
University, where he earned his higher degrees. He joined the
staff of Stanford University in 1950 and became professor of
DR. ROBERT HOF-
physics there in 1954.
Dr. Hofstadter was named California's "Scientist of the Year"
STADTER, professor of
in 1950. He was cited in the Nobel Prize award for his work in
physics at Stanford Uni-
determining the most precise measurements of the structure
versity, California, winner
of the neutron and proton.
of Nobel Prize in physics
He is 46, is married and has three children.
for his discoveries about
Dr. Hofstadter had been visiting in Royal Oak, Mich., with
the shape and size of the
Dr. Robert Herman, head of GM's theoretical physics department,
nucleus of the atom.
when his wife called him from Stanford, Calif., to give him the
news of his having been chosen for the coveted award. He had
come here to deliver a lecture last Friday at the General Motors
Dr. Melvin Calvin is shown in the photo on left as he checked chlorella-
Technical Center. He said that while he had not met Dr. Calvin
growing tanks at the University of California in Berkeley. .Chlorella is an organism
he had been acquainted with the latter's work because that,
used for research in the metabol ism of sugar compounds.
too, involved atomic science.