Center Sabbath Issue Resolved:
Eliminated from Adopted Policy
'Positive Attitude Approach
Emphasized to Assure 'Basic
Concept of Jewish Tradition
A controversy that ensued here for nearly two
years, over the problem of programming on Satur-
days, at the Jewish Community Center, was resolved
Wednesday night, with the adoption of the recom-
mendations submitted by the Committee for Sabbath
Programming, .which was selected five weeks ago by
Max M. Fisher, president of the Jewish Welfare
Federation. There were only two votes in opposition
to the proposal.
The committee, which was selected by Fisher in
his private capacity as an interested citizen but not
officially in behalf of the Federation, was headed by
Mandell L. Berman, with Stanley. J. Winkleman as
co-chairman. Members of the committee named by
Fisher included: Max Biber, Avern L. Cohn, Rabbi
Leon Fram, Samuel Frankel, Morris Garvett, Charles
H. Gershenson, Sidney J. Karbel, Louis LaMed, Rabbi
Leizer Levin, Milton J. Miller, Rabbi Jacob E. Segal,
Abraham Srere and Phillip Stollman. Irwin Shaw,
executive director of the Center, served as secretary
of the committee at Fisher's request.
The committee's proposal was adopted unani-
mously, but Rabbi Levin did not participate in the
drafting of the report and was not present at the
meeting at which it was given unanimous approval.
The committee was charged by Fisher to view
the objectives of Center programming on the basis
of fostering "a positive attitude toward the Sabbath
as a basic concept of Jewish life."
Searching for "specifics," the committee com-
menced its study by first eliminating "un-Sabbath-
like" programs. It banned all activities that require
the handling of money, prohibited smoking, curtailed
such functions as the snack bar, shoe shine facility,
massage room or use of vending machines. It then
proceeded to approve "the positive specifics" and en-
dorsed activities of informal clubs, assembly-type
mass activities, older adults programs, story-telling
for children, swimming and informal recreation and
It proposed that a . representative committee of
religious leaders,. educators and laymen should re-
evaluate the program within the year.
The Center board's decision has not, however,
eliminated opposition, the Council of Orthodox;
Rabbis again having registered their objections to
the Sabbath programming plan at a meeting held
The complete text of the proposals of the Com-
mittee for Sabbath Programming, as adopted by the
Center's board of directors Wednesday, follows:
I. PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES
The Committee for Sabbath Programming believes that
in developing its recommendations to the Board of Directors
of the Jewish Community Center of Detroit, it should be
guided exclusively by the purpose and principles laid down
in the charge delivered to the Committee by Mr. Max Fisher,
(Continued on Page 32)
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper, Incorporating The Jewish Chronicle
VOL. XL — No 9
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 35
October 27, 1961
100,000 May Emigrate
Negotiate Protection of
Jewry's Property Rights
in Independent Algeria
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
PARIS—France and Israel were disclosed Tuesday to have started negotia-
tions to protect possible property rights of Algerian Jews emigrating to Israel.
Most Jews who have left Algeria have chosen to settle in France, a choice
understood to be based on their desire to protect their claims to any compensation
to be paid, either by France or an independent Algeria, to departing Europeans.
Current talks being held at the diplomatic level here were aimed at securing
similar rights of those Algerian Jews choosing to settle in Israel.
It was reported that the French were showing an understanding attitude
toward the question and it was hoped an early agreement would be reached.
At present there are about 150,000 Jews in Algeria, and it was indicated that
some 100,000 would emigrate when and if Algeria obtains independence under a
regime controlled by the FLN, the Algerian independence movement.
Massive Jewish Emigration from Algeria Predicted
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
PHILADELPHIA, Pa.—The possibility that French Jewry may have to face
a problem of massive Jewish immigration from Algeria, regardless of the outcome
of any political settlement in that area, was expressed here Wednesday by Daniel
Mayer, a former French Cabinet Minister and chairman of the executive committee
of the World ORT Union, in an address to the .1,200 delegates at the 16th biennial
convention of Women's American ORT.
Mayer said that French Jewry- would "need much assistance in the allevia-
tion of these human problems." He referred .to France's postwar role as a haven
for immigrants and pointed out that France alone, of all European countries, had
a larger Jewish population now than before the war. This, he said, was due,t6 the
tradition of sanctuary and friendly reception that France has always offered to
refugees and also to a steady stream of immigrants, from North Africa.
"Nevertheless," he declared, "this tide of North African Jews is a welcome
addition" in spite of the fact that it presents serious problems of communal,
cultural and economic integration. Mayer devoted his speech. to the dual character
of ORT in its immediate tasks for the. refugees from Hungary, Egypt and Poland,
along with its long range objectives of providing•vocational education in Israel, North
Africa, Iran and India.
UN 'Throws the Pooh' at Arabs Via PCC
By SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—In the battle raging here around the Arab refugee
problem, Israel has just won a very important skirmish. On the insistence of the
Arab delegations, the Palestine Conciliation Commission has filed an interim report
dealing with the present situations concerning the refugees. The Arabs wanted that
report to deal with the sole subject that interests them—complete "repatriation"
of the refugees to Israel territory, or compensation by Israel for such property as
the Arabs claim they left in Israel.
The PCC filed the report. But, in doing so, the commission literally "threw
the hook" at the Arabs. For, instead of dealing only with "repatriation" or com-
pensation, the PCC dealt thoroughly also with reintegration of the refugees in the
economy of the Middle East and with the one alternative to "repatriation" which
the Arabs want to forget—resettlement of the refugees, in Arab lands.
The PCC—a body consisting of representatives of the United States, France
and Turkey—has to play a neutral role. It has to present both sides of any question .
—or all sides, where there are more than two. The commission did .exactly that—
it presented the picture as a whole. As part of. its interim report, it filed . the
so-called "working papers'," documents which, ordinarily, are kept in the coin-
mission's office. This time, however, the "working papers" were distributed to all
The very titles of the , papers show that they contain information which the
Arabs would rather have hidden in the dead archives. One of the papers is entitled:
"Question of Compensation." The other hits the spot that hurts the Arabs most.
It is entitled "The Question of Reintegration by Repatriation or .Resettlement."
That word "resettlement" is verboten, as far as the Arabs are concerned. It doesn't
exist—because the Arab leaders don't want the refugees to be resettled.
Now the new African and Asian nations here—for whose good will and votes
the Arabs and Israel are competing—have found out, through official UN docu•
ments, that resettlement has as much of a place on the agenda as has the idea of
"returning" to Israel a million sworn enemies calling themselves refugees.
Actually, the documents are history; there is nothing new in any of the facts
revealed. The significance of the revival of this history lies in the very fact that
history is told anew—and that the attention to facts shows that Israel has been
telling 'the truth while the Arabs have lied when they have insisted that "repratria-
tion" is the only "solution" to the refugee problem.
Here we read that the Arab states themselves have, in fact, agreed in the past
to let the UN try schemes for reintegrating the refugees. Here, it is recalled,
that, in 1952, the Assembly had voted the creation of a $300,000,000 reintegration
fund—and that the Arabs, who had agreed to that plan, reneged. Here we find
that Israel had, the and again, shown willingness to discuss the solution of the
refugee problem, compensation, repatriation, the works—but that the Arabs have
been false, running out on agreements they had made with the UN and its agencies.
The PCC cannot be accused of partiality. Indeed, in this report, the commission
came close to forgetting all alternatives to "repatriation." It was only because the
Israel delegation here insisted that the entire record be included—that the com-
mission yielded because it could not help itself. The fact is, however, that the
commission did yield.
The inclusion of those "working papers" is, for Israel, a skirmish, won. That
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