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October 20, 1961 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-10-20

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Purely Commentary


`Sustain Good Neighborhoods' Bagley Area
Council Formed on Inter-Faith Principle


• The Bagley Community Coun- human relations committee of tions, Anti-Defamation League
cil, a. neighborhood organization the 'Bagley PTA, under the of Bnai Brith, Jewish Corn-
Does the United Nations Face League of Nations' Fate?
representing the area bounded chairmanship of Mrs. Maurice munity Council and the
With the death of Dag Hammarskjold, there was introduced I by
. . Livernois,.IlcNichols, ,Wyom Parkins, resulted in the forma- Mayor's Commission on - Com-
a note of pessimism regarding the fate of the United Nations. ing 'and Seven Mile Road, will tion of the Bagley Community munity Relations have assisted
There is a battle over management, the Communist Bloc doesn't hold its first general Member- Council on Sept. 21. -
residents of the area in the
seem to care a bit whether the international organization, Which ship meeting and elect a board
Temporary officers of the or- formation of the Council.
eiterged as a hope for world peace, survives or perishes, - and of d ir e c t or s at 8 p.m. next ganization, pending election of
Irving J. Rubin, temporary
there is a measure of indifference over impending developments Wednesday, in Fellowship Hall, the board of directors next chairman of the Council, said:
even among Western powers.
Mayflower Congregational Wednesday, are: Chairman, Irv- "Through the Bagley Commun-
The emergence of many new nations, whose participation Church, 7301 Curtis.
ing J. Rubin; organization com- ity Council we hope to accom-
in the UN has boosted the number of member countries to 100,
The newly-formed organiza
mittee, Mrs. Parkins and Rich- plish the following:
has created additional anxieties, and many now are adopting an
tion is based on the principle ard Strichartz; membership
"1. Promote a harmonious
attitude of despair over possible future developments.
that "good neighborhoods are committee, Mrs. Louis Segadelli and productive democratic com-
Of special interest is an article in the Sunday Times of
engendered and sustained by and Mrs. Sander J. Breiner; in- munity based on the principle
London by its New York correspondent, Henry Brandon, who
good neighbors without re-
terim action committee, Mrs. that good neighbors are en-
reported to his paper, under the brutally frank headline, "Only
gard to ethnic considerations."
Segadelli, Mr. Strichartz, Abe gendered and sustained by good
Afro-Asians Need Apply . . .," as follows:
Membership in the organiza- Citron and Frank Rosenbaum.
neighbors without regard to
After Mr. Hammarskjold's tragic death the United tion is open to all adult resi-
Catholic, Jewish and Protes- ethnic considerations.
Nations is now limping along, leaning heavily on a solid dents, businessmen and proles-
"2. Serve as a clearinghouse
tant clergymen, representa-
walking-stick provided by the 'United States, and the un- sionals living or working in the tives of
American Jewish Con- for accurate information.
certain twig offered by the uncommited nations. area.
gress, the Archbishop's Com-
"3. Maintain and improve the
Among the big Powers, the. Russians consider Mr. Ham-
A series of meetings of the mittee on Community Rela- physical standards and attrac-
idarskjold's passing a gift from heaven. Britain's Support
tiveness of the area.
of the United Nations is regarded as ambivalent. The French
"4. Resist any zoning changes
are rubbing their hands gleefully over what they see already
which would affect the area ad-
as the ashes of the organization. Only the United States
hopes that a phoenix will arise from them.
"5. Maintain a satisfactory
Russia has _always been afraid that the UN might
level of municipal services.
betome a coalition against the Soviet Union. Even now,
The Jewish Home For Aged the board of the Home and the
"6. Provide laison and infor-
though Western influence is declining, Mr. Khrushchev is will hold its 55th Annual Meet- Jewish Welfare Federation to mation with other groups whose
trying to paralyse UN operations by insisting on his Troika ing 10:30 a.m. Sunday; construct a 150-bed unit which, purpose is to promote good hu-
plan to replace the Secretary-General.
Edward I. Fleischman, preS- it is anticipated, will be ready man relations in the COM-
The smaller uncommitted nations suddenly feel the, ident, will preside. Reports on for occupancy this coming year. munity."
weight of their responsibility for the future of the UN. developments of the past year

■ ■1■


They are not used to this and they are baffled by it.
and plans for the future will be
The Russians have been playing power politics on a given by Edward L. Fleischman,
_ Boris Smolar's
grand scale to intimidate the neutrals. Now the United Leonard N. Simons and Gus D.
States fells compelled to assert its pOwer, and hints for Newman.
that it will be more selective in distributing foreign aid.
There will be election of
So far only two men are being seriously considered for board members with the slate
temporary office as Secretary-General: Mongi Slim • of Tuni- being presented by Ben Kramer,
sia, who has just been elected President of the General chairman of the nominating
Assembly, and U. Thant, the permanent Burmese delegate committee. Named for re-elec-
(Copyright 1961,
to the UN. Both belong to the so-called Afro-Asian group. tion to a three-year term are
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
There is little doubt that if another Secretary-Gene•al is Edward Bernstei n, Joseph /
chosen he too will be from that group, a development that Bernstein, Samuel J. Green- The UN Front,
could create a crisis of confidence in the UN among the berg, Nathan Kolb, Saul
_ Both Israel and the Arab delegations at the United Nations
American public.
LeVine, Gus D. Newman, Jacob are mobilizing forces for the big battle which is expected to
Mongi Slim is a tiny, wiry man, with big heavy-lidded,
Schreier, Leonard N. Simons, develop at the United Nations General Assembly around the
sad eyes. He is one of the shrewdest diplomatists here and
Mrs. Samuel Weller and - David Arab refugee issue . . . At the same time, a group of 12 African
lacks neither courage nor conviction of his Western out-
look. It was often his ingenious drafting that enabled Mr. P. Zack. New nominees for a states are preparing a joint proposal calling for direct Israel-Arab
Hammarskjold to obtain the necessary powers in the Congo three-year term are Mrs. Ber- negotiations on the refugee problem . . . They indicated their
operation. But one anecdote that is making the rounds at nard Aston, Sol Eisenberg and determination to submit this proposal in private talks with
Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, prior to her return to
the UN bar these days illustrates the fact that the Tunisians David M. Miro.
In honor of his many years of Israel on Oct. 17 . . . The entire Arab-refugee issue seems
are sometimes considered to be not quite Afro-Asians.
The story goes that two Congolese soldiers met a Tuni- service, Joseph Holtzman is be- artificial to some delegations at the UN . . . They have been
sian and asked him what he was. "A Tunisian," he replied. ing proposed for the position of informed by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
"What does that mean?" "A citizen of Tunisia." "Ah, you honorary member of the board. that every day, about 100 children are born in Palestine
The Home is a constituent refugee families . . . Can these children—totaling 36,500 a year—
are one of those colonialists." "No," the Tunisian said im-
patiently, "we have been independent for only three years." agency of the . Jewish Welfare be considered Palestine refugees, when they were not even
Whereupon the Congolese exclaimed with surprise: "And Federation and is a recipient of born in Palestine? . . . Even John H. Davis, the director of the
Allied Jewish Campaign funds United Nations Relief and Works Agency for the Palestine
you're white already."
U Thant is not as experienced as Mongi Slim, but he to meet its budgetary needs. refugees—who is considered as being biased against Israel in
would probably enjoy greater trust among the Afro-Asians, Originally founded in 1905, the his reports to the United Nations— admits that more than half
which in the Congo operation may be particularly important. Home has developed methods of the present number of the Palestine refugees are under 21
Whether, with the disappearance of Mr. Hammarskjold and -techniques of service to the years of age ... Veteran observers at the UN consider that the
—who had the guts to tell Mr. Khrushchev to his face that, aged which have received wide Arab refugee issue has reached the point of ultimate impasse,
because of the lack of will by the Arab rulers to have the issue
"It's easier to resign than stay"—Soviet insistence on the recognition.
The Home has grown to ac- settled . . . The Arab delegates at the UN are under instructions
Troika will lessen, no one can predict today. What is certain
is that it has no support outside the Communist bloc. The commodate 310 residents. Exten- from their governments to insist that repatriation of the refugees
Russians will not, in the end, be - able to prevent the sive medical and nursing care to Israel is the only solution possible .. . They also will insist

appointment of a provisional Secretary-General, and, as the facilities are provided. Occupa- that until the refugees are re-admitted to Israel, their property
French say, Rien ne dure comme le provisoire.
tional therapy, physical therapy, there should be placed under international administration which
should set aside the income from this property . . . Israel,
While the picture as painted by Brandon is not altogether a sheltered workshop, social,
recreational, and spiritual out- although willing to negotiate the settlement of the Arab refugee
dark, it is not too hopeful.
problem, can hardly agree to their full repatriation . : . Nor
Israel's opposition_ to Slim as Hammarskjold's successor is lets assist residents in leading
can Israel agree to place their property under international ad-
widely known, but even the selection of U Thant may present a full life.
Planning is now underway by ministration, since this would affect Israel's sovereignty . o .
serious problems for Israel and the West, and the title to Bran-
Israel is handling Arab refugee property in complete accordance
don's article, "Only Afro-Asians Need Apply . . ." is an indica-
with existing -international laws by having it placed under the
tion of the new developments on the international scene.
Secretary of Labor
administration of the office it established as custodian of enemy
Furthermore, a chart that accompanied Brandon's article
alien property . . . An attempt by the Arab delegations to have
points to the uncertainties in current line-ups. In 1945 there Condemns Soviet's
the UN pass a resolution recommending "means of safeguarding
were 19 nations in the UN allied with the Western Bloc, six Bias Against Jews
the property rights" of the Arab refugees failed to receive the
with the Soviets and 26 nations were uncommitted. In 1953 the
NEW YORK, (JTA) — Secre-
set-up was:- Five in the Soviet Bloc, 21 allied with 'the West and tary of Labor Arthur J. Gold- necessary two-thirds majority of the UN Assembly last year .. •
34 uncommitted countries. Today, there are nine in the Soviet berg condemned the "vigorous The Arab delegations will, no doubt, renew this attempt at the
orbit, 23 allied with the West and 67 are uncommitted. Thus, anti-Jewish policy" pursued by current Assembly.
American Echoes
there are bargaining elements that always place the United the Soviet Union.
The melancholy task of winding up the United States
Nations and the world situation in jeopardy.
Addressing a dinner at which Technical Assistance Program in Israel has now fallen upon
The position of the United States is that of "a rich uncle"
Henry Chalfant, the amiable director of the United States Opera-
who pays the piper. The best proof is in the manner in which
the Arab refugees are being maintained in camps that are being "Man of the Year Award" by tions Mission in Jerusalem . . . He has the unpleasant task of
retained as weapons against Israel by the Arabs who are per- the Men's Club of the Stephen explaining to many Israelis that they are under a false impression
petuating refugee status. As of last June, the nations who are Wise Free Synagogue, the Labor - when they think that by discontinuing its technical aid, the U.S.
assisting in this program of relief—but not of rehabilitation— Secretary . said the Russians have Government is stopping all aid to Israel . . • The total contribu-
gave a total of $356,624,334, out of the total spent that amounted closed synagogues, turned them tion of the U.S. Government to Israel's economy to date is more
to $368,776,096—the small difference having been given by "sun- into grain warehouses, confiscat- than $800,000,000 of which only about $15,000,000 comes through
dry donors." The United States' share in this vast undertaking ed Jewish - funds,- banned ritual the Technical Assistance Program . . . Most of the Technical
was $250,579,303, and Great Britain donated $66,224,004. Russia and private prayer meetings, Assistance money was -invested in personnel who are no longer
and her satellites, the fomenters of trouble in the Middle East, and destroyed memorials and needed, because Israel is well able to get along without American
cemeteries. .
did not give a dime to aid the , Aral refugees.
experts . . . In fact, Israel -is now in a position to send its
Goldberg said reliable reports experts to other countries . . . Thus, while all other forms of
Thus, the U.S. share in this unfortunate undertaking, which
should have been solved by means of resettlement of Arabs in of Russian anti-Semitism have U.S. aid to Israel will continue, the aid of providing Israel with
Moslem countries, approximated 65 per cent. But all we get for been. received despite. "the . pro- foreign experts which was started ten years ago, will now
testations:of the Soviets that the cease . . . During these ten years, the United States first provided
it is rebuffs from the Arabs.
Yet, "only the United States hopes that a phoenix will Jewish people • in the Soviet Israel with experts and advisers on agriculture and irrigation
arise." Let us hope that it is not a hopeless dream. The world Union face political and social . . . Later the emphasis was shifted to industry, education and
can hope for a lasting peace only if there is to be a strong exclusion, he declared.
management . . . The latest experts were advisers, on navigation
"They are denied in general for airfields and quality control in manufacturing .. . Chalfant
international organization to protect it. Right now, the UN's
status hangs in the balance. Will enough of the "uncommitted" even those small rights and ad- himself served in the American Air Force as a Lt.-Colonel and
countries come forth to protect that status of the most vital vantages granted to other mi- has also had considerable commercial experience . . . He came
agency for peace? We must express another hope: that what- nority groups in Russia. They to Israel about two years ago and found that the Technical
ever happens will not be a result of bargaining . at the expense are, isolated as a matter of pub- Assistance Program- made a great impact not only on the Israelis
of unprotected nations like Israel.
lic policy," Goldberg stressed.
but also on the Americans engaged in it.

Jewish Home for Aged Will Hold
55th Annual Meeting on Sunday

VIM...in 41110.,


04•11.0 41111






and Me'

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