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October 13, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-10-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE JEWISH NE

r- Fe CD 1 "T"

MICHIGAN

--

A Weekly Review

See Editorial
Page 4

Vol. XL, No. 7

f Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

100Pjo ingoiln Sop

'Sabi
Tragedy

Revea Is
Soviet
Betraya
of a Pledge

to the Jews

Read Smolar's
Column, Page 2

17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Oct. 13, 1961— $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

German lit Murder' Pictures
Ordered Removed by the Vatican

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

Fund Established by Austria
for Relief of Nazi Victims

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

LONDON—The British Foreign Office announced Tuesday that
a fund for the relief of certain classes of victims of Nazi persecution
in Austria had been established by the Austrian government and that
initial payments to victims over 70 years of age had already been
made. ,
"As a result of an agreement between the United Kingdom, the
United States and the French and Austrian governments in May,
1959, a fund of $6,000,000 was set up for settlement of claims of
victims of racial, religious or political prosecution in Austria between
March 13, 1938, and May 8, 1945, whose bank accounts, securities,
mortgages or cash was confiscated by the Nazi authorities, and who
were compelled to pay certain discriminatory taxes", the Foreign
Office said. The announcement added that claim forms could be
obtained from Austrian consulates and from the United Restitution
Organization in London.

REGENSBURG — Catholic wor shippers who made a pilgrimage to the
Deggendorf church last week to receive absolution for their sins reported
Tuesday that they found medieval anti-Jewish captions on pictures of a "ritual
murder" covered with cloth or otherwise made unreadable. Thousands of
Catholics make the pilgrimage annually.
The captions, which were covere d on recommendation of the Vatican,
described the contents of 12 "miracle pictures" which show the alleged ritual
murder of a Christian child by Jews in Deggendorf in 1337. The pictures and
captions also depict the subsequent slaughter of Deggendorf Jews as a "God-
willed act."
The Regensburg Diocese also ordered confiscation of the "Deggendorf
Gnadenbuechlein" published by Benedictine Father Wilhelm Fink in 1960 in
which the alleged ritual murder was presented as a fact. The Diocese acted
after the Central Council of the Jews o f Germany protested two months ago
against circulation of the booklet.
(Revival of the medieval "ritual murder" lie is periodically resorted to
by anti-Semites. The "blood accusation" libel was utilized by Communist anti-
Semites in the Daghestan Soviet Socialist Republic earlier this year. Condemned
in Catholic encyclicals for more than 200 years, the libel nevertheless is given
frequent credence by Jew-baiters).

Non-Aggression Pact Offered to Arabs
in Mrs. Meir's Summary of Israel's Stand

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y., (JTA) — A non-aggression pact was offered Monday to the
Arab countries by Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's F oreign Minister, addressing the United Nations
General Assembly. She also proposed that the UN start the job of attaining general and
complete disarmament by using the Middle Ea st "as a pilot project for the solution of the
overall problem."
The Israel Foreign Minister offered "regional cooperation" with the neighboring Arab
countries in development programs, particularly with regard to water resources. She addressed
the UN Assembly not only on Israel-Arab issu es but also on various other major problems
facing the current session of the General Assembly.
Mrs. Meir's 90-minute speech was loudly applauded by many delegations, including a
number of representatives of the new African and Asian nations. It was an address which was
seen as observing Mrs. Meir's own plea for th e avoidance of "bellicose" propaganda and
threatening verbal attacks against any and all nations.
Above all, Mrs. Meir pleaded with the General Assembly to re-establish and reaffirm
universal acceptance of the principle of negotiation on all international issues. "If this
Assembly," she said, "will succeed in rededicating itself to the universal and total imple-
mentation of the principle of negotiation — then, indeed, it will be a historic - Assembly."
All issues, she asserted, including those dividing the Arab States from Israel,
can be settled by negotiation. She expressed Israel's readiness and willingness to negotiate
with the Arab states on every issue at dispute between them. Israel's belief is, she emphasized,
that negotiation "is the only alternative to war."
These steps, she said, include "an Arab-Israel non-aggression pact, the parties to which
would undertake to respect each other's territo rial integrity and political independence, to
refrain from all hostile acts of a military econ omit or political character, to settle all existing
and future differences by pacific means, and to cease incitement and inflammatory propaganda."
Mrs. Meir told the Assembly it "must not minimize the dangers of Arab belligerence
and its implications not only for Israel but for the United Nations and world peace." She
pointed to the touchy Arab refugee problem—which is the only, major Arab-Israeli issue on
the agenda for debate at the current Assembly session — as a dangerous situation. "The Arab
refugees," she asserted, "are being kept as a potential spear-head for another attack on Israel."
Saying Israel's delegation would discuss the refugee problem in detail later, when it
arises before the Assembly's Special Political Committee, Mrs. Meir declared: "I would, how-
ever, say this — the number of Arabs, who up on prompting of their leaders, left the area
which is Israel today, is about equal to the number of Jewish refugees who came to Israel
from Arab countries. We received these Jewish refugees as our brothers, took care of them
and rehabilitated them. Had the Arab countries acted likewise — the Arab refugee problem
would no longer be with us."
Mrs. Meir pleaded with all governments, large and,small, to adhere to the principles that
the only alternative to war is negotiation.
She asked all member states of the United Nations to enter "a formally binding instru-
ment by which each government would unreservedly pledge itself to implement certain basic
principles." Then, making the offer of an Arab-Israeli non-aggression pact as a start, she came
to the issue of general and complete disarmament which is before this year's Assembly, and
told the delegates:
"We propose that, simultaneously with the search for a general agreement on disarma-
ment, we should seek to reach agreement also on disarmament with mutual inspection and
control for specific zones or 'situations of international tension. Such a scheme would serve
as a pilot project for the solution of the overall problem. Israel is prepared to elaborate a
program to that end, and we call upon the Arab states to cooperate with us in this venture."
Mrs. Meir emphasized the fact that the Middle East is more than an Arab area, pointing
out that the Middle East has more non-Arab inhabitants than Arabs. "Israel enjoys relations of
friendship," she pointed out, with all Middle Eastern peoples "except those belonging to the
Arab League."
She reminded the delegates that Israeli-Arab disputes do not make up "the only source
of tension" in the region. Without mentioning the break-up of the United Arab Republic by
Syria's secession, she referred to "recurrent crises" in the region, tore apart the image of
"Arab unity" as a valid picture, and said: "The image of that unity is a somewhat battered
one, and hostility to Israel is at least in part an attempt by Arab leaders to divert the atten-
tions of their peoples from their own unresolv ed problems." (Continued on Page 3)

Israel's 'Club of Four . Fails;
New Negotiations by Eshkol

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM — Prospects of forming a broad government
coalition collapsed Tuesday when Levi Eshkol, Finance Minister who
has been seeking to form a new government under a mandate from
President Ben-Zvi, told the "Club of Four" that he saw no basis for
further talks with them for a five-party coalition. The "Club of Four"
is a loose alliance of the National Religious Party, Liberal Party,
Mapam and Achdut Avoda, organized for coalition talks.
The development signaled the end of the "Club of Four"
arrangement. Eshkol told the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that for
the next few days he would take no new initiative and that he would
await the outcome of internal discussions now taking place among
other parties on their conditions for joining a new coalition.
He did not elaborate, but it appeared the main prospect now was
for a cabinet made up of Mapai, the Liberals, the National Religious
Party and, Poale Agudas Israel, which, with a total of '77 seats in
Israel's parliament, would have a slender majority of 17 seats.
Liberal Party sources denied published reports that a tentative
agreement had already been reached with Mapai. The Liberal Party
scheduled a meeting Tuesday when a final decision on rejoining the
cabinet was to be taken. It was reported that while some Liberal
Party leaders favored remaining in the opposition, a majority were
inclined to join a Mapai-dominated cabinet if they were given some
key portfolios. This information indicated that even a decision to
go into a coalition with Mapai by the Liberals would still involve
protracted negotiations.
Meanwhile, six parties in Israel's parliament submitted a bill
Wednesday which would limit the period in which a premier desig-
nate could negotiate for a new government. The measure—backed
by Herut, the Liberals, Mapam, Agudas Israel, Achdut Avoda and
the National Religious Party—provides that if a premier designate
fails to form a cabinet within two weeks after accepting a mandate,
the president would be required to ask another Knesset member
to undertake the task. The president, under the bill, could extend
the negotiation period to 45 days if the premier designate was able
to report progress in negotiations. Eshkol received his mandate on
Sept. 14, after Prime Minister Ben-Gurion declined to accept the
president's call.

Eichmann Verdict Due in November;
U.S. Television Pool Materializing

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM — The long-awaited judgement in the trial of
former Gestapo Colonel Adolf Eichmann is tentatively scheduled
to be handed down in November, the Government Press Office
indicated Tuesday.
The tentative date was disclosed in connection with a decision
by the press office to open negotiations with overseas film and
television companies to record the verdict. Capital Cities Broad-
casting Company, the American firm which televised the lengthy
trial from its start last April 11 to its end on Aug. 14, will not be
among the bidders because of the financial losses it incurred.
It was reported that the press office was setting the same terms
for filming the delivery • of the verdict as those on which Capital
CitieS obtained the rights to televising the trial. The terms include a
non-profit "public service" clause and one stating that the film must
be made available to any company interested in distribriting or
showing the proceedings. Major U.S. television networks might form
a pool to cover the costs of televising the verdict proceedings.

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