THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS -- Friday, September 29,
g Morocco Governor Limits Relaxation
of Travel Bans on Jews to Casablanca
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
CASABLANCA—The relaxation on travel restrictions for Jews in Casablanca, under
which 6,338 passports have been issued since July 1, does not apply in other Moroccan
cities where it is still extremely difficult for a Jew to obtain a passport, it was reported
here Wednesday. The easing of passport restrictions was done on the initiative of Colonel
Driss. Ben Aomar, the governor of Casablanca, who issued a directive stipulating that Moroccan
Jews should be given the same right to obtain passports' as their Moslem compatriots. The
governor said that the delivery of the 6,338 passports appeared to have given reassurance
to many Moroccan Jews who had presented requests for passports on an urgency basis.
He suggested that once Jewish citizens knew they were free to travel they felt less com-
pulsion to leave.
Official figures indicated that an average of 170 passports have been delivered daily
to Jews in Casablanca during September. In the first three months of this year, only 1,029
passports were given to Jews. Almost half of Morocco's 180,000 Jews live in Casablanca.
Prior to the governor's intervention, only Jews who could prove that their proposed
destination was not Israel could get passports and those only after lengthy waiting periods.
"Voice of the Communities," a monthly Jewish newspaper. declared that the easing of
the passport restrictions had substantially improved the atmosphere among Casablanca's Jews.
The newspaper reported that the action, which it called one of "confidence and liberalism,"
became effective about a month ago.
David Amar, secretary-general of the Council of Moroccan Jewish Communities, met
here with the director for civil affairs of the Ministry of Justice, to discuss a number of prob-
lems of concern to Moroccan JeWry.
Amar, who was accompanied by Rahamim Tobaly, president of the Jewish community
of Sefrou, urged the government official to restore the post of rabbi of Sefrou,.which has been
abolished by the government. The Jewish representatives also urged the Justice- Ministry to
consider the problem of forced conversion of many young Jews, and to prohibit the conver-
sion of minors. The government official promised "careful consideration" of the issues discussed.
Around the World...
A - Digest of World Jewish Happenings
from Dispatches of the Jewish Telegraphic
Agencye and Other News-Gathering Media.
NEW YORK—Three Jews are among the nine members of
the new Board of Education of the City of New York sworn in to
replace the old Board which was removed- by an act of the State
Legislature . . . Mayor Robert Wagner has issued a proclamation
declaring the month of October to be "Released Time for Religious
Education" month for school 'children . . . Joseph L. Mailman, New
York businessman and investor, has been named chairman of the
1961-62 campaign of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of
WASHLNGTON—The Bnai Brith has announced that religious
and cultural programs will be initiated for Jewish students on two
Australian university campuses—Sydney University and the Uni-
versity of New South Wales.
INDIANAPOLIS—A Jewish community relations official warned
a conference of Catholic lay leaders here of the danger of reliance
on right-wing extremism as a major weapon against Communism and
stressed the need for religions unity in meeting the major problem
of the day.
HARRISBURG, Pa.—The first statewide conference on com-
munity relations of the major Jewish communities in Pennsylvania
will be held here, Sept. 30-Oct. 1.
LOS ANGELES—The Los Angeles Free Loan Association re-
ported last week that the 1960 economic slowdoWn was reflected
in a 12 per cent increase in both the number and amount of loans
made last year . . Means of uniting suburban communities in
the area served by the Jewish Federation Council of Greater
Los Angeles will be studied at the first annual conference of
member councils in Van Nuys on Oct. 1.
DENVER—Chaplain Marvin I, Labinger, a graduate of the
Jewish Theological Seminary of America, has been named the first
Jewish chaplain at the Air Force Academy here.
ERIE, Pa.—The Jewish Community Welfare Council said last
week it was considering a population survey of the Erie Jewish
community to determine the present and future needs for its
LONDON—New efforts to trace Yossele Schumacher, the Israeli
boy who has been missing for more than a year, were disclosed
in a hearing against Shalom Starkes, 23-year-old uncle of the boy,
being sought on an extradition warrant by Israel charging him,with
kidnapping and perjury in the case.
AMSTERDAM—President John F. Kennedy, in a message read
here by Labor Secretary Arthur Goldberg, paid tribute to Anne
Frank in which he said that in her diary the young Dutch Jewish
girl had left "a gift that will survive her enemies."
ATHENS—The Greek Ministry of Trade lauded the develop-
ment of trade between Israel and Greece in a statement appearing
in the "Hellas Israel RevieW," saying there were great opportunities
for commerce between the two nations.
GENEVA—The Joint Distribution Committee reported it had
helped provide summer vacations for 21,000 needy children from
15 different countries.
TEL AVIV—Histadrut, Israel's Labor Federation can be sure
of the support of the American labor movement in its work for
freedom, George Meany, president of the AFL-CIO declared here at
a farewell dinner in behalf of Histadrut . . Israel's first 'interna-
tional music festival concluded here Sept. 18 with a concert by the
Israel Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Pablo Casals, world
JERUSALEM—Israel and the West German Federal Republic
have initiated a five year treaty to free West German capital in-
vestments in Israel of double taxation.
LA PAZ, Bolivia—Ernesto Herzberg, secretary-general of the
Zionist Federation of Bolivia, has been named by the government
of Israel as honorary consul and civil attache to the government
MONTREAL—Four Israeli students have arrived here to take
up residence in two Canadian colleges as recipients of four-year
scholarships which will' provide tuition, board and room, and
Fine for Rallies;
WASHINGTON, (JTA) —
George Lincoln Rockwell, com-
mander of the American Nazi
Party, has ended a 14-month
legal battle, by paying a $100
fine for disorderly conduct at
two anti-Semitic rallies in
Washington last summer. After
paying the fine, the Nazis, led
by Rockwell, staged an anti-
Semitic rally in Judiciary
Square here, just outside the
Federal Court building.
On August 30, 1960, Munici-
pal Court Judge Mildred Reeves
found Rockwell guilty of dis-
orderly conduct in two cases.
She levied concurrent sen-
tences of $100 or 30 days in
Rockwell appealed, but the
sentence was upheld by the
Municipal Court of the Appeals.
Last Wednesday the -higher
court notified the Municipal
Court of its decision, and the
lower court ordered Rockwell
to pay the fine or go to jail.
World' Now in 50th
Year of Publication
American Jewish World marked
the start of its 15th year of pub-
lication last week.
In an editorial noting that the
occasion coincided with Rosh
Hashanah, the weekly declared
that there was not a single Jew-
ish community in the United
States "that is not richer and
more community-minded for the
pressence of what is known as
an Anglo-Jewish weekly."
The editorial noted that "no
where is hte English-Jewish
weekly's potency more felt than,
paradoxically, in those Jewish
communities that have none.
There fund drives for prime
Jewish causes lag; they fall dis-
mally short of the community's
potential; Jewish education is
at a low ebb; Jewish cultural
events are limp and infrequent;
personalities do not come to the
fore as leaders."
4,000 Rabbis in U.S.
Nearly 4,000 rabbis are cur-
rently engaged in posts in the
United States, according to an
estimate by the U.S. Govern-
ment Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics. - Of these, about 2,500
were serving congregations,
1,000 were engaged in commun-
ity service, with the remainder
employed in temporary posi-
Stricter Parliamentary Control
of Army Is Top Issue in Eslikors
Efforts to Form New Israel Cabinet
TEL AVIV, (JTA)—Finance
Minister Levi Eshkol, entrusted
by President Izhak Ben-Zvi with
the formation of the new cabi-
net, began discussions this week
on one of the major demands of
the opposition—the introduction
of stricter parliamentary super-
vision of the armed forces.
The left-wing Mapam and
Achdut Avodah parties insist
on the formation of a minis-
terial committee as a supreme
body responsible for the coun-
Premier David Ben-Gtirion,
who is also the Defense Minis-
ter, has been insisting that all
security matters be lett in the
hands of the Defense Minister
In an attempt to settle this
issue, Eshkol conferred with
Israel Galili, leader of the
Achdut Avodah; who is pars-
ticularly firm on the demand
of introducing parliamentary
control over the armed forces.
Galili is reported to have pre-
pared a detailed plan for the
implementation of such con-
Meanwhile, representatives of
Mapai and other parties are
also discussing another issue
to affect the next coalition. This
deals with establishing a "col-
lective responsibility" rule,
which would make it mandatory
for all parties that are partners
of the coalition to support all
government bills in Parliament,
or at least not to vote against
The principal issue, however,
on whether Mapai is to have a
majority of the members of
the next Cabinet, is still in
dispute. Further intra-party dis-
cussions of that issue were held
at meetings scheduled for this
At a meeting of the inter-
party committee of Mapai's
former coalition partners—
the Liberals, the National
Religious Party, Mapai, and
Achdut Avodah—held Mon-
day, in preparation for ftu--
ther talks with Eshkol, it was
decided to maintain "a firm
and united" stand on the
three central issues: Nu-
merical and qualitative party
between Mapai and the other
parties in the Cabinet; 2. An
equitable distribution of im-
portant portfolios, particu-
larly the ministries of de-
fense, foreign' affairs and
finance; and 3. Parliamentary
supervision of the armed
Eshkol has expressed optim-
ism over his prospects of form-
ing a government soon after
the holidays. He believes that
Mapai and Achdut Avodah un-
derstand better now than a
week ago the necessity of keep-
ing a strong labor coalition.
This sentiment has also been
expressed during the last few
days in articles written by
Achdut Avodah writers in the
Mitspe Ramon in the far Negev
looks like an oasis in the desert.
White houses are spread on hills of
sand, while before them is a beauti-
ful desert " view.
One hundred families live there
and according to the plan the num-
ber of the inhabitants will reach two
thousand families in the course of
two years. This is the most isolated
settlement between Beer Sheva and
Eilat. It's inhabitants are employed
in development projects in the area.
In their private life they are making
experiments in planting trees and
shrubs suitable for desert climate.
The atmosphere of the place, some-
times reminds you of a road station
of the "Wild West," but instead of
the bottles of whisky, here are lifted
bottles of soda water. The steady
visitors are the drivers of the heavy
trucks, that stop here and hurry to
quench their thirst with a cold
Mitspe Ramon attracted many
young families from the northern
part of the country, that could not
buy a home in the city, and here
received a home with more favorable
conditions. They see their future
in this place and will not leave its.
The government makes possible bet-
ter living conditions, becaUse she
releases the inhabitants of develop-
ment villages in the Negev from
payment of income tax.
In this desert spot of Mitspe Ra-
mon 180 children, many born in the
place, are running around. The noise -
of their play gives us notice of a
new life developing in this place,
that was desolate, without inhabi-
tants and without trees.
—Translation of Hebrew
column. Published by
Brith Ivrith Olarnith,
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