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September 29, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-09-29

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ancient
Crucifixion
Libels
Demolished
by Noted
Scholar

Tribute to
Hammarskjold

THE JEWISH E S

A Weekly Review

Commentary
Page 2

Vital Tasks in
Torch Drive

f Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. XL, No. 5

Printed in a

100 /o Union Shop

7100 W. 7 Mile Rd. —_VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35,

Fair Youth
Al iyah Methods
Editorials
Page 4

Sept. 29, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Spy Ring Blamed for Israel
Riots; Organizer Arrested

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

-Abandonment of -Anti-Dias
Clause. by Senate Conferees
Shocks Peace Corps Leaders

WASHINGTON,- (JTA)—Senate conferees, led by Chairman
J. W. Fulbright of the Foreign Relations Committee, were disclosed
to have eliminated an anti-bias clause from the Peace Corps bill
now before Congress.
Peace Corps Director R. Sargeant Shriver had insisted, in an
appearance before Sen. Fulbright's committee, that Peace Corps
personnel .would not be sent into countries, like the Arab states,
which discriminate against U.S. personnel on a basis of religious
or racial prejudice.
By unanimous vote, the House adopted an amendment barring
Peace Corps operations in nations seeking to enforce bigotry. Rep.
Silvio 0. Conte, Massachusetts Republican, said this amendment was
"directed particUlarly to the Arab countries that have discriminated
against American boys of Jewish faith. I do not think they should
haVe the benefit of the Peace Corps."
It was learned that the State Department, through Sen. Fulbright,
interceded in the Senate-House conference to delete the anti-bias
measure, approved by the House. Rep. Thomas E. Morgan, Penn-
sylvania Democrat, chairman of the House .Foreign Affairs Commit-
tee, admitted that the . amendment "caused the conference a great
deal of concern." Rep. Morgan expressed sympathy for the amend-
ment's purpose but apparently had to go along with the Executive
Department's wishes. The Executive Department emphasized that
they would not have Peace Corps programs in a country that made
• American personnel "repeatedly subject to discrimination."

As a result, "the managers on the part of the House agreed to
the deletion of this provision. They are concerned that in the less
developed countries Government policy frequently may not be well
coordinated and public opinion not fully matured. Under the circum-
stances, individual incidents of discrimination might occur which
do not reflect the policy of the Government or the attitude of the
public generally.
"One of the functions to be served by Peace Corps volunteers
should be to bring about an understanding by the people of the
countries in which they serve of different- races, religions, and
national points of view. It would be undesirable to deprive any
country of the benefit of this type of service on the part of the
Peace Corps."
Peace Corps leaders were shocked by the elhnination of the
anti-bias measure. Sources said that the Corps makes no inquiry into
religion of members and therefore would be technically unable to
comply with foreign demands that persons of the Jewish or other
faiths be weeded out.
Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York Republican, said in the House
that it was "deplorable" that the Peace Corps act was stripped of
its anti-bias clause and that "we are voting to send out a Peace
Corps which is, in effect, segregated."
He termed the elimination of the clause an appeasement of those
who take American assistance but dictate "which Americans em-
ployed by the U.S. Government can enter those countries." He said
the elimination violated "President Kennedy's own policy of linking
social justice and morality with our assistance."
Rep. Halpern, a co-sponsor of the anti-bias measure incorporated
into the foreign aid appropriations act, said he would vote for the
Peace Corps act because of its main intent although he deeply
regretted the elimination of anti-bias provisions. He said it was "one
of the saddest positions" he was ever forced to take in a vote.
Sen. Kenneth B. Keating, New York Republican, speaking in
the .Senate, denounced the failure of the -State Department to take
action on behalf of a New York City firm boycotted by Arab States
because it was accused of trading with Israel.
The New Yorker, revealing correspondence in which the State
Department said it disapproved the Arab boycott but linked it to the
"underlying. Arab-Israel conflict of which the Arab boycott . is an
undesirable growth," asserted that the Department's attitude was
"absolutely incomprehensible." He said that Arab-Israel differences
notwithstanding, it was "the responsibility of the State Department
to protect the interests of American business abroad."
The Senator said the Department's "ostrich-like policy" toward
the Arab boycott was "at variance with our policies throughout the
world." He said the United States stood firmly against Red Chinese
and East German pressures but refused "to fulfill its duties" against
the Arab boycott.
Sen. Keating did not publish the name of the New York firm,
to spare it further Arab reprisals. The company received a letter
in July from the Arab League inquiring into the Israel trade ques-
tion. Sen. Keating pursued the matter with the State Department.
The Department informed Sen. Keating that since the U.S.
Government did not recognize the Arab boycott, "the Department
considers that it would be a step in derogation of our policy were
we to register official protests or otherwise intercede."

HAIFA—Haifa police claimed Wednesday they had arrested the orga-
nizer of an Egyptian spy ring in Israel.
They identified the suspect as Hanni Arrabeh, 19, a former resident of
the Shfyim health resort in the Sharon Plain. Police officials said he crossed
into Egypt last November and took part in broadcasts aimed at inciting Israel's
Arabs and that later he switched to intelligence - work.

Israel Cabinet Backs Border Shooting

JERUSALEM, (JTA)—The Foreign Affairs and Security committee of
Israel's Parliament was reported to be planning to consider the border incidents
of last week in which five Israeli Arabs were killed while trying to cross
over into the Egyptian held Gaza Strip. It was_ emphasized that all factions,
excluding the Communists ; were backing the stand ' of the government in
upholding the border actions. -
Reports by Chief of Staff Zvi Tsur, police - inspector Joseph Nahmias and
the head of security services at a special Cabinet meeting on the border security

(Continued. on Page 3)

Snubbing' of Golda Meir by UN Assembly
President Slim Called Poor Diplomacy

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y., (JTA)—Amazement was expressed here by leading delegates
to the United Nations at the deliberate snubbing of Israel's Foreign Minister, Mrs. Golda Meir,
by .Mongi Slim, representative of Tunisia, who is now president of the UN General Assembly._
The snub was termed by' delegates here as a violation of the rules of etiquette and as "poor
diplomatic judgment."
The snub took place Monday at an informal reception held by President Kennedy after
his address to the Assembly. In the reception line were also Assembly President Slim, Mrs.
Kennedy, Secretary of State Dean Rusk and U.S. delegation chairman Adlai Stevenson. As the
chairmen of all UN delegations moved forward in the reception line, Mrs. Meir came along
as head of Israel's delegation, with Israel's permanent representative,_ Michael S. Comay, behind.
When Mrs. Meir reached the official reception line and was ready to put-out her hand to
Slim, the - Assembly president turned his back on her and engaged in a conversation with
the outgoing Assembly president, Frederick II. Boland of Ireland. Mrs. Meir, followed by
Comay, then shook hands with President Kennedy and the others in the reception line, and
continued on her way.
The tactless action of Slim has raised the question among various UN delegations as
to whether he is fit to occupy the post of Acting Secretary General of the United Nations to
which he aspires. It was pointed out that such a position for Slim would put Israel in
jeopardy, since Hammarskjold had personal responsibilities in many functional areas affecting
Arab-Israeli disputes.
The United Nations Truce Supervision Organization, the four mixed armistice commis-
sions—consisting of representatives of Israel, and the Arab states—as well as the UN Emergency
Force and the Palestine Conciliation Commission—all of these vital Middle East agencies are
directly under the authority of the UN Secretary General. So, also, is the UN Relief and
Works Agency for Arab refugees.
Slim; as the former permanent representative of Tunisia, is now the outstanding
personality among all,the Arab and Moslem states at the United Nations. As a Moslem state -
and a member of the Arab League, Tunisia does not recognize Israel.

UN Emissary On Arab Refugee Problem Mtets - With Rusk

.

Dr. Edward E. Johnson, the United Nations Palestine Conciliation Commission's special
Middle East emissary on the Arab refugee problem, conferred.herewith.United States Secretary
of State Dean Rusk. The United States, France and Turkey' are members 'of the Commission.
Dr. Johnson,. who spent more than two weeks visiting the capitals of Israel; the United
Arab Republic, Jordan and Lebanon, as well as the Beirut headquarters of the United Nations
Relief and Works Agency, is now preparing his report to the PCC. The Commission
must report to the General Assembly by Oct. 15' on whether any progress has been made
toward "repatriation" of Arab refugees into Israel or their compensation by Israel.
A United States source confirming the Johnson-Rusk meeting declined to offer any
further comment regarding the conference. The United States source, incidentally, also said
that Rusk, in the course of "meeting as many foreign ministers as possible," expected to meet
also with Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister.

Algerian Rebels Attack Oran Jewish.
Quarter: Four Stores Reported • Burned

PARIS, (JTA)—Commandos of the Algerian rebel organization, the FLN, slipped into
the Jewish quarter of Oran Monday night undetected by security forces and binned down
four Jewish shops, it was reported here from Algeria.
The attack sparked fears that there might be a renewal of the violence which took
place during the two days of Rosh Hashanah, in which three Arabs were killed and scores
of Jews and Arabs attacked. A few days later, a Jew was killed and a 15-year-old Jewish
boy wounded in new rioting between Jews and Moslems in the Jewish section. French
security forces have been on duty in the area since the initial fighting.
The press here reported that there is considerable anxiety existing among the Jewish
communities in Algeria, following the assassin ation there of Alexis Goldenberg, chief super.
intendent of police and highest ranking Jew in the French police in Algeria.
Goldenberg, 49, held two university degrees, in science and in law, and was a linguist
speaking seven languages: His widow flew to Algeria after his murder, and he was buried
in a JeWish cemetery. • • • .
According to the press here, the Algerian Jews feel that they are caught between the
two contending forces in Algeria—the Moslem, terrorist, FLN, and the French secret
underground, the OAS.

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