THE JEWISH NE
-r- r2 (Di -r
A Weekly Review
The Story of
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XL, No. 4
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Sept. 22, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
French Troops Seek Precautions
Against Renewed Algeria Riots;
One Jew Killed in New Oran Feud
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
PARIS—The French authorities in Algeria took precautions Tuesday against a senewal of Arab-Jewish rioting in Algiers and Oran on
the occasion of the observance of Yom Kippur.
With passions` stillhigh and the city tense after the two days of communal rioting that marred the observance of- Rosh Hashanah, the
authorities took no chances that an incident might set off a new outburst. Strong police reinforcements were moved into position in both
cities, guarding the synagogues. In Oran, the police cut off the mellah, the old Jewish quarter, from the rest of the city, to prevent infiltra-
tion by Arab gangs seeking revenge for the beatings they received during the disturbances last week.
One Jew was killed, and a 15-year-old Jewish boy was wounded, when fresh rioting broke out Sunday between Jews and Moslems
in the Mellah of Oran, Algeria.
Serious riots at Oran last week when fighting broke out on Rosh Hashanah resulted in the death of three Moslem terrorists, the
wounding of 26 persons including nine Jews, and the arrest of 76 persons. After a few days of strained quiet in the Mellah, the fighting
broke out again Sunday.
- Terrorists belonging to the FLN, the Moslem independence movement in Algeria, struck down Emile Medina, a Jew, as he walked
along one of the city's principal streets. He had been stabbed fatally in the back. A few minutes later, the 15 --year-old boy, Dada Douaty, was
shot in the head in the very center of the Mellah. He was seriously wounded.
As soon as word spread of the death of Mr. Medina and the wounding of the boy, Jewish youths started after the man who had killed
Mr. Medina. They caught the man, a Moslem, and beat him badly. Two of this man's accomplices, both allegedly armed with revolvers, were
also caught by the youthful Jewish self-defense corps.
French security forces moved in and rescued the three Moslems, who were being threatened with death by a crowd of Jews. By
Sunday evening, after the French sent in security-reinforcements, the Mellah seemed to have quieted down, but there was great tension among
both Jews in the Mellah and among Arabs in the nearby Casbah.
(Related Reports from Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia on Page 5)
Hammarskjold's Death Mourned in Israel
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM—As the Blue Flag of the United Nations flew at half-mast over UN headquarters in No-Man's Land between Israel
and Jordan, in mourning over the death of Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold, many Israeli officials and leaders, with Prime Minister David
Ben-Gurion in the forefront, Tuesday expressed their deepest shock over the untimely death of the UN chief and concern coupled with
anxiety over the impact his death might have on the future effectiveness of the United Nations.
Voicing his deepest condolences, Ben-Gurion praised the late Mr. Hammarskjold as an international
ublic servant who had "aspired increased peace in our region." "If he did not always succeed," said B_en-Gurion,
"it was not for lack of good will on his part." Pointing out that Mr. Hammarskjold lost his life "on a mission of
peace," Ben-Gurion said Hammarskjold's death "is a grievous loss to the United Nations, particularly at this time
of heightened tension in the world. '
Monday morning, at the very time Israel learned of Hammarskjold's tragic death, Prof. Martin Buber,
professor of philosophy at . the Hebrew University, and one of the world's most noted philosophers, received a
warm letter here from the UN chief. The latter had written the letter last week, at United ,Nations headquarters
in New York, just before he left for the Congo.
In his letter, Hammarskjold discussed his personal plan to translate into the Swedish language Prof.
Buber's basic, philosophical work, "I and Thou." Hammarskjold wrote that he hoped to have the translation
published in Sweden within the next year.
Hammarskjold and Prof. Buber had met twice—once when Dr. Buber was in New York, again when Ham-
marskjold was here and took time out from grave diplomatic negotiations to see Prof. Buber at the latter's home.
On a number of occasions, Hammarskjold expressed his highest admiration for Prof. Buber and for the
great Jewish scholar's philosophic thought and writings.
At the United Nations Tuesday, veteran UN personalities intimately familiar with Hammarskjold expressed
their belief that Hammarskjold had planned to propose Prof. Buber for a Nobel Prize in Literature. Hammar-
skjold was a member of the Swedish Academy, the body which annually picks the Nobel Laureate in Literature. It
was pointed out that the great French writer, Albert Camus, received a Nobel Prize after some of his works had
been translated into Swedish by Hammarskjold.
Deep • Sorrow Expressed Over Hammarskjold's Death by Mrs. Meir
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (JTA)—Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, here to head her country's delegation to the
General Assembly, expressed her government's and her personal "great shock" when she heard of the death of Secretary GeUeral Dag
Hammarskjold in a plane crash in Northern Rhodesia. Mrs. Meir declared:
"The news of the tragic and untimely death of the Secretary General, Mr. Dag Hammarskjold, has come as a great shock to my government and myself.
He was a dedicated and tireless servant of humanity who gave his life in the course of duty.
"I have called the Foreign Minister of Sweden to convey our sympathy to the bereaved family and to his government at the loss of a most distinguished son
of Sweden." Mrs. Meir also sent a letter to Frederick H. Boland, of Ireland, outgoing president of the Assembly, expressing the same sentiments.
(Rabbi Morris Adler delivered the principal address at a memorial meeting for Dag Hammarskjold, at Mariner's Church, on Thursday morning.)
Senate Adopts Anti Bias Clause
`Aramco Handbook' Contains Anti-Israel
Aimed Against Boycotts by Arabs Data in Analysis of Middle East Issues
' JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
WASHINGTON, (JTA) — The Senate adopted the Foreign Aid Appropria-
NEW - 'YORK
. ..The West's attitude towards the Palestine Arab refugee
tions bill including the Halpern-Rooney anti-bias clause previously. approved . by
questiori and "a real sense of insecurity with respect to• possible further expansion
the House, expressing the Congress attitude against assistance to Arab nations •- of, Israel" are the major reasons why the Arab states have turned to the Soviet
that persist in boycotts and blockades.
.Union for arms and economic assistance, according to the "Aramco Handbook",
Co-sponsored by Rep. Seymour Halpern, New York Republican, and Rep.
published by the Arabian American Oil dompany for the guidance of its employes.
John J. Rooney, New York Democrat, the anti-bias clause was drafted to remedy
The lavish volume, profusely illustrated and printed in the Netherlands, has
the weak and vague clause contained in the foreign aid authorization act adopted last
by the oil company to public libraries throughout the country.
month. The Halpern-Rooney amendment was accepted by the House on Sept. 5.
The 343-page volume contains only two references to Israel—a brief reference. to
The Senate Appropriations Committee • incorporated the Halpern-Rooney
the fact that "the Arab states dispute Israel's claims to rights in the Gulf of Aqaba,"
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