Physical Rebirth of the Jew
THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
Editor and Publisher
SIDNEY SHMARAK CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Sabbath Shuvah Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the sixth day of Tishri, 5722, the following Scriptural selections will be read in
Pentateuchal portion, Wa-yelekh-, Deut. 31:1-3 0. Prophetical portions, Hosea 14:2-10, Micah
7:18-20, Joel 2:15-27.
Pentateuchal portions: Morning, Lev. 16:1-34,Num. 29:7-11; afternoon, Lev. 18:1-30. Prophetical
portions: Morning, Is. 57:1458:14; afternoon, Jonah 1:1-4:11, Micah 7:18-20.
Candle Lighting, Tuesday, 6:17 p.m.
VOL. XL. No. 3
September 15, 1961
Yeshiva University's 75th Anniversary
When Yeshiva Eitz Chaim was founded contributions to this nation, to dramatize
as an elementary school, on the East Side the services rendered by higher educa-
of New York, on Sept. 15, 1886, its organ- tion to the nation and its citizens and to
izers—a group of immigrants—and their review Yeshiva University's accomplish-
descendants could not have dreamt that ments, utilizing them as a springboard for
75 years later a great university would future activity.
It is no wonder that some of the
be the result of its growth, together with
another school with which it was to merge nation's leading educators and statesmen
have so readily consented to serve on
29 years later.
It was in the year of the founding of the committee for the university's anni-
the Eitz Chaim yeshiva that another great versary celebrations, which will continue
event took place in this country: the un- during the entire scholastic year. Yeshiva
veiling of the Statue of Liberty as University has many attainments to its
France's gift to this country, as a symbol credit. Although it is only 16-years-old
of libertarian friendship. as a university, it already has made many
The Eitz Chaim school merged in 1915 contributions to scholarship. It has devel-
with the Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological oped an important department of math-
Seminary, which was founded, also on ematics. It has established the Albert
New York's East Side, in 1896. The two Einstein College of Medicine — the first
combined yeshivot established a liberal medical school formed under auspices of
arts college in 1928, and thus began the American Jews—that has already granted
foundation for Yeshiva University whose many degrees in medicine and dental
status was acquired in 1945 through an surgery. It has an important Graduate
a nt by New York State Board School of Education. It functions under
b Yeshiva University thus be- the direction of distinguished scholars.
In recent years, Detroit Jews have
came the first Jewish university under
played important roles in efforts to assist
Jewish auspices in this country.
Yeshiva University now is celebrating. Yeshiva University materially. Standing
its 75th anniversary, having as its central local committees continue to labor in this
theme the slogan: "Pride in the Past, university's behalf.
We heartily join in greeting Yeshiva
Faith in the Future," the primary objec-
tives, as outlined by the president of the University on its 75th anniversary and in
university, Dr. Samuel Belkin, being: To wishing it increased strength in the
create an appreciation of the immigrants' decades to come.
Menacing Events Lurk at the UN
What is h a p p e n i n g, the gathering
On the eve of another United Nations
General Assembly session, at which the clouds at the UN, are menacing not only
problem of the Arab refugees is to be one to Israel but to the entire Jewish people.
of the grave issues due for discussion, Invariably, when the Arab spokesmen and
world Jewry as well as Israel must take their allies speak up against Israel,
a more serious view than ever before of they also attack Jewry. American Jewry
impending crises facing the Jewish State. has been a special target of the bigots
There are new alignments in the who have invaded the UN.
We can therefore look forward to
United Nations, and the balance is defi-
nitely becoming pro-Nasser. There are some very trying weeks. The issues in-
new bargaining elements, involving the volving Israel affect all of us. In truth,
East-West crisis and the new African they affect all mankind, since all human
nations, and Nasser and the Arab League problems are the concern of the entire
apparently have gained ground and are, world. They are the concern of Israel,
in a position to dictate policy to the West- and Israel's leaders are anxious for nego-
tiations to solve them. Unfortunately,
As a result, the procrastination of the power politics and the lack of vision on
democracies and the failure of Western the part of Arab potentates have inter-
governments to act on time, when the fered with proper solutions.
refugee and other problems could have It is to be hoped that a basis for
been solved, have played into the hands negoiations will be found speedily and
of the anti-Israel forces. The attitude of that there will be solutions - that will not
the U.S. State Department, always appeas- affect the security of the peoples of the
ing the Arabs and antagonistic to Israel, world, including Israel and the Arab states.
as was indicated in the failure to protect To that end, we also. must pray that power
the rights of Americans of the Jewish politics will not interfere with just
faith, in the weakened anti-bias clause in approaches and that the major aspiration
the foreign aid bill, has not been helpful. will be for justice rather than for power.
Dr. Friedlaender's Classic
'Past and Present' Republished
Those who recall the tragic occurrence in 1920, when Dr.
Israel Friedlaender and Rabbi Cantor were murdered by bandits
in Poland, where they had gone on- a mercy mission for the Joint
Distribution Committee, will remember the important role the
distinguished scholar had played as the philosopher of Judaism,
as the interpreter of Jewish value's, as
the teacher of future rabbis, as the
leader of and guide to youth in this
Dr. Friedlaender was among the
most revered members of the faculty
of the Jewish Theological Seminary of
America when he accepted the call fo
go to Poland on a relief mission after
the first world war. HiS tragic death
came as a shock to Jewry.
He-had written many essays and
his lectures drew large audiences. A
book of his that served as a guide to
many who were searching for Jewish
knowledge was his collection of select-
ed' essays, "Past and Present." This
volume now has been reprinted by
Burning Bush Press (1109 5th, N.Y.
28), with an enlightening introduction by .Dr. Louis Finkelstein,
president of the Jewish Theological Seminary; -
In "Past and Present" Dr. Friedlaender discussed a variety of
subjects—the ideals of the Prophets, the status of the Jewries of the
world during the early years of this century, the issues that arose
during the first world war, the Zionist movement and Palestine.
He dealt frankly and scrupulously with the question of Jewish
nationalism, and his work was a source of strength for the Zionist
movement in the early years of the effort to aid in Palestine's
redemption. - He faced the issue that was certain to arise in dealings
with the Arabs, and he urged that they be contacted and dealt
with on the friendliest terms.
His essays also discussed the needs for extended Jewish educa-
tion and for emphasis on -Jewish learning.
Even now, more than 40 years after his death-42 years after
he had compiled his essays—"Past and Present" remains an im-
portant guide to Jewish scholars and an inspiration to laymen.
The tragedy of Russian Jewry in many areas—during the
last war, in the anti-Zionist approaches, the discrimination.
against Yiddish, the difficulties with the Ukrainians, the German
holocaust—is reflected in the important chapter, "Jews in Soviet
Literature," by Bernard J. Choseed, incorporated into the new
Columbia University paperback, "Through the Glass of Soviet
Literature,' depicting views of Russian society. The book was
edited by Ernest J. Simmons.
The editor's introductory essay deals with "Soviet Litera-
ture and Controls. Other essays deal with the Marxian Woman,
the Soviet Children's Theater, the Tragedy of a Soviet Satirist
(Zoshchenko) and Postwar Soviet Ideology and Literary Schol-
There were many happenings at the its influence there.
Choseed's analysis of the treatment of Jewish characters
The press chief said that the Yugo- in Russian literature exposes the USSR attitudes towards Jews,
conference of so-called "neutral" nations,
held in Belgrade last week, to cause con- slays were compelled to yield to Arab Judaism and Yiddish, as well as Zionism. While the essay
pressure on the issue when "certain Arab originally appeared in Jewish Social Studies in 1949, it is as
cern to the democratic elements.
Perhaps the most shocking and most delegations raised security reasons," and timely today as a revelation of Russian attitudes as it was 12
threatening aspect of the gathering — that they did not want Israeli correspond- years ago.
Blow to Freedom of the Press at Belgrade
forgetting for the present the malicious ents "to get near their heads of state."
and hateful references to Israel during The aim here is apparent. It was part
the discussion of the "Palestine question" of the anti-Israel bigotry. It is not Israel
—was the banning of Israeli reporters that has been noted for political assassina-
from the sessions. tions, but the Arab states, and if they
When the Israeli newsmen came to the have anything to fear it is each other.
conference building and presented their Meanwhile a blow has been struck at
press cards, they were told to wait. Soon freedom of the press. As soon as the
their cards were returned to them and the newspapers are affected by bigotry, the
press chief admitted- that the conference worst can be expected. The Belgrade con-
was under Arab pressure, the United ference forces added dangers upon demo-
Arab Republic especially having exerted cratic hopes in the world.
Judaea s Historic Attainments
"The Jews attained their greatest wealth following David's
victories over the Philistines of the coast, during the reign of
Solomon (973-933) B.C.E) and the greatest cultural achievements
of the Jews, the writing of the Old Testament, came mostly
after this period," Shepherd B. Clough states in "The Rise and
Fall of Civilization."
Issued as a paperback, by Columbia University Press, this
book, whose author is professor of history at Columbia Univer-
sity, contains a scholarly "inquiry into the relationship bewteen
economic development and civilization."