May You Be
the Book of
Life for a
THE JEWISH NEWS
""7— 1=Z CD 1
Good and a
A Weekly Review
1\4 1 G 1-41 GAN
of Jewish Ev6nts
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XL, No. 3
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Sept. 15, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
Jewish Self-Defense Repels Arab
Attacks; Clash with FIN May Force
Mass Emigration of Al Brian Jews
By EDWIN EYTAN
synagogue with his children carrying his youngest child in
his arms. Suddenly an Arab terrorist approached the family
ORAN, Algeria — A tension-laden calm prevailed near the Rue de Leoben synagogue and knifed Schroun
Wednesday between the Jewish mellah here and the nearby several times from behind.
Moslem quarter, after two days of wild fighting marked by
Within minutes, Jewish youths sprang into action,
a well organized defense by trained Jewish commando units sealing off the mellah and pursuing the knife wielder.
who repeatedly beat off attacks by numerically superior
An exasperated Jewish crowd attacked Arab pass-
ersby and broke into Moslem shops on the Central Rue de
The area between the two sectors was patrolled by la Revolution, the street separating the two quarters. More
steelhelmeted French troops who had pushed through a and more Jews rushed into the streets chanting "French
no-man's land. Despite radio appeals by the FLN, the Algeria."
Algerian revolutionary movement, Oran arabs apparently
Meanwhile, the terrorist was found hiding in an Arab
were ready to renew hostilities at the earliest possible mo- shop and the crowd lynched him and the shopkeeper. Shortly
ment. Jews who had been residents and shopowners in the after noon, an FLN reprisal unit armed with broken bottles,
Arab quarter moved into the crowded mellah. Arabs who knives and iron bars tried to storm the Jewish quarter'
had shops and homes in the mellah pulled out and went to screaming "Death to the Jews" and "Moslem Algeria." For
the Arab quarter.
the first time in North African history they were met by well
During the two days of bitter fighting—which coin- organized Jewish defense units. After a short but bloody
cided with the two days of Rosh Hashanah—three persons,
clash, the FLN attackers broke into a retreat pursued by the
all Arabs, were killed and 26 wounded, including nine Jews,
Jewish commandos. Only the arrival of police units saved
according to unofficial reports. Police detained 76 persons. the FLN attackers from a severe beating.
The fighting began on Monday morning in the heart
In the afternoon, Rosh Hashanah services were re-
of the mellah. Jewish artisans and small tradesmen were sumed under protection of a strong ,.Jewish guard around
either sitting in front of their homes or walking along the the synagogue. Despite the guard, Arabs tried to infiltrate
street, as is the custom in Eastern countries on holidays. A the mellah and renewed fighting broke out which soon be-
Jewish hairdresser, Menahem Schroun, was walking to the
(Continued on Page 3)
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
Committee Selected by Max M. Fisher
.c its - on .CentOr Programming; Saturday
Functions Are Delayed Until November 4
iiNCJW Israel Scholars:
students from Israel arrived in the United States for
graduate study at American Universities, including the
University of Michigan, through the Overseas Scholarship
Program of the National Council of Jewish Women. The
arrivals, and the universities where they will study, are,
from the left: Joseph Ritter, Tel Aviv Welfare Department
supervisor, Western Reserve University, School of Applied
Social Sciences, Cleveland; Rafael Lewy, English teacher..
at the Hebrew University High School in Jerusa-lem,;...
University of Minnesota; Mrs. Margalith Ben-Zvi, sole.
teacher in a school for deaf children in Beersheba, Central •?-
Institute for the Deaf, St. Louis; Abraham Zalkin, sec-'
ondary School Inspector in southern Israel, Columbia
University Teachers College, New York; Miss Rivca
Kostrinsky, psychologist and educational counselor for the
Jerusalem child guide clinic, University of Chicago;
Mordecai Gonen, assistant district inspector for the Israel
Ministry of Education in Haifa, University of Michigan;
and Shraga Adiel, assistant director general for elementary
education for the Israel Ministry of Education, Columbia
University Teachers College. The Council awarded 14
scholarships in 1961, making a total of 177 awards in 17
countries since the program was started in 1946.
Charles H.. Gershenson, president of the Jewish Community .Center, Wed-
nesday night announced a decision of the Center's board of directors to delay the
introduction of Saturday afternoon programs until Nov. 4, pending consideration
of an appropriate program by a specially-formed committee.
Gershenson stated: "Delay in the conduct of a Saturday afternOon schedule
has been decided upon by the Center board in order to have time to receive and
consider recommendation of the appropriate nature and extent of such a program,
as will be proposed by a Special Committee named by Mr. Max M. Fisher, at the
suggestion of the lay and rabbinic leaders who have taken part in the various
Action taken by the Center is a result of a negotiating committee appointed
by 'Fisher, not as president of the Jewish Welfare Federation but in his private
capacity as a member of the community. That committee, composed by Judge
Theodore Levin, Mandell Berman, Phillip Stollman and Abraham Srere, with
Fisher and Mrs. Jostph N. Ehrlich as ex-officio members, has met during the past
three weeks with members of the Committee for Sabbath Closing of the Center,
.Center leaders and local rabbis, and as a result the leaders of the various groups
agreed upon a plan to negotiate a compromise, pending temporary delay in the
introduction of programs at the Center on Saturday afternoons.
Eshhol to: Iltirect -11Formation of New
Isra•el GoVeriiiiiiiiicnt.'13-G May Remain
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
TEL AVIV — The Central Committee of Prime Minister Ben-Gurion's Mapai party approved
Wednesday a strategy of having Finance Minist er Levi Eshkol seek to form a new government,
with the understanding that Ben-Gurion would head that government.
That strategy was decided upon at a meeting Friday of the Mapai coalition negotiations
committee which was attended by Ben-Gurion and confirmed by the central committee which
acted after hearing a report by Eshkol on his fruitless effort at negotiations with other parties
for a new coalition. The central committee decided to recommend to President Ben-Zvi that he
ask Eshkol to undertake the task.
David Ben-Gurion last week refused to accept President Ben-Zvi's request that he under-
take formation of a new government. The rejection was made in a letter to the President in
(Continued on Page 5)