Senate-House Conferees Battle Over Anti-Bias
Clause in Two Codicting Foreign Aid Bills
Detailed Story on Page 5
HE JEWISH NEWS
MICHI G A N
A Weekly Review
o of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—incorporating The. Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXXIX, No. 26
3.001Zoin6encloriln silop 17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, Aug. 25, 1961 —
$5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 1 Sc
JWV Asks for Action Against
Nazi Party and Birch Society
Jewish Congress Parley
Views with Alarm Status of
African, USSR Communities
GENEVA, (JTA)—The situation of the Jews in various parts
of the world was reviewed here by Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president
of the World Jewish Congress, at the four-day conference of the
WJC executive board which is attended by more than 100 Jewish
leaders from numerous countries. The conference marks the 25th
anniversary of the World Jewish Congress.
' Touching on the situation of the Jews in North Africa, Dr.
Goldmann said that the promises of the leaders of Morocco and
Tunisia to recognize the Jews there as citizens has been kept, al-
though some discrimination has occurred. The main problem, he
said, was that freedom of emigration was practically denied to
Jews in Morocco.
Dr. Goldmann denied reports that Jewish organizations have
contacted Algerian rebel leaders. He emphasized that no plans exist
for any such direct contact. Reviewing the position taken by the
rebel leaders on the future status of Algerian Jewry in an inde-
pendent Algeria, he expressed the hope that they would adopt
toward the Algerian Jews the same position as toward French
nationals, "allowing the Jews in Algeria to decide for themselves
what status they would like to have."
The conference was presented with a report prepared by the
WJC political department on the present situation of the Jews in
the Soviet Union. The report said that the situation "remains acute
and difficult." It noted that some progress has been made recently
in the field of Jewish culture, but stressed that "there is a pain-
ful absence of any improvement" in the general conditions under
which the Jews live in the Soviet Union.
The report emphasized that there are "serious shortages of
prayerbooks and ritual objects," and that the most important issue
as far as Russian Jewry is concerned is "their enforced separation
from their brethren abroad"—from their relatives and friends in Israel
and in other countries.
Another section of the report dealt with the situation of the
Jews in Cuba under the Castro regime. "Careful scrutiny," the
(Continued on Page 3)
Tunisia Severs Postal Relations
with Israel, Emulating Morocco
JERUSALEM, (JTA)—The government of Tunisia announced
that it was severing postal communications with Israel. The an-
nouncement took the Ministry of Posts here by surprise. Govern-
ment officials are now inquiring into the full implications of the
While Israel and Tunisia have never had diplomatic rela-
tions, both countries have had uninterrupted postal connections
since Tunisia acquired independence from French rule in 1957.
Recently, however, Tunisia joined the Arab Postal Union. The
latest development is believed to be another attempt by Tunisia to
gain greater goodwill from the Nasser regime in the United Arab
In cutting its postal relations with Israel, Tunisia emulated
neighboring Morocco which complied with the Arab League blockade
and severed postal and telegraphic communications with the Jewish
State, depriving Jewish families in Morocco of the possibility of
maintaining contact with their relatives in Israel.
Israel Sends Wheat to Turkey;
Responds to Plea in Crop Failure
TEL AVIV, (JTA)—Israel on Monday sent 22,000 tons of wheat
to Turkey in response to a Turkish government appeal to several
countries for assistance to cope with an unprecedented failure of
the country's wheat crop. The wheat sent by Israel is grain from
American surpluses, which will be repaid to Israel from surplus
U.S. grains Turkey is scheduled to receive later.
Israel also notified Turkey of its willingness to lend that coun-
try additional wheat, and negotiations for such a deal are. currently
under way between - the two governments.
BALTIMORE, (JTA)—Strong resolutions, calling upon Federal authori-
ties to take action against the American Nazi Party, and, condemning the pro-
gram and ideology of the John Birch Society, were adopted here at the clos-
ing session of the 66th annual convention of the Jewish War Veterans of
the U.S.A. An estimated 3,000 delegates from 40 states attended the convention.
The resolution dealing with the Nazis called specifically upon the De-
partment of Justice and the Post Office, Department to . "exercise Federal au-
(The John. Birch So-
thority under existing laws to move against the
ciety was called by the veterans an organiiation with - program and ideology
which are "a subversion of American democratic principles, equally as dan-
gerous as Communism.")
A resolution dealing with American policy in the Middle East called
for American guarantees of Israeli-Arab borders, stimulation of peace nego-
tiations, and the resettlement of the Arab refugees in Arab countries. The
resolution stated that the tensions in the Middle East stem from "the un-
willingness of the Arab leaders to • cooperate in providing for the resettle-
ment of the refugees" and the "continued passive American reaction to the
Arab League boycott of Israel and discrithination against Americans be-
cause of their religion."
Ted Brooks, a 41-year-old World War II veteran, of Freeport, L.I., was
elected national commander of JWV at the organization's concluding ses-
sion Monday. Joseph Savitz, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., was elected national judge
advocate. Mrs. Mimi Shor, of Los Angeles, was. elected national president . of
the JWV Ladies Auxiliary.
Past National Commander Harry T. Madison, of Detroit, was elected
chairman of the national executive committee. Another Detroiter, Lawrence
Gubow, U.S. Attorney, was elected a member of the policy committee.
J1ITTV for Action Against 'Storintroopers'
By a Special Correspondent of The Jewish News
WASHINGTON, D.C.—The American Nazi Party of George .Lincoln
Rockwell is continuing its provocations despite recent convictions of "Storm-
troopers" on assault and other charges, as Jewish communal .agencies here
remain divided on anti-Nazi strategy.
The Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith views the Nazi group
as something less than a major threat to national security but nonetheless a
vicious gang whose illegal actions must be vigorously prosecuted in every
instance where laws are violated. The ADL has worked quietly, without pub-
licity, to aid and urge authorities to bring the Nazis into court every time
the line of legality is crossed.
Citizens groups of nearby Arlington, Va., representing the three major faiths, have
looked to the ADL for counsel and guidance. The alarm in Virginia is considerable follow-
ing action by the Arlington County Board, court convictions, arrest of an admitted Nazi
on a Federal charge of owning a military machine gun., and new Nazi attempts to propa-
gandize high school children.
The ADL philosophy is that a respect for civil liberties is consistent with militant prose-
cution when laws are broken. The Nazi group purports to be a legitimate political party
yet wears uniforms, stages military drills, possesses firearms, incites and generaly indi-
cates force and violence rather than mere expression of repugnant ideas.
Opposed to the ADL has been a more conservative .concept in the Jewish communal
structure, reflecting the professional staff of the Jewish Community Council of Greater
Washington. This concept is one of minimizing Nazi activities and asking the commu-
nity to ignore provocations. There is -pre-occupation with defense of Rockwell's civil liber-
ties. However, a District Court of Appeals ruling backed the ADL contention that Rock-
well was subject to appropriate legal prosecution for fomenting violence under a pretext
of "free speech."
The court ruling, issued this summer, bolstered the ADL, while weakening the op-
posing Jewish communal elements.
A stand differing from both these anti-Nazi approaches is taken by the Jewish War
Veterans. JWV has favored a public campaign with use of publicity, appeals to government
agencies for action and sweeping legal steps to wipe out the Nazi group.
At the JWV national convention in Baltimore, an NCRAC spokesman, Jules Cohen,
urged that Jews avoid "hysteria" over Rockwell's group and concentrate on what he termed
a more dangerous menace . . . the John Birch Society. He stressed the financial re-
sources and large membership of the latter while minimizing the Rockwell Nazis as a
"lunatic fringe" of no basic significance.
JWV adopted strong resolutions against both the John Birch Society and the Nazis.
Speaking from the floor, veterans called for more forceful language in the anti-Nazi
resolution after National Executive Director Joseph Barr revealed receipt of such messages
through the U.S. mails as "The Jews Are Going Up the Smokestack ... Bring Back Auschwitz
. Rockwell to Power." The material bore the return address of the American Nazi Party.
As finally adopted, the JWV resolution called not only for placing the Nazis on
the Attorney General's subversive list but added a demand that the U.S. Postal au-
thorities take action: