Justice!'Shout Acquitted Syrians
JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Six Syrian prisoners, who were detained by Israeli authorities near the Gaza Strip, wept with joy when the heard t
authorities four months ago aboard their schooner when it was intercepted in Th
Israeli trritorial waters, broke into spontaneous shouts of "BravO,.-Israeli i
was at the wheel of the vessel when it was detained, will have
serve his four-month jail sentence if he is caught again in Israeli territorial
justice!," when District Court Judge Moshe Perez Monday acquitted five of
theiii ;.waterS- within a two-year probationar
and suspended a four-month sentence of the sixth..
y period. All six Syrians were turned
over to United
Nations Truce Observers for safe conduct home through'
The Syrians, whose schooner, the Murad, was taken into custody by Israeli Lebanon.
HE JEWISH E S
No Name or
ita Russia ...
`Why is a
Sputnik a Jew?'
A Weekly Review
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
f Jewish Events
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. -- VE 8-9364 -- Detroit 35, Aug. 11, 1961 —
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXXIX, No. 24
$5.00 Per Year; Single Copy
Israel Excluded by U.S. from
Opposes Action. on Boycott -
Household Size Desalination,
Unit in Operation in Is
UAR Denies .ffethod Request
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM—Israeli scientists have developed a household
size water desalinatiorf unit and a first model is already in regular
operation at a cattle ranch near the Dead Sea, the Negev Arid
Zones Research Institute announced Monday night.
The household size unit has a maximum capacity of 250
gallons a day and is effective in producing drinkable water from
underground saline water.
The cost of a unit is expected to be about $200 and each
will produce 250 gallons of drinkable water on only five kilowatts
an hour. The first unit is in use at Nect Hakikar, a cattle ranch
1,200 feet under sea level, ten miles south of the Dead Sea.
The unit, which was developed by the institute, is based on
the principle of -electrical separation of salt from water. This
electrodialysis process has been known for some• time but it could
not be applied to a small unit until new type membranes were
developed to make possible low investment and maintenance
The Negev Institute also reported it was working on the
development of larger units capable of supplying 250,000. to
500,000 gallons daily and that the first of these units was ready
for test runs.
Arabs in U.S. Deny Seeking to Buy
Israeli Process for Water Desalting
• - WASHINGTON, (JTA)—A report by an Israeli Cabinet mem-
ber that the United Arab .Republic approached an American
firm about obtaining the new Israeli process for desalting sea
water was denied by a spokesman for the UAR Embassy.
Mordechai Ben-Toy, Israel Development Minister, said on
Aug. 3 that the UAR contacted the Fairbanks Whitney Corp.,
which has sales rights in the western hemisphere for the process
devised by Dr. Alexander Zarchin, a Russian emigre naw settled
in Israel. The Minister said that Israel would be ready to sell
the eqtlipment to the UAW after production was started in three
years. A plant_ now under construction in Eilat is scheduled
to go into operation at the end of this year.
The. UAR spokesman said that "upon contacting Fairbanks
Whitney to ascertain their alleged UAR contact, we were told
that no overtures. by the UAR for the acquisition of this process
have ever been made in the United States." However, a spokes-
man for the corporation in New York City confirmed that its
Washington, D.C., office -had been approached by representatives
of the UAR in the last, two months and that they had been
referred to the Israel government.
WASHINGTON, (JTA)-.The State Department has officially informed
Congress that for the first time in a decade American grant-in-aid
will not be
allocated to Israel because 'of. her "impressive_ economic development."
The House Foreign Affairs Committee made known
its formal report to the full Congress on the ore gn aid l this
legislation now under-
consideration. Last year's administration sought similarly to deny grant-in-aid to
Israel, but administration .officials surrendered to Congressional protests and
reinstated Israel in the grant program. Israel was granted $7,500,000 as an
immediate result of the furor over its omission from the countries receiving
In its report the Committee on Foreign Affairs said: "The Committee
has been informed that aid to Israel will in the future stress loans and food for
peace. Under difficult circumstances, Israel has achieved impressive economic
development so that for the first time in 10 years, grant assistance has not been
programmed for Israel.
The Committee is of the opinion that Israel should
continue to receive development loans and other forms of economic aid at levels
high enough to insure continued development."
The Committee stressed that "should circumstances arise in which Israel
- again would be in need of grant' aid, the Committee believes that the Adminis-
tration should deal sympathetically with any such request. It should be stressed
that Israel has struggled for stability at great odds in a difficult area."
The Committee pointed- out that "the lack of peace and economic rela-
tions with her neighbors has led Israel to make large expenditures for security
and survival. Israel has never received grant military aid or defense support
under the Mutual Security Program. Under these circumstances, the Committee
continues to be concerned about Israel's economic progress."
The House Foreign Affairs Committee, in an official report, said that it
believes that "the vast majority of the Palestine Arab refugees will eventually
have to be settled on land where there is room and opportunity for them."
In its discussions of the Arab refugee problem, the Committee was
given facts by a Committee member, Rep. Leonard Farbstein, New- - York
Democrat, differing from the State Department's presentations on this sub-
ject. Rep. Farbstein stressed resettlement in Arab lands as an important
of any effective solution.
In its formal report on the foreign aid bill, the Committee said:
Committee regrets that only limited progress has been made to solve the
problem of the Palestinian Arab refugees. Some progress has been made
within recent years because refugees who have acquired skills have found
employment and have been absorbed in the local economy. The United Na-
tions Relief and Works Agency," the report continued, "plans to now ex-
pand the vocational training program in 'order to stimulate employment of
the refugees and part of the funds included in this year's authorization for
(Continued on Page 10)
relimann _Portrayed as 'Unrepetat':
Ashs Death Penalty ors LT Counts in Indictment
(Direct. JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish -News)
He said the witnesses told of "the ashen planet" of the Auschwitz murder
JERUSALEM—Attorney General Gideon Hausner, opening his prosecution
summation d in the trial of A olf Eichmann, said Tuesday that the impassive camp "which the Nazis put into orbit, spouting blood," and of rabbis and
servants of the Lord who were forced to don phylacteries and pray and then
reaction of the former Gestapo colonel throughout the trial recital of the
were mocked, tortured and killed by the Nazi sadists.
incredible Nazi atrocities against European Jewry proved-that he was still an
unrepentant follower of Adolf Hitler.
All of this, said the prosecutor, was heard "by the man. in the glass cage,"
a defendant who listened 'attentively, took notes, viewed films- of the atrocities
The trial was resumed after a two weeks recess called to: give the prose
outor and Dr. Robert Servatius, Eichmann's chief counsel, time to prepare their -
and showed not a single glint of remorse." Hausner said that Eichmann
started his own testimony, 16 years after the collapse of the Hitler regime, by
summations after 16 weeks of testimony. The schedule calls for both attorneys
to complete their presentations by the end of this - week. Trial proceedings will
repeating the Nazi propaganda fable that the Jews had forced the war upon
Hitler's Germany. He said that Eichrnann had "brazenly" denied the facts
then be recessed while the three justices ponder the mountain of evidence for a
verdict which is not expected before the High Holy Days. Dr. Servatius - . has .which-"cried out" from every piece of evidence.
indicated he will appeal the expected verdict of guilty.
"He recanted, he denied, he claimed forgeries, not feeling, not
The Attorney. General, speaking to a crowded courtroom, said Eichmann.
the prosecutor thundered. "This is the characteristic Nazi feature. We'
who is accused of master-minding the wartime slaughter of 6:000,000
Jews, was the instrument of destruction acting 'fro-m T' "a • bottomless hatred- reality. Only- he. Who has a heart of stone can remain unmoved—he who sets
aril a murderous fury." The prosecutor described the eyewitnesstestiiiiOnY"of. otit - vn-4-the a:sotiecl path of destruction outlined by the leader and becomes
block of ice wrapped in documents."
unbelievable brutality, atrocities and murders 'perpetrated by human hands.