'Taking tf ides'
-r D I -r
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
XXXIX, No. 23
Printed in a
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Constantine Jews Terrorized;
Many Plan Escape to Algiers
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
ITNEF — Proof of UN s 'Validity
By SAUL -CARSON
PARIS Constantine Jews have been so terrorized by a continual
series of attacks on Jews and against Jewish owned shops that many are
planning to leave for Algiers as soon as passible, it was reported here
Tuesday from Algiers.
On July 24 a Constantine Jew was shot in the neck and killed and,
two days later, another Constantine Jew, Leon Adida, was murdered the
same way. Explosions and window-smashings of Jewish-owned shops were
reported continuing in a manner reminiscent of Nazi \pogroms -.
The attacks are part of a general increase in such terrorism in Algeria
which has increased markedly in recent weeks, with at least three deaths
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y.—When the next General Assembly con-
venes, on Sept. 19, it will face an agenda which, as it stands provi-
sionally. includes 77 items (and there is no -doubt that further items will
be added before the opening gavel is rapped). There is also little doubt
that many of the items will result in further frustrations, leading some
.people to speak more and more about the "futility"'of the United Nations,
about the interminable talk-talk that, too often, resolves no problems. But
on the agenda, too, are other items that point up • the UN's effectiveness.
One of these items deals wih the United Nations Emergency Force—UNEF.
UNEF costs, in money, only about $20,000,000 a year. UNEF's 5,000-
odd soldiers stand on gilard at Sharm-el-Sheikh, on the shore of the Gulf
of Aqaba, seeing to it that Israeli shipping uses that Gulf without Arab
molestation. Without UNEF's post there, Israel's flourishing harbor at
Eilat would be nothing but a little - water-hole on the edge of a desert. And
UNEF watches the borders along the Gaza Strip. Without UNEF, Israel
would be subjected again to raids by fedayeen, those terrorist saboteurs
trained by Nasser for one purpose—to spread terror inside Israel.
If the United Nations did nothing, else all of next year, its maintenance
of UNEF would be worth all the costs, in money, men and political tensions,
centered at the United Nations headquarters. The birth of UNEF is worth
recalling from time to time.
Dawn was • breaking over the East River, on Nov. 2, 1956, when
Lester B. Pearson, then Canada's Minister for External Affairs, mounted
the podium of the General Assembly, convened for its first emergency
special session. The Assembly had convened the previous afternoon, at 5
p.m. Now, after nearly 12 hours of continuous debate, Pearson delivered
a fiery speech. He had a proposal.-
Pearson had had lunch, the previous day, on the 38th' floor, in the
Secretary-General's office, with Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold anti
the latter's executive assistant, Andrew W. Cordier. He had brought a
new idea which he tried out on them. Hammarskjold called . in Dr: Ralph
I. Bunche. As the former mediator between Israel and the_ Arab states,
the man who brought about the four armistice agreements in 1949, Bunche
was the UN's foremost expert on the Israeli-Arab disputes.
. Hammarskjold, Cordier and Bunche agreed with Pearson's idea. -So,
at dawn on Nov. 2, Pearson told the Assembly he would like to see em:
bodied in a resolution a provision authorizing the Secretary-General "to
begin to make arrangements with member governments for a United
Nations force, large enough to keep these borders (between Egypt and
Israel). at peace while a political settlement is being worked out."
The Pearson proposal electrified the Assembly. The delegates adopted
the - proposal, gave Hammarskjold 48 hours to work out a plan to put the
proposal into effect.,
Twenty-four hours later, four men sat at a counter at an all-night
hamburger joint -a block from the United Nations. The men were Ham-
marskjold, Cordier, Bunche and William Ranallo—Hammarskjold's personal
bodyguard. There, over hamburgers and coffee, the UNEF_ plan was not
only nailed down; the intricate logistics for putting such a - forceinto the
field—with everything from guns, supplies, food and even the cloth, blue-
white UN identification helmets—were finalized. Hammarskjold delivered •
his -report to the Assembly—not in 48 hours as ordered, but in 36 hours.
Within two weeks—UNEF was on location, in Egypt. .
Continued on Page 3
'Grenades thrown into a crowd of Jews leaving a motion picture
theater in Bonn on July 24 wounded 27 persons, three of them critically.
In Algiers a terrorist tossed a grenade into a cafe on July 29, wounding
seven persons, including an infant. Later in the week, a grenade was
thrown into cafe in Bonn, killing Charles Zerbig, a retired customs official.
Report State Dept. Seeks to Avert
Congress Debate on Arabs' Boycott
BALTIMORE, (JTA) — The United_ States Department of State is
striving to avert an open discussion in Congress on the issue of the Arab
blockade in the debate on the pending Mutual Aid bill, according to the
chief diplomatic correspondent of the Baltimore Sun.
Writing from Washington, the correspondent asserted that this effort
is- motivated by concern on the part of the United States about Arab votes
in the forthcoming session of the United Nations General Assembly. He
declared that State Department officials hoping for. Arab League -support
on crucial issues before the Assembly were wearing "long faces" chiefly
because of the fight in Congress against foreign aid to Arab countries
practicing boycott and blockade tactics against Israel and against American
enterprises doing business with Israel.
"Chief among the local developments complicating Washington's rela-
tions with the Arab world is a by-product of the current debate on Capitol
Hill about the Kennedy Administration's foreign aid program and, more
particularly, of insistence on the part of some members of Congress that
the United States Treasury should not be tapped for aid to countries that
discriminate against American citizens on racial or religious grounds," the
correspondent, Paul Ward, wrote.
Reporting that during recent Senate. Foreign Relations Committee hear-
ings, Sen. - J. W. Fulbright, Arkansas Democrat, "assailed" the anti-bias
clause proposed by the White House as "offensive to the Arab world," the
Sun correspondent emphasized that Sen. Fulbright did more than to assail
the aforementioned policy declaration as irrelevant to the Foreign Aid bill.
"He belabored the point to such an extent that he finally got Phillips Talbot,
Assistant Secretary of State for Near EaStern Affairs, and Henry R.
Labouisse, International Cooperation Administration director, to agree to
deletion of the passage," the correspondent stressed.
However, •Ward noted, the "opposite kind of reaction" developed in
Continued on Page 3
Weizmann Institute Develops Apparatus to Record 'Brain Waves'
Cat wearing Sub-Miniature Electroencephalograph ( EEG)
developed. by Ephraim Frei and Henryk Fischler at the
Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovoth, Israel. The
apparatus is designed to record brain waves.
A new apparatus for recording "brain waves" in 'humans and animals has been devel-
oped al the Weizmann Institute of Science. Called a "Sub-Miniature Electroencephalograph"
(EEG) it is part of an existing conventional system for brain-wave recording which has been
greatly improved by scientists in the electronics department of the Weizmann Institute.
The staff members concerned were Henryk Fischler, engineer, and Prof. Ephraim H.'
Frei, head' of the department. Development of the instrument was made possible by a grant
given by the Bathsheda de Rothschild Foundation for the AdVancement of Science in Israel.
The tiny new EEG was shown at the fourth International Conference on Medical Elec-
tronics held recently in New York. It is a miniature transmitter- which is placed directly on
the head of the subject under investigation. Cats have been used as the experimental animals,
but an even smaller unit is being built for pigeons.
The instrument enables scientists and medical men to record brain waves without
involving the elaborate wiring systems now used in conventional instruments. The absence of
connection wires in the new Rehovoth-made instrument provides greater flexibility in the
measurements of brain waves. It also makes it'possible to investigate the subject under natural
The main advantage of the instrument is its . miniature size. One of the smallest medical
instruments of the kind ever produced, it can be slipped into a pocket and is wholly transis-
torized. Its over-all dimens,ions are one and one half by one and one sixth by one and one
quarter inches and it weighs just one ounce.
Prof. Frei said that a number of other medical electronics 'instruments are being devel-•
oped at the Institute with the interdepartmental cooperation of various departments.
Prof. Frei is also the co-inventor of an electro-dynamic speaker of revolutionary design
which is already in production. The new amplifier, or "Isophase" speaker 'is of a wafer-thin
flatness in contrast to the paper cone which is part of any conventional loud-speaker. It will
be of value for high fidelity and stereophonic syStems and for television receivers.