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July 28, 1961 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-07-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

ORT Assisted • JPS Reissues The Exiled and the Redeemed' by President of Israel
A 294-page new edition- of tribes like those of Khaibar, languages. The process has ex-
such intimacy." He states that
38,000 in 19 Lands "The
Exiled and the Re- Pattanis of Afghanistan and
tended to include even the

More than 38,000 persons over- deemed," by Itzhak Ben-Zvi,
seas last year received educa- president of Israel, has just

tional and economic assistance been issued by the Jewish Pub-
through ORT, the Organization lication Society of America.
First translated from the
for Rehabilitation through Train-
•?Hebrew by
ing, according to a report on 1960
Isaac A. Ab-
activities just made public. The
bady, in 1957,
organization conducts programs
in 19 countries.
this scholarly
work about
The report, ORT Yearbook.
Jewish c o m -
1961, was released simultaneous-
munittes
ly by the American ORT Fed-
which moved
eration in New York and by the
along the per-
international office in Geneva,
iphery of Jew-
Switzerland.
ish life at
The report notes that ORT
once drew
secondary trade schools for youth
Ben-Zvi wide atten-
with three and four years of tech- tion, necessitating its being re-
nical and general studies have printed.
grown markedly and that their
The new edition contains in-
enrollment has more than dou- ternal revisions by Prof. R. J.
bled during the past decade. Z. Werblowsky of the Hebrew
These - schools - now form "the University. It has a new intro-
basic grid of the ORT system:' duction; otherwise the volume
This trend toward greater remains intact.
emphasis on vocational educa-
As explained by President
tion for youth as distinct from
Ben-Zvi, this important study
shorter courses for adult refu-
deals with three categories of
gees and other migrants in the
Jews: -Those belonging to
years immediately folloWing
communities that were origi-
World War II, is attributed to
nally dispersed in Moslem
"the emergence of a new gen-
countries; religious sects like
eration of postwar Jewish
the Karaites and the Samari-
youth" which in Israel, North
tans whose. patterns differ
Africa, Iran and Europe and
from those of the bulk of the
Other areas of ORT activity
Jewish people but who con-
is increasingly attracted to
sider themselves to this day
technical studies within a Jew-
as belonging to the House of
ish milieu, such as is afforded
Israel and whose members ob-
in the ORT schools.
serve Jewish religious prac-.
The network of ORT schools- in times; certain groups who
20 cities and towns of Israel is were coerced into adopting
by far the largest in the pro- the Moslem- faith—including
gram. Last year, these schools
enrolled over 10,000 . persons.
Zim Reports $855,00.0
Despite rapid advances in Is-
rael's vocational education , in Profit. Despite World
recent years, the Yearbook
warns of a "dangerous and grow- Shipping Recession
ing deficiency of skills" for the
NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
country's economic development. Zim-Israel Navigation Co., Ltd.,
At the same time, the report Israel's largest shipping concern,
calls attention to the fact
earned a net profit of $855,000
large numbers of young '.p.
last year with a freight volume
in Israel receive no secon....,..,/ 10 percent higher than the previ-
education at all because of the ous year it was reported here.
shortage of such schools and cau-
The progress by _the
tions that Israel can ill afford in spite of a gene
cession
this "social waste."
international
ing last y ,
In Iran, ORT school attend- was attribu
to the diversity of
ance jumped by 43 per cent the line's u tes.
last year. The report announces
Zim
a decision to establish a trade its 47 ve
school for the Bene Israel com- bu
arri
e 1
of
munity of Jews in Bombay, the 6 sh .
t
COM-
India.
pa
in
shipyards
The cost of all ORT activities
r the
ms of the Bo
in 1960 was $6,616,034. The 1961 Is 1 reparations agreem
budget, calls- for an expenditure
e new vessel bring
e corn-
of $6,764,829.
pa <
fleet. to a
of 400,000
The Joint Distribution Com- tons Zim operates
mittee allocated $1,700,000 last 53 ships. under charter on inter-
year, or 27 per cent of the over- national routes.
Israel's merchant marine is ex-
all ORT expenditure, out of
United Jewish Appeal funds. pected to reach 800,000 tons by
Women's American ORT is cred- the end of this year as a result
ited with the second largest con- of an expansion plan aimed at
tribution of $836',030, out of its topping the 1,000,000-ton mark
membership dues.
by 1965. The first units of the
plan, which will cost an esti-
mated $160,000,000, have been
-JAR Court Sentences ordered
from Japan.
The Israel merchant fleet,
4 Israelis to Death
which now totals 600,000 tons,
as Spies in Gaza
will acquire 19 new vessels this
LONDON, (JTA)—The United year. including two 30,000-ton
Arab Republic Supreme Security bulk carriers and . three 10,000-
ton cargo ships. Twelve of the
Court has sentence
new ships are to be delivered by
to death as
spies, a ca
the end of this month.
from Cai
rted.
The 19 vessels, which will cost
Two
were sentenced t
f d
d, seven s acquit a total of $50,000,000. include
ted
the ch
nine completed or nearing com-
susp is wer
pletion in West German ship-
in
yards under the terms of the
U
offi
dis- Bonn-Israel, reparations agree-
clo e of "an
ing." ment. •

Se
for

coupon Two Jewish Graduates
greetings in Morocco Appointed_to
High Communication Posts

IF YOU TURN THE

CASABLANCA, (JTA)—Two
Jewish students who just grad-
uated from the French National
UPSIDE DOWN YOU WON'T
Superior School of Posts, Tele-
g r a p h and Telephone; were
FIND A FINER WINE THAN
appointed to high posts in the
Moroccan communications ad-
ministration. The men are M.
Elie Bellehsen and Joshua Ben-
Milan Wineries, Detroit, Midi. - %Limon.

oci• rit
I i

•v

others—who have lost their
Jewish characteristics and
little tangible remains 'o
" their Jewishness "exce
few memories."
Of special intere
in Ben-
Zvi's new introd
ion is his
discussion of
ous dialects
used by Jews.
states t a
Israel more th
70 lan
have been cou ed amo
migrants and h adds t
"The major
angua es
which Jews crea I spheres
their own and whi
ceeded `judaizing' to a certain
extent were Yiddish, Ladino,
Judaeo-Arabic and Judaeo-Per-
sian . .. Today, the number of
speakers of German and Yid-
dish, on the one hand, and of
Ladino and the oriental dialects
on the other, is on the decrease.
As against that, millions of
Jews have been drawn into the
orbit of the English, Spanish
and French speaking worlds, as
well as into that of the Slavic

Scandinavian languages . . . "
B
cholarly
ainments
e orien
Jew-
ish com
'ties, and state that
"thei
alakhic, philoso ical
an• ethical writings test*
to
their intellectual powe
and
re.
spirit al s
e eclar that "th
is no
oth
outs'
Israel
~
vh
th tribes
srael meet
in such large
ers and with

oriental Jewry has lacked na-
tional guidance and training for
settlement in Israel and adds
that "the time has now come
to make good this defect." He
writes that "neglect in this
field is unpardonable, and any
labor invested in regaining our
lost brethren for the common
cause of our people will reward
us immeasurably in the en-
hancement of our national
good."

JOHNNY LEBOW

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