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July 14, 1961 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-07-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Eichmann Betties Initiative in Mass Murders

(Continued from Page 1)
come to more harm than good
by this but the fact is that as
far as my personal knowledge
goes, I am truthful."
He then pleaded innocent
to Hausner's suggestion, add-
ing that Hans Frank, the
Nazi governor of Poland, had
ordered his arrest because he
tried to set up a Jewish en-
clave in Poland. Hausner im-
mediately asked for documen-
tary proof which the defend-
ant was unable to produce.
Under questioning, he admit-
ted the arrest order allegedly
issued against him was never
carried out.
Eichmann insisted that while
he believed a defendant was
"entitled" to lie in his own de-
fense, he did not apply this
"principle" to himself. He said,
"I am not fighting for my head.
I only want the untruth that
has gathered during the past 15
years" about his Gestapo career
"to fall off and the real truth
to be brought to light."
The prosecutor questioned
him at length regarding the
plan to settle Jews on the
French island of Madagascar
for which he claimed credit.
Hausner forced Eichmann to
admit he had not originated the
plan, pointing out that the idea
had been mentioned in the
savagely anti-Semitic "Der
Stuerner" published by Julius
Streicher, one of the most vio-
lent of the Nazis, in January,
1938, months before Eidhmann
claimed to have proposed it to
his Nazi superiors.
Hausner lost his temper at
one stage when Eichmann in-
sisted that Herzl had men-
tioned Madagascar. He roared
that Eichmann had no right
to mention Herzl's name in
his defense. Justice Moshe
Landau, the presiding judge,
rebuked the prosecutor.
The justice said that the de-
fendant "must be permitted to
reply as he sees fit," however
distasteful this might be. Lan-
dau also moved to put an end
to Hausner's pressing Eichmann
on Herzl's misidentification with
the Madagascar plan by point-
ing out that it was Uganda a
not Madagascar to w
founder of Zionis
once
given consider
Eichmann
commented
ptly that "yes,
I definite
-cal reading about
Ugand
ess
began Tuesday
m
ng w about an 'hour of
ussio by the *ud
=-T atters c proce
n fur
testimo
r S
tius, the hie d
0
renewe the •
tion
the
jurisdic
rt in



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denying his request - for calling
of two El Al personnel alleged-
ly involved in bringing Eich-
mann to Israel from Argentina.
The judges told the West
German attorney that a court
of appeal could ask for the
testimony of the two El Al
men if it wished, raising the
possibility again of an appeal
from any sentence the court
imposed on Eichmann at the
close of the trial.
ServatiuS also asked for an
appearance by a Netherlands
attorney, Van Dalingen Dols.
The attorney said that Dols
allegedly knew that not Eich-
mann, but SS Chief Heinrich
Himmler had refused to allow
the emigration of Prof. Maier,
an eminent scientist, from Am-
sterdam because the. Allies
might have used his scientific
knowledge against Germany.
The court ruled that because
of the shortage of time, a sworn
statement would be asked from
the Netherlands lawyer and
that if this proved insufficient,
he would be called. to Israe
Eichmann admitted, under
lentless cross-examination
he knew Adolf Hitler h
claimed his intent to
nate the Jews "regar
who wins the war."
SLEEPLESS NIG
Pale but calm and unr
at Monday's session of his tn
after the morning sitting was
recessed because he claimed he
had been ill and sleepless all
night, the former Gestapo colo-
nel also admitted that he came
to Palestine in 1937 to confer
with the anti-Jewish, former
Grand Mufti. But, he insisted,
reports that he had made de-
rogatory remarks against Jews
at the time were false.
When court opened in the
morning, Eichmann sent a note
to his counsel, asserting that he
was too weak to stand cross-
examination. Following a 15-
minute conference in chambers
between the three judges and
counsel for both sides, the re-
cess was granted. Eichmann
had said in his note that he
had spent "a sleepless, depres-
sive night." A police physician
nfirmed the fact that the
er had not slept all night.
* * *
Ex ining his. awareness of
Hitle promise, early in World
War I, that Jews 'would be
ext
mated, Eichmann said
.t•
at that time, "extermina-
did not mean physical
idation." In France and in
ngland, he maintained, "we
tried to reduce to zero our
enemies' resistance, so that they
would fade into oblivion—but
not physical oblivion."
Eichmann pursued his main
line of defense, claiming that
he had been "pro-Zionist."
said proof of his attitude
the fact that when he re
to Vienna - from Pales
1937, he recommende
opening of the Austri
of Keren Kayemeth
Hayesod.
He dismissed is a
a document establish
at Budapest, he had o

his deputy to protest to the '
Nazi Foreign Ministry against
permitting Hungarian Jews to
emigrate to Palestine.
document, he explained
false, since it bore n
fer-
itials.
ence number or
Laughter broke o among
ing the
the spectators cr
courtroom at this xhibition
of a bureaucrat's eticulous
concern for detail
nd Jus-
tice Landau warned e pub-
lie he would clear the
ises if there - were furt
demonstrations.
Eichmann, at one point, ad-
mitted that he had worked hard
to get the German and Aus-
trian Jews to emigrate, but he
denied staunchly that the pur-
pose was the enrichment of the
Reich, which would benefit
from confiscation of Jewish
property. "I regret," he de-
clared, "that I did not press
even harder so that
would have
At o
ausner asked
whether all the
s who had testified
ler had lied, while he alone
told th •
th. "No,'
swere
before u
substanti
TINAN
I AT
to his
ewish
er _asked Eich-
ma a •out a letter he had
written, asserting that he holds
"the Jewish leaders in my
hands, and they do not dare to
do a thing without my ap-
proval." Eichmann explained
this away as "only typical sol-
diers' language," and insisted
he forced rich Jews to sur-
render property only as an aid
toward financing of emigration
of poor Jews.
He admitted he had confis-
cated remittances sent by Jews
abroad but said that the money
was used "to the last cent" to
finance Jewish emigration.
Eichmann denied he had any
part in the infamous "Crystal
Night" occurrences of Novem-
ber, 1938. • When Ir ausner
quoted a report from Dr. Josef
Loewenhertz, head of the Vien-
na Jewish community, that

Eich

rystal Night,"
endant at first denied
report flatly, but retracted
is denial when confronte with
a statement he had mad the
Israeli police
e ha
sai
o
tio
th Lo
enhe
art f n
on
ics, such
everywhe
Hausne
en, , when
"negotiations"
is mann to slap Loewen-
hertz, as the latter reported,
"That was a slap," the prison-
er replied, "for which the
slapper later apologized, and
is a private matter between
the two men concerned."

He denied another reported
eat in which he had promised.
(Continued on. Page 10)

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