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July 14, 1961 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-07-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Bias Against
Americans of
Jewish Faith

HE JEWISH NEWS

Arabs Can
Benefit from
Israel Rocket

Editorials
Page 4

D

t= "T" Fze CD I ""T"'

r

I\/1 I

A Weekly Review

Who Are the

Imperialists

in the

1--ii

Middle East?

I Jewish Events

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. XXXIX, No. 20

Printed in a
100% Union Shop 17100 W.

7

Commentary
Page 2

Mile Rd. — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, July 14, 1961 — $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

U.S. Denies Israel Rockets
Bid on Par with UAR; Battle
Against Bias in Foreign Aid

Brazil's Lexicographer Won't
Delete Terms Offensive to
Jews from School Dictionary

RIO DE JANEIRO, (JTA) — Prof. Silveira Bueno,
author of a Portugese-language school dictionary which
defines the words "Jew," "Synagogue" and other terms
affecting Jews and Judaism in offensive, racist terms, has
refused to alter those definitions, although ordered to do
so by President Janio de Salvo Quadros of Brazil, it was
learned here this week.
Several months ago, President Quadros ordered that
the school dictionary, the standard lexicon used by
Brazilian schools be revised to eliminate "all definitions
offensive to nations, races or religions." The dictionary,
in use in Brazilian schools for many' years, 'interprets the
word "Jew" as meaning "a businessman without a con-
science," calls a synagogue "a place where Jews do under-
hand business," and uses other offensive terms for de-
fining the words "rabbi" and "sabbath."
Prof Buena, a well-known philologist, it developed,
has submitted a • "revised" version of his dictionary,
eliminating definitions found offensive by Jesuits,
Negroes and Panamanians, but insisted on retaining the
terms offensive to the Jewish people. He insists he can
"prove" that Jews are "swindlers."
The Confederation of Jewish Institutions of Brazil
sent a new protest against the "revised" dictionary to
President Quadros, seeking his further intervention in the
matter. The campaign against the racist dictionary has
been conducted for many years by a prominent Jewish
attorney and writer here, Dr. Fernando Levisky.

Washington became a battleground this week on two issues involving equal
rights for all American citizens in the Middle East and the request that the
United States sell rockets to Israel on a par with the United Arab Republic.
While the latter already has been promised American-made rockets, Israel's
request for metereological rockets has been denied.
Protests against the Administration's decision to furnish rockets to the United
Arab Republic were voiced in both houses of Congress. The State Department's
announcement that the UAR would be permitted to buy meteorological rockets
here and that the export licenses for these rockets were being prepared, was
made last Friday. Subsequently, Israeli sources disclosed that the United States
had repeatedly refused Israeli requests for the projectiles.

U.A.R. to Get California NIKE Missiles

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News ,)

TEL AVIV—The United Arab Republic is buying three $15,000 rockets
from the Zimmy Corporation of California and the launching of the projec-
tiles will be supervised by American technicians, according to a statement
here Tuesday by the press attache of the American embassy.
The embassy spokesman, who stated he could not say whether the
rockets have already been shipped to the U.A.R., claimed that Israel had
never asked for U.S. rockets. He said he thought the projectiles licensed by
the State Department at Washington for export to the U.A.R. were of
NIKE type.



Senator Kenneth Keating, New York Republican, told the Senate that what
the Near East needed was not rocket shipments from the U.S. but moves to de-
velop resources such as the Jordan River. He said that if Nasser found weather a
problem, cooperation to develop regional irrigation would bear more immediate

Delay Action on UN's Human
flights Universal Declaration

BY SAUL CARSON

(Continued on Page 24)

Eichmann Tells Court his
Guilt. Is Human, Not Legal:
Ne-ver Ordered Killing'

J.T.A. Correspondent at. the United Nations

(Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News)

(Copyright, 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

JERUSALEM — Adolph Eichmann sparred smartly
Tuesday with Prosecutor Gideon Hausner but was forced
to concede twice during cross-examination that he had no
documentary proof to support specific claims that he was
not directly involved in anti-Jewish activities as a Gestapo
colonel.
The first admission came during a series of statements
in which Eichmann denied that he had been responsible
for the deportation of Jews to "Eastern Territories" that
is, Nazi-held Poland, during_ the first months of World-
War II, and that he knew nothing—despite being head of
the Gestapo Department for Jewish Affairs—Labout the
activities of Nazi commando units in Poland which had
the function of combing newly-conquered areas for Jews
and then shooting them en masse.
He denied three times having taken part in certain
meetings dealing with deportations, as was indicated in
documents of the Hitler Reich which fell into Allied
hands at the end of the war. Hausner then began to ques-
tion Eichmann about the Nissko camp in Poland to
which Eichmann himself took Jews.
Eichmann replied with the contention that this had
been the idea of Jewish leaders, including Dr. JoSeph
Lowenhertz,, the head of the Vienna Jewish community.
Hausner pburiced on this reply with the question: "Can you
point .out 4-single document to prove this?" Eichmann did
notreply.
Hausner then suggested that Eichmann had deported
Jews- from Czechoslovakia to Poland because he knew they
would be killed there. To this, Eichmann first entered a
character defense to the effect that "One of the few advan-
tages given me by nature is that. I tell the truth. I have

UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.—Here is another chapter in the continuing story of the
'hidden" UN—that part of the UN which, unlike rocketry, oil conflicts and threats about
Berlin, fails to attract the big headlines.
In Russia alone there are still 3.000.000 Jews persecuted yet - kept from emigrating. And
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, a glowing statement of hope, still has no legal inter-
national basis, although it was adopted by the General Assembly without a single dissenting
vote back in 1948.
Fortunately, these matters, while being kept pretty well hidden by most news media,
are still on the. agenda here. Secretary General Dag Hanunarskjold has just drawn atten-
tion to these vital matters—without naming Russia, of course (with whom he has enough
trouble on other fronts.) He sent out two formal notes, reminding the General As-
sembly about human rights and about a draft declaration on the right of asylum. Both
these issues, he • reminded the delegates, must come before the next Assembly which will
convene in September.
That draft declaration on the rights of asylum was first discussed by the Commis-
sion on Human Rights in 1957:•.It was placed on the AsSembly agenda last fall, but
swept under the rug with a resolution calling for debate on the declaration at the next session.
How does that right of asylum affect Russian Jewry? One of the clauses in that decla-
ration quotes from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as follows:
"Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to
his country."
- •
The second operative paragraph of the declaration states:
"The situation of persons who are forced to leave their own or another country be-
cause of persecution or well-founded fear of persecution is . . . of concern to the inter-
national community."
There is no doubt among many here that, in these clauses, the right of Russian
Jews to emigrate is guaranteed as a right "of concern to the international community."
Then there is the matter of human rights in general. In 1-954,. two .draft covenants,--L
documents which, if adopted and ratified, would become international law—were brought --•
into the General Assembly. One of these drafts deals with civil and political rights; the
other concerns economic, social and cultural rights. Together, these drafts contain more
than 80 clauses.
To date, only the preamble of both drafts (which is identical hi each) and a total of
24 clauses have been adopted by an Assembly committee. In other wordS, more than '75 per-
cent of those drafts have not been as yet even debated—let alone passed.

(Continued on Page 2)

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