J/WV Commends Peace Corpse Opposition to Bigotry
The . Jewish War Veterans of the U. S. A. publicly commended the , stand of.
R. Sargent Shriver, Jr., director of the Peace Corps,. im.bis.;-,refusal to send Peace
Corps workers to countries which discriminate against America on the basis , of
race, creed, or religious affiliation.
JWV was the first to expose the fact that our own Government was screening
Jewish service personnel from assignment to the Dhahran Air Base in Saudi Arabia.
By such action, JWV said, the Saudi Arabian government had forced the American
Government into the position of carrying out, for the .Saudi Arabians, their policy of
Other discriminatory practices of the Arab government include the refusal to
grant visas to Americans of the Jewish faith to enter Arab countries.
Until the announcement by Shriver, no United States governmental agency has
countered these practices by refusing to take steps actually enforcing the same.
THE JEWISH NEWS
1= CD —i="
A Weekly Review
f Jewish Events
Michigan's. Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXXIX, No. 19
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Senate Asked to Retain Foreign
Aid Clause Barring Arab Boycott
Brazil Purges Dictionaries of
Definitions Offensive to Jews
School dictionary definitions offensive to Jews have
been banned by the Brazilian government, according to
a report received at the World Jewish Congress head-
quarters in New York from its Rio de Janeiro office.
The Brazilian order was welcomed by Samuel Bronf-
man, chairman of the North American Executive of the
World Jewish Congress, in a letter to President Janio da
Silva Quadros of Brazil.
The action of President Quadros follows a three-year
campaign initiated by a Rio de Janeiro attorney, Dr.
Fernando E._ Levisky, and actively supported by the Con-
federation of Jewish Communities of Brazil, and by the
World Jewish Congress, with which the Confederation
The two Jewish bodies backed Dr. Levisky's con
tention that terms and definitions offensive to races,
peoples and religions should be eliminated from diction-
aries. The campaign aroused a considerable amount of
sympathetic interest in • the press, and in cultural, in-
tellectual and political circles. Subsequently, national con-
ferences of Brazilian publishers and of Lions Clubs of-
Brazil adopted resolutions in favor of the proposal and
four publishing houses promptly revised their dictionaries.
The issue was successfully raised by the World Jew-
ish Congress at the conference of Spanish linguists in
Bogota last year. The conference recommended that
Spanish langdage dictionaries be revised as proposed by
In his letter—to President Quadros, Bronfman said
that such action ; "bearing the authority of the President
of the Brazilian Republic, will undoubtedly help eradicate
the seeds of prejudice that can be so detrimental to
peoples' relationships and equally to a nation's progress."
There was no doubt, Bronfman added, "that your
swift response to the appeal of Dr. Levisky sets an
example that other nations will follow."
WASHINGTON (JTA)--Rabbi Philip S. Bernstein, chairman of the
American-Israeli Public Affairs Committee, issued a statement calling, on the
Senate Foreign Relations Committee to retain an anti-discrimination clause
which Chairman J. W. Fullbright, with State Department agreement, is seek-
ing to delete from pending Mutual Security legislation.
Rabbi Bernstein said: "This anti-discrimination statement is a temperate
reaffirmation of principles adopted by Congress last year, I and was written
into the Foreign Aid bill by the Administration itself."
The American Jewish Congress appealed to the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee to retain the provision in the Mutual Security Bill aimed at Arab
discrimination against American Jews and against Israel.
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, New York Republican, Wednesday made known
he will seek retention of an anti-discrimination clause.
Javits commented that "the expression of policy contained in the Mutual
Security Bill on discrimination against Americans abroad and on the principle
Report of Eichmann Trial in Jerusalem on Page 7
Story of Launching of Israel Rocket on Page 6
of free navigation are important and truly represent American policy. I will do
to see that a reaffirmation, of• policy along these lines is included
in this year's 1Vlutual Security Bill." -
Fulbright, Arkansas Democrat, concerned lest the Arab States take offense
at the anti-bias expression, raised the matter in recent days with PhilipsTalbot,
Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs.
Stressing the desire for improved Arab - American relations, Ful-
bright discussed the clause with Talbot at a closed, "executive session" of the
Foreign Relations Committee. Fulbright said he could see no useful
purpose in - the anti-bias clause being retained in the bill. He obtained Talbot's
agreement on this.
Senator Fulbright questioned wh ether the clause was in the true national
interest and indicated it might impede current efforts to improve United
States relations with the Arab States.
Talbot explained that the clause, in Section 102 of the preamble to the
aid bill, was not reflective of State Department thinking, but was submitted to
Congress by President Kennedy to indicate Administration policy. Talbot agreed
that it could be taken out without objection from his Department.
(Continued on Page 11)
Kennedy's Position on Arab Refugees: 'Less Than Half a Loaf'
By SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1961, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS, N. Y.—As soon as President
Kennedy's recent letter to the Arab rulers, dealing
with the Israeli-Arab problems, became known,. there
was a rush here for the records dealing with the
work of the Palestine Conciliation CoMmission. The
PCC, in existence since 1948, meets only once or
twice a - year—always in closed session. It issues
one or two vague communiques each year. About
once a year, it issues a report. These reports have
dealt almost exclusively with one phase of the corn - .
mission's work—the release of Arab refugee bank
accounts previously blocked in Israel, and a long-term
project for identifying and evaluating refugee real
estate and other property left by the refugees when
they fled Israel. It is understandable, therefore, that
even diplomats in the know may have lost sight of
the PCC's full status and the PCC's complete man-
The commission was, in fact, entrusted with many
vital tasks. By 1952, it was ready to give up the ghost,
informing the General Assembly that it has found
itself "unable to make substantial . progress." The
Assembly, however, insisted that the commission keen
trying. The PCC, therefore, decided to concentrate
on such tasks as it might be able to fulfill. Two of
these jobs dealt with the blocked bank accounts and
the identification and evaluation of Arab property.
The bank accounts have, since, been released in
their entirety by Israel—which never intended to
hold on to them but wanted only to make sure the
monies and valuables went to the right owners. On
the real estate job, the PCC has made substantial
progress—with. the complete cooperation of Israel.
Who t; then, is left of the commission's original .Man-
• . -
' cOminissiori was instrutted. by the
Assembly "to take steps to assist the parties con,
cerned - to
- a final settlement of all questions."•
In other words, the prime task envisaged was the
effort to negotiate a final peace between the Arab
states and Israel. Peace was the purpose of these
armistice agreements. In all four of these pacts —
with Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordon—that was the
No. 1 aim.
The preamble to each of those treaties states spe-
cifically that the pacts were enacted "in order to
facilitate the transition from the present truce to
permanent peace in Palestine." Article 1 of each of
the four treaties starts with these words: "With a
view to promoting the return of permanent peace • in
Palestine." The aim was not an armistice lasting for
many years. The objective was "permanent peace."
What else was the PCC to do? Again, we examine
the Assembly mandate of Dec. 11, 1948. The official
UN summary of that very long resolution states: "In-
structions were given to the Conciliation Commission
to facilitate repatriation, resettlement, rehabilitation
of refugees, and payment of compensation for darn-
In the new Administration's zeal to show the Arab
rulers that it is not being "too pro-Israeli," the Presi-
dent's recent letter went to the heads of the four
armistice states plus—for good measure—to King
Saud of Saudi Arabia and Premier Kassem of Iraq.
Two original armistice states, Syria and Egypt, are
one now in the United Arab Republic; Iraq, though
one of the Arab aggressors in the war of 1948-1949
against Israel, never signed an armistice agreement.)
But the President's letter concentrated on • one
phase of the total problem. It mentioned the
(Continued on Page 3)