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June 09, 1961 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-06-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

(Continued from Page 8)
•The witness, Kalman Teig-
man, said the uprising was or-
ganized by inmates working as
servants for the SS guards,
and by others in camp service
who were able to move about
tlie camp. The children, who
had access to the *barracks as
shoe-shiners, managed to bring
guns, amunition and hand gre-
nades to the plotters.
He said the original plan
was to lure as many SS men
as possible to the various work=
shops, kill them individually
and then make a break for
freedom. When two of the or-
ganizers were found • out 30
minutes before the revolt had
been scheduled, the plans were
put into effect immediately. SS
men were shot down, the fuel
stores ignited and the barracks
and wire fences engulfed in th
flames, as the prisoners ma
their bid for freedom.
Teigman told the court t
Ukrainians in German unifor
participated in all of the m
ders. _He said he was assign
to sorting out the personal b
longings of the victims which
were • sometimes piled "50
stories high." He said each
transport to the camp averaged
60 freight cars with 80 to 100
victims in each car. Two of the
transports contained gypsies
and all the rest were made . up
of Jews.

Yechiel Dinur, who wrote un-
der the pseudonym "Ka-Tzetnik
135633," was scheduled as first
witness. Taken to the hospital,
he regained consciousness
but his re-appearance was post-
poned. The pseudonym is
abbreviation for. concen
on
camp inmate and the n
er is
the camp number t ooed by
the nazis on the ms of in-
mates.
Other two w esses were
Yosef Kleinman a 31-year-old
Jerusalem carpe er, who testi-
fied about the s ection for the
Auschwitz gas
ambers made
by Dr. Josef Me ele
huda Bakon, a Je
who told al,
by the
isch' itz offici
to
cam 1
age the purposes of the
er factory.
D-inur , began by reply-
ng
a que ion fr m the
prosecution
chosen the p
than using
replied:
"I
believe
perfect
faith"—he said
n the He
brew of Mai
es used fre-
uently
rthodox Jews at
of daily prayer—"that
I have to carry on .under this
pseudonym as long as the world
fails to react to the crucifixion
of our nation to eradicate this
evil. Just as in astrology, the
stars influence :our destiny, so
does the dark planet named
Auschwitz stand vis-a-vis the
He said prisoners in the
planet earth and influences it.
first transports displayed no If I stand before you and relate
'resistance, believing they what happened on this planet,
were going to a bathhouse. . if I could. be heard now, then
The Jews in one transport, I believe, with perfect faith,
who had somehow learned that this is due to a solemn oath
their fate, resisted and the that gave me this strength.
SS opened fire on them. The This oath was my armor. It
survivors were •forcibly girded me with superhuman
shoved into the gas chambers. strength during the two years
The witness described how at Auschwitz. This oath to
the Nazis camouflaged the na- chronicle s sh o u l d I survive."
ture of the camp. The place At this point the -witness, who
of arrival of the trains_ was set is in his forties, collapsed.
up like a railroad station, with
Court proceedings . were
flowers, a big clock, -a time- suspended for 15 _minutes.
table and a big sign, in Polish The ProSecutor, Attorney
and in German: "Jews, after a General Gideon Hausner,
bath and a change of clothes, then called Kleinmann after
you will be sent to work camps." announcing that Dinur was
The victims were asked to unable to . continue.
deposit documents and ' valu-
Kleinmann told the court that
ables in a special office located- Mengele, who fled to South
on the path to the gas cham- America - after the collapse of
bers which the SS in their spe- the Hitler Regiine, had been
cial humor, called "The Road nicknamed "The Angel of
to Heaven (Himmelweg)," the Death" by the prisoners. He
witness said.
regularly chose boys for the gas
Another witness, E lI a h u chambers, with the younger ones
Rosenberg, who was a member usually chosen to die. He said
of a detail which carried bodies that the method used on one
from the gas chambers, testi- Yom Kippur eve was particu-
fied that, 400 Jews were pushed larly grim: He said 2,000 boys
at bayonet point into each were ordered to assembly, on a
'chamber. At dne time, when all field. Mengele selected a taller
chambers were working, 10,000 boy and nailed .a strip of wood
victims were gassed simul- to . a post to indicate his height.
taneously within 45 minutes. The other boys then were or-
The gas was emitted from spe- dered to measure themselves
cial diesel engines operated by , by the marker and everyone
two Ukrainians whose names understood that boys shorter
the witness knew only as Ivan than the marker would be sent
immediately to death.
and Nikolai.
The witneSs described his
He testified that at first hor-
rible cries were heard which futile efforts to make himself
died into moans and finally taller by filling oversized shoes
silence. After that, the SS men with stones and rags: When he
would call out "all are sl eep- realized this would, not be effec-
ing," and the
•re then tive, he managed to sneak over
to the tall boys' group who had
taken to
,,raves.
I already passed inspection.
Thre urvivors of the
Half of the 2.000 boys were
schw . murder fa
re gassed, and the general feeling
call
Wednesd
fy in, the camp, the witness Said,
ab
their f h
re was that ,the Nazis chose Yom
one
has Kippur for the murder of the
ieved
e as boys with knowledge of the
chronic
itz in- Yom Kippur prayer, "Unetaneh
my, su
oke and Tokef," w'h i c h describes all
'lapsed
w minutes mankind as passing under God's
testimony.
rod, and with Mengele demon-
strating that he was the one
who decided who should live
OU TURN THE
and who Should die.
Kleinmann described a sav-
age whipping of a 14-year-old
UPSIDE DOWN YOU WON'T
boy who took 50 lashes without
FIND A FINER WINE THAN
a whimper. Asked by other in-
mates what his offense had
been, he replied, "I smuggled
some prayerbooks to the boys."
The witness added that there
Milan Wineries, Detroit, Mich.
was half of a set of phylacteries

-

-

-

A T 'S".1 1

WE'VE MOVED TO
13211 DEXTER

in his barrack and that it was
in constant use.
Bak o n , who was sent to
Auschwitz when he was 14,
testifie
r
, ey were fo
n
statement th
•y came v
untarily a
ere being pro-
tected
om "the peoples'
wrath.' He told how the in-
mates were forced to write post-
cards to f r i e n
another
ca
'ng t
all wa
es'
si
of
too, were
d for
i schwitz.
•He' sai
rganized a group
ho risked torture by
ding the Hebrew word for
th in the postcards which
written in German.

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9 - THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, June 9, 1961

Tales of Horror Aitest to Eichinaiin's Guilt

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