Shaarey Zedek Commences Centennial Observance
Detailed Plans About Ground-Breaking and 100th Anniversary Plans on Page 5 . . . Editorial on Page
HE JEWISH NEWS
C7E TF? CD I - r
A Weekly Review
IN/I I C F--II GA N1
f Jewish Events
Pages 2, 20, 21
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXXIX, No. 13
Printed in a
100% Union Shop
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd. — VE 8 - 9364 — Detroit 35, May 26, 1961 — $5.00 per Year; Single Copy 15c
Romania Synagogue Burning,
Interference with Struma's
Sailing Charged to Eichmann
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
New Orleans Jail
(From Our Wire Services_)
George Lincoln Rockwell, self-styled "commander" of the
American Nazi Party, and five of his "storm troopers" were jailed
Wednesday in an attempt -to picket the premier showing of the
film "Exodus" in New Orleans.
Signs they carried. read "Exodus Written by a Communist
Jew" and "America for Whites, Africa for Blacks, Gas Chamber
Four other "Hate Brigade" members were arrested also when
they tried to upset an NAACP meeting the same night. Charges
against the men were based on a state statute equivalent to
"disturbing the peace."
Rockwell earlier sent a telegram to Attorney General Robert
Kennedy demanding "protection from Jew and Negro hoodlums."
The telegram further stated, "We are sending a hate bus full of
Nazis to urge respect for law and legal organizational efforts
to preserve the white, Christian republic established by our
The bus bore . Signs saying "Lincoln Rockwell's Hate Bus—
We Do Hate Communism and Race Mixing."
Justice Department officials said that while they deplore
Rockwell's "intrusion" into the explosive situation, there is
_nothing the Federal Government can do to halt his Nazi tour.
However, Alabama's Attorney General MacDonald Gallion
warned Rockwell to "steer clear" of Alabama.
The "hate bus" was met Tuesday by seven cars of Federal
officers as it entered Montgomery from the north and was
escorted through and out of the citywithout incident.
B. Sullivan said he instructed his
force to keep the bus moving "the same as any agitating group."
Said Sullivan: "They are not welcome. We don't want them."
A spokesman for the men aboard the bus said they had
planned to make a speech in Montgomery. They did not because
Attorney General Gallion asked them not to, he said.
Meanwhile, Arlington County authorities announced adop-
tion of a strict ordinance requiring solicitors to be photOgraphed
and fingerprinted and to establish "good character and business
respectability" with Commonwealth Attorney William J. Hassan.
Hassan said the Nazi group would not be granted a permit for
solicitation under the "good character and business respectabil-
ity" clause of the new ordinance.
JERUSALEM. — The widow of the Chief Rabbi of Czernovitz revealed
Tuesday, in the trial of Adolf Eichmann, that her husband was forced by the Nazis
to watch the desecration and destruction by fire of the Central Synagogue of the
Testifying on the first anniversary of the announcement bY . Prirrie Minister
David Ben-Gurion that the former Gestapo colonel had been tracked down, cap-
tured and brought to Israel, Mrs. Avraham Mark told the court that the forced
witness was the heaviest of the burdens borne by the Chief Rabbi and his family
after a long series of afflications at the hands of the sadistic Nazi overlords.
She said that she saw her 80-year-old father and 74-year-old mother shot to
death by SS guards when they were unable to maintain the marching pace of a
group of Jews herded into an improvised ghetto. She said 70,000 Czernovitz Jews
were rounded up and forced into an area of two blocks which were cordoned off
as a sealed ghetto.. From there, she said, the inmates were systemath:ally sent to
their deaths in the Transynstria camp. She said most of the deportees, including
her closest relatives, succumbed to typhus and starvation.
She described how "Operation Czernovitz" began on July 7, 1941, when
four SS hoodlums, accompanied by two armed German soldiers, burst into her
husband's study and demanded 10;000 trucks -and a list of jewelry and other
possessions of the Jews of the community.
When he replied that the Chief Rabbi was not in the trucking business and
that it was not his function to list possessions of Jews, he was taken to the syna-
gogue where he was ordered to give his captors valuables, religious articles and
his holy vestments. He was then marched off to the elevator pit of a hotel across
the street where he was detained for 24 hours with other Jewish leaders. He and
the others were beaten because the Nazi boots they were ordered to polish did not
Her voice breaking, Mrs. Mark told how the Nazis rolled up drums of gaso-
line into the grand synagogue and poured the fluid over the floor, balconies and
the ark containing 60 Holy Scrolls. Before igniting the gasoline, the Nazis dragged
the Chief Rabbi on the hotel roof to witness the burning of the synagogue.
Before she began her testimony, the prosecution submitted a document in
which the Einzatzgruppen Commando headquarters advised Berlin it had liquidated
the Jewish leadership in Czernovitz by slaughtering 500 Jewish leaders. The
testimony by Mrs. Mark established that operation. Czernovitz was the incident
referred to in the document which was exhibit No. 1,000. The Jewish leaders were
taken to an abandoned section of the bank of the Prut River and unceremoniously
murdered by shooting.
Another document dealt with the ill-star red Struma, the refugee ship which
sank off the Palestine coast after it was refused permission by the British manda-
tory authorities to discharge its- passengers. The Struma was . the subject of a
'report to Eichmann from Karl Richter,. Eiehniatin's : advisor on Jewish probleths in
Bucharest. Richter was cited -as having opposed:the 'decision to altow '700 Jews to
sail off in the Struma, but that it was done in.his absence.
Another document depicted Eichmann was writing to the German Foreign
Ministry that in principle he favored the evacuation of Romanian Jewry, but that
(Continued On Page 3)
Banks in 40 Cities Extend $65,000,000 Liquidation
Loan to UJA for Refunding of Jewish Agency Debts
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
NEW YORK — Agreements for a $65,000,000 liquidation loan
extended by a group of New York banks and banks in some 40 other
American cities — including Detroit — to the United Jewish Appeal of
Greater New York and local Jewish communities were signed Tuesday
in New York City and communities throughout the nation, including
Representing the Detroit Jewish Welfare Federation at the meet-
ing that finalized thearrangements were Max M. Fisher, Paul Zucker-
man, Phillip Stollman and Isidore Sobeloff.
The loan, a coordinated effort unprecedented in the history of
philanthropic organizations, will make possible the refunding and
orderly liquidation of debts incurred by the Jewish Agency for Israel,
Inc., the UJA of Greater New York and local Jewish communities
for rescue and resettlement programs in Israel. Deficit financing of
these programs had repeatedly become necessary during the past 13
years to cover mass immigration and rescue expenditures above current,
contributed philanthropic income.
In a joint statement announcing the signing of the loan agree-
ments, Joseph Meyerhoff, general chairman of the UJA and Dewey D.
Stone, chairman of the Jewish Agency for Israel, Inc. declared: "This
loan agreement represents a milestone in our humanitarian efforts.
By stabilizing our debt position, it will free precious philanthropic
dollars for human needs in Israel and in Jewish communities around
the globe, needs which are as urgent today as they have been at any
time during the past decade. This loan program, for which the income
of the United Jewish Appeal serves as collateral, represents not only an
expression of confidence in this body, but an added spur for all of us
to redouble our efforts on behalf of close to 600,000 Jews in Israel
and other lands who are dependent on the UJA for basic social and
(Max M. Fisher, president of the Jewish Welfare Federation of
Detroit, who is treasurer of the Jewish Agency for Israel, Inc., played a
major role in the completion of the arrangements for the loan.)