Allied Jewish Campaign Results Assure
Greater Service from Member Agencies
26M Annual Drive's Total
Tally Tops $4,615,000
THE JEWISH NE
A Weekly Review
IN/1 I I-11 GA.
I Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper, Incorporating The Jewish Chronicle
Vol. XXXIX No. 10
May 5, 1961
17100 W. 7 Mile Rd., Detroit 35
58 Members of 1 Family Murdered in a Day;
Bullet Ended Child's Screams, ‘Tateh, Tateh';
Father Forced to ThrowDaughters into Fire
JERUSALEM, (JTA)—This week's session of the trial of Adolf Eichmann
was filled with more drama and choked with more emotion than seen here yet.
in the quiet courtroom since prosecution of the Nazi- began on April 11.
For the first time since the trial opened, two persons in the visitors'
gallery lost self-control and shouted out, one of them hurling the word "blood-
hound" at Eichmann. Both were ejected promptly, but not until one of them had
Eichmann, in his bullet-proof, glass-enclosed dock, tightened his steel-like
stare. His defense attorney, Dr. Robert Servatius, paled visibly.
In a side- seat in the press section, where she had taken a place quietly
in order to be inconspicuous, Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel's Foreign Minister, wept
bitterly as witness after witness told personal accounts of suffering under the
Yaacov Gurfein, a former Hungarian Jew, took the witness stand and
started describing .how he had escaped from a train taking Jews to the death
camp at Belsen. A man in the visitors' gallery, moved by the testimony, shouted:
"Bloodhound! My whole family was killed." As court guards reached the man,
he fainted. Then he regained consciousness, murmured "brothers—where are
you?" and fainted again.
Outside the courtroom he was identified as Zvi Sheffer. He said 58 mem-
bers of his family, including both his parents, had been killed by the Nazis
in one day. Sheffer begged the police to permit him to re-enter the courtroom,
promising to make no further disturbance. But his request was denied when he
demanded to know: "Why didn't they kill him? Why did they bring him to
trial? If I can only strike him once.
Meanwhile the trial went on. Gurfein, who lives now in Tel Aviv, described
(Continued on Page 32)
Hausner Produces Two Eichmann Orders
for Execution of Jewish Camp Prisoners
The Jewish Welfare Federation closed one of the
most remarkable Allied Jewish Campaigns in its 26-
year history Wednesday evening with $4,615,000 as-
Label Katz of New Orleans, president of Bnai
Brith, thanked the nearly 400 key workers and leaders
assembled at the closing dinner in behalf of the na-
tional and overseas agencies supported by the Cam-
Katz :s a national cabinet member of the United
Jewish Appeal, the Campaign's largest beneficiary.
Max M. Fisher, president of the Federation, said
the Federation's 14 member agencies in Detroit
would be able to meet increased demand for service
because of the generous support given the Campaign.
Fisher, who has himself been a Campaign - chair-
man, called the Campaign leadership of Paul Zucker-
man the largest single factor contributing to the Cam-
paign's success. "His enthusiasm and determination to
make the Campaign successful inspired the whole
community," Fisher said.
The dinner started with a standing tribute to
Justice Henry M. Butzel, 90, and Judge Charles C.
Simons, 85. Both distinguished jurists celebrate birth-
days in May and both have long been active in the
work of Federation.
Judge Theodore Levin, Federation executive com-
mittee chairman, proposed the toast to his two judicial
colleagues by their 400 colleagues in charitable work.
Charles H. Gershenson, the Campaign's Big
Gifts chairman, called for reports from the chairmen
of the Campaign's seven Trade and Professional Di-
visioni. These chairmen represent a Campaign army
of 2,500 workers who call on 26,000 contributors.
Jack 0. Lefton, year-'round chairman of Campaign
workers in the trades and professions, announced that
the cup awarded annually to the leading division would
be presented at the workers' golf outing this summer.
The amount of work done in the next two weeks
will determine which division wins the cup, Lefton said,
It could still go to any one of the seven divisions, al-
though the Food Division, Arts and -Crafts and Profes-
'sional Divisions are in the lead now.
Making reports for their divisions were Lewis H.
Manning, who is co-chairman of the Mercantile Division
with Max J. Pincus; Myron D. Stein of 'the Services
Division; Irwin Green, who reported more than a mil-
lion dollars raised in the Mechanical Trades. Division;
Arthur Howard of the Real Estate Division; George D.
Keil of the front running Food Division; Arnold E.
Frank, who is • chairman of the Professional Division
with Dr. I. Jerome Hauser and Irving Goldberg of the
Arts and Crafts Division.
Daniel M. Honigman reported for the Junior Di-
vision; George M. Zeltzer for the Metropolitan Division
and Mrs. Benjamin Jones for the Women's Division:
Zuckerman called the work of the 2,500 member
Campaign army inspiring. He said that although'
Campaign workers represent more than 100 trades
and professions they have one thing in common ---
concern for their fellow human beings in need. Said
"The Jewish children who get one hot meal a day
in the Joint Distribution Committee schools in Morocco
are our concern—yours and Together, we have
a personal interest in the newly arrived farmer in the
Negev who needs- water or electric power. We are
justifiably proud of our Home for Aged, and Sinai
Hospital, our Center, our Camp and the whole network
JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Attorney General_ Gideon Hausner pinned squarely
upon Adolf Eichmann two orders for the execution of Jewish concentration camp
He -bolstered his accusations against Eichmann by introducing an order
from Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler, giving to Eichmann the direct authoriza-
tion for the execution of Jewish prisoners both inside the camps and outside the "
As the court trying Eichmann for crimes against the Jewish people and
crimes against humanity opened its fourth week, Hausner presented evidence
which was seen as demolishing Eichmann's claims that he was "only a trans-
port officer" and acted as "a small sausage" merely carrying out orders from
higher-ups in the Nazi apparatus.
(Continued on Page 2)
Copies of two telegrams signed by Eichmann—orfe dated
March 27, 1942, and the other dated May 6, 1942—were read
into the court record by Hausner. Both wires were labeled
"special treatment of the Jews." One of the telegram named
four Jews, the other provided seven specific names.
The messages ordered that the men named be hanged
"in the presence of members of their race." "I demand a
report on this execution," Eichmann had stated in each of the
wires, signing them with his name and the words "by order."
Hausner; who told the court he had received the copies of
both telegrams from the Polish government, then set out to
prove that Eichmann had the authority to order ,executions.
He put into the record an order signed in January, 1942, '
by Gestapo Chief Himmler, instructing that prisoners be
executed by fellow-prisoners who should be "rewarded for
their work" with three cigarettes for each murder.
Then came the clincher implicating Eichmann. Himmler's
order stated specifically that the "head of Section Four should
give the orders for the execution of prisoners both inside and
AT THE CONCLUDING Allied Jewish Campaign Dinner, from left: Max Fisher, 1961
outside the camps." Eichrnann was the head of the section,
Campaign chairman Paul Zuckerman, Label Katz, Justice Henry Butzel and Judge