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April 28, 1961 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-04-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Purely Commentary

JERUSALEM,' Israel.—For the benefit of the 450 foreign
correspondents attending the trial of Adolf Eichmann at the
Beth Ha-Am, the Israel Police attached to the Eichmann Trial
Administration has issued an inch-thick book containing a Glos-
sary of Nazi terms—in German, with French and English trans-
lations.

This Glossary "is not yet perfect and changes are being
made in accordance with increased understanding." A ForeWord
to the Glossary. explains:

When translating Nazi terminology one must bear in
mind that this language has a most specific sound and
nature, • but can not be considered as educated German.
Not to take these characteristics. into consideration would
introduce an element of forgery. In most cases this language
has been coined by "Teutonic cranks," "Dentschtumler" etc.
It is designed to convey emotion by a choice of archaic,
pompous and colourful terminology, and was meant to create
a feeling of strength in its listeners and users. It is, of
course, difficult to . render such expressions into English,
but the attempt must be and has been made in this glossary.
It must be further remembered that the majority of the
Nazi leaders came from low social strata: they were, in fact,
riff-raff, and Winston Churchill's description of Hitler as a
"bloodthirsty guttersnipe" got close to the truth. They made
up for their lack of education by latching on to impressive-
sounding words, which were frequently linguistic monstrosi-
ties.

Your Commentator shares these terms with you—upsetting

as they may be—in order to offer a guide to the thinking and

deviltry of the Nazis. Some of -the terms selected for incorpora-
tion in this column do not mention Jews, but they have. reference
to the Holocaust. Here is the relevant selection:

German

French

Abgase
Aussiedlungshauptstab

gaz d'echappement
centre de transfert,
d'expatriation

Aussiedlungsstab

Bereinigung des
Judenproblems
Einwanderunsbera-
tungsstelle
entjuden

service de transfert,
d'expatriation
reglement du probleme
juif
Centre de conseil pour
immigrants
dejudaiser; i'endre pur
des Juifs

entjudet
Entjudung von .
Geltungsjude

dejudaise
dejudaisation de . . .
considere comme Juif

Gesett gegen die Ueber-
fullung von deut-
schen Schulen und
Hochschulen

Loi contre le surnombre
aux ecoles et aux Uni-
versites allemandes

Gesetz uber die Einbe-'
ziehun,g volks-u. staats-
feindlichen Vermo-
gens
Gesetz uber den Wider-
ruf von. Eiriburgerttn-
geri u.d. - Aberkennung-
der deutschen Staats-
angehorigkeit
Gesetz uber die Wieder-
herstellung des Berufs-
beamtentums

GesetZ zum Schutz des
deutschen Blutes und
der' deutschen Ehre

Loi sur la confiscation
des biens d'elements
hostiles au peuple et
a 1'Etat
Loi sur is resiliation
..des naturalisations et
sur la decheance de
la nationalite alle-
mande
Loi sur le reetablisse-
ment de l'etat des
fonctionnaires pro-
fessionels
Loi sur la protection
du sang et de
l'honneur allemand

Generalkommissar (tat)
fur Judenfragen

comm-issaire general
des affaires juives

Ghettoisierung

Ghetoisation

Grenzinspektor
Halbjude
Inspektion der Konzen-
trationslager
Institut fur wehrwissen-
schaftliche' 'Zweckfor-
schung
Institut fur Aufklarung
der Judenfrage

Internationales Institut
zur Aufklarung der
Judenfrage

inspecteur de frontiere
demi-Juif
inspection des camps de
concentration' -
Institut de recherches
des sciences militaires
appliqu'ees • •
-
institut pour l'eclair-
cissernent de _ la ques-
tion juive
institut international
pour l'eclaircissement
de la question juive

IKG-Israelitisch
Kultusgemeinde
Judendezernat

departement des Juifs

Judenrat

conseil des Juifs,

Judenreferat
judenrein

departement des Juifs
pur de Juifs

Judensachberater

Judenstern
Judensteuer
judischer Mischling
l. Grades
2. Grades
J.K.G.-Judische
Kultusgemeinde
Judenfrage
judenfrei

conseiller des affaires
juives
Etoile des Juifs
impots de Juifs
Juif de sang mete
du premier degre
du deuxieme degre
communaute cultuelle
juive (pas culturelle)
question juive
pur de Juifs

Judenproblem
Judenmassnahmen

probleme juif
mesures contre les Juifs

judische Frage, die
judischer Gemeindever-
band
judische Problem, das
judisches Gemeinwesen

la question juive
-. •
Association des com-
munautes juives
le probleme juif
fonctionnement et or-
ganisation ' des corn-
munautes juives
"marquage" des Juifs
train-modele

Kennzeichen der Juden
Musterzug

communaute juive

Nebenlager

camp accessoire

Nichtglaubensjude
nicht mosaischer Jude

Juif non-religieux.
Juif qui nest pas de foi
mosaique
service d'ordre

Ordnungsdienst

Rasse(n) jude
rassenpolitisches Amt

Rassenpolitik
Rassenreinheit
Rassenschancle

Juif selon la race
bureau de politique
raciale
politique raciale
purete de la race
honte raciale

Rassenzugehorigkeit
appartenance raciale
Rasse-u. Siedlungshaup- Bureau central "Race
taint (RuSHa)
et etablissement"

English

ExhauSt gases
G.H.Q. deportations,
in "Madagascar"
plan, to organize
uprooting of Jews
from their places
of residence
Deportation H.Q.
(action)
Solution of the
Jewish problem
Immigration
advisory centre
dejew; to clear any-
thing of Jews and
their influence
dejewed
dejewing
Jew by law (i.e. not
by religion)
law against the over-
crowding of German
schools and univer-
sities (expulsion of
Jewish students)
Law of the confisca-
tion of state and
folk hostile wealth

Glossary of Nazi Terms
Denoting State of Mind '
of Hitlerite Criminals

German

French

By Philip-
Slomovitz

Report Decline
of Vilna Jewry

English

• NEW YORK, (JTA) -- Vilna,
the capital of Soviet Lithuania, -
w h i c h was sometimes called
"the second Jerusalem" as a
flourishing center of Hebrew'
• Reichsvereinigung der
"Reich"
Association
Juden Deutschlands
of Jews in Germany learning before the war, now
has 16,500 Jews left out of
Reichsvertretung der
Juden Deutschlands
200,000, and one shabby syna-
gogue. Few of the 16,500 were
Reichszentralstelle fur
"Reich" Central Office
judische Auswanderung
for Jewish Emigra- survivors, many of them corn-
tion
ing from other places.
'
RFSS-Reichsfuhrer SS
title borne by
Himmler
only
The
impact
of
the
war,
the
RSHA-Reichssicherheits-
abbreviation of Reich
hauptamt
security head office Nazi occupation and the Soviet
RuS
abbreviation of Race takeover were reported in the
and settlement head
New York Times by Seymour
office
RuS-Aussenstelle
representation a
abbreviation of Race
Topping from Vilna. He wrote
1 etranger de las RUS
and settlement
that no thing illustrates the
branch (abroad)
RuSHA-Rasse-u. Sied-
Race and Settlement changes in the composition of
lungshauptamt
head
office
Sachberater fur
the population. of Vilna more
conseiller des questions
adviser on Jewish
Judenfragen
juives
affairs
than the changed status of
Schutzpass
passeport de sauvegarde
protective passport.
(for Jews, issued by Vilna's Jewish community.
certain*
The Nazis, he reported, killed
"Sturmer" ("der St")
quotidien nazi,
"The Sturmer,"
an estimated 80,000 Jews in
("L'Assaut")
Streicher's
Antisemite rag
prison camps. The Jewish insti-
Treuhandstelle fur das
Administration des biens Trust authority for
Judenvermogen
tute, library, schools and most
des Juifs
Jewish property
Verordnung uver Anmel-
decret concernant la
regulation for the
synagogues were r a z e d. The
dung des Vermogens
declaration des biens
registration of
von Juden
correspondent described t h e
des Juifs
Jewish
property
Verordnung uber eine
decret concernant les
regulation on an ex- only remaining synagogue as
Suhneleistung der
punitions expiatoires
piatory act on part
Juden deutscher Staats-
des Juifs de na-
of the German Jews "a shabby buildin g, with
angehorigkeit
tionalite allemande
boarded windows." On the Seder
Verordnung zur Aus-
decret pour l'expulsion
regulation for the
schaltung der Juden
night of last Passover, 250 wor-
des Juifs de la vie
elimination
of
the
aus dem deutschen
economique allemande
Jews from the
shippers attended services, most
Wirtschaftsleben
German economy
Volljude
Juif dans toute
of them middle-aged or elderly.
full-blooded Jew
l'acception du mot
A leader of Vilna's Jews told
Zentralamt fur die
bureau central pour le
Central
Bureau
for
Regelung der Juden-
reglement de la
the Solution of the the correspondent that Jews
frage
question juive
Jewish Problem
were free to worship "but these
Zentralamt fur judische bureau central pour
Central Bureau for
Auswanderung
are
all who come to the syna-
l'emigration juive
Jewish
Emigration
Zwangsterilizirung
sterlilisation de force
gogue now."
compulsory abortion
Sterilisierung
Compulsory
About 100 boys become Bar
sterilisation
Mitzvah each year, although
* Governments (Sweden, etc.)
Soviet regulations forbid religi-
These appear as mere words. But they are more than just ous instruction by all religious
words. They are part of a vocabulary linked to the crime of groups in Lithuania.
genocide.
The 1959 census listed Lithu-
Let the words be known again—so that the entire crime anians as making up a third of
the population and Jews about
may •he exposed.
seven percent.

R•eichsstelle .(des Innen-
niinisteriums) fur das
_Auswanderungswesen

Service .du Reich (du
Ministere de l'Inte-
rieur) pour les affaires
ayant point a
l'emigration
Association des Juifs
allemands dans le
Reich
Representation des Juifs
allemands dans le
Reich
Bureau central pour l'e
l'emigration des Juifs

"Reich" Emigration
Bureau

Dead Sea Finds Told to Israeli Cabinet; Reveal Mishnaic Period

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

cussions in the Talniud concern-
1 of the scrolls were found tied
JERUSALEM — President Itz- ing the methods of tying and with a number of strings with the
hak Ben-Zvi and Prime Minister, binding deeds and the validity i signature of a different witness
Ben-Gurion were present when a of the witnesses' signatures; Some : alongside each string.
Law of naturalization formal report on the recent Dead
retraction and the Sea archaeological finds was pre-
withdrawal of Ger-
man nationality (di- sented to the members of the
Boris Smolar's
rected against Jews) Cabinet and the Jewish Agency
Law on the recon-
Executive by the Hebrew Univer-
struction of the
civil service (exclu- sity group who carried out the
sion of Jews)
Law for the protection excavations. The report included
of German blood
the first showing of the more than
and honour (against
marriage, etc. with 430 bronze, ivory and ebony
Jews)
relics dating back to the Chal-
Commissar (ist)
(Copyright 1961,
General for Jewish colithic period nearly 6,000 years
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
affairs
ago. -
Ghettoisation (con-
EICHMANN ECHOES
centrating Jews in
While some of the items were
Ghettoes)
identifiable
as
utensils,
weapons
Students of world affairs in this country—many of them non-
border inspector
half-Jew
or sacrificial implements, it is Jews—are puzzled by the attitude of the Soviet Government
Inspectorate of Con-
not known what purposes the toward the Eichmann trial . . . And so also are people within
centration Camps
Institute for Applied large majority of relics served. the Soviet Union, as can be seen from the Soviet press . . . From
Defense Research
All the items show extremely the very beginning, Moscow has refused to cooperate with Israel
Institute for the ClaH- highly developed artistic handi- in the trial preparations . . . While other Communist govern-
fication of the Jew- craft skills.
ments provided material on Nazi atrocities committed against
ish Problem
International Institute
Jews
in their countries under Eichmann's orders, the Soviet
The
report
also
disclosed
the
for the Clarification
contents of ten of the 50 or 60 authorities refused to supply such material . . . Moscow's flimsy
of the Jewish
Problem
scrolls dating to the Bar Kochba excuse was that all the material on Eichmann's mass-murder of
Jewish religious
period in the second century Soviet citizens has already been submitted during the Nurem- .
community
Jews Department .(for C.E., found in three bundles in berg trial of the Nazi war criminals • .. Now that the Eichmann
dealing with)
the Dead Sea caves. All ten of trial is going on in Jerusalem, attracting worldwide attention,
Jews Council (Nazi
sponsored collabora- the scrolls were legal documents the Soviet press is using the proceedings more for propaganda
tionist council of
concerning the sale or lease of against Israel and against West German than against Eichmann ,
Jews)
vide: Indendezernat
land. Three of the documents . - . And this despite the fact there are very few Russian cities
Jew-pure (i.e. no
written in elegant Mishnaic He- which were occupied by the Germans where there are no mass
Jews)
Jewish affairs adviser brew were lease contracts for graves of local Jews herded together and killed by the Nazi •
land in the Ein Gedi area exe- units operating under Eichmann's orders during the occupation
Star of David
Jew, tax
cuted by Bar Kochba through period . . . The largest mass-grave of tens of thousands of
Jewish mongrel
an agent.
annihilated Soviet Jews is on the outskirts of Kiev, the capital
1st degree
2nd degree
The legal expressions in the of Soviet Ukraine, which was in the hands of the German Army
Jewish religious
contracts shed important light on for many months . . . Many other such graves are known to
community
Jewish problem .
life in Mishnaic times and on exist in numerous cities and towns in the Ukraine, Byelo-Russia,
Jew-free (i.e. no
the history of Jewish law. Names and the Baltic countries which are now part of the Soviet Union
- Jews
Jewish problem
of some places which were known . . - There are undoubtedly also Jewish survivors who could
Jewish measures
but have never been geographic- come from the Soviet Union to the trial in Jerusalem to give
(against)
Jewish . problem
ally identified were also men- damning eye-witness testimony -against Eichmann . • But Moscow
Jewish Community
tioned in the contracts. The sig- is adament in refusing to produce the evidence against Eichmann
federation
the Jewish problem
nature of a witness on one of in documents and in living witnesses . . The Soviet press also
Jewish communal
the documents corresponded to tries to give its readers the false impression that Israel wants
. affairs
.
.
the name of a person known to "soft-pedal" the Eichmann trial for the sake of the Bonn
marking of the Jews
sample trainload of re- from the Bar Kochba letters dis- Government . . . The Soviet magazine New Times, published
leased Jews
covered last year. .
in Moscow simultaneously in various languages for dissemination
(gesture)
Other documents written in abroad, admits that "many readers" in the USSR are greatly
sub-camp (to a larger
concentration camp) Aramaic also dealt with land
interested in the Eichmaim trial .. . However, all the magazine
non-assenting Jew
transactions, while some con- tells them in reply to their inquiries is propaganda against Israel
non-mosaic Jew
cerned contracts relating to mar- linked to propaganda against the present government of West
order service (of
riages or the guardianship . of Germany which Moscow dislikes . . . Is the Soviet Government
Jews or trustees)
Jew by race
orphans. One scroll was written sold out so strongly to the Arabs that it cannot find a word in
Bureau of Race
in Greek with an Aramaic sum- favor of Israel even when an archenemy of humanity is on trial
Politics
race policy
mary. Each .docuMent bad three there? . . —These and other similar questions have been put
racial purity
racial infamy (sexual dates representing the year of to me by American intellectuals who are not Jews . . . They
relations with non- rule of the Roman emperor, the
cannot understand the Soviet attitude toward the Eichmann
aryan)
year of rule of the Roman con- trial, especially when Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and other
racial membership
RuSlIa-race and sul and the local calendar date.
Communist countries have been helpful in producing evidence
settlement head
The discovery may clarify dis- against Eichmann.
office

'Between You
...and Me'

.

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