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April 28, 1961 - Image 11

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-04-28

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Nazi cannibalism, and he now
recognizes that he was in error,
that Uris was right.
Landau is the editor of the
German book on the Kastner
Case, revealing the negotia-
tions that were conducted by
the late Rudolf Kastner with
Eichmann for the release of
a million Jews from concen-
tration camps in exchange
for ten thousand trucks.
This book goes on sale in
Israel this week. It is entitled
"Der Kastner Bericht uber Eich-
manns Menschenhandl in Un-
garn"—the Kastner report about
Eichmann's trade in human be-
ings in Hungary. The foreword
to the book was written by
Prof. Carlo Schmid.
The proceedings at the trial
are so closely linked with Ger-
man thinking today, that the
attitude of the 'Federal Repub-
lic on developments in Jeru-
salem is being w a t c h e d as
closely as the trial itself.
A reference to German rep-
arations to Israel 'and to in-
demnifications to individual
sufferers from Nazism by
Eichmann's chief de f ense
counsel, Dr. Robert Servatius,
apparently drew the particu-
lar attention of the Adenauer•
government and of the pub;

.

Berlin Churches Read
Atonement Prayer
for Murder of Jews

BERLIN, (JTA) — All Pro-
testant churches - in the Berlin-
Brandenburg area presented
their congregants - with a text
indicting all adult Germans as
possible accomplices to the Nazi
mass-murder of 'Jews.
The Protestant Church offi-
cials for the area, which in-,
eludes a section of East Ger-
many, ordered the reading of
the text which begins: "All
Germans who were old enough
to recognize the National. So-
cialist atrocities and the ex-
termination of the Jewish
people — even if — they them-
selves helped their Jewish
fellow-citizens -- must admit
that they too made themselves
accomplices because of their
lack of watchf
sacrificing 1
The to ends with this sen-
tence: ith God's mercy we
must nfess to having liVed fo '
a lo time in 1 e aberratio
Fr now on
Je sh fellow-cif
in and
ey
ma
con
gain."

ushers of Germany's leading
newspapers.
Several of the German cor-
respondents received instruc-
tions from their publishers to
be on the alert with regard to
any - references to reparations
and to emphasize the position
of the G e r m a n government,
which has the unanimus en-
dorsement of Germany's lib-
eral press, that there will be
no deviations from the estab-
lished Adenauer policy in sup-
port of reparations for harm
done by the Nazis to former
German nationals and their sur-
viving families.
The total German reparations
to Israel, pledged by the Fed-
eral Republic of Germany, will
amount to $838,000,000. More
than 90 per cent of this sum
already has been paid to Is-
rael, mostly in the form of
machinery, railroad trains,
a number of freight and pas-
senger ships and numerous
other items. This sum does not
include indemnifications to in-
dividual survivors from Nazism
in Israel, the United States and
other countries.
The Israel, court's strict ad-
herence to security measures
and to efforts to assure fair-
ness to the accused became
evident when Presiding Judge
Moshe Landau issued a rul-
ing barring from the trial a
registered photographer who
secured a photograph show-
- ing Eichmann making notes.
Judge Landau ordered that
photograph confiscated.
It is the court's position that
any notes made by Eichmann
are intended only for the de-
fense counsel, and that it . is
not to be made available to the
public in order t
dicing Eich

Ai

o Ara

JERUSALEM—As the trial of
Adolf Eichmann entered its third
week Tuesday the one-time Ges-
tapo colonel was plainly showing
the effects of the steady unfold-
ing of evidence of the monstr
crimes charged against hi
Observers studying him ough
the glass of his enclos
dock
felt he was a visibly
anged
man. He had clearly los
eight.
There was an inch gap tween
his neck and his shirt col . The-
'suit whcih had fitted so we o
weeks ago was sagging. His fac
was wan.
The most striking change ap-
parent to observers was more
than physical. The earlier feigned,
arrogant boredom of a former
Gestapo officer — whose step-

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mother was by Eichmann's tes-
timony on talking terms with a
countess—was no longer evident.
After the 'submission of some
200,000 wo
:ument
in addition
0
ibits, inclu •
mountai of
recorded tap representing
reels of 0 his self-incrhninatin
statement to raeli police, Eich-
mann lo ed
"nebish-like."
Person

ann's
weekl
n said
he w
d "shrinking."

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labor on charges of murder and
complicity in murder of Polish
Jews during the war after reject-
ing his defense he had simply
,carried out orders of former
Gestapo Colonel Adolf Eichmann.
Franz Joseph Mueller, 50, who
served as commandant of three
camps for Jews at Cracow in Nazi-
occupied Poland in 1942 and
1943, was judged guilty of killing
22 Jewish inmates, contributing
to the murder of 58 others, four
cases of homicide and assisting
in the murder of five more in-
mates.

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Gestapo ,Officer Gets
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Polish Jews in Cracow

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SSELD Ord' (
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st German W
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Middle E
p ed that
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e an
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nal center
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v.,
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(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

RONALD M.
SCHECHTER

New York Life

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in the Northland

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Education: Wayne
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By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
JERUSALEM — An unassum-
ing delegation of 51 represen-
tatives of the German press,
who are covering the trial of
Adolf _Eichmann, offers one of
the interesting sidelights on the
historic court case during which
both the prosecution and the
defense are participating in the
writing of the history of 'the
most tragic period in world his-
tory.
The German newsmen-51
correspondents and eight pho-
tographers—the second largest
from any country, the United
States ranking first with 130—
came here handpicked. Before
their Israeli assignment each
correspondent and photographer
had to prove by his denazifica-
tion certificate that he had not
been a Nazi. The entire corps
left on its trying mission with
instructions to join in exposing
the Nazi crimes.
Among the 51 correspond-
ents is one Jew, Ernest Lan-
dau, who represents the Mu-
nich Revue. In the photog-
raphers' group is another
Jew, Stefen Moses, who rep-
resents the Shtern, an illu-
strated weekly with a circu-
lation exceeding 1,000,000.
Landau explained the Ger-
man correspondents' status.
"We were carefully selected,"
he stated, "by our publishers
and by the Israel Mission in
Germany. Israeli security of-
ficers went deeply into the per-
sonal background of every Ger-
man representing a newspaper.
Every, correspondent was inves-
tigated as to his attitude on
Nazism, his views on the Arab-
Israel problems and on Jewish
affairs, whether he had been in
Israel before and on other ques-
tions that might rev e al his
prejudices."
Stating that he was himself
an Eichmann victim, h a v ing
suffered for three years in con-
centration camps before being
liberated by the American
forces near Munich, Landau
said that every German news-
paperman here represents a
liberal paper whose policy it
is to expose Hitlerism and to
condemn it, to labor .against
the recurrence of Nazism and
to utilize the Eichmann testi-
mony to emphasize the obliga-
tion of all Germans to atone
for the Nazi crimes.
A one-time Viennese editor,
before he was imprisoned by
the Nazis, Landau said that
the reason for his -remaining
in Munich after his liberation
was his belief that he can
render a great service within
Germany in the battle against
Nazism.
There are only about 25,000
Jews left in Germany today—
out of a pre-World War II Jew-
ish population of 600,000—and
there are 3,000 of them in
Munich. Landau expressed the
view that the Munich Jews, like
most of the German Jews, are
avowedly pro-Israel and pro-
Zionist and that they have a
guilt complex for remaining in
Germany. He explained that they
are benefiting from pensions and
that they are better able -to earn
a livelihood there.
"Their guilt complex is partly
atoned for by their generous
gifts to Israel," Landau said.
"The Jews of Munich alone last
year gave half a million marks
($125,000) to the Magbit Keren
Hayesod, the fund for the set-
tlement of . refugees in Israel.
Landau, whose entire family
was exterminated by the Nazis
—he married after , the war and
lives in Munich with his wife
and two children—said that al-
though he has knowledge about
the history of the Nazi crimes,
he was himself unaware of the
extent of "Hitlerite cannibal-
ism" until he. heard Eichmann's
testimony. He said that as edi-
tor of the German edition of
Leon Uris' "Exodus" he had
stricken from it references to

1961 `8Z IPAIT qgP1.13

German Correspondents Instructed to Expose Nazi Eichmann Shows Signs of Anxiety;
Crimes, Support Reparations Polic y of Government Loses Pose of Arrogant Boredom

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