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April 21, 1961 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-04-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETR OIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, April 2 1, 1961

Leaders Map Progress of Allied
Campaign for Member Agencies

Israel Tries 'Hate of Ages' in Person
of Nazi, But Citizens Are Pessimistic

By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

From left, Max M. Fisher, president of the Jewish Welfare
Federation, studies Allied Jewish Campaign progress with
chairman Paul Zuckerman, Max M. Shaye, president of the
Jewish Family and Children's Service, and Edward I. Fleisch-
man, president of the Jewish Home for Aged. The Family and
Children's Service and the Home are two of the Federation's
14 local member agencies that will receive 38 per cent of
funds raised. About 57 per cent of the money will be allo-
cated to the relief; rescue and rehabilitation of Jews overseas
with particular emphasis on 130,000 farm settlers in Israel.

French VIP's Approve Israel's Right
to Try Nazi; Bomb Scare Fizzles

PARIS, (JTA) — Israel's right
to try Nazi Adolf Eichmann was
vigorously affirmed this week at
a meeting which was delayed for
an emergency search by 50 police-
men of the premises after receipt
of letters warning that two time
bombs had been placed in the
building.
The meeting proceeded after
a thorough search of the 'building
failed to produce any bombs and
after police were stationed in the
area. Speakers included Alfred
Coste-Floret, former French pro-
secutor at the Nuremberg trials,
and Raymond Schmittlein, presi-

Communist Germany
Uses Trial as Excuse
to Slam Bonn Govt.

BONN, .(JTA) — Utilizing the
current Adolf Eichmann trial in
Jerusalem as a pretext, Com-
munist East Germany renewed
long-standing charges against
West • Germany, accusing the
Bonn Government of harboring,
ex-Nazis and allegedly "re-
employing in high office Nazis
who were responsible for the
•murder of Jews."
The charges, often voiced by
East Germany, were repeated in
•-,a 93-page • brochure issued in
East Berlin, entitled "Eichmann,
-Henchmen, Accomplices, Men Be-
hind the Scenes."
The pamphlet, claiming that
East Germany has barred from
responsible positions "any person
connected directly or indirectly
with the Nazi crimes," stated that
the Bonn Foreign Office has
•chosen as ambassadors to Arab
countries men who "were co-
responsible" for the deportation
of French and Belgian Jews to
death camps. Those named were
;Dr. Werner von Bergen, West
German Ambassador to Iraq, and
15r. Hans Schwarzmann, Bonn's
Ambassador to Lebanon.
Two members of the West Ger-
man Bundestag, the lower house
of .Parliament, were also named.
Both are members of Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer's Christian
Democratic party. The two are
Hermann Gonring, said to have
had a part in the deportation of
the Dutch Jews; and Duke Otto
von Bismarck, asserted to have
aided the deportation of 4,000
Jews from Rome.
According to the Communist
charges, two former close ac-
complices of Eichmann are living
peacefully in West Germany.
They were named as Walter Hup-
penkothen, said to have been
one of Eichmann's superior offic-
ers in the Gestapo; and Konrad
Gemmecker, former commander
of the Westerbork concentration
camp in Holland.

,

dent of the Union for the New
Republic Parliamentary group.
The speakers praised Israel for
having brought the former Ges-
tapo colonel to trial.
Schmittlein said it was not
Eichmann but "the horrors of
anti-Semitism wherever it may
exist" which were on trial in
Jerusalem. He lauded Israel for
having "dealt a mortal blow to
racism throughout the world."
He charged that Nasserism and
the Arab League were the "fol-
lowers and successors" of the
Hitler doctrines.
Coste-Floret discussed the con-
tention of Dr. Servatius, Eich-
mann's chief defense counsel,
that an Israeli court was not com-
petent to judge Nazi criminals.
The former prosecutor, who has
made a thorough study of the
Eichmann case from the legal
point of view, said Israel was not
only entitled to try Eichmann but
also had a moral right to do so. -
Jacques Soustelle, former Cabi-
net member and organizer of the
meeting, said the Eichmann trial
was the prosecution of a particu-
lar ideology of racism and
asserted Egypt was the "last
refuge" of the racists and anti-
Semites. He called on the western
democracies to do their utmost
to support Israel which he called
an island of democracy and fair
play in a troubled Middle East.

Jerusalem's Grand
Mufti Admired
Eichmann's Methods

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM—Israel Attorney
General Gideon Hausner brought
out in trial proceedings that
Eichmann's devotion to the goal
of annihilation of the entire
Jewish people was such that it
even evoked the admiration of
the notorious Nazi collaborator,
the former Grand .Mufti of Jeru-
salem.
"Eichmann took special pains
to frustrate emigration of . any
Jews to Palestine," Hausner de-
clared. "He had obligations on ,
this matter to the Mufti, Haj
Amin El Husseini, whom he met
and with whom he established
contact."
The impression these two men
made on each other was so strong
that the Mufti asked Gestapo
Chief Heinrich Himmler to pro-
vide him, after the war when he
planned to enter Jerusalem at the
head of the Axis Troops, with a
"special adviser" from Eich-
mann's department to help him
solve the Jewish question in the
same way as it had been done
in the Axis countries.
Eichmann. offered the job to
his assistant Dieter Wisliceny."

Germany again is smarting under and other lands. There are 10
accusing eyes of world public from Canada.
JERUSALEM, Israel — Young the
Sentiments among Israelis are
men are trying the hatred of the opinion.
There is one Jew among the overwhelmingly on the pessimis-
ages in the Beth Ha-Am court-
house here. Only one person is eight radio broadcasters from tic side. Most of the people wish
on trial, and his name is Karl Germany, and the 51-member cor- the trial had not been prolonged,
Adolf Eichmann. But in that per- respondents' -- delegation includes that Eichmann were given a quick
son, in reference to whom the Ernest Landau, who represents verdict and that the tension were
term "man" has been eliminated, the Munich Revue. Landau may ended speedily.
Some resentment was caused
because world opinion in advance have offered the major explana-
has branded him "beast," is in- tion for the deep interest shown here by the publication of one
carnated the hatred of the ages, by the Adenauer administration of the latest photos of Eichmann,
the venom of bigots and mon- in the Eichmann case. Himself a showing him with what is being
sters, the inhumanity of man to survivor from the Nazi camps, detected as a smirk. Whereupon
man that reached its lowest where he suffered for three years the comment was that the beast
—"I am myself a survivor from has learned nothing, that he re
depths in Nazism.
the Eichmann terror," he told mains a degenerate, and that too
On trial is the age-worn hatred this correspondent—Landau re- much attention is being given
that has found its expression in turned to Munich and is making him.
anti-Semitism, and the hatred of his permanent home there.
Then there is added resent-
the ages is being exposed by
"There is no doubt," Landau ment over the report that Eich-
youth.
declared, that the present Ger- mann is on the fourth floor of
It is a youth that was educated, man
government is sincere in the court house, overlooking
trained, elevated to leadership in its friendship
for the Jewish Jerusalem, instead of being in-
Israel.
people, that it is burdened with carcerated in a basement dun-
Israel's Attorney General Gid- a sense of guilt for what has hap- geon.
eon Hausner, who opened the pened to us. Why so much in-
Thus is reflected the attitude
proceedings with the lengthy terest in Germany in the trial of of bitterness that so much time
reading of the indictment, was Eichmann? Because official feel- should be given the most cor-
born in Poland 46 years ago. But ings there are that not enough rupted mind in the history of
he was brought to Palestine at has been done to punish the criminology.
the age of 12, received his edu- guilty."
But there are many who feel
cation in Jewish schools and at
that the Israelis know what they
Soviet
Russia
does
not
have
the Hebrew University and as
are doing, that one must rely
president of the Military Court special correspondents at the on their judgement, and that
has acquired the training he trial. The Israel Press Bureau much good will come out of this
needs to expose the crime in the explains that the USSR considers trial — in exposing the crimes
its Tass correspondents, who are against humanity and the sins of
present historic trial.
regular assignments in Israel, anti-Semitism.
The Deputy State Attorneys— on
* * *
Gabriel Bach and Ya'acov Baror are fully qualified to cover the
—both born in Germany, both trial. But from behind the Iron
Correspondents will have many
have come many special things to tell, in reporting the
having been educated in Israel, Curtain
are, respectively, 34 and 45- correspondents — two each from trial, and in recalling their ex-
Poland, Czechoslovakia and Bul- peridnces in the years to come.
years-old.
garia, one each from Hungary
This correspondent now has
The three judges were born in and Romania • and nine from
gone back to a "police and court
Germany. The president of the Yugoslavia.
beat" after an absence from theth
court, Supreme Court Justice
There are 39 from France, 25
Moshe Landau, is 49. Judge from Italy, 35 from Latin Am- for 40 years. It became a new
Benjamin Halevi is 51. Judge erican countries, 19 from Switzer- experience in a 43-year profes-
Yitzhak Raveh is 55. Only the land, 10 from Sweden, correspon- sional journalistic history. But
advisor to the prosecution, Dr. dents in varying numbers from this is more than a court case:
Jacob Robinson, is an older man. Japan, Persia, India, Nigeria, Tur- this is a review of history, and
He was born in 1589, but he is key, the Scandinavian countries for historians and sociologists this
emerges as one of the great
one of the brilliant legal minds
lessons in humanism—after the
of our time.
review of anti-humanism of the
It is too early to judge whether Hausner 'Deliberately' accused.
the trial will last a month or two,
Going back to a court and
or six—or as long as the Nurem- Avoiding Some Facts, police beat, however, represents
berg trial—whether or not it will
a return. There also was a
extend, as some believe, from six German Paper Claims in this correspondent's life first
his-
months to a year. Many of the
HAMBURG, (JTA)
Israel's tory. For the first time in his _
foreign correspondents already Attorney General Gideon Haus- life, your correspondent was
are planning to remain here only ner, chief prosecutor in the Adolf searched as he entered the court
from two to three weeks, some Eichmann trial in Jerusalem, is house. Every time he returns to
having in mind to return towards "deliberately" avoiding mention it, he is searched. That's the
the end to be present at the hand- of various facts in presenting his major security measure. Oppo-
ing down of the court's verdict. case to the special Eichmann site me, as I write this, sits
But the interest in the trial is court in Jerusalem, it was charged member of the Yugoslavian corps a
reflected in the presence of the here by the mass circulation of correspondents. I just asked
most distinguished members- of magazine, Der Spiegel.
him: were you ever searched
the world's press. Only the Arab
Among the facts which, - al- before. And he informed me that
countries are unrepresented here. legedly, Hausner is "to touch at he was—by the Germans, in
In addition to the 150 foreign most only on the periphery," Der Yugoslavia—during the last war!
correspondents who are per- Spiegel alleges, are: Attempts by
How much more fortunate we
manently assigned to their posts :3-'erman friends of Jews "to save were! And how well we know it
in Jerusalem, there are nearly at least a limited number of now, during the recapitulation of
400 more guest correspondents Jews" from annihilation; the the Nazi tragedies at this trial
who have been accredited to claim that Eichmann was "only a of Eichmann and of the horrors
cover the trial. The largest dele- bureaucrat of murder" and "not of the Nazi regime!
gation is from the United States. the inventor of the final solution
It numbers 130 and includes of the Jewish problem which was
representatives of a number of invented by others"; the claim Report .Scant USSR
Jewish newspapers and periodi- that Eichmann's murder schemes Coverage of Trial
cals. In the U.S. news corps are had "Jewish collaboration"; and
NEW 'YORK, (JTA) — Radio
some of the best known names in the contention that "European aid
reported this week that
journalism, TV and radio.
was given to Eichmann's Murder Liberty
Soviet news media thus far de-
Incorporated."
But of major importance is
voted relatively little , attention
the presence of the large jour-
All these matters, Der Spiegel to the trial of Adolf Eichmann in
nalistic delegation from Germany. asserts, are being ignored by Israel.
It is the second largest here— Hausner or touched upon only
Tuesday's issue of Pravda did
numbering 51 — with an addi- lightly because Hausner has al- not mention the trial at all. Mon-
tional corps of eight radio broad- legedly been instructed to avoid day's Pravda merely published
casters.
"blurring German guilt by nam- a Tass dispatch from Tel Aviv,
It is to the German delegation ing accomplices."
reporting the conference of the
that one must direct prior atten-
The Frankfurter • Allgemeine Fighters Against Nazism, which
tion. More attention seems to be Zeitung and the Rundschau of had demanded that the "Eich-
given by the German press to Frankfurt, discuss the implica- mann trial must become a trial
the Eichmann trial than was tions of the Eichmann case in of Nazism." •
given to the Nuremberg proceed- regard to contemporary Germany,
Radio Liberty also noted that
ings. Many Nazis were tried at and approve of Israel's action in Soviet reports and broadcasts are
Nuremberg, but while only one trying Eichmann. The feeling of avoiding—wherever possible—the
is on trial here, it is recognized victims of Nazis in Israel, states words "Jews" and "anti-Semit-
that in him is symbolized the the Allgemeine Zeitung, is "simi- ism." These terms did not appear
tragedy of the age that is lar to that experienced in a city in the above-cited Pravda re-
attributable to German guilt — when the police have captured a ports. Neither did they appear
the guilt of one Nazi who master- murderer of children." The Rund- in the Izvestia account of the
minded a scheme of genocide, of schau declares: "We cannot trial April 11. As had earlier
a deranged innovator, of a de- simply draw a line between our- Radio Moscow commentaries, the
moniacal schemer who labored selves and Eichmann, because his recent published reports refer to
freely to exterminate an entire crimes were committed in con- the millions of "people" from
people without being stopped by nection with a political ideology "various European countries"
his fellow-Germans! Now the which has become part • of our who were murdered on the orders
world is reviewing the crime, and German historical being."
of Eichmann.

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