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April 21, 1961 - Image 16

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-04-21

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

4 Mass Murderer Says He Doesn't
I Deserve Mercy; Ready for Death

(Continued from Page 1)
pared to atone and accept the
death penalty for the terrible
things that were done."
He also said on the tape that
6,000,000 European Jews were
killed by the Nazis. •
This was one of the highlights
of the playback Wednesday, in
the Jerusalem court where the
Nazi is on trial, of portions of
the voluminous statement as
made on tape in response to
police interrogations during the
months between his being
brought to Israel in May, 1960,
and the start of his trial last
week.

"There is no doubt that I
will be tried as an accomplice
for these murders," Eichmann
said in the playback. "I know
I may have to face the death
sentence but I cannot claim
mercy because I know I do not
deserve it."

"Perhaps I ought to hang my-
self publicly so that all the anti-
Semites of the world will see it.
On the other hand, maybe I
ought to write a book which will
serve as a deterrent—in this way
I may complete my duty on this
earth." "
Avner Less, the police officer
who supervised the questioning,
said that these statements were
made by Eichmann on June 6,
19.60, before police officer Hoff-
stadter.

Included in the portion of
the tape run off before the
three-judge court, was a warn-
ing from the Israeli police to
Eichmann that "according to
your evidence you committed
crimes against the Jewish peo-
ple and against humanity.

"You are free to continue to
give evidence or to refuse but it
must be made clear to you that
whatever you say may. be used
against you." Eichmann was re-
corded as saying that he wanted
to continue_ giving testimony.
The playback was part of the
prosecution presentation of its
_second witness, officer Less, on
the sixth day of the trial, which
was then adjourned until Friday
for Israel's celebration of its 13th
anniversary, which began Wed-
nesday night.

The playback indicated that
Eichmann was questioned
closely on his visit to the
Auschwitz murder factory; par-
ticularly since he had claimed
that he visited Auschwitz only
a few times and that he had
not actually watched the death
struggles of victims in the gas
chambers through the peep-
holes built into the chambers
for that purpose.

That contention was in conflict
with statements made by Rudolf
Hoess, the Auschwitz Comman-
dant and other Nazi war crimi-
nals during the Nuremberg trials.
During the interrogation, the
playback indicated, the police
read to Eichmann testimony
given at Nuremberg about his
activities at Auschwitz, but the
Nazi insisted he visited Auschwitz
only four times.
He told the police that he vis-
ited the murder factory twice be-
, fore the "Hung-arian Affair" and
twice after it. The Hungarian
Affair was the term used con-
sistently by Eichmann through-
out his interrogation to refer to
the annihilation of 400,000 Hun-
garian Jews. He insisted that he
saw the gas chambers and the
furnaces only from the outside
because he was "incapable" of
watching the actual executions
and cremations.

He did admit discussing with
Hoess the gassing of the vic-
thns and that the Auschwitz
commandant "showed me car-
tons with—how do you call it
—cianic acid?"

The playback was the first time
in the trial that Eichmann's
statement and views, in his own
voice, were being presented.
The defendant himself showed
somewhat more animation than
in the earlier days of the trial.

Several times during the play-
back he spoke to Dr. Servatius,
his chief defense counsel, on his
special intercom.
But he showed no visible emo-
tion when listening to his own
totals of the number of victims
of the various camps and coun-
tries, an exercise in addition
which he ended with the state-
ment: "I said myself that about
6,000,000 Jews were killed."

In one of the recorded play-
backs, Eichmann said Heinrich
Himmler, the Gestapo head,
himself took up the Jewish
question to divert attention
from failures in other areas of
the Nazi_ effort. He said not
only Himmler but occupation
heads and other leaders used
the same technique.
"Of course this has been done

down through the ages," Eich-
mann commented to his ques-
tioners,
At 10 a.m. Wednesday, Justice
Moshe Landau, the Presiding
Judge, announced a halt in the
proceedings for two minutes of
silence in memory of the Israelis
who fell in Israel's War of Lib-
eration. Eichmann stood with all
the others in the court.
In the final section of the
recorded interrogation, Eich-
mann told of learning of a special
Nazi office which was issuing
false documents to top SS and
security police officers to enable
them to • transform themselves
into insurance clerks, business-
men and other disguises. Eich-
mann said he had rejected an
offer of such documents.

Adenauer Repeats:
W. Germany Does
Not Want Eichmann

WASHINGTON, (JTA)—Chan-
cellor Konrad Adenauer of West
Germany told the National Press
Club here that his Government
does not intend to seek extradi-
tion of Adolf Eichmann from
Israel to West Germany because
no extradition treaty exists be-
tween these two countries. The
Chancellor defended Israel's trial
of Eichmann.
Responding to a question on
the propriety of the Israeli trial,
the Chancellor said he did not
want to answer from a legal but
from a moral standpoint.. He
added that Israel's reasons for
trying Eichmann were "fully
understandable." He said Eich-
mann was probably "the greatest
of the murderers."
The Germ_an people wanted to
see "full truth and justice"
emerge from the trial, said
Adenauer. He cited his television
statement in West Germany on
Eichmann shortly before his de-.
parture and said that continued
to be West German policy.

Israel's
strong man
needs h

ISRAEL'S STRONG

a hard-workin
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He is on
with the help o
lished in Is
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His h

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created villa e

s one of the archi

ictator. He is
d in the soil.
ments estab-
s since 1948.

. rolled back
rness.

peace, security
mops have made
odstuffs.
wn courage — plus
vish Appeal.
d through the years, he

er irrigation, livestock, roads,
power, d, courageous as he is, he cannot
break through the economic barrier alone.

Help — today — with your generous contribution to
the 1961 United Jewish Appeal.

Swiss Diplomat Who
Saved Hungarian Jews
Refuses Nazi's Defense

VIENNA, (JTA) — A Swiss
diplomat now serving in Austria,
who managed to provide diploma-
tic protection for 50,000 Hun-
garian Jews marked by Adolf
Eichmann for the gas chambers,
refused this week a defense coun-
sel request to appear as a witness
for the Nazi in his trial in Jeru-
salem.
The diplomat is Charles Lutz,
now Swiss Consul General in
Bregenz, who served from 1939
to 1940 as Swiss Consul General
in Jerusalem. When Eichmann
came to Budapest in 1942, the
Swiss official intervened for the
50,000 Jews, most of whom sur-
vived the Nazi holocaust and
emigrated to other countries, in-
cluding Israel.
The diplomat later was invited
to visit Israel where a street in
Haifa now bears his name. Hun-
dreds of Hungarian Jews who
survived the Nazi era because of
the diplomat's intervention lined
the streets when he visited Israel.

IN 1961, UNITED JEWISH APPEAL MUST:

Speed absorption of 320,000 recent immigrants
in Israel- by:
Helping 130,000 farm settlers gain economic
stability;
Expanding vital aid for 115,000 young, ill
and aged;
Housing as many as possible of 40,000 still
in shanties;
Receiving and absorbing 35,000 expected
in 1961.

Extend relief, medical 'and other distress -aid to

255,Q00 Jews—almost half of them childrenf-
in Europe, Africa and Asia.

Provide resettlement aid for 5,500 refugees to

the United States.

Save and Build Lives—St

UNITED JEW

1961 General Campaig

On behalf of UNITED ISRAEL APPEAL

NEW YORK ASSOCIATION FOR NEW A

IN DETROIT THROUGH THE 1961 ALLIED

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