By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ
'Einstein on Peace' = Opinions of a Genius
Murdered Woman Believed to Have Been,
on Track of Nazi Mengele in, Argentina
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)
BUENOS .. AIRES—Rio Negro
provincial authorities were dis-
closed Tuesday to have opened
an investigation into reports that
a woman whose body was found
in a mountain cave a year ago
was an Israeli agent seeking to
track down Josef Mengele, the
"selection doctor" at the Ausch-
witz murder factory.
The newspaper La .Razon de-
clared Monday that the victim,
tentatively identified as Nora El-
doe,, a 48-year-old Israeli, had
come to Argentina in an effort
to find Mengele, whose extradi-
tion has been sought by the West
La Razon reported that the
woman appeared at a luxury
hotel in San Carlos de Bariloche,
an Argentine mountain resort
and accepted an invitation from
a male guest to go on an excur-
sion. The male guest returned
alone from the hike, saying his
, companion had become lost. - The
guest,- whose name was not dis-
closed, then disappeared.
A few days later thewoman's
body was found in the a
cording to La Razon, the victim's
credentials identified her as a
secretary of an unnamed embassy
in West Germany. The news-
paper said her papers included a
document signed by Ftesident
Frondizi, authorizing her to travel
anywhere in Argentina. The
presidential pass service issued
a denial that any such pass has
La Razon reported it was be-
lieved the woman was killed by
a secret Nazi group "formed to
protect Nazi war criminals hiding
in Argentina." The newspaper
also reported that the victim had
been in a Nazi concentration
camp as a child.
La Razon said the woman car-
ried a West German passport.
Both the West German and Israel
embassies here refused to com-
ment on the case.
"Einstein on Peace," edited by Otto Nathan and Heinz Norden,
published by Simon and Schuster. is one of the truly great books
of our times. It is a compilation of opinions by the "ablest man of
science of his generation," as Bertrand Russell states in a preface
to this book. According to Russell, "if statesmen had listened to
him, the course of human events would have been less disastrous
than it has been."
Einstein's opinion's, quoted in this remarkable book, include
his views on Zionism and on many other issues, as well as on peace
— which is the book's chief subject.
Pending a longer review of this book, the present discussion
will be limited to Einstein's opinions on Judaism and Zionism.
On Jan. 25, 1932, Einstein spoke at a dinner of the California
Institute of Technology. He posed the questions: "Why should our
civilization not perish from inner decay exactly as civilization did
under the Roman Empire?" Then he stated:
"Let me try to answer the question from a historical per-
spective. Our civilization has always been predicated upon the
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
come he received from the king
maintenance and improvement of our culture. It is a culture
to The Jewish News)
which has been nourished by two sources. The first derives from
PARIS—A series of represen- adding that "like his father,
the spirit of ancient Greece, renewed and supplemented by the
tations to Moroccan police of- King Hassan loves us greatly."
Italian Renaissance. It challenges the individual to think, observe ficials to rescind an expulsion
The Chief Rabbi went imme-
and create. The second derives from Judaism and primitive order against Rabbi Mordechai diately to the conference of
Christianity. It is characterized by the motto: Protect your con-
Belinov proved futile Wednes- Moroccan Jewish communities
science by selfless service to - mankind. In this sense we may day.
to report on the audience.
speak of our • culture as having evolved from both creative and
Soon after Rabbi Belinov's ex-
nam ■ O
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moral sources. Down until the end of the Middle Ages cultural pulsion last week, an attorney
life derived its strength solely from the second, or moral, source. of the Joint Distribution Corn-
What resulted was a meager but stable culture. During the mittee met with Col. A. Oufkir,
Renaissance, when the wellsprings of man's creativity began to director of Moroccan National
flow more freely, an ever more richly burgeoning culture ensued Security, to discuss the expul-
which, from generation to generation, down to our day, has sion. Col. Oufkir said that no
provided an unending source of inspiration. The consequence of action would be taken against
this exciting evolution has been the creation of a powerful foreign Jews already in Moroc-
civilization and technology. . . We had apparently forgotten co, but that no more would be
that the moral source remains vital to our existence. Now, how- admitted into Morocco.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
ever, we are dismayed to realize that this source has lost much
Rabbi Belinov had been in
of its power and that, without it, we are hopelessly doomed. . . . Morocco four months, taking Philanthropic Intelligence
Man does not lack the intelligence to overcome the evils in over direction of the Luba-
An interesting picture concerning American Jewish fund-
society; what is lacking is his selfless, responsibile dedication to vitcher Yeshiva which has 150 raising in the U.S. for Israel purposes emerges from data com-
pupils, at Marrakesh.
the service of mankind."
piled by the Council of Jewish Federation and Welfare Funds
Authorities, hOwever, _refused • • . It shows that on a pledge basis, the income of the United
Prof. Otto Hahn, who helped revolutionize science in the
discovery of splitting the atom, informed Einstein in 1948 that the to issue him a work permit. Jewish Appeal last year was about $63,000,000 . . . On a cash
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft was being reorganized as- the Max- The Lubavitcher schools provide basis the UJA receipts for 1960 reached $60,000,000 . . . The goal
Planck-Gesellschaft, and he invited him to become a "Foreign schooling for nearly 2,000 Jew- for 1961, on a pledge basis, is $72,700,000 . • . The share of the
Scientific Member," as other Jewish scientists living away from ish pupils in Morocco.
UJA in the Jewish Welfare Funds averages 60 per cent . . The
New acts of violence against
Germany had agreed to do. Einstein replied on Jan. 28, 1949:
CJFWF report also reveals that a total of $38,500,000 in Israel
Moroccan Jews were reported
"It pains me that I must say 'no' to you, one of the - few
Bonds was transmitted to the UJA during the last eight years
here Wednesday from Meknes in payment of pledges . . . $113,000,000 worth of Israel Bonds
men who remained decent and did what they could during those
evil years; but I cannot do otherwise. The crime of the Germans
had been redeemed by the end of 1960, including use of bonds
Two 20-year-old Jewish girls to pay UJA pledges . .-. Three Israel Bond issues have been
is truly the most abominable ever to be recorded in the history
of the so-called civilized nations. The conduct of the German who were arrested last month floated during the 10 years of the Israel . Bond campaign .. .
intellectuals — seen as a group — was no better than that of in Meknes were raped by Mor- The first—a three-year flotation—ended in May, 1954; with sales
the mob. And even now, there is no indication of any regret occan policemen. Their clothes of $145,500,000, of which about $104,000,000 were outstanding at
or any real desire to repair whatever little may be left to restore still bore indications of the at- the end of 1960 . . . The second, a five-year flotation, had sales
after the gigantic murders. In view of these circumstances, I tack when they were brought of $231,100,000 of which about $192,000,000 are still outstanding
before the examining magis- . . . The third was floated in 1959 and sales were reported at
feel an irrepressible aversion to participating in anything which
more than $96,000,000 by the end of 1960 ... The CJF14-rF report
represents any aspect of public life in Germany. I feel certain trate.
A ten-month-old Jewish boy, brings out the most interesting fact that income from restitution
you will appreciate my position and realize that it has nothing to
do with the personal relations between us, which I have always Makhlouf Wazana, was kid- payments by Germany to individual Israelis constituted last year -
napped by Moslems in the Jew- the largest single source of foreign currency for Israel, totaling
Theodor Heuss, then President of the West German Federal ish quarter of Casablanca. The $78,000,000 as compared with $45,000,000 five years earlier .. .
Republic, informed. Einstein of a plan to re-establish the Peace infant was being looked after by Israel received $63,000,000 last year from Germany as payment
Section of the old Prussian order Pour le merite, of which Einstein his eight-year-old sister, whose under the reparations agreement.
* * *
was one of the four surviving members from the pre-Nazi period. attention was distracted by the
kidnappers who then spirited
Einstein replied tersely, on Jan. 16, 1951:
"I thank you for your letter of Jan. 10, 1951, and the material off the infant. The mother was Military
While preaching "total disarmament," Soviet Premier Nikita
enclosed. Because of the mass murder which the Germans in-
Khrushchev is now quietly continuing to build up the Arab
flicted upon the Jewish people, it is evident that a self-respecting
countries militarily against Israel . . . Latest information re-
Jew could not posSibly wish to be associated in any way with
ceived in the United States on this subject is giving Washington
any official German institution. The renewal of my membership
to The Jewish News)
no easy feelings • According to this information, Moscow has
in the Pour le merite order is therefore out of the question."
one squadron of 15 Soviet-
Prof. Harold Sommerfeld, of the University of Munich, a long Saul Danan, president of the now delivered to the Arab Republic
built MIG-19 jet fighters—an advanced type of aircraft which
time friend of Einstein, wanted the noted scientist to return to the high Rabbinical Council of Mor-
Nasser has been seeking for many months ... Another squadron
Bavarian Academy and inquired whether Einstein wouldn't be occo has been received by the
of 15 MIG-19 jets has simultaneously been delivered by Moscow
willing to bury the hatchet. Einstein replied on Dec. 14, 1946:
new King Hassan II. He was ac- to Iraq . . . This indicates that Khrushchev is determined to
"The Germans slaughtered my Jewish brethen; I will have companied by a Jewish delega- stimulate a new arms race between the Arabs and Israel . .
nothing further to do with them, not even with a relatively harm- tion from Rabat.
Until the delivery of MIG-19 planes, the best plane possessed
less academy. I feel differently about the few people who, insofar
After the session, which lasted by the United Arab Republic and by Iraq was the MIG-1-D,
as it was possible, remained steadfast against Nazism. I am happy for 15 minutes, Rabbi Danan inferior in performance to the French-built Super-Mystere jet
to learn that you were among them."
said with tears in his eyes that fighters which Israel bought from France • . It is believed in
In view of the new developments, of the German reparations he would never forget the wel- Washington that Israel now possesses about 30 Super-Mystere
which are being paid scrupulously, and the assertions-by men like
planes which are considered a match for Soviet MIG-19 planes
Adenauer, Brandt and others that they view the Nazi crime as
. . . By the end of 1961, Israel expects to receive its scheduled
Germany's "national guilt," we wonder how Einstein would have Moscow Paper Charges Mirage-3 jet fighters from France ... The Mirage-3 is a super-
reacted now to German invitations to rejoin movements from which Israeli Diplomat with
sonic jet which is matched in performance by MIG-21 so far as
he either was ousted or which he had left under Nazi pressure.
Soviet-built aircraft are concerned . . . Both the Mirage-3_ and
Einstein resented- the Eisenhower-Dulles policies. In a letter
the MIG-21 can fly approximately twice the speed of sound .. .
to an Indian friend, March 8, 1955, he wrote:
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — A The Super-Mystere and the MIG-19 fly only slightly faster than
"Of course, I regret the constant state of tension existing Foreign Ministry spokesman re- the speed of sound.
* * *
between Israel and the Arab states. Such tension could hardly jected a charge published by
have been avoided in view of the nationalistic attitude of both Trud, a Moscow daily news-
sides, which has only been intensified by the war and its im- paper, that an Israeli diplomat
The American Jewish Committee has compiled a list of
plications. Worst of all has been the policy of the new Admin- had distributed "anti-Soviet
than 200 of the best 16mm films against racial and religious
istration in the United States (the Eisenhower Administration), propaganda material" from the
bigotry, against all forms of totalitarianism, and promoting
which, due to its own imperialist and militaristic interests, seeks Israel Embassy in Moscow.
published in a
to win the sympathy of the Arab nations by sacrificing Israel. As
The spokesman said that the wholesome intergroup relations . . . The list,
a useful reference and program source
imperiled by the armament efforts of her enemies. This man Kalman, was actually the Em- not only to Jewish agencies, but also to a vast range of com-
Dulles is a real misfortune! While pretending to serve the cause bassy's archivist antlf!ihaC,'the munity, education, civic and other groups ... It includes Holly-
of peace, he in fact threatens everybody, hoping threby to achieve most that could hive happened wood features, educational shorts, cartoons, television spot
his imperialistic aims without becoming involved in a 'big' war. was that on request he supplied nouncements each with its own brief description of story line,
running time, audience age level and sources for rental or pur-
Such a policy is not only morally objectionable but will prove material about Israel.
chase . . . The films selected are intended for a variety of
dangerous to the United States in the long
and girls, high school
realize this! In a surprisingly brief time, they have come to accept edly that no one hindered the audiences, including the youngest boys
Soviet Embassy from providing pupils and college and university students ... Community leaders,
this shortsighted militaristic point of view."
family counselors and psychologists can use some of the films
These are just a few of the opinions uttered by the great information about the Soviet very profitably for promoting human relations and ability to
scientist and very wise man. "Einstein on Peace" could serve as
Trud had carried intensive anti- get along with others . . The list also contains a number of
the textbook in any course on peace versus militarism. It is a great
films depicting Nazi treatment of Jews in various ghettos and
work and is deserving of review of other aspects of it. The follow-up Israel propaganda in recent in concentration camps.
review will appear in due course.
New Violence Against Jews
in Morocco; Rabbi Expelled
• 0 a o
... and Me '
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