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March 17, 1961 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1961-03-17

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


KneSset approved, without objec-
tion, a motion calling for the
holding of national elections. The
House sent to committee the
question of setting a date for the
balloting, proposals for which
ranged from July 11 to Aug. 29.
The committee is expected to
recommend an election some
time in mid-August as a com-
The Knesset vote followed the
reading of a letter from Pres-
ident Izhak Ben-Zvi in which he
notified House Speaker Kaddish
Luz that the parties had reached
no agreement on the formation
of a new government. The Pres-
ident recommended elections as
the only alternative for solving
the two-month old crisis.

Pinhas Rosen, Moshe Kol. Y.
Haarari and other delegates
representing the Progressives.
Dr. Nahum Goldmann, pres-
ident of the World Zionist Orga-
nization, cabled Progressive party
leader Moshe Kol on Friday, con-
gratulating him on the merger.


(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM — Opinion was
reported split Tuesday in the
Progressive and National Re-
ligious Parties on a Mapai pro-
posal that they join a narrow
coalition under Finance Minis-
ter Levi Eshkol as Prime Minis-
ter, with David Ben-Gurion a
Defense Minister: The pr
included - a time limr
Speakers for six parties who arrangement of
four to
five months, a
submitted motions for dissolu-
which Ben-
Gurion wo
return to the
tion of the Knesset and for new
ter's post. Mapai
elections described the , crisis Prime IVI*
dicated they wanted
as a moral one and blamed- officials
r by Thursday.
Ben - Gurion for precipitating an a
it. The parties which submit-
e leaders of the Progres-
ted motions fo• - new elections siv , arty favored rejecting the
were Herut, General Zionists,
ai .proposal outright. They
Agudat Israel, Athdut Ha'avo- CO ended that a proposal mer-
da, Mapam and National Reli- ge with the General Zionists

gious party.

ZOA Council Urges Strengthening
Hebrew Education; Calls for Unity

NEW YORK, (JTA) — Plans tivities with a view towards secur-
for extensive activities in the ing fair allocation for Jewish
into a new "liberal" non-social- fields of Hebrew education and education, schools and Hebrew
ist party had priority over other participation in communal affairs culture.
were adopted at the four-day
Another resolution called for
Other Progressive Party lead- meeting of the national executive
ers, including Justice Minister council of the Zionist Organiza- the promotion of one or two-year
study or work programs for
Pinhas Rosen, were reported to tion of America.
young adults in Israel and the
favor the Mapai proposal in
A resolution was adopted to stimulation and encouragement
principle, but were opposed to
the temporary nature of the convene a national conference of interest in aliyah among young
proposed cabinet and were also ' for the promotion of the teaching people. This resolution also hailed
insistent on new negotiations of Hebrew, with the participation the promotion of ZOA tours to
among the partners of the pro- of_ outstanding educators and Israel.
Dr. Emanuel Neumann, presi-
posed coalition before there ! teachers in the- country. Other
could be any change in the resolutions called for the estab- dent of the World Confederation
lishment of leadership training of General Zionists, urged the
Some National Religious courses and the creation of a American Zionist movement "to
in abandon, once and for all, apolo-
Party leaders wanted
a -
_s unger gene -
c and defensive attitudes and
agreement to
a vigorous counter-
rogressives ac- Lion.
The ZOA leaders also opted offensiv against all enemies and
it. Others wanted to re-
of whatever stripe
solution to establish
corn- traducer
onvene the party's central com- ; a
d without the Jewish
ssion to deal with the de , lop- withi
mittee to consider a reversal of
ent of a
ied, representative fo
an earlier decision against
speak as the cen-
ing 'a ew gov
eumann stated he has con-
Ben-G io as
fidence in President Kennedy's
y; th- "idening of
pe determination to deal with "the
of Jewish-communit
cils to explosive situation in the -Middle
embrace all
of local East" vigorously and construc-
troit Sod tes will hold a Jewish co
y life; support tively. But he added, "The issue
cial Night"- featuring dance of -Jel,
y schools as the most of peace in the Middle East
truction with the music of the
e educational media for merits a position of high priority
Continentals 9 p.m. Sunda
ewish survival; and' a more and calls for Presidential initia-
Cong. -Beth Abraham
in- equitable distribution of the tive at the earliest possible mo-
formation, call-
communal income. for Jewish ac- ment."

David Bar - Ray - Hai, Mapai
deputy, who submitted a seventh
bill on behalf of his party, called
for the holding of elections on
Aug. 29. He made no effort to
reply to critics of Ben-Gurion.
His party, which obtained an un-
precedented mandate at the polls
less than two years ago, would
obtain a reaffirmation of that
vote, Bar-Rav-Hai declared..
A spokesman for the Progres-
sive party explained his party's
abstention on the vote by the
fact that the Progressives wished
to demonstrate against needless
elections and a redundant crisis.
He indicated, however, that his
party would press in the commit-
tee for an early date for the bal-

Ben-Gurion Favoring
Premiership for Eshkol
TEL AVIV (JTA) — Prime

Minister David Ben-Gurion was
reported to have agreed to give
up the Premiership and to serve
as Defense Minister in a Cabinet
headed by Finance- Minister Levi
Eshkol, providing the Cabinet
does not include representatives
of the Mapam and Achdut Ha'avo-
da, the two Socialist groups which
refuse to serve in a Cabinet
headed by him.
The plan, as reported, fore-
sees a Cabinet composed of rep-
resentatives of Mapai, National
Religious party and the Progres-
sive party which is now about to
merge with the General Zionists.
It also calls for Ben-Gurion's
return to the Premiership in six
months or after the conclusion
of the Eichmann trial.
The chances for such a coali-
tion are slim. Among the stum-
bling blocks facing the new pro-
posal are that the General Zion-
ists feel that they have a good
chance to increase their strength
in the elections and the unwill-
ingness on the part of the Pro-
gressives and a large part of the
National Religious party to for-
sake their former coalition part-
ners, Mapam and Achdut Ha'avo-
David Ben-Gurion did not pre-
side at Sunday's Cabinet meet-
ing, continuing his partial vaca-
tion begun on Dec. 25. Despite
his resignation, Ben-Gurion and
his fellow Ministers are continu-
ing as a caretaker government
until a new government is
The first convention of the new
Liberal party, composed of Gen
eral Zionists and Progressives
will be held during Passover. The
merger of the two parties was
approved Friday at a meeting of
representatives of both partie:
including Joseph Saphir, Hain:
Levanon, C. Rimalt and E. kill
by of the General Zionists, and

Ci961 P. Lorillard Co.

The PrivateerWho Helped Feed Washington's Army

The British Army surrendered at York-
town, but it may have been on the high
seas where they really lost the war.
Revolutionary privateers took more
than 700 Bridsh vessels during the war
and inflicted a loss of ships and cargoes
worth $18,000,000! One of the most dar-
ing and effective of these Colonial priva-
teers was Captain Isaac Moses.
At the time the British captured New
York, Isaac Moses had been a prosperous
ship owner and merchant. But he gave
his business and his warehouses up and,
with other patriots such as Samuel Judah,
Haym Salomon, and Gershon Mendes
Seixas, escaped to Philadelphia and joined
the Pennsylvania militia at the age of
Robert Morris, the financier of the
Revolution who referred to Isaac Moses
in his diary as "my friend of austere cul-

ture and true knowledge," persuaded him
to enter into privateering in order to
provide the captured war material and
food for Washington's beleaguered army.
Captain Isaac Moses was more than
successful. His fast vessels soon became
the scourge of British shipping. Thou-
sands of tons of foodstuffs, guns and
ammunition, destined for the British
troops in North America, were diverted
to the benefit Of the Continental Army.
What the Americans could not supply at
home, her privateers harvested from the
high seas!
In later years, as an honored citizen of
the United States and a respected mem-
ber of the Jewish community, he helped
to build the first synagogue in Philadel-
phia. He also became, with Haym Salo-
mon, one of the original subscribers to
the Bank of North America.






First with the Finest Cigarettes
through Lorillard research

1 1 -- THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Frid ay, March 17, 1961

Knesset Voles to Hold New Election;
Ben-Gurion Backs Eshkol for Premier;
Progressives General Zionists Merge

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