in Many Lands
Look to us for aid through
United Jewish Appeal ... Our
Community Agencies are de-
pendent upon funds of
tion and the
A Weekly Review_
Join the volunteer
workers and be gen-
erous with your gifts
Michigan's Only-English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
and U.S Jewry
Vol. XXXIX No. 3 , 100 1Zingicl ion insgo p 17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit 35, March 17, 1961--$5.00 per Year; Single Copy 15c
State Dept. Bars 'Coercive
Tactics' Against Arab States;
A 4 . L
Negates Ac ti onU.S. iirenaihe
S ena t e
First Court Photo of Eiehmanu:
This is the first
court photo released by Israel of Nazi criminal Adolf Eichmann. Eichmann (left) is
shown -here facing Judge Alfred Bach (seated) at Taggart Fortress near Nazareth in
Israel. The only- other photograph of him released by Israel was a portrait taken when
he was captured and brought from Argentina last year to. be tried in Is .rael.
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
WASHINGTON — The State Department Tuesday
made - known that while it disapproves the Arab block-
ade and boycott affecting Israel, a decision has been
made — on advice of U.S. diplomats in Arab states —
for "the avoidance of coercive tactics to achieve Arab
compliance with international law." This was revealed
by John S. Hoghland 2d, acting Assistant Secretary of
State for Congressional Relations, in a letter to Sen.
Kenneth B. Keating, New York Republican.
Commenting on a Mutual Security amendment
adopted last year by the Senate, calling for the linkage
of U.S. aid with respect by recipients for freedom of
navigation and termination of blockades and boycotts
like that enforced by the Arab states against Israel and
American shipping trade with Israel, Hoghland indi-
cated the State Department had decided not to enforce
that amendment. The amendment was not a law but
expressed the "sense of the Senate" in calling on the
executive department to take action.
Hoghland said that, based on views from our field
posts, the Department has so far concluded that efforts
to link the Mutual Security Act directly to the Suez
transit question would only intensify the very trade and
transit restrictions which "we all hope may be elimi-
nated, while at the same time playing into the hands of
the Communists by exacerbating Middle East tensions."
"It remains our view, unanimously supported by
(Continued on Page 3)
Gen. Dayan to Address Opening Dinner
of '61 Allied Jewish Campaign Wednesday
General Moshe Dayan, Minister of Agriculture of the. State of Israel and
former Chief of Staff of Israel's Army, will be the featured speaker at the
opening dinner of the 1961 Allied Jewish Campaign, 7 p.m. next Wednesday, at the
Statler Hotel, announces Paul Zuckerman, campaign chairman. The campaign is the
annual fund raising effort- of the Jewish Welfare Federation.
Zuckerman said it is particularly appropriate that Israel's - Minister of
Agriculture deliver the address that opens the campaign.
Zuckerman said the United Jewish Appeal, the major American agency
aiding immigrants to Israel and refugees and distressed _Jews overseas, last
year received 57 per cent of the funds raised in the Allied Jewish Campaign.
As a Jewish volunteer with the British in World War II, Dayan and his
fellow-Jewish scouts mapped the rapid advance of the British forces into
Syria. It was in this attack against the Vichy French and the Nazis that he
suffered the loss of his left eye.
In the Israel War of Liberation, Dayan was a commander on several
fronts, including JerUsalem. He led the first armored column, comprised of
only half-tracks and armored cars, which took the town of Lydda and broke
the Arab defense of the neighboring town of Ramie. He was one of the leaders
of the action that cleared the invading Egptian troops out of the Negev.
Because of his knowledge of the Arab countries and their language, he was
selected as a member of the Israel delegation that concluded the Armistice
Max M. Fisher Re-Elected President
Agreement with Jordan.
of Jewish Welfare Federation
After his rapid rise in Israel's defense forces, and a year of study at the
Senior. Officers' School in Great Britain, he. was named Vice-Chief of Staff
in 19p 1"n Dedimber, 1954, at the age of 38, he was recalled to Israel from a
1,500 Women's Division General Solicitation
iniSsion to the United Nations to accept the top post in his nation's army.
Volunteers Out to Raise Goal, of $80,000 %r
In 1958, he retired as Chief of Staff and was elected to the Knesset,
Stories on Page 5
Israel's Parliament, representing the Mapai party of which Ben-Gurion is a
Born in Dagania, pioneer cooperative
member. Shortly after, he was given the
farm community south of the Se'a of Galilee,
portfolio of Minister of Agriculture by
General Dayan was reared amid -the dangers
Prime Minister Ben-Gurion.
and hardships of that hot, arid region of
Dinner reservations will be made on a
the Jordan Valley. When he was six years
first-come-first-serve basis, Zuckerman said.
old, and Dagania was on the way to be-
He urged that, to avoid disappointment, din-
coming a thriving village, his parents left
ner reservations, accompanied by payment,
it to join another group of pioneers. Thig
be made promptly;
time they went to the swamp-infested Val-
ley of Esdraelon, where they helped to
In addition to support of the UJA, Federa-
drain the swamps and till . the soil at Naha-
tion funds assist 14 local Federation member
lal, a new farm settlement. Today Nahalal
agencies in Detroit and a , total of 55 separate
is in the heart of one of the most pros-
local, national and overseas beneficiaries.
perous farming regions- of Israel.
The 14 Federation member agencies in
Young Moshe Dayan served in the Haga-
Detroit are: Community Workshop, Fresh
nah, the Jewish defense organization, and
Air Society, Hebrew Free Loan Association,
came to the attention of General Orde Win-
Jewish Community Center, Jewish Commun-
gate of the British Army. General Win-.
ity Council, Jewish Family and Children's
gate began to train a group of Jewish de-
Service, Jewish Home for Aged, Jewish
fenders to fight Arab marauders in the
House of Shelter, Jewish Vocational Serv-
riots of 1937. Moshe Dayan became one of
ice, Midrasha (College of Jewish Studies),
the first of Wingate's commando "special
Resettlement Service, Sinai Hospital and
General Moshe Dayan in Two Poses
its Shiffman Clinic and United-Hebrew Schools.