THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle , commencing with issue of July 20. 1951
Member American Association of English—Jewish Newspaper, Michigan Press Association, National Edi-
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven. Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
Editor and Published
SIDNEY SHMARAK CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the second day of Adar, 5721, the following Scriptural selections will be read in
Pentateuch-al portion, Terum_ah, Ex. 25:1 - 27:19. Prophetical portion, 1 Kings 5:26-6:13.
Licht Benshen, Friday, Feb. 17, 5:49 p.m.
VOL. %XXVIII. No. 25
February 17, 1961
Brotherhood—An All-Year-Round Objective
This is Brotherhood Week—an occa-
sion to fight infectiously diseased pre-
judice, a period during which to intensify
the battle against bigotry.
As an annual event, the National Con-
ference of Christians and Jews asks us to
believe in the idea of Brotherhood—to
It is not
an easy task
the idea of
for a common goal, abandoning hate. Too
often, intolerance is so deeply imbedded
that it is difficult to destroy the roots
This is all the more reason why it
is so vitally necessary that the seeds of
fairness should be planted in the hearts
of man, that children especially should
be exposed to the idea of justice among
men, that there should be no cessation
in efforts to establish a feeling of good
will among all peoples.
This is not a task for one week in the
year: it is an all-year-round obligation.
The Brotherhood Week, however, spear-
heads the goal.
Thus, the very serious effort con-
tinues. We strive to teach our children to
practice the American idea of fair play.
Jointly with Meridian Books, the Jewish Publication Society of
We call upon all Americans to be just in
has just issued another important paperback—"A History
their dealings and not to be misled by America
of the Contemporary Jews—From 1900 to the Present," by Dr.
bigots. We aim for Brotherhood. We
Solomon- Grayzel, the society's editor.
begin during the Week set for its propa-
This historical analysis of the current
gation and we must labor to make it a
Jewish position is a revision and an
reality during the entire year.
expansion of Dr. Grayzel's essay, pub-
Dr. Grayzel Retains Faith in
Continued 'Harmonious Fusing'
of Judaism, Western Culture
Challenge to Jewry and Humanity
There is no end to Jewish sufferings.
The newest crisis, affecting Moroccan
Jewry, once again represents a double
challenge: to humanity, whose respon-
sibility is invoked to strive for an end
to the discriminations and humiliations
that are being imposed upon the sufferers
in Morocco; and to Jews everywhere, who
must provide relief for the needy and
Morocco contends that its Jewish
residents possess equal rights as citizens
of the land. Yet, there Piave been kid-
nappings, arrests, threats to life and prop-
erty of Jews in Casablanca.
The assurances given by Moroccan
authorities have proven mere lip service.
The hand of the United Arab Republic
President Nasser is - seen in every step
that has been taken so far by Morocco
to humiliate and degrade its Jewish
Morocco has an excuse in a scape-
goat: in Zionism. But in its sponsorship
of an anti-Zionist and anti-Israel cam-
paign, Morocco also has introduced an
inhuman measure: the banning of corn-
muication between Moroccan Jews and
their relatives in Israel. Its anti-Jewish
campaign, therefore, is not merely an
anti-Zionist effort to prevent its Jewish
citizens from going to Israel: it is a cruel
move to cut off mail and telegraphic
services between Israel and Morocco—
something unheard-of even between coun-
tries at war which always have a means
A major question that arises out of
the tragedy of Moroccan Jewry is whether
any group, in any land, either of its
nativity or adoption, has a right to
emigrate elsewhere without being
Such a right must be established as
basic for anyone who desires either to
seek a home in some other land, even
if it means abandonment of citizenship
in the country of his birth, or to join
his relatives in another land. There is
no earthly ground why any person who
seeks a change in nationality status, or
who is in search of economic improve-
ments, should be deprived of such an
Tens of thousands of British subjects
have, in recent years, changed their citi-
zenships to other lands. Many have felt
insecure in England and there were those
who were economically helpless and they
therefore emigrated to Australia or to
Canada or to other countries.
The Irish conducted a mass emigra-
tion from their homeland a generation
ago because they encountered economic
and political difficulties. Their leaders
here remained conscious of the needs of
their kinsmen in Ireland, and fought foi
their liberties in Ireland although they
themselves had acquired citizenship in
In the instance of JeWish emigrations,
the movements of populations have al-
ways been under pressure, resulting from
persecutions. They were, in the main,
tragic changes of residences, since Jews
always retained faith in the coming of
"better times" wherever they were—in
Russia, in Germany, in Poland, in
Romania, and now in North African
countries. Their right to migration out
of their present abodes should be unchal-
lenged, especially since so many desire
to be reunited with their families.
There is another basic right that must
not be overlooked, the attitude of biased
people associated with the Council for
Judaism to the contrary notwithstanding.
People have a right to seek "spiritual"
havens and asylums, if they feel that they
need them elsewhere. If some Jews feel
that they will be spiritualy strengthened
in Israel, there should be no cause for
attributing it to disloyalty to the lands
of their birth. They should be granted
the privilege of finding elsewhere what
they lack in their present homes.
In the Moroccan issue, there is an
other major consideration: Morocco's
failure to live up to the principles em-
bodied in the United Nations Universal
Declaration of Human Rights, to which
it is a signatory. The United Nations,
therefore, becomes a responsible party
in the current crisis, and it must step
in to help enforce an end to the big-
otries practiced in Morocco.
lished in 1956.
Dr. Grayiel develops his theme by
explaining "two decades of retrogres-
sion," by reviewing 'the ordeal of
civilization" that occurred during the
era under review and by reviewing the
events in the Diaspora after World
Referring, in his composition of
a "balance sheet" of our generation,
to the doubts expressed as to Jewry's
ability to survive, Dr. Grayzel de-
clares of the costly activities of our
generation to meet our problems that
those who retain Jewish awareness
are "grateful for the seemingly
Dr. Grayzel minor and comparatively inexpen-
sive efforts to establish and maintain the all-day school and
the Hebrew summer camps for children, and for the study
circles and institutes and Jewish college courses for adults.
For, in the final analysis, the sources of Jewish vitality
have always been the literature and the ceremonial and religious
teachings that mold the Jewish personality."
Jewish leadership and organizational forms, nevertheless, will
have to undergo radical changes and "Jewish life will have to
assume more meaning than merely another expression of man's
need to worship," Dr. Grayzel adds.
While there are dangers, "the Jews have no reason for despair,"
Dr. Grayzel states. He maintains that "Judaism and western culture
fuse harmoniously and creatively" and he insists there must be faith
that the process will continue for generations to come.
Guide to Literary Terms
"A Reader's Guide to Literary Terms," by Karl Beckson.
and Arthur Ganz, a paperback issued by Noonday Press, a sub-
sidiary of Farrar, Straus & Cudahy (19 Union Sq. W., N.Y. 3), is
"a dictionary." It is a much-needed reference book that com-
mences with "absedarius"—explained under "acristic" and con-
cludes with `zeugma"—a rhetorical figure in which a single
word, standing in relationship to two others, is correctly related
to only one . . . "
There is a mass of informative material here that makes
this a most valuable terminology guide.
Explaining "Rhetorical Question," for example, this diction-
"A question asked, not to elicit information, but to.. achieve
a stylistic effect. Often a writer or speaker adds emphasis to
a point by putting it in a question, the answer to which supports
his argument. In 'The Merchant of Venice', Shylock uses this
device in a speech defending his conduct: `Rath not a Jew
eyes? hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affec-
tions, passions? . . . If you poison us, do we not die?' . . . Since
`Yes; of course' is the answer to all of the questions preceding
the climactic one, the same answer is imposed .upon it by the
pattern, and the speaker's point is confirmed."
Under "Hebraism—Hellenism" appears the following:
"In Chapter IV of 'Culture and Anarchy,' Matthew Arnold
characterized the two governing forces in man by the words
`Hebraism' and 'Hellenism': 'The uppermost idea with Hellen-
ism,' he wrote, 'is to see things as they really are; the uppermost
idea with Hebraism is conduct and obedience.' Arnold described
the essence of Hellenism as 'spontaneity of consciousness' and
that of Hebraism as 'strictness of conscience.' He maintained
that both these forces were necessary for a full life but that
in England Hebraism had been emphasized at the expense of
Hellenism and that a corrective emphasis on culture was in
order. Since Arnold's day, these terms have been widely used
in social and literary criticism."
There is a large amount of valuable material in "A Reader's
Guide to Literary Terms," and this Beckson-Ganz dictionary
serves an important purpose for students of literature.