THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, Fe bruary 3, 1961 — 10
Liebmann Indicted for Crimes Against
Humanity as Mitch as Against the Jews
(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)
JERUSALEM — Adolf Eichmann was formally accused 'Wednesday by the government of
Israel, in a 15-count indictment, of committing a long list of crimes against humanity and the
The indictment was made public at the same time that it was formally handed to Dr.
Robert Servatius, of Cologne, who will direct the defense of the former Gestapo colonel who is
charged with directing the extermination of 6,000,000 European Jews. The delivery of the indict-
ment to Dr. Servatius, along with a list of prosecution witnesses, set in motion the machinery
for the once postponed trial now set to open March 15.
The indictment listed seven counts of crimes against humanity, four against the J
people,. one war crime and three crimes of belonging to Nazi organizations.
The charge sheet was handed to Dr. Servatius by Attorney General Gideon
also told the attorney of the legal conditions established for the attorney's h
defense assignment. Hausner said arrangements had been made to enable Dr
Eichmann - in his jail cell outside the hearing range of a third person. He
ichmanfr in Distr' t
that he had the right to request within 15 days a preliminary hearing fo
. Israers legal s
Court and the right to see all evidence in possession of the prosecu
is almost unique in giving defense counsel the right to see all prosec
ty of death:
The crimes charged against Eichmann carry a maximum pe
a Nazi organization carries a. maximum of seven years imprison
the trial on
The Attorney General said he would' ask the court to b
about the date
scheduled, and that no difficulties would be raised by the defe
It was noted that the largest number of counts against Eic ann was not for
the Jewish people but for crimes against humanity. This was
the universal aspects of the trial.
the period of 1939-1
Eichmann was accused of having caused with others, duri
murder, destruction and enslavethent and deportation of the civ
many, the Axis Countries and countries occupied by them. In anot'
having "prosecuted Jews on national, racial, religious and political grounds." -BetWeen 1939 and
1945 Eichmann, together with others, was charged with causing the killing of millions of Jews
by means of extermination camps established and organized for the purpose of carrying out
mass murder by means of operational groups, the Einsatz Gruppen in German occupied countries
where Jews were enslaved and tortured by means of local concentrations, and mass deportations
carried out under harsh and inhuman conditions in Germany, Austria, Italy, • Bulgaria, Belgium,
the Soviet Union, 'Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Denmark, Holland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Greece,
Luxembourg, Monaco, Norway, Poland, Czechoslovakia, France and Romania.
Eichmann was charged with carrying out these acts while serving as the head of the
department of Jewish affairs in Berlin in 1942 and as • head of a special Eichmann
unit in Budapest.
Another count charged him with having from 1939 to 1945 placed mi
many and other Axis and occupied countries in living conditions calcul
ans ion under .in-
physical destruction in forced labor camps, via mass deportations an
ichmann committed: t se
human conditions. While functioning in his two official capaciti
acts, the indictment charged, with the intention to destroy th
s physical and me
He was charged in another count with having caused se
and-incarcera g the
millions of Jews by enslaving, starving, deporting, prosecuti
liation, stary on, o
-and concentration camps under inhuman conditions of h
Eichmann was charged with devising in 1942 mea
Germany and occupied areas, with the goal of preventing
destroy the Jewish people.
The indictment also charged the Nazi, together wi
of property of Jewish, residents in Germany and in occu
terrorism and torture.
•ortation from 1940
Among the crimes against. humanity charged to Eich
to 1942 of 500,000 Polish civilians from their places of residenc , the intent to settle
German families in their place. According to the indictment, the Polish deportees were in part
transferred to Germany to serve as forced lab or for "re-Germanization" partly abandoned in
German-occupied eastern , regions and partly concentrated in labor camps by the Hitler elite SS
under inhuman conditions.
Eichmann also was accused, together with others, of having caused in 1941 the deporta-
tion of 14,000 Slovene civilians from their places of residence in Yugoslavia to make room for
settlement of German families. According to the indictment, the Slovenes were transferred to
Serbia by coercive terrorist measures under inhuman conditions.
Eichmann and his associates were charged with causing the deportation of many thou-
sands of gypsies to concentration camp, and then to extermination centers in German occupied
territories, to be murdered. In 1942 the indictment charged that Eichmann, with others, caused
the deportation of 100 children from Lidice in Czechoslovakia, their transport to Poland and their
Center Teen Varsity Reaches 14-2 Mark
A 'victory over the Woodlawn
Church of God and a loss to the
Philadelphia Boys Club gave the
Jewish Center Teen varsity a 14-2
The Teens toppled Woodlawn
Church, 55-43. Alan Silver led
The . Teen Varsity will visit
Akron for an Inter-City basketball
tournament, Saturday and Sun-
te with teams
A number of Detroiters—in-
eluding Max M. Fisher, presi-
dent of the Jewish Welfare
Federation, Paul Zuckerman,
the 1961 chairman of the Allied
Jewish Campaign, and Irwin I.
ohn, last year's Campaign
chairman — will participate in
the national inaugural confer-
ence of the United Jewish Ap-
peal, at • Americana Hotel, Mi-
ami Beath, this weekend.
Viewing this year's gathering
as one of the most crucial for
the UJA in the last 10 years,
the . planning committee, headed
by the conference chairman,
Albert A. Levin, of Cleveland,
has arranged for a thorough
analysis of the situation by an
array of prominent leaders, and
by Israeli guests, including
General Haim Laskov, former
Israel Chief of Staff, who will
deliver -the main conference
Max Fisher, as one of the
national UJA chairmen, will
play a key role in the con-
ference. Philip M. Klutznick,
general UJA chairman, will
be among the main speake
Jewish Foundation Reviews P1
for $1 Million in Culture Proj
NEW YORK, (JTA)—Projects personnel to implem
in Jewish. culture involving the' projects, the executiv
expenditure of more than $1,000,- had authorized ex
000 have been reviewed 'by the $50,000 for graduate
executive committee of the Na- doctoral fellowships, s
tional Foundation for Jewish Cul- the fall of this year.
Arthur E. Gelber, of
ture. Edwin Wolff, II, president
of the Foundation, reported this chairman of the grants co
tee, said a special program will
The proposals were submitted provide grants to graduate stu-
by the Council of Jewish Cultural dents needing funds to complete
Agencies which includes 18 of their dissertations.
Edwin Rosenberg, Foundation
the leading Jewish cultural or-
ganizations in the United States treasurer, said that 21 communi-
ties had provided funds for
He said the executive commit- administration of the Foundation
tee had authorized a program during 1960 and that administra-
• requiring $350,000 for 1961 and tive costs apparently were assured
that because of the need to assure for the next two years.
Miss Esther Prussian, of the
local Federation and , campaign
staff, is actively engaged in
mobilizing the aid of Detroiters
who are now in Florida in be-
half of the current UJA drive.
For the first time in eight
years, the UJA has set a fixed
campaign goal with definite
community u al
to the UJA na-
erence in New York
o• the ago as "the irreduc-
ibl nd realistic minim
q ed to meet the
needs of ,
childr n i 27 0
tie *Wiest co
Genera askov a
the principal s
Con f er e
he Best Deal on the
Leaders for '61
The "Wide Track"
HARVEY GELLER ALLEN CHARNES
General Sales Mgr. _
Assistant Sales Mgr.
TI 6-1122 .
BETWEEN SCHAEFER & GREENFIELD
You Are Cordially Invited
To Hear the Report of
President of the Council of
Orthodox Rabbis of . Detroit
Honorary President of
HAMIZRACHI of AMERICA
who recently returned from Israel,
where he participated as .a delegate
to the 25th Congress of the World
Wednesday, February 8th
YOUNG ISRAEL OF NORTHWEST DETROIT
Council of Orthodox Rabbis of Detroit and
• Mizrachi-Hapoel Hamizrachi
NO Solicitations for funds.
REFRESHMENTS WILL BE SERVED
Detroiters to Play Active Roles in 11[7,111A
Conferences in Miami Beach, French Lick
Health Club handball team will
participate in an Adult handball
tournament with these Centers.
The Teens will also visit Berkley
Recreation Tuesday, and host the
Northwestern High School - re-
serves 7 p.m., Thursday.
The Juniors picked up a half-
game on the leaders in the Pistons
Knot Hole League. They are only
one game out of first, 1/2 game
out of second, as league leading
Highland Park Boys Club was up-
set by Livonia Little League,
DAYS ONLY! MARCH 2-3 St 4!
ORDER NOW FOR CHOICE SEAT LOCATIONS!
articipants , will
BY SENDING THIS AD WITH YOUR MAIL ORDER !
ax Fisher. and .Mrs.
PRICES: THURS. & FRI. EVES.: ORCH. $4.85; BALC. $4.85, $3.75,
Harry L. Jones of • Detroit. Other
$2.65, $2.10. SAT. EVE.: ORCH. $5.40; BALC. $5.40, $4.40, $3.20, $235.
Detroiters at the conference
MAT. SAT AT 2 P.M.: ORCH. $4.30; BALC. $4.30, $3.20, $2.65, $2,10.
will include Judge Theodore
Please encolse self-addressed, stamped envelope.
Levin, Jerry Bielfield, John
Lurie, Paul Zuckerman, Tom
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cus, Richard Sloan, Alfred with our enticing price reductions. For information call
Taubman, Jame s' Wineman, Mrs. Joan Heidt WO 1-3818 and mention the NEWS.
Leon Winkelman, and others.