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December 23, 1960 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-12-23

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A Milestone

THE JEWISH NEWS

Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951

Member American Associatiun of English—Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association ; National
Editorial Association.
Published" every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co., 17100 West Seven Mile Road, • Detroit 35,
VE 8-9364 Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
8, 1879.

PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Editor and Publisher

SIDNEY SHMARAK CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ HARVEY ZUCKERBERG

Business Manager

Advertising Manager

City Editor

Sabbath Scriptural Selections _
This Sabbath—the fifth day of Tebet, 5721 — the following scriptural selections will be

read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Vayigash, Gen. 44:18 — 47:27. Prophetical portion, Ezekiel, 37:15-28.

Licht Benshen, Friday, Dec. 23, 4:48 p.m.

VOL. XXXVIII. No. 17

Page Four

December 23,

1960

Community Campaign Formula: Call to Action

Adoption of a new formula to -serve as
a guide for action in allocating funds de-
rived from the 1961 Allied Jewish Cam-
paign is, traditionally, also a call to action
by the entire Jewish community.
Representatives of the many agencies
included in the campaign have studied the
needs and have taken into consideration
the prospects for the success of the ap-
proaching drive. Their action, at the Pre-
Campaign Budgeting Conference held on
Sunday, must, therefore, be viewed as
being based on realistic approaches and
sound judgment.
While the Allied Jewish Campaign is
not due to start for many weeks to come,
pre-campaign activities for the larger gifts
are- due to commence in January, and it
is important that our community should
be alerted to the obligations undertaken
by the Jewish Welfare Federation—under
whose direction the drive is conducted—
and should be fully informed about the
many causes due to be ahead in the drive.
Our campaign will assist the following:

Local Agencies
Community Workship
Fresh Air Society
Hebrew Free Loan Association
House of Shelter
Jewish Community Center
Jewish Community Council
Jewish Family and Children's Service and
Bellefaire
Jewish Home for Aged
Jewish Vocational Service
Jewish Welfare Federation
Midrasha
Resettlement Service
Sholem. Aleichem School
Sinai Hospital
Shiffman Clinic
Student Training Fund
Tamarack Hills Authority
United Community Services and Scholarship
Fund
United Hebrew Schools
United Jewish Folk Schools
United Jewish High School
Workmen's Circle School
Yeshivath Beth Yehudah
National Causes
American Academy for Jewish Research
American Association for Jewish Education
American Jewish Congress
American Jewish Historical Society
Bnai Brith National Youth Service Appeal
Conference on Jewish Social Studies
Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare
Funds
Dropsie College
Histadruth Ivrith
Jewish Braille Institute
Jewish Labor Committee
Jewish Occupational Council
Jewish Publication Society
Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Jewish War Veterans
Joint Defense Appeal

American Jewish Committee
Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith
National Community Relations Advisory Council
National Conference of Jewish Communal
Service
National Cultural Foundation •
National Jewish Welfare Board
Congress for Jewish Culture
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research

Overseas Services

American-Israel Cultural Foundation
Jewish National Fund (beneficiary of UJA)
ORT (beneficiary of UJA)
Hebrew University-Technion Joint Maintenance
Appeal
United HIAS Service
United JeWish Appeal
Joint Distribution Committee
New York Association for New Americans
United Israel Appeal
*
I.
*

The all-inclusiveness of this list em-
phasizes the magnitude of the campaign in
which we will be engaged in the months to
come.
Our community understands the needs
involved in providing support for these
agencies, as was indicated by the fact that
the last few years resulted in incomes of
$5,000,000 or more annually.
Yet, it is vital that the importance of
fulfilling our responsibilities should be
emphasized anew as time goes on.
The needs of the agencies we support
are constantly multiplying, and the most
effective way of securing the additional
funds necessary for the uninterrupted ac-
tivities of our educational and recrea-
tional agencies, and to assure the extra
funds needed for the rehabilitation of op-
pressed Jews in Israel, through the United
Jewish Appeal, is by enrolling more con-
tributors to the locally-raised funds.
The success of any drive depends pri-
marily on manpower, and one of the basic
necessities at this -time is to enroll as large
an army of workers as can possibly be
mustered for the Allied Jewish Campaign.
As the 1961 campaign chairman, Paul
Zuckerman will need all the support that
we can gather for him. He will need hun-
dreds of solicitors, and one of the first
undertakings should be the enrollment of
volunteers for the big campaign.
The duties facinu us are most serious.
They can be honored
e' in the spirit of the
traditions we have established by prepar-
ing properly in advance—with an army of
solicitors and through an understanding
and well-informed community. By edu-
cating the prospective contributors prop-
erly, by increasing the number of donors
and by mobilizing a large force, the Allied
Jewish Campaign can b be assured of an-
other successful year in 1961.

Bitter Fruits of Arab Antagonism to Israel

How most unfortunate that the anta-
gonism to Israel, displayed by the Arab
states, should have been dragged into
universities and as obstacles to humani-
tarian endeavors that are sponsored by
the United Nations and by educational
organizations.
On several occasions, the work of
United Nations functioning bodies has
been hampered by the refusal of Arabs
to work together with Israeli spokesmen.
The bitterness with which Arab propa-
gandists have pursued their activities was
in evidence at Wayne State University,
when Arab students refused to partici-
pate in a Middle East function and forced
the abandonment of the idea of an educa-

tional gathering on the local campus.
Such actions react negatively to all efforts
for peace and to attempts to create good
will among students from many lands who
are studying in American universities.
Perhaps university authorities can be
instrumental in counteracting such de-
structiVe attitudes. But a solution to the
problem must, of course, come from the
students themselves. It is to be hoped
that the Arab students will recognize the
error of their ways and will cooperate in
cultural exchanges alongside their fellow-
students from Israel. Rational and prag-
matic approaches by Arab students in
this country may eventually lead to more
rational action on the part of the Arab
governments.

Founding Fathers' Idealism
Described in Padover's Book

Former Detroiter Saul K. Padover began to write at a very
early age, as a youth who described his experiences during the
pogrom era in Europe after World War I. In his specialized
work in recent years, he has emerged as an authority on James
Madison, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson and the Found-
ing Fathers of this Republic.
His latest work, "The Genius of America," published by
McGraw Hill (330 W. 42nd, N. Y. 36), is an• especially exciting
volume in which Dr. Padover describes the triumphs as well as
the failures of the people and the events that molded "a unique
polity," the U.S.A.
Sub-titled "Men Whose Ideas Shaped Our Civilization," "The
Genius of America" contains a wealth of material. Dr. Padover,
who is professor of the graduate faculty of the New School for
Social Research, deals with the following personalities:
George Washington ("American as Archtype"), John
Adams ("American as Aristocrat"), Thomas Jefferson ("Ameri-
can as Democrat"), Alexander Hamilton ("American as Con-
servative"), James Madison ("American as Republican"), John
Taylor ("American as Agrarian"), John Marshall ("American
as Federalist"), John Calhoun ("American as States' Righter"),
Abraham Lincoln ("The American"), Ralph Waldo Emerson
("American as Philosopher"), Henry David Thoreau ("American
as Anarchist"), Walt Whitman ("American as Poet"), Henry
George ("American as Radical"), William James ("American
as Psychologist"), Oliver Wendell Holmes ("AmeriCan as Skep-
tic"), John Dewey ("American as Pragmatist"), Theodore
Roosevelt ("American as Nationalist"), Woodrow Wilson ("Amer-
ican as Liberal"), Franklin D. Roosevelt ("American as Re-

forther").
In his opening essay on "The Nature of American Political
Thought," Dr. Padover sets the tone for the impressive book.
He refers to the Colonial period as an era in which "Catholics
and Jews were disfranchised or excluded from public office."
He points to the double set of pc...ducal institutions, one pri-
vate and one public, in the days of HoOver. He describes the
conflicting economic views during the past few decades and
states that "feeble government" careers ended with the New

De.aIln. his evaluation of George Washington, Dr. Padover states
"it was a matter of special pride to Washington that the American
republic guaranteed full religious liberty to all, particularly to
such persecuted groups as the Quakers and Jews." Washington,
he writes, "was a child of the 18th century Enlightenment"
who believed in "complete religious -freedom and who wrote
on one occasion, when trying to obtain servants: "If they are
good workmen, they may be from Asia, Africa, or Europe; they
may be Mahometans, Jews, or Christians of any sect, or they
may be Atheists." Dr. Padover also quotes from Washington's
message to the Newport Hebrew Congfegation: -"give to bigotry
no sanction, to persecution no assistance."

. In the essay on Oliver Wendell Holmes, Dr. Padover
makes lengthy references to the Holmes-Brandeis friendship.
Holmes is quoted as stating in reference to Mr. Justice Bran-
deis that he makes him "think of Disraeli and the affection
that he inspired, and that makes Ane ask whether loveableness
is a characteristic of the better class of Jews. When I think
how many of the younger men that have warmed my heart
have been Jews I cannot but suspect it . ."

Theodore Roosevelt's friendly attitude to Negroes and Jews
forms an interesting portion of the TR essay. TR is quoted as
having written in 1904 to Oscar S. Straus, whom he named his
Secretary of Commerce and Labor, that he hoped the American
tradition of tolerance towards all faiths will continue, that he.
had not appealed for Jewish and Catholic votes as such, and
he added:

"If this is so, it is reasonable to suppose that during
that time there will be Presidents of Jewish faith, Presidents
of Catholic faith. Now, my aim as President is to behave
toward the Jew and the Catholic just as I should wish a Jewish
or Catholic President to behave toward Protestants .. as a
good American should behave . . . without regard to the
several creeds they profess or the several lands from which
their ancestors have sprung."

These are a few examples of the wealth of material incor-
porated by Dr. Padover in "The Genius of America." He has-
added another splendid study to his list of excellent books.

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