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December 23, 1960 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-12-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE DETROIT JEW ISH NEW S — Friday, December 2 3, 196 0

Purely Commentary

By Philip
Slomovitz

Jerusalem Shows the Way to Rome for Amity

ROME, Italy — A continuous clash between
two civilizations, the Jewish and the Christian,
the Hebraic and its offspring, has been in evi-
dence for twenty centuries. In more than one
sense, the clash still goes on.
It is especially manifest during this season
of the year. The Christmas spirit predominates,
and the Hanukah idea often fades into minute-
ness. That's natural, of course, under conditions
of Jewry being overwhelmingly outnumbered.
We were to have multiplied like the sands on
the seashore, but Judaism the parent has be-
come the mere minority, while Christianity the
child has its vast numbers.
Yet, the parental voice is heard everywhere.
It is the paternal psalm that is chanted where-
ever there is a religious service.- It is the
Hebraic hymn that thrills the millions in the
churches, and while the Hanukah lights are dim
compared with the floodlights of Judaism's
daughter religion, the spirit of the Maccabees
prevails: had it not been for the Maccabees,
there may not have been the Apostles.
These are thoughts that come to one's mind
in Rome. There is a Jewish community here.
The undying spirit of Israel is evident where-
ever one turns, even though there is much
intermarriage and assimilation is taking its toll
in our ranks. But as long as there is a she'arith
Israel — a determined remnant in Israel that
repeats the worlds of the Psalmist lo omuil ki
ekh'ye — "I shall not die but live" . . . —
Israel remains eternal.
There was a time when the Rome versus
Jerusalem struggle was truly threatening. When
Israel's hopes were dimming, due in part to the
cruelties that emanated from the bigotries of
Christians, the position of our people was not
too secure. We were constantly on the defen-
sive. We had to hold on tight to whatever sem-
blance there was of Jewish traditions. We were
compelled to reject every intrusion into our
ranks of idolatrous practices.
Something immense has happened in our
lifetime to alter the battle. The ideals of Jeru-
salem undoubtedly will continue to challenge
those of Rome, yet struggle now is certain to be
less antagonistic, the battle less militant, and
a new tolerance — approaching genuine friend-
ship — is in the offing. The reason for the
new trend is the emergence of the State of
Israel, which is giving so much hope to the
People of Israel and which is serving as a
bridge between Israel and the nations of the
world.

The reason, also: Israel has less to fea t from
assimilation, from the threat of being swallowed
up by an antagonistic majority. Those who out-
number us and who previously were either
suspicious of us or had inherited a hatred for
Israel now have a new respect for Israel: be-
cause Israel is autonomous.
Now Israel is teaching its offspring, Christi-
anity, a new tolerance. A look at the calendar
of events in Israel, • for 1961, will prove our
point. Its significance fits into the scheme of
things in viewing the Christmas-Hanukah con-
flict in the Italian city where it received its
impetus. For 1961, the Israel Government Tour-
ist office announces these Christian festivities:
January 1—services in all churches; Jan. 6,
Epiphany, commemorating the baptism of Jesus,
the visit of the Wise Men to Bethlehem, the
miracle at Cana in Galilee, with High Mass
celebrated in all Catholic churches; Jan. 7
Eastern Churches' Christmas; Jan. 14, Eastern
Churches' New Year; Jari. 19, Armenian Church
Christmas; March 19, Feast of St. Joseph cele-
brated in all Catholic churches, with High Mass
in Nazareth; March 25, Festival of Annuncia-
tion, with pilgrimages to Nazareth; March 30
and 31, Good Thursday and Good Friday; April
2-3, Easter services; May 11, Feast of Ascen-
sion; June 24, Feast of St. John the Baptist;
June 29, Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul; July
2, Feast of the Visitation; July 20, Feast of St.
Elias; Aug. 3, Feast of St. Nicodemus; Aug. 15,
Feast of the Assumption; Sept. 14, Feast of the
Cross; Dec. 8, Feast of the Immaculate Con.
ception; Dec. 25, Christmas.
It is possible that this list does not exhaust
the Christian festivals of which Israel takes
official note in its tolerance for all faiths.
There are similarly long lists of Mohammedan
feasts that are marked in Israel with the
approval of the government of the Jewish
State. But it was not so long ago that the mere
mention of such Christian festivals in Jewish
ranks would have been looked up as yielding
to prosetylization. Conditions have changed:
thanks to the emergence of an independent
Israel where Jews have no fears because they
are a majority.
These thoughts arise for this visitor in
Rome on his way — his pilgrimage? — to
Israel. It is heartening to know that while Rome
could never conquer Jerusalem, Jerusalem
shows the way to Rome — eventually, we hope,
also to Mecca — that all faiths can live to-
gether in amity.

Cabinet Will Have Two Jews for 1st Time

(Copyright, 1960, Jewish Telegraphic
Agency, Inc.)

WASHINGTON, D. C., (JTA)
—President-elect John F. Ken-
nedy announced this week the
appointment of Arthur J. Gold-
berg, Chicago-born labor law-
yer, as Secretary of Labor.
The appointment puts two
Jews into a United States Cabi-
net for the first time in Ameri-
can history.
Senator Kennedy previously
had chosen Governor Abraham
Ribicoff of Connecticut as his
Secretary of Health, Education
and Welfare.
The Secretary of Labor
nominee has been special
counsel of the American Fed-
eration of Labor-Congress of
Industrial Organizations since
1948 and he is also general
counsel for the United Steel-
workers of America. He was
described by Kennedy as one
of the "architects" of the
AFL-CIO merger.
The 52-year-old labor law ex-
pert is known as a friend of
Israel. He recently accepted ap-
pointment as chairman of the
Board of Trustees of the Hista-
drut Development Foundation,

ARTHUR J. GOLDBERG

an American organization estab-
lished to help Israel's Labor
Federation. He is a member of
Temple Sinai here.
Goldberg was the negotiator
between the U. S. State Depart-
ment and the two seafaring
unions which picketed the Egyp-
tian ship, the Cleopatra, at a
New York dock earlier this year
in retaliation for Arab black-
listing of American ships touch-
ing at Israeli ports.

He was instrumental in the
issuance of a statement by
the State Department promis-
ing to take action to meet the
grievances of the two mari-
time unions.
The new Cabinet appointee is
a graduate of Northwestern
University and is a member of
the America, Illinois and Chi-
cago Bar association. He served
as a major in the U. S. Army
during World War II.

Israel Casts Decisive Vote
in ITN to Defeat Soviet Bloc
Resolution Against France

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

UNITED NATIONS, (JTA)—Israel cast the deci-
sive vote in the General Assembly here Monday night,
teaming with the United States and 25 other delega-
tions to help defeat a Soviet-backed resolution that
would have given United Nations support to the anti-
French National Liberation Front, the leading rebel
organization fighting the French in Algeria.
Led by the Soviet block, and backed by the Arab
states and some other anti-French forces here, a
number of delegations sponsored a resolution which
would have defied the stand of President Charles
De Gaulle.
De Gaulle had requested that the UN keep hands
off the Algerian situation until he achieves a solution
of the troublesome issue.
When the roll call vote was taken on the issue,
the balloting stood at 52 for the proposal and 26
against, being one vote short of the two thirds ma-
jority needed, when Israel cast its vote in the nega-
tive.
France was absent and the United States had
already voted against the resolution.
The vote by Israel became decisive, swinging
the ballot to 52 for and 27 against—to defeat the
resolution.

President Eisenhower Receives
First "Judaism-World Peace' Award

In presenting the "Judaism
.... WASHINGTON, D.C.—Presi-
dent Eisenhower became the and World. Peace" Award to
first recipent of the 'Judaism President Eisenhower, Rabbi
and World Peace" Award of the- Davidson pointed out that "this
Synagogue Council of America, meeting . . . represents the first
Dec. 16 at a White House cere- time that an official delegation
mony marked by several prece- from all the major branches of
dents in American and Jewish the Jewish religion has been re-
history.
ceived by a President of the
The award, consisting of an United States."
original bronze sculpture of the
The Synagogue Council presi-
Prophet Isaiah "beating swords dent told President Eisenhower
into plowshares," was presented that the purpose of the award
to the President by Rabbi Max "is to signalize the climax of
D. Davidson of Perth Amboy your brilliant stewardship of
N.J., president of the Syna- our nation and of the free
gogue Council and a delegation world during your eight years
of rabbinic and congregational of sacrificial devotion and
leaders from the Orthodox, Con- leadership as President of the
servative, and Reform Jewish United States, and of your en-
movements.
tire public service career."

rOMHIAMIIII.INNI11•0111011• 0M11111•0■0411•11.714111■0•011■0■11.1•••■ 0.110.0•11•10.0410illio.■14.111■131!0■1■0•■•1

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
. and Me'

(Copyright, 1960,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

Washington Winds

Dean Rusk, who has been named Secretary of State in
President-elect Kennedy's Cabinet, is no stranger to those who
worked behind the scenes at the United Nations in 1948 when
the Palestine Partition resolution was adopted . . . As a member
of the American delegation to the U.N. Assembly at that time
he played no small role in influencing
situations . . . He is the originator of the
"Sacred Cow" idea which he advocated
shortly before the United Nations decided
to partition Palestine into two separate
Arab and Jewish states . . This idea
provided that the U.S. Presidential
plane, The Sacred Cow, should be sent
to Jerusalem to bring Moshe Sharrett
and the ex-Mufti of Palestine Haj Amin
Husseini together to the U.N. in a last
dramatic effort to reach an Arab-Jewish
rapprochement . . . When pressure for
the internationalization of Jerusalem
mounted at the United Nations, Rusk
was the originator of an alternative idea
to place Jerusalem under U.N. trustee-
Dean Rusk
ship, but appoint Israel as U.N. trustee for the Jewish part of the city
and Jordan as trustee for the Arab-held section ... At one time dur-
ing the U.N. Assembly session he was advocating placing the whole
of Palestine under United Nations trusteeship rather than to
partition it into two separate states ... It is generally believed
that Rusk is not inclined to share the view held by some State
Department officials that all American troubles_with the Arabs
are a result of the establishment of Israel .. . His most recent
contact with Israel was when, as head of the Rockefeller Foun-
dation, he was active in bringing about large American par-
ticipation in the Conference on Science held at the Weizmann
Institute in Rehovot . . . His appointment as Secretary of State
was received in Israel with great relief, since it was feared
there that Senator J. W. Fulbright of Arkansas might be ap-
pointed to this post by Kennedy . . . Senator Fulbright was
against Israel in debates on Suez, supported the World Bank
Loan to Nasser, and indicated on various occasions his opposition
to pro-Israel proposals in the Senate.

The Zionist Congress

Is Israel the right plaee for the World Zionist Congress
which opens next week in Jerusalem? . . . This question is being
asked by numerous rank-and-file Zionists who consider the
Congress a body in which Israelis cannot have much interest
even under Ben-Gurion's definition of Zionism .. . This defini-
tion provides that a Zionist is one who is willing to settle in
Israel, gives his children a Hebrew education, and helps to
promote Israel's development ... Anyone in Israel today, whether
a member of a Zionist party or not, has long automatically
complied with these requirements . . . Thus, Zionism to him
is now something that is intended for Jews outside of Israel
and not for him . .. Even the various Zionist parties in Israel
are today actually not Zionist but Israeli political parties, each
interested in gaining a stronger position in the affairs of Israel
rather than in the Zionist movement . . . Under such cir-
cumstances, the World Zionist movement is actually today a
movement for the "Galut"—for Jews in the Diaspora—and the
Congress, as the supreme body of the movement, is developing
into a "Galut" institution ... Would it not be better then for the
Congress to hold its session in a "Galut" country, where its
meaning is still fully understood, rather than in Israel where
Zionism is looked upon as a movement of the past? . . . Those
who ask this question believe that a World Zionist Congress
held in New York, Washington, Atlantic City, London, Buenos
Aires, or even. Switzerland, would be more useful from the
point of view of strengthening the cause of Zionism in the
Diaspora than when held in Israel . . . It would serve as a
stimulant to the many thousands of Jews in the Diaspora who
still think in terms of Zionism and are willing to remain Zionists
. .-. It would also establish the fact that the Congress is primarily
a body representing Jews outside of Israel vis-a-vis Israel in
the interests of Israel . . . Understanding of this fact is ,begin.;
ning to emerge now, when for the first time in the history
of the Zionist movement, fraternal non-Zionist groups in - a
number of countries have sent representatives to the Congress
in Jerusalem to participate in the sessions either as delegates
or as observers.

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