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December 23, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-12-23

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

E JEWISH

Call to
Action
in Behalf of
More Than 50
Allied Jewish
Campaign
Beneficiaries

."7"- F=2

A Weekly Review

Editorial
Page 4

f Jewish Events

Founding
Fathers'
Ideal ism
Described in
Padover's
New Book

Book Review
Page 4

Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—In/orporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

Vol. XXXV111, No. 17 loolZ,ingitninsi-iop17100 W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit 35, December 23, 1960—$5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Israel Denies Atomic Weapons
Goal; U.S. May Seek Inspection

U.S. Export-Import. Bank
Grants Matching Funds for
Lydda Airport in Israel

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News)

Allocation of $2.6 million in
United States and Israeli local currencies to • help
finance the. modernization of Lydda International
Airport was jointly announced Tuesday by the U.S.
Export-Import Bank and the Development Loan
Fund.
The modernization program would put Lydda
on a par with the world's great airports.
The Export-Import Bank will furnish $1.5 mil-
-
lion of dollar costs while local costs will be covered
by 2 million Israeli pounds, equivalent to U.S. $1.1
million, drawn from repayment of previous develop-
ment loans to Israel.
This is the first time the Development Loan
Fund has used its authority to relend funds.
The loan will be used to purchase in the United
States such equipment as beacons and related aux-
iliary equipment for instrument lighting systems,
high frequency equipment, receiving apparatus, con-
trol tower equipment, radio teletype equipment,
VHF radio links for remote control and for breaker
and marker control, testing equipment, radar equip-
ment, runway and traffic waylights, approach lights,
diesel generators, cables and other items.
The Development Loan Fund will be used to
meet the local costs of buildings and structures,
access roads and electrical and other installation
work. Lydda Airport is used by 11 airlines.

WASHINGTON —

WASHINGTON (JTA)—The Israeli EMbassy here has denied a report pub-
lished in London and Washington that Israel has developed a nuclear reactor which
will enable the Jewish State to build an atomic bomb.
Similar denials were made also in Jerusalem.
- The State Department indicated that it may seek inspection of Israel's work
in the field of nuclear research for peaceful purposes, should the United States Gov-
ernment not be satisfied with Israel's reply to inquiries about the construction of a
second atomic reactor.
A State Department spokesman stressed that the U. S. agreement -with Israel,
under which Israel received an atomic reactor some time ago for research purposes,
includes safeguards giving the United States the right of inspection to make certain
that U. S: assistance would not be turned to military purposes.
The report, published in the Washington Post, said that it is officially estab-
lished in Washington that Israel has secretly developed an atomic reactor which
would make it possible to produce an atomic bomb within five years. The report
was written by Chalmers M. Roberts, the Post's leading political writer.
"It was the discovery of this development, unknown to- the United States Gov-
ernment until very recently, which brought about a Dec. 9 secret conference in
Washington of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee of the U. S. Congress," the Post
reported.
"Committee members were called here from their homes all across the nation
to hear a secret briefing on the Israeli atomic military development by State Depart-
ment and Central Intelligence Agency officials." Word of this development had been
transmitted to President-elect John F. Kennedy by CIA chief Allen W. Dulles, the
Post said.

The London Express had previously reported that Israel was believed by
U. S. and British' intelligence to be making an experimental atomic bomb. But, an
Israel Embassy spokesman in London later said that Israel is "not building an
atomic bomb and has no intention of doing so." The spokesman said: "We have been "
for some years engaged in atomic research, especially, the development of isotopes
and heavy water. But Israel has neither the means nor the intention of using her
atomic research for the construction of an atom bomb."

The Washington Post said that the Israeli atomic development came as a sur-
prise to American officials. "Whether or not Israel intends to build a nuclear weapon,
she now has the capability. And the five-year estimate could be wrong as have been
estimates of Soviet progress, by a matter of years," the paper commented.
The Israel Embassy in Washington indicated in its statement that Israel has
no such capacity. The statement said: "Israel's atomic research program was directed
exclusively to peaceful use. Israel has neither the practical means nor the desire to
use her atomic research for other than peaCeful purposes—such as the development

(Continued on Page 3)

Federation Adopts Budget Formula for '61

Jewish Welfare Federation delegates Sunday
established the 1961 Allied Jewish Campaign goal
at $5,500,000—an increase of $600,000 over last year
—to meet the needs of member agencies.
The 1960 goal was $4,900,000.
Some 150 representatives, meeting for the Fed-
eration's 12th annual budget conference at the Jew-
ish Center, stressed that the new 1961 goal must be
considered a "minimum" if their services are to
advance.
Max M. Fisher, Federation president and con-
ference chairman, announced that if the total mini-
mum budget is raised, it will be allocated as follows:

1. Local Operating
2. Local Capital

3. National Agencies
4. Overseas and Israel

$1,617,762
$278,588

$244,375
$2,746,755

Fisher explained that these figures are net after
provisions for shrinkage and campaign and collec-
tion costs.
A 34-member steering committee, under the
chairmanship of Hyman Safran, considered all fields
of work and developed a formula covering all varia-
tions from the requested amounts.
"The conference was marked by a unanimity of
feeling that no one area of service can be advanced
at the expense of the other services the campaign
supports," Safran said afterward.
Judge Theodore Levin spoke in behalf of the
budget category Overseas and Israel, the needs of
which are met through the Jewish Agency for Israel
of the United Jewish Appeal, the campaign's largest
beneficiary. The overseas category provides also for
the United Hias Service, the University Technion

Joint Appeal, the America-Israel Cultural Founda-
tion and the Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
Levin said that for the first time in many years
the United Jewish Appeal has set a national goal. It
has been established at $72,740,000, approximately
15 per cent more than was raised in 1960.
Irwin S. Simon, chairman of the Health and
Welfare Division of the Local Operating category,
presented needs totaling $161,000 more than the
division's approved allocation last year of $892,867.
Simon said the increase represents funds essen-
tial to provide salary increases to professional staff,
to meet the increased cost of materials and to re-
place equipment: The additional monies also are
necessary, he said, for two basic program develop-
ments required by Sinai Hospital — more staff beds
and an enlargment of research facilities.
Areas of service' provided by 12 health and wel-
fare agencies of the Federation include counselling,
institutional care for children, home for the aged,
hospital and clinic, vocational workshop for the
handicapped, a free loan association, a refugee serv-
ice, children's camps and a community center.
Jack 0. Lefton, chairman of the Community
Relations Division of the Local Operating category,
reported division needs totalling $221,804, of which
$96,680 is earmarked for the Jewish Community
Council.
The American Jewish Congress, Jewish Labor
Committee, Jewish War Veterans, Joint Defense
Appeal and National Community Relations Advisory
Council share $125,174. with the Joint Defense
Appeal receiving more than half, Lefton said.
The Council devotes emphasis to problems of
school integration, church and state, equal access to

housing and jobs, and interpretation of issues affect-
ing relationships with Israel.
Louis LaMed, chairman - of the Education Divi-
sion of the Local Operating category, asked for a
total allocation of $501,000—$72,000 more than last
year. The increase is necessary to meet local and
national education . agency needs for enrollment
increases, teacher training and program enrichment.
. Speaking for the Committee on Capital Needs,
Associate Chairman Leonard N. Simons,' reporting
for the Chairman Louis Tabashnik, requested $385,-
000 for capital construction and improvement.
Paul Zuckerman, 1961 Allied Jewish Campaign
chairman, said:-
"We cannot serve the people overseas by depriv-
ing the children and the aged of necessary services
at home, nor can we serve ourselves at home by
denying the thousands we have brought to Israel the
chance for a life of dignity and self sufficiency.
"We cannot hope to solve all of our problems by
budgeting. We must solve them in 1961 by giving
more."
Members of Safran's Steering Committee in-
clude William Avrunin, Mandell Berman, Joseph
Bernstein, Lawrence Crohn, Dr. Norman Drachler,
Joseph H. Ehrlich, Max M. Fisher, Edward I. Fleisch-
man, Charles H. Gerschenson, Harvey Goldman,
Irwin Green, Samuel S. Greenberg, Lawrence Gubow,
Daniel M. Honigman, Mrs. Sidney J. Karbel, Mrs.
Julian H. Krolik, Louis LaMed, Jack 0. Lefton,
Judge Theodore Levin, Isaac Litwak, Sidney M.
Shevitz, Abe Shiffman, Erwin S. Simon, Leonard N.
Simons, Isidore Sobeloff, Abraham Srere, Philip
Stollman, George M. Stutz, Louis Tabashnik, Julian
S. Tobias, Stanley J. Winkelman. George M. Zeltzer,
Max J. Zivian and Paul Zuckerman.

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