Purely CommentarySal Women, o
Lesson of Hanukah .. .
a l m o f
R a bbi
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS -- Friday, December 9,
Hanukah's Lesson: Desirability of Resistance .
Budget for Jordan
Zionist leaders on "The State of Israel and the Jewish People."
- (Direct JTA Teletype Wire
He may, in that address, proclaim anew his views that have
to The Jewish News)
One of the most frequently quoted Biblical statements, re- been interpreted as being detrimental to Zionism. That session
JERUSALEM — A total of
sorted to in proof of spirituality of the Jew, is the assertion in may prove to be an historic day leading to a complete and final
46,000,000 Israeli pounds ($25,-
Zechariah 4: "Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, saith showdown between Zionist leaders and Israel's Prime Minister
760,000) will be allocated in next
on the interpretation of Zionism's status vis-a-vis the Zionist idea. year's budget for the Jordan
With this statement we • can prove many things: Israel's
irrigation project, it was reported
spiritual strength, the efficacy of non-resistance, the ability of Rabbi Leon Fram's Anniversaries
Jewry to survive because it adhered to the spirit of the Lord and
Temple Israel justifiably considers the celebration of Rabbi
The sum, the largest amount
therefore does not need to resort to force, as do the other nations. Leon Fram's 65th birthday, at the religious services tonight, an ever allocated for the project,
Yet, there has been criticism of late of those who submitted occasion for observance by the entire community.
will finance the first stage of the
too readily to the Nazis. There should have been firm resistance,
Dr. Fram marks also the completion of 35 years of service in plan which will carry the Jordan
we now hear it said. Resisters might have survived and could Detroit and his 40th anniversary in the rabbinate.
River waters to the northern
have made life more bearable for their fellow-men who would
During his many years of services to our community, he has Negev. It will be completed by
have been tolerated more readily had it been made known that distinguished himself as an educator, as a preacher, as an active the end of 1963.
Jews will not bow down too submissively to tyrants.
leader in all efforts against manifestations of intolerance. He is an
Next year's allocation is 10,-
Hanukah proves the validity of the latter statement. Had ardent Zionist. He has aided many philanthropic causes.
000,000 Israeli pounds ($5,600,-
Jews yielded in the days of the Maccabees, without resistance,
Indeed, his record for service is a very long one, and we have 000), more than the amount pro-
there might not have been Jews left to tell the tale. But there was all become indebted to him for his untiring activities on many vided in the current budget, and
a Maccabaean rebellion, and therefore there is a Jewish people fronts.
will make possible an accelera-
We wish him well on his birthday and on the occasion of the tion of the project's implementa-
Israel, the State, also proved the efficacy of resistance. Had other anniversaries he is observing at this time.
the Jews of Palestine laid down their arms, had they yielded to
the perfidy of Albion, there would not have been an Israel, and
the despair that might have emerged after the Nazi holocast
might have meant even greater destruction in Jewish ranks.
On the eve of the Eichmann trial, in Jerusalem, now that the
horror-filled story of the Nazi atrocities is told anew, we must
TEL AVIV, (JTA) — A re- ' venes Dec. 27, his criticism the Jewish Agency. Dr. Nahum
realize once again the humiliation that accompanied the yielding
to an Eichmann and his cohorts. The brazen stories that are newed attack on the world Zion- against the Zionist movement. Goldmann, president of the
After the Cabinet session, World Zionist Organization, ex-
credited to the Nazi criminal prove again that where there is ist movement was made by
resistance there is life; where there is yielding to degradation Prime Minister David Ben- Ben-Gurion presided at a two- pressed his "satisfaction" with
Gurion, speaking . at a luncheon hour meeting of the Coordin- arrangements made at that
there can be only disgrace and self-humiliation.
Of course, Hanukah has its spiritual message. It was for the of Israeli editors. He claimed ating Board, the joint body of meeting to convene the board
purity of the faith that Maccabeans fought against tyrants, but that increasing immigration the government of Israel and at regular intervals.
they had to fight for what was to be attained, and their names from the United States into
have gone down in history with the appellation of heroes. So let it Israel could be expected if the
be for all time to come. May it never again be said that Jews "so-called Zionist Organization"
yielded too readily to abominations and humiliations, to murder- would -not interfere.
ers who were bent upon destroying us as individuals and as
The "insistence" of the Zion-
ist Organization that Zionism
Hanukah's lesson is clear: it tells the realistic and rational need not necessarily entail
among. us not to be meek, to be brave, to refuse to submit to settlement in Israel was to some
. . .
insults. Hanukah tells the descendants of the Maccabees: never extent disturbing to Aliyah,
let any one push you around! Hanukah is a festival with a glorious the Prime Minister said. He
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
tradition, with a story about glorious defenders of the rights of asserted that if the right meth-
ods were used, there were ways Communal Trends
The United Jewish Appeal annual conference taking place this
May the glorious Hanukah be a happy one for all of us! to reach Jewish youth in the
United States which would, he weekend in New York will be different from any of the previous
Council of Jewish Women's Highly Commendable Project said, readily come to Israel for UJA conferences. ... It will be a conference with no "crisis appeal,"
permanent settlement. He in- since Israel is this year facing no special emergencies. . . . In fact,
By undertaking to aid the emotionally disturbed children, sisted that Zionism meant set- UJA will not insist in 1961 on two lines or two cards for "regular"
in a building specially designed to train the unfortunate youths tling in Israel, adding that "this and "emergency" needs. . . . However, because the needs in Israel
for a return to normal living, the Detroit COuncil of Jewish
and among Jews in other overseas countries are still great, some-
Women is rendering a great service, on a non-sectarian and is real Zionism."
thing new will emerge from this conference. . . . For the first time
Replying to questions
about UJA will adopt a policy of abandoning pre-campaign bargaining with
The problem of the mentally disturbed is one of the most
communities to obtain from them a certain percentage from the
oppressive facing mankind today. The fate of the children who
for an mediation
total raised by each community. . . . Instead, the UJA conference
need help is especially urgent. The percentage of such children
will proclaim a national goal of about $73,000,000 for 1961 and each
in our midst is so large that it offers a real challenge to educa- possibilities,
that as long as the United Arab community will commit itself to its share of this goal. . . . This
tors and to communally-minded people.
By setting up a facility for such children, the Women's Republic was not ready to nego- new system reflects the mood now prevailing in the Jewish com-
Council is contributing towards the solution of the most pressing
Israel, there was no munities that American Jewry must begin to think in its philan-
thropic work in terms of long range commitment to basic Jewish
problem of our time. The women in our community are to be
Recalling that previous at- needs.. . . Indications of this mood were given at the General
congratulated for their vision in setting up the "Half-Way House"
tempts to mediate had been Assembly of the Council of Jewish Federations and Welfare Funds
for that purpose.
* * *
made by a "personality," whom last month in Detroit. . . . The new long range commitment to
he did not name, the Prime Jewish needs will indicate that American Jewry anticipates that
Andersonville vs. Auschwitz, Wirz vs. Eichmann
Minister added that unless for the next 15 years at least the UJA will still have to function as
The powerful play "The Andersonville Trial," - now at the peace was made with the the central body through which American Jewish aid should be
Shubert, poses a question for those who are so deeply moved strongest Arab state, the United channeled for settlement of new immigrants in Israel and for relief
by its thesis. It is inevitably asked: will the Eichmann plea be Arab Republic, "there can be and reconstruction to Jews in other overseas lands.
like Wirz's in the Andersonville case? will Auschwitz be likened no peace with the smaller Arab
Eichmann undoubtedly will plead that he followed orders: states."
What is the story behind the sudden resignation of General
so did Wirz. But the Judge Advocate in the Andersonville ease On the West German-Israeli
made a point of the moral issue, of the conscience of men, of the question, he said that neither Haim Laskov, Israel's Chief of Staff? . . . This is the question I am
right even of military men to rebel against injustice. • in his meeting in the United being asked from all sides. . . . After the mystery of the "Lavon
In Jerusalem, however, it will not be a military trial. It will States with Chancellor Konrad Affair"—no longer a mystery to a number of Jewish leaders—some
be a civil case of humanity against tyranny and brutality. Adenauer, nor in his recent are inclined to see a "plot" also in Gen. Laskov's resignation. .
The truth is that a change in the top command of Israel's armed
Nevertheless, it will be interesting to compare notes and i meeting with Mayor Willy
to learn whether the plea of a man without a conscience, of a Brandt of West Berlin were forces was decided upon some time ago. . . . Gen. Laskov, one of
the ablest military experts in Israel, does not meddle in politics. ...
weakling without will power, is ever justified when human lives such relation mentioned.
He does not have the extrovert characteristics which make for lead-
are at stake. In the Eichmann case. as in the Andersonville
ership. . . . His is the quiet kind of back-room temperament which
tragedy, the human element will undoubtedly. be the supreme Ben-Gurion to Address
was so welcome as a stabilizing influence during the post-Sinai days,
Zionist Congress in
when the army had to adapt to peacetime ways once again. . . . His
* * *
successor, Brigadier Tsur, on the other hand, is more in the tradi-
The World Zionist Congress and Next WZO President
tion of Gen. Moshe Dayan, the former Chief of Staff. . . . The
Addressing the rally sponsored by the Zionist Organization
changeover was to take place earlier, but had been postponed be-
of America, in New York, arranged in celebration of the 13th
couse of the Lavon affair. . . . Many in the United States know
anniversary of the passage by the United Nations of the resolu- Prime Minister David Ben- Brig. Tzur who about ten years ago studied modern army admin-
tion approving the establishment of the State of Israel, Dr.
istration techniques in this country. . . In Israel he is known for
Emanuel Neumann, a member of the Jewish Agency Execu- of the Cabinet — speaks at the his record in the Haganah and for his wide battle experience in
tive and president of the World Confederation Of General Zion-
the Israel Army. . . . Ile was brought to Israel as a two-year-old in
ists, urged that Israel's former Prime Minister, Moshe Sharett, gress, such a speaker will ap- 1925 and received his elementary and secondary education in Tel
should resume active leadership in the World Zionist Organ-
as a spokesman for the Govern- Aviv. . . . The outbreak of the Second World War found him
active member of the Haganah where he rose from the ranks... .
Dr. Neumann said that "we will not merely welcome his
He was arrested • by the British on "black Saturday". and detained
entry into the leadership, we must insist upon it and draft
The Cabinet ruled that a rep- for almost four months. . . . At the outbreak of Israel's War of
him even against his wish," that "it is men of Mr. Sharett's resentative of the government Independence, Tsur was battalion commander in Givat Brigade
vision, caliber and stature that can help the Zionist movement will appear at the Congress only which became the most famous unit on . the southern front. . . . He
through the reefs and shallows and on to the high seas of new as one welcoming the Congress established the crack mobile jeep unit later known as "Samson's
and more glorious achievement in the service of the Jewish on behalf of Israel — and not Foxes" which cleared the area of Egyptian and other Arab strong-
people, eternally united and forever linked with reborn Israel." as a proponent of the govern- holds. . . . His battalion operated in most of the vital battles of
This is part of a movement to have the 25th World Zionist ment's view regarding Zionism. the war, the results of which helped map the present Armistice
Congress, which is to open in Jerusalem on Dec. 27, draft Mr. In that way, the Cabinet agreed, lines. . .. After the War of Liberation, he was commander of the
Sharett for the co-presidency of the WZO with Dr. Nahum the government will not be in southern region headquarters under the overall command of Chief
Goldmann. It is believed that Dr. Goldmann is not objecting a position to "censor" any of its of Staff Moshe Dayan. . . . In 1951, Tsur left for the United States
to such a proposal. It is taken for granted that Dr. Goldmann member s, since government to study military administration techniques. . . . When Gen. Mor-
will be renamed WZO president and there is a strong feeling leaders • will • utter only their dechai Makleff was named Chief of Staff, Tsur was called back
that a Sharett-Goldmann leadership will prove very beneficial personal opinions.
from abroad and appointed head of the Army's manpower division,
to world Zionism. But there are indications that Israel's Prime
a post. he held until 1956 when he took command of the Central
Minister David Ben-Gurion looks with disfavor upon such
it was believed that Ben-Gurion region. . . . During the Sinai campaign, he was Governor of the
Gaza Strip ... He has a wife and three children, and his hobbies
The true picture will emerge on the second day of the World has now been freed to reiterate are art, music and history.
Zionist • Congress, • when. Ben-Gurion will address the world before the,Congress, which con-
B-Gurion Renews Attack on World Zionist
Movement; Says It Hinders A liyah from U.S.