THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, September 16, 1960 --
Toynbee Predicts Retirement Is•Not Only Man's Problem, Council of Jewish Women's Study Reveals
The idea that retirement is ciology at the University of ciations, or hobbies to ward off achievement," which is "mainly
I mental problems frequently cre- a product of occupation."
Jewish Patterned chiefly a masculine problem was Minnesota.
The report describes a hus-
"Today the average woman ated by sudden retirement, the
debunked in a report on family
World Diasporas relations with the aging issued bears her last child at the age ; Council report attributes the band-wife situation often created
NEW YORK, (JTA)—Arnold
Toynbee, the aoted British his-
torian, has predicted that the
world of the future will be one
world politically, but will contain
different religious communities
scattered throughout the world
and deriving from the example
of the Diaspora, the scattered
coh.munities established in exile
b3 the Jews when they were dis-
persed from their homeland in
"As an historian, peering into
the future in the light of the
past, I spy the wave of the future
in the Jewish Diaspora," Dr.
Toynbee writes in the current
number of Issues, published by
the anti-Zionist American Coun-
cil for Judaism. The Diasporas
the future, he asserts, will
have no patch of the earth's sur-
face to call exclusively their own.
There will, however, be no patch
on which- they will not be repre-
sented by at least a sprinkling
of local adherents.
The Diaspora pattern of the
Jews, who were the first to learn
how to preserve their identity as
a community in exile, has been
adopted by others, Dr. Toynbee
writes. He cites as examples of
this the fact that most Americans
of Irish or Scottish origin main-
tain their communal identity as
Roman Catholics or Presbyter-
ians, respectively, in spite of their
political and social assimilation
In the Diaspora of the future,
Dr. Toynbee predicts, "the Jew-
ish American community can
look forward confidently to being
able to maintain a continuous
by the National Council of Jew- of 26," he states, "so the physi- j "reduced prestige of ageing" to
cally vigorous woman of 45 years, such social changes as that "in
Women commonly face the re- like the retired man of 65 years, I past centuries age was supposed
to be associated with wisdom,
tirement dilemma 20 years has to seek a new life role."
The report was presented to but today the pace and complex-
earlier than men do, at the age
of 45, when they finish child- the national executive committee ity of events causes an attribu-
rearing; notes the study, "Span- women's organization by Mrs. tion of wisdom only to the ex-
ning the Generations," written Charles Hymes of Minneapolis, pert."
It also cites as a factor that
for the 66-year-old educational national president.
Recommending a reduced work "praise and respect in our so-
and service organization by Dr.
Arnold M. Rose, professor of So- load, activity in voluntary asso- ciety are generally accorded for
when "upon retirement, he tends
to intrude into her sphere," by
seeking to help out with her
household tasks "as an equal"
or a superior, while "his wife has
had no equal in the running of
the house." What follows, says
Dr. Rose, is either rebuff, or
permanent conflict, "or they,
usually gradually, work out a new
division of labor."
ROME, (JTA) — The Israel
delegation of 18 athletes to the
1960 Olympics is returning
home "convinced that we have
carried Israel's name with honor
and fulfilled our mission," Sha-
lom Zysman, Deputy Mayor of
Ramat Gan and chairman of the
Maccabi organization, declared
in a farewell message.
He said on behalf of the Is-
raeli athletes that during their
stay. in Rome there had been
"days of tension and expecta-
tions, of enthusiasm and happi-
ness and of regret and pain.
There were also days of Jewish
national elation, of accumulat-
ing experiences and of drawing
Asserting that the delegates
had met the most important
policy - makers in the sports
world during the Rome stay, he
said they had also been re-
ceived by President Gronchi
and by Pope John XXIII and by
most of the resident ambassa-
dors in Rome.
"We collected experiences and
learned how far Israel sports
were from European standards,"
he stated. Israel, he laid, was
represented not only on the
playing fields but also in the
piazzas and on the Olympics-
bedecked streets, and he re-
called that the Israel flag flew
and the Israel national anthem
was heard to an ovation at the
ceremonies which opened the
The Maccabi official asserted
that the Israel atheltes "did an
excellent job by breaking Is-
raeli records. Some of our girls
did not break any records, caus-
ing us disappointment. Our cycl-
ists disappointed us but the per-
formance must be seen in over-
all perspective." He noted that
out of the 85 delegations, only
15 received gold medals and 14
silver or bronze medals and that
the Israel basketball squad took
The number of teaching cer-
tificates granted at the Univer-
sity of Michigan has doubled over
the past five years.
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