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f Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XXXVI I I—No. 2
10,Zinatxr sialop 17100 W. 7 Mile — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, September 9, 1960 $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
Candidates Sign Fair Campaign
Code; ADL Condemns Wild Rumors
Report UN Asks Israel
To Refrain from Action
In Jordanian Crisis
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM.—A government spokesman refused Mon
day to confirm or deny that a communication was received
from United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold
asking Israel to refrain from any action in connection with
the bomb assassination of Jordanian Premier Hazza Majali.
According to the report, the UN official sent the same
request to all Middle East states, urging them to maintain
the status quo and not to aggravate the tensions following
the Jordanian upheaval.
Despite the no comment position, it was believed such
a communication had been received and that Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion had outlined a reply at the meeting of
the Israel Cabinet Sunday.
The regular fortnightly Israel convoy to the Mount
Scopus salient, which passes through Jordan-controlled ter-
ritory, took place on schedule. A special transport of mate-
rial went through without incident 48 hours after the blast
that killed the Jordanian Premier and 10 other persons.
Traffic via the Mandelbaum Gate to and from the old city
of Jerusalem continued normally.
Commenting on the situation, the independent daily
Haaretz said editorially that because Palestine had been
divided between Israel and Jordan, "there has developed
a kind of silent partnership." Israel's security, the H2)rew
daily said, depends on, among other things, Jordan's rulers
not denying this fact.
"If they change their position or are forced to do so,
a completely new situation might develop which would con-
Continued on Page 3
New Oil Gusher to Supply
5 Per Cent Israel's Needs
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
TEL AVIV.—Geologists predicted Tuesday that Israel's
second oil field at Negba in the Negev will produce five
percent of Israel's domestic consumption needs by the end
of this year.
Israel's first oil field at Heletz now yields 10 percent
of the country's requirements.
. The geologists were especially encouraged by the fact
that the first oil from the Negba 3 drillings was fairly pure
and free of salt water found in earlier wells.
The Lapidot Israel Oil Prospectors, Ltd., which owns
the Heletz field and which carried out the initial Negba
drillings, began an immediate program of exploration for
new drilling sites to determine the area of the new field.
Round-Up of Current Political Campaign Issues,
Based on Reports of Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Politics held the spotlight in the nation this week as the Presidential campaign
increased its tempo. The following developments were of special concern to American
1—A warning to American Jews to ignore "unsubstantiated rumors"• concerning
the attitude toward any minority group by Vice President Richard M. Nixon and
Senator John F. Kennedy, the Presidential candidates of the two major parties, was
issued by the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai Brith. "We believe both men to be
wholly free of anti-Semitic bias," the ADL statement said.
2—Henry Cabot Lodge, Republican candidate for vice president, declared that he
did not •always agree with the U.S. State Department's views on certain aspects of the
Israel-Arab problem, when he was the head of the U.S. delegation to the United Na-
tions. Lodge toured the Catskill resorts and also met with Jewish leaders.
3—Vice President Nixon and Senator Kennedy joined in strongly endorsing a
statement by the American Jewish Committee which sharply denied the existence of a
Jewish bloc vote in national elections.
4—Republican and Democratic national chairmen signed a fair campaign practices
code, pledging avoidance of offensive anti-religious propaganda, and received a report
that various religious issues were emerging "all over the country."
The ADL statement, issued by its national chairman, _Henry Edward Schultz,
"An unhappy phenomenon of Presidential election campaigns in our times is the
unsubstantiated rumor circulated concerning the attitudes of the principal candidates
toward one minority group or another. The Anti-Defamation League believes it to be
a major disservice to the nation to raise false charges of bigotry against a candidate
so as to gain political advantage with some minority group. This kind of defamation
has victimized both parties. Questions have been raised with the League, and are likely to
continue to be raised, about the attitude toward Jews of Vice President Nixon and Sen-
"We believe both men to be wholly free of Anti-Semitic bias. Nor is there any
question that the two Vice Presidential candidates are free of such prejudice."
(The New York Times Reported that "strategists of both major parties are wor-
ried over the marked apathy of what they call the 'Jewish vote' in New York."
The report said that, at this early stage of the election campaign, some Jewish voters
regard both Vice President Nixon and Senator Kennedy "with varying degrees of dis-
trust." It pointed out that New York is a "crucial state" in a Presidential election, and
that it has a Jewish population exceeding 2,400,000 (nearly 15 p e r c e n t of the total
Former UN Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge declared that Israel is here to stay
and matched the campaign promises of Senator John F. Kennedy concerning the fix-
ture of Israel in an address before Jewish leaders at a breakfast Sunday in New York.
He emphaSiZed that Vice President Nixon shares his views.
'Lodge pointed out that his own interest in Israel goes back to his early youth
when his grandfather sponsored in the Senate what was then known as the Lodge
Resolution, which put. the U.S. on record as favoring the establishment of a Jewish
National Home in Palestine.
"When I became representative of the U.S. to the United Nations, I was never
forgetful of it," he declared.
Making it clear that "there is no doubt that Israel is here to stay," and emphasiz- •
ing that he favors "free navigation of the Suez Canal," Lodge said , that, on the basis,
Centennial Reminder of Great Hero
Pershing and the Fighting Jews
By BERNARD POSTAL
Editor's Note: Sept. 13 has been proclaimed by President Eisenhower
• and Congress as "General of the Armies John J. Pershing Centennial Day"
• in honor of the 100th birthday of the soldier who commanded the American
Expeditionary Force in World War I. This article recalls pertinent incidents
in the life of the World War I military hero.
Once, at an American Legion convention in the early 1920s, the late Sam
Dreben, known as "the fighting Jew" because of his valor in the Philippine insur-
rection, the Boxer Rebellion and World War I, tried to crash a banquet. Two
husky Marine sentries halted the Russian-born and Texas-raised soldier of fortune
who had fought in Mexico, Venezuela, and Nicaragua, and informed him, none
too gently, "only generals allowed."
Dreben was asking how come when a band struck up "Hail to the Chief,"
as General John J. Pershing, Marshall Foch, General Diaz and Admiral Beatty
entered the hotel. Dreben snapped to attention. Pershing spotted Dreben, stopped
and said to Marshall Foch: "General, I'd like you to meet one of my finest sol-
diers." Seeing the French decorations Dreben wore (his awards also included
medals from the U.S., Italy and Belgium), Foch embracqd_hina. Then, as the
Sentries blinked in amazement, Pershing and Foch linked ainis $fith Dreben and
marched into the room reserved for "generals only."
Ex-Sergeant Edward Cohen, one of the American_ servicemen who remained in
France after World War I, was Pershing's war-time orderly. Whenever Pershing
came to France after the war, he and Cohen got together and fought the war all
over again. Despite the difference in rank, a genuine friendship grew up between
Continued on Page 5
(Continued on Page 32)
UN Correspondent Scans Lodge's
Record on Arab-Israel Issues
By SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
(Copyright, 1960, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
UNITED NATIONS', N.Y.—Vice-President Richard M. Nixon announced
at the convention of the Zionist Organization of America that, if he wins the
Presidency, he will turn over to Henry Cabot Lodge "the primary respon-
sibility" for directing negotiations between the Arab states and Israel.
That announcement was widely applauded, and thoroughly understood,
here at the United Nations. Lodge was, at the moment, still officially the
head of the U.S. delegation here. He has resigned that post since, to campaign
actively as Republican nominee for the Vice-Presidency. B11 4. it is obvious that
both Nixon and Lodge intend to stand on the Lodge re,:ord at the United
Certainly no American in the last seven and a half years has been closer
to what is called here "The Palestine Question" than Henry Cabot Lodge.
There is no doubt whatever that he is the greatest expert the Republican Party
has on the Arab-Isideli issues. Equally, there is no doubt that the Lodge
posture must be taken into consideration if one were to look forward to
another Republican Administration in Washington.
As far as Arab-Israel issues are concerned, the period of 1953-1960 at the UN
has been one of mounting frustrations and increasing nullification of all expressed
pieties about the wishes for peace between Israel and the Arab states. And that is
Continued on Page 7