THE JEWISH NE WS
A Weekly Review
VOLUME XXXVI I ---- No. 26 il oCininii 0 1; 1 1 a Shop 1710 0 W. 7 Mile —
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper— '
.td:'0141 1, : 04.ts. .roit Jewish Chronicle
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August 26, 1960 $5.00 Per Year;
Senate Comn„.t ..ee Approves
$500,000 Claims Settlement
by Nazi Persecution Victims
The Senate Judiciary Committee brushed aside ob-
jections by the Budget Bureau and endorsed the House version of the Heirless
Property Bill which provides for a bulk settlement of $500,000 of claims by Nazi
persecution victims. The settlement was negotiated between the Jewish Restitu-
tion Successor Organization and the Office of Alien Property of the Department
The money will come from confiscated properties. The settlement .was. agreed
upon as an estimation of Jewish assets which were not claimed because their own-
ers and their heirs are no longer alive. The Budget Bureau suggested that the sum
be cut in half, after which the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee reported the bill
out "without recommendation"; the full committee has now restored the original
WASHINGTON, (JTA) —
Rockwell Case Judge Gets
Threats; Reporters Expose
Methods of 'Nazi' Leaders
WASHINGTON, (JTA) — Judge George B. Neilson who
handled the Rockwell case in the Municipal Court received
anonymous threatening letters and phone calls ; the Washington
Daily News reports.
The bulk of these communications threatening "to get him"
was received after he committed the American Nazi Party
leader for psychiatric observation. The judge apparently guarded
this carefully from being known while he was still on the
bench. He retired from office last week.
It is not yet known who will be assigned the case. The
trial of Rockwell on two charges of disturbing the peace is
scheduled for Aug. Similar charges against some of his troopers
will also be dealt with.
In the meantime, Roger C. Foss, one of Rockwell's troopers
has registered as a foreign agent with the Department of
Justice. He was required to do so after it was discovered that
he had received $500 front a Soviet diplomat who had urged
him to get a job with the Federal Government. The Soviet
diplomat, Valentin M. Ivanov was expelled from the U.S. on
Aug. 13. •
A reporter of the Washington Daily News who, under an
assumed name, had joined George Lincoln Rockwell's Nazi
party, told his readers how Rockwell and his troopers had
deliberately agitated the audience into a riot at a rally on July 3.
Rockwell has announced his intention to prove that the
riot was planned and organized by a Jewish organization. How-
ever, this might prove rather hard for him now since a most
qUalified witness has come up with details undisclosed until
The reporter, George Clifford, probably knows more than
Continued on Page 5
The Senate committee also acted on other war claims legislation which,
however, does not recognize claims of _Americans who became U.S. citizens after
the war. A number of bills amending the Trading With the : Enemy Act—involv-
ing assets of subjects of the Axis Powers which were confiscated by the U.S. Gov-
ernment in World War II — were reported out today - by the Senate Judiciary
Committee. They have been passed by the House and it is hoped that the Senate
will act on them before adjourning.
Senator Kenneth Keating of New York announced that he will offer amend
ments to the War Claims Bill to include the "later citizens" and to restore the
provisions for payment of compensation. The New York Republican filed a minor-
ity report on the bill after •the committee voted down his motion to include these
amendments in its recommendations.
The War Claims Bill applies to injury, death or property losses suffered by
Americans in certain areas as a result of military action in World War II. It does
not include as beneficiaries Americans who became citizens after the war. This
omission was called by Senator Keating "an unjustified discrimination." It is
doubtful, however, whether any amendment can be pushed through at this ses-
sion, since even the House did not include the new citizens in its version of the bill,
Jewish Organizations Declare Sunday
Closing Laws Unconstitutional in Brief
Submitted to U.S. Supreme Court
The compulsory Sunday observance laws of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania are un-
constitutional, it is claimed in a brief filed in U.S. Supreme Court by a number of leading
Jewish religious and civic organizations. .
Any Supreme Court ruling on this issue will have far-reaching effect, since .many
states have Sunday closing laws similar to those of Massachusetts and Pennsylvania.
The brief, submitted by the organizations as "friends of the court," maintains that.
the laws being challenged violate the First and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution.
Three major grounds are cited for this contention:
1. The laws are religious laws and thus infringe the First Amendment which prohibits
laws respecting an establishment of religion.
2. Even if they are considered welfare laws—as has been argued—they restrain the
religious freedom of persons who observe some day other than Sunday as their Sabbath.
3. They arbitrarily and unreasonably permit some activities and forbid others, thus
depriving individuals of liberty and property without due process of law and denying equal
protection of the laws, which are guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.
Six national Jewish religious bodies, representing Conservative, Orthodox and Reform
Jewry, and three major national Jewish civil organizations, joined in the brief.
. . All are affiliated in two national coordinating agencies, the Synagogue Council of
America and the National Community Relations Advisory Council. The latter includes
also 52 Jewish councils in major cities thrOughout the United States, including Detroit's.
The question of constitutionality of the Sunday laws is before the Supreme Court in
two cases on appeal from federal district courts. In both cases, Orthodox Jews, who observe
Saturday as their Sabbath, had asked for injunctions to prevent the laws from being en-
forced against them.
While entering the case because they consider Sunday law enforcement against these
Jewish plaintiffs a serious infringement of their civil, religious and economic rights, the
Jewish organizations submitting the brief declare that their concern extends beyond the
interests of the particular parties.
"We would be concerned," the brief asserts, "even if (the plaintiffs) were not Jews
observers of the seventh day of the week as Sabbath. It is our position that the principle
of religious liberty is impaired if any person is penalized for his religious beliefs, or for not
adhering to any religious belief, so long as he does not interfere with the rights of others
the public peace or security."
Going back to the first promulgation of a Sunday law by the emperor Constantine.
the brief traces the evolution of such laws through European and Anglo-Saxon times and
the American colonial period. (Continued on Page 3)
Report. Lichniann Buried
Treasure rof • $280,000,000
LONDON, (JTA)—A fortune in gold, looted from Nazi
victims and estimated to be worth at least $280,000,000, is
believed to have been buried in the Austrian Alps by Nazi
leaders, including Adolf Eichmann, the war criminal who
directed the extermination of 6,000,000 Jews in Europe, it was
reported by the Bonn correspondent of the London 'Sunday
The hoard, they believe, is partly the proceeds of ransom
which Eichmann exacted from thousands of his Jewish victims.
The correspondent also reported that a number of highly
incriminating documents, which are still lying at the . bottom
of Lake Toplitz in the same area, include the names of promi-
nent persons who gave assistance to Eichmann and other Nazis
in Hitler's "Final Solution" plan for liquidating the Jews.
Katanga Jews Compensated
for Losses During tio Looting
JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
BRUSSELS.—Authorities in Katanga, the secessionist Con-
golese province, have allocated reimbursement funds covering
about half of the property of Jews plundered in the recent
outbreaks against Europeans, Chief Rabbi Moshe Levy, of
Elizabethville, reported Monday.
Rabbi. Levy, who is visiting here for a few days before
returning to the Congo, said he had intervened with Premier
Moise Tchombe, of Kantanga, to obtain indemnity to enable the
Katangese Jews to resume their businesses.
The Rabbi said that a number of Jews have returned to
the Congo, leaving their families abroad temporarily in the
hope of saving their property and of reestablishing themselves.
However, a number of Congolese Jews have decided to settle
in Israel, including the entire Jewish community of Jadotville
and its Rabbi, Moshe Piha, he said.