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August 19, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-08-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

3,300 Jewish Families Left Lebanon in 12 Months

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM — A total of 3,500 Jewish families have left
Lebanon during the past 12 months, Falastin, the Jordanian Arab

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Learning
to Live
Together

Israel's
Pipeline

Editorials
Page 4,

VOLUME XXXVI I

Mich

--No.

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034

daily, reported from Beirut. There are an estimated 30,000 Jews in
Lebanon, about one-third of them refugees who had fled from the
Syrian region of the United Arab Republic.

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of Jewish Events

igiish-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

ted in a
Shop

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Self-Haters'
Infamy

Russian

Broadcaster's

Apologetics

Commentary
Page 2

17100 W. 7 Mile — VE 8-9364 — Detroit 35, August 19, 1960 $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Federal Group Libel Bill
Backed by Jewish Veterans

Morocco Suspends Its Cable
Communications with Israel

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM.—The Moroccan government has suspended
cable communications with Israel, the International Telecom-
munications Union informed the Post Office here Wednesday.
The move was apparently made in deference to the policy of
the Arab League, banning all contacts between league mem-
bers and Israel. Earlier this year, under pressure from the
Arab League, Morocco stopped mail service with Israel, caus-
ing considerable hardship to tens of thousands of families in
Israel who are unable to correspond directly with relatives
in the North African country.

Former Guard at Dachau
Sentenced for Defamation

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

MUNICH.—The 25-year-old son of a former Dachau camp
guard was sentenced Tuesday to seven months' imprisonment.
for slander and defamation of the dead..The prisoner, Martin
Siegier, created an uproar among visi , ors to the museum
erected at the camp site when he told an attendant that the
crematorium had been constructed by the Americans after
the war as a propaganda device.
Siegler also said to the attendant, a former inmate of
the camp, that "they must have forgotten to shove you into
the oven." The prisoner claimed his father was an SS guard
at the camp who had been sentenced to a 15-year jail term
but had served only five years.

MIAMI BEACH (JTA) — A resolution to launch a nationwide campaign at
all echelons in support of a federal group libel bill, specifically to combat hate
organizations like the American Nazi Party, was adopted here Monday night at the
closing session of the 65th annual convention of the Jewish War Veterans of the
U.S.A. The convention gave unanimous approval to the JWV's national battle
against hatemongers.
In a major address at the convention, Philip M. Klutznick, leader of Bnai
Brith, spoke to the veterans about the role of Jews in support of commitments to
fellow Jews abroad. He said it was not less American but more American to help
others achieve "the happiness which comes from life in a democracy and a free
land." He mentioned American Jewish links with Jews in Israel, Morocco, Europe
and elsewhere.
The JWV adopted a strong civil rights resolution and called on Presidential
candidates of both parties to support it.
I. L. Feuer of Youngstown, Ohio, a World War I veteran, was elected as new
national commander of the organization. • The veterans presented their bronze
medal of merit to Lawrence Gubow, Michigan commissioner of the State Corpo-
ration and Securities Commission, for his Work in combatting the Grosse Pointe
housing discrimination screening system.
The Arab boycott against American Jews figured strongly in the early
sessions • of the convention and strong arguments were advanced for a counter-
boycott of the Arab League States. A list of American concerns which had yielded
to Arab pressure and refused to trade with Israel was read to the assembly.
Shimson Arad, Israel Consul in New York, told the convention that Arab
boycott claims were exaggerated and that only a comparatively small number of
American firms had actually yielded to Arab pressure.

Retiring National Commander Bernard Abrams announced that the JWV had asked
the Government to investigate hate groups such as the American Nazi Party. In a telegram
to Representative Walter, the Pennsylvania Democrat was urged to expose the so-called "fat
cats" giving money to the American Nazi movement.

Leaders of 'A trothening Continents' Confer at
Weizman'', Institute International Conference

Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News

REHOVOT, Israel—Appreciation of Israel's med-
ical help given during the present emergency tc the
Republic of the Congo was expressed here MOnday
night by a Congolese representative attending the
International Conference on Science in the Ad-
vancement of New States.
Scientists and statesmen from 29 countries are
here as delegates to the conference which opened
Monday for two weeks of discussions.
The thanks for Israel's help was expressed by
Francois Silaut, director general of the Infants
Welfare Institution in the Republic of the Congo.
He told the conference that his people "desire to
learn from Israel's example."
Israel has a medical team of physicians, nurses
and medical technicians at work in the Congo now.
Abba Eban, Israel Minister of Education and, as
president of the Weizmann Institute here the host
of the conference, delivered the opening address
at the working session, on "The Problems of the
New States." He pointed out that whereas only
three independent African states, with a total popu-
lation of 30,000,000 people, had been represented
at the United Nations when the world organization
was established, the UN now includes 20 new inde-
pendent states with an aggregate population of
230,000,000.
"Acquisition of a flag by a new state," said Eban,
"is not enough. In the awakening continents, the
attainment of political freedom has not been at-
tended by a parallel liberation of their peoples
from social and economic ills. Across Africa and
Asia, hundreds of leaders of newly liberated states
find themselves suddenly charged with responsibili-
ties at once formidable and inspiring. The problems
they face cannot await solutions that have evolved
by many generations. Unless democratic institutions
prove themselves responsive to the challenges of
economic welfare, they will fall into dispute and
eclipse."
The aim of the conference, declared Eban, is "to
seek wider understanding of the fact that scientific
knowledge and technical capacity are just as essen-

tial to a community's welfare as availability of
natural resources and .capacity."
B. P. Koirala, Prime Minister of Nepal, told the
conference that problems of various underdeveloped
countries are "rather similar," requiring joint dis-
cussion of ways to solve those problems.
Gabriel Lisette, Deputy Prime Minister of the
Chad, expressed the hope that the underdeveloped
countries would gain from "this confrontation of
scientists and statesmen—the statesmen who repre-
sent the hard realities of .political independence.
Quoting the late Dr. Theodor Herzl, founder of
political Zionism, who had told the Jewish people
in regard to their aspirations to Zion that "if you
will it, it is not a dream," M. Lisette declared "this
expression is also valid for the African nations."
Among the many messages received by the con-
ference was one from U Nu, Prime Minister of
Burma, who told the assembly that "while material
conditions among the new states may have remained
largely unchanged, their aspirations have risen."
Dr. Arthur Lewis, president of University Col-
lege of the West Indies, delivered an address in
which he stressed the fact that the basic economic
objective of the new states is "to achieve self-
sustaining growth."
"This," said Dr. Lewis, "requires the devotion of
one-quarter of the national income for public ser-
vices and capital accumulation." Most of the under-
developed countries, however, he said, are at
present devoting only 15 per cent of national in-
come for these purposes. New states, said the
educator, must double the present taxation.
Dr. Lewis told the conference that the leaders
of the new nations find it difficult to find top aides
"who are both reliable from the point of view
of the new, revolutionary situation, and also have
the • necessary competence and experience." He
warned that new nations consider foreign aid as
"important but only temporary," saying such re-
sources must be used for building economic inde-
pendence.
The liberation of peoples and the closing of the
economic and spiritual gaps between them with the
aid of science and technical know-how will ensure

world peace and raise the family . of nations to the
peak of material prosperity and spiritual advance-
ment, Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion declared
at the opening session of the conference.
Defining the gathering as "a historic event of
inestimable importance," the Premier said that the
conference was closely related with "the two most
momentous revolutions in the annals of the human
race--political and intellectual." Mr. Ben-Gurion
said that "gaining independence is not the end of
redemption" but its beginning.
The material and cultural gap between nations
should be closed, the Premier asserted. He said
that the people of the world must not only be
liberated, but must be more or less on the same
level in status and in their material and spiritual
capacities. It was the duty of the rich and highly
developed countries, the Premier stressed, to extend
all material and spiritual assistance to wipe out
regrettable and dangerous differences between
economic and cultural standards.
Referring to American aid to the European
countries crushed in the Second World War, Ben-
Gurion said that such aid had achieved wonders.
He noted, however, that the center of gravity had
passed to Asia and Africa, the home of the great -
majority of the human race.
This aid, the Premier declared, that should give
them agriculture and industrial development, better
education, housing and health services—material
and spiritual progress which these countries need—
should be founded on mutual confidence and re-
spect and the utilization of all achievements of
humanity and its scientific and technological dis- .
coveries in sincere cooperation.
Greeting the participants representing the 14
Asian and African states, as well as those from
Europe, Australia, the Philippines and North and
South America, the Premier expressed the fervent
hope that the deliberations would contribUte to the
unity of all mankind and speed up progress' bene-
fitting every man, woman and child throughout the
world without distinction of race, color, class or
religion and that the timely and noble aspirations •
of the conference would be realized.

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