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August 12, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-08-12

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Medical Center Dedicated

Shaltiel Is Blamed for Loss of Old Jerusalem City

Ben-Gurion Hails Henrietta Szold
as U.S. Jewry's Greatest Woman

Charges that Brigadier David
Shaltiel, who was wartime com-
mander of besieged Jerusalem,
made mistakes which led to the
loss of the Old City's Jewish
quarter to the Arabs provoked
a request in the Knesset for
the appointment or a parliamen-
tary committee of inquiry. The
charges were made by Dov Jo-
seph, member of the Jewish
Agency executive and wartime
Governor of Jerusalem, in a
book of memoirs published
here. The request for an inquiry
was made by the Herut Party.
In his book, Dr. Joseph ex-
presses the opinion that the
Old City of Jerusalem could
have been held and its siege
by the Arabs could have been
lifted by capturing the entire
area during the War of Libera-
tion in 1948. Dr. Joseph levels
his most .severe criticism at
Brigadier Shaltiel.
"It is my opinion one of the
fundamental mistakes of Shal-
tiel was that he failed to ap-
prise the situation of the Jewish
quarter defenders and the suc-
cess of our forces in the new
city created among us the be-
lief that our men in the Old
City would also be able to
stand up until we could relieve
them by a breakthrough," Dr.
Joseph charges.
If he had known of the true
situation, Dr. Joseph writes, he
would have asked Ben-Gurion
to transfer some special com-
mando units from the Tel Aviv
area to Jerusalem.
Shaltiel rejected criticism of
his tactics saying he was pri-
marily responsible for. the de-
fense of 100,000 Jews in the
new city and only secondarily
to capture the Old City. Dr.
Joseph agrees this was, basically
correct but charges the attempt
to capture the Old City would
not have been contrary to this
primary responsibility.
The author claims that only
after the Jewish quarter had
fallen did he learn that there
were still considerable stock-

$25,000,000 Hadassah-H e b r e w
University Medical Center was
dedicated Aug. 3 at Kiryat Ha-
dassah, on the western outskirts
of Jerusalem.
Speakers at the dedication
ceremonies were Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion; Ogden Reid,
United States Ambassador to
Israel; Dr. Miriam K. Freund,
national president of Hadassah,
the Women's Zionist Organiza-
tion of America; Professor B.
Mazar, president of the Hebrew
University in Jerusalem, and
Dr. Kalman J. Mann, director
general of the Hadassah Medi-
cal Organization.
Consolidated in the Medical
Center will be all of Hadassah's
medical, clinical, diagnostic and
research facilities presently in
It will include a 500-bed teach-
ing hospital with service labora-
tories; a separate mother and
child pavilion for maternity and
infant care; an outpatient depart-
ment, capable of handling more
than 200,000 patient visits annual-
ly; the Hebrew University-Ha-
dassah Medical School, Israel's
only medical school, and the Hen-
rietta Szold School of Nursing
and Residence.
In all, the Medical Center com-
plex will comprise 17 structures.
Premier Ben-Gurion paid tri-
bute to the late Henrietta Szold,
founder of Hadassah. He de-
scribed Miss Szold as "not only
the greatest woman American
Jewry has produced but undoubt-
edly one of the most noble per-
sonalities of our generation."
The dedication ceremony co-
incided with the 100th anniver-
sary of Miss Szold's birth.
Ben-Gurion congratulated the
Hadassah leadership for the proj-
ect and expressed confidence that
the new medical center would
attract the finest of Jewish scien-

fists and medical men from all
countries and especially from the
United States:
Lauding Hadassah members for
the great things they had done
in the past, the Premier declared,
however, that that was only part
of what lay within their power.
"It is not only the number of
dollars that you invest in con-
structive enterprises in Israel for
which you will be able to claim
credit," he declared, "but for
the number of sons and daugh-
ters that you will bring up to
take part in building the re-
generated Jewish people which
is arising anew."

* * *

Israel Consul
Lauds Hadassah

NEW YORK, (JTA)—Dedica-
tion of the Hadassah - Hebrew
University Medical Center was
marked by a special celebration
at Hadassah House in which 150
leaders and active members of
the organization participated.
Binyamin Eliav, Consul Gen-
eral of Israel in New York, told
the assembly that "to the Jews
of Palestine—now the citizens
of Israel—Hadassah is the visi-
ble evidence of American sup-
port,. scientific and technologi-
cal achievement and the will of
dedicated Zionists to make these
available to Israel.
"The objective of Hadassah
has been to serve in the fullest
sense of the word. Not service
for one people, but for all in
the area: Christians, Moslems
and Jews have been the bene-
ficiaries of Hadassah's imagina-
tive and skillfully-administered
health program."
He said that "Hadassah has
helped to make Israel the most
medically advanced country in
the Middle East."

Skvirer Hassidim Form Village Near
Spring Valley, - N .Y.; Elect Mayor

NEW YORK, (JTA) — Fol-
lowers of Rabbi J. J. Twersky,
the Skvirer Rebbe, voted to in-
corporate their community near
Spring Valley, N.Y. as a village,
to be known as New Square,
the Americanized form of Skvir,
the town in Russia which was
the birthplace of the leader of
the Hassidic sect. The village
became the 12th in Rockland
County, N.Y., and the first to
be incorporated since 1929. The
residents voted unanimously in
favor of incorporation.
The first family from among
the followers of Rabbi Twersky
moved into the new community
in 1957 after the site for the
entire village was purchased
from a dairy farmer. Sixty-nine
houses have since been built,
and are occupied today by '79
families numbering 539 persons.
The synagogue is not yet
completed and daily and Sab-
bath services are being held in
the roofed-over basement struc-
ture which village residents
hope to complete in the near
future. Two of the 69 Cane Cod
houses serve as school facilities
for the village's 350 children.
Residents of New Square are
expected to hold elections later
this month when a mayor and
four trustees will be named.
Louis IVIermelstein, who man-
aged the : community unofficial-
ly since its inception three





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piles there and a way existed
to supply the defenders with
ammunition. Dr. Joseph also
criticizes former Foreign Min-
ister Moshe Sharett for being
too scrupulous about observing
United Nations' orders and in-
structions while the Arabs dis-
regarded them.
Brigadier Shaltiel declined
to enter into debate with Dov
Asked for comments, Brig.
Shaltiel, who now heads the
Foreign Ministry's department
combatting the Arab boycott of
Israel, said that he had respect
for Dr. Joseph during the war
and still had respect for him.
He pointed out that Dr. Joseph
never mentioned his charges to
him personally neither during
the War of Independence nor
Declaring that he had not yet
read Dr. Joseph's book but had
read only excerpts published in
the press, Brig. Shaltiel implicit-
ly ridiculed the contention that
Dr. Joseph was unaware of how
desperate was the situation of
the defenders of Old City's
Jewish quarter.
Premier David Ben-Gurion
asked the Knesset to reject a
Herut Party motion for appoint-
ment of a parliamentary corn-

mittee to investigate the circum-
stances of the Arab capture of
the Old City of Jerusalem dur-
ing the liberation war of 1948.
The Herut introduced the
resolution after publication of
Joseph's book of memoirs.
One of Dr. Joseph's charges
had been that Foreign Minister
Moshe Sharett had been overly
compliant with United Nations
instructions at a time when the
Arabs were flouting them:



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years ago, is expected to be
elected mayor of the village.
The role of Rabbi Twersky fol-
lowing election of officers pro-
bably will continue to be one of
advisor, in spiritual and other
While nearly all residents of
the community are hassidim of
Rabbi Twersky, leaders of the
group have emphasized that all
persons will be welcome to
live in the village. Although
looking forward to the expan-
sion of the village with a post
office, shopping center and
other facilities to make life
pleasanter, community residents
are hoping that no changes will
be introduced which will alter
their religious way of life.

a housewife explains:

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and a house to look after, the nearby
neighborhood branch is a real time-
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for us. And another thing . . . if an
emergency arises, our money is
available immediately. I put my
family first . . . so I put my money

Maryland Awards
Golda Meir Honorary
Citizenship Citation

in American Savings!"

(Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News)

JERUSALEM.—Foreign Min-
ister Golda Meir was awarded
Tuesday the honorary citizen-
ship of t h e
State of Mary-
land by Gov-
ernor J. Mil-
lard Taw e s,
who is cur-
rently visiting
In a citation
signed by Gov-
Mrs. Meir ernor Ta w es,
Mrs. Meir was honored "in
grateful recognition of the in-
ternational fame she achieved
as a diplomat, as a leader of
her people, as a crusader for
peace and freedom and as one
of Israel's most eloquent and
forceful spokesmen."

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