War Veterans -
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jew.
VOLUME XXXVI I—No. 16
17100 W 7 Mile Rd.—VE. 8-9364—Detroit, 35 June 17
Argentinians Split on Eichnk,
Issue; Case Now Before the ON
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
UNITED NATIONS.—Argentina on Wednesday formally requested a meet-
ing of the Security Council on its grievance against Israel for failing to agree
to return Adolf Eichmann to Argentina.
The Council is expected to meet on the issue early next week. The request
for a Council meeting was made Wednesday morning in a note handed personally
to this month's president of the Council, Dr. Tingfu F. Tsiang of China, by Argen-
tina's delegation head, Dr. Mario Amad eo. After seeing Tsiang, .Amadeo con-
ferred on the issue with Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold. Later, he was to
meet with other members of the Council. Argentina is currently a member of the
Israel's Foreign Minister Golda Meir held a two hour conference concerning
the Eichmann case, Tuesday, with Dr. Amadeo, in the private apartment of the
head of the Uruguayan delegation, Dr. Enrique Rodriguez Fabregat. She declined
to comment upon the results, other than remarking that "we had a very pleasant
talk." She said she did not know whether she would hold another meeting With
the Argentinian spokesman.
Dr. Fabregat, on the other hand, expressed hope for some sort of agreement.
`Croatia's Adolf Eichmann'
'Why Is Andrija Artukovic
Still at Large in the U.S.?
BY MILTON FRIEDMAN
: - (Copyright, 1960, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)
'WASHINGTON — What about "the Adolf Eichmann of
The dramatic Israeli capture of Eichmann has revived- the
• issue of Andrija Artukovic, Croatian Nazi police head, who is
living luxuriously in California: Artukovic has poked derisive
humor at long-snarled extradition proceedings.
Washington experts on Balkan aspects of World- War H
were amazed at an event in Congress. Congressional tribute
was- Paid to Artukovic's Croatian Nazi "Ustachi" military forces.
The' Ustachis zealously collaborated with German war criminal
Eichmann in the mass murder of Yugoslav Jewry. Artukovic
played a leading role.
Praise for the Ustachi Nazis came from Rep. Frances P.
Bolton, Ohio Republican.
Croatian Fascist propaganda was printed in the Congres-
sional Record at Rep. Bolton's request. It sought to link . pro-
Hitler Ustachis killed by the Yugoslav Resistance with Ameri-
can war dead honored on Memorial Day.
The Bolton insertions alleged that Allied forces were res.
ponsible for a crime of "genocide" against Ustachi Nazis,
ThiS propaganda emanated from the so-called "United American
Croatians of Cleveland" and included excerpts from the
"Croatian Franciscan Press."
A satellite of Nazi Germany, the Ustachi government, ex-
ercising local control in Croatia in cooperation with the Nazis,
declared war on the United States in 1941. The Ustachis mur-
dered American airmen who bailed out over Yugoslavia from
planes damaged in the mass raids on the Romanian oilfields.
Aided by the Gestapo and SS Corps, Ustachi forces liquidated
Jews, Serbs and other anti-Nazis.
Terming the defeat of pro-Nazi forces- in Croatia a "tragic
era," Rep. Bolton commended the Ustachi propaganda. Rep.
Bolton, a member of the House Foreign Affairs Committee,
is also on record as espousing pro-Arab and anti-Israel views.
Anti-Nazi Americans of Yugoslav origin, including Jews,
are shocked by Rep. Bolton's homage to the Croatian Nazis.
They are infuriated by the immunity of Artukovic who sneaked
into the United States to escape trial as a war criminal.
Artukovic, No. 2 man in the Ustachi regime, was personally
in charge of administration of Ustachi-operated concentration
camps in which 30,000 Jews were systematically murdered and
starved. He rose to power as an ally of the Nazis in the capacity
of "Police Minister" when Hitler conquered Yugoslavia. He
signed an order on June 4, 1941, which stripped Jews of their
property and compelled them to wear a yellow badge with the
letter "Z" (for "Zidov" or Jew).
Artukovic bragged that he outstripped Hitler in the speed
with which his police squads solved "the Jewish problem." He
said he acted against Jews at once and "not like the Germans,
who procrastinated matters with the Jews for years."
Wartime orders to execute Jews carried Artukovic's signa-
ture. He was listed in 1945 as a Nazi war criminal by the
Allied High Command. But he escaped capture.
Artukovic entered the United States unlawfully under an
alias. An order for his deportation was issued by the Justice
Department in 1953. Its execution was postponed indefinitely.
Because Yugoslavia is today a Communist State, the courts
decided that the case against Artukovic might be "political" be-
cause he is an "anti-Communist."
But is an undesirable alien like Artukovic entitled to
indefinite hospitality here? The House Immigration Subcom-
mittee, headed by Rep. Francis E. -Walter, has sought deporta-
tion of alien racketeers. Many have been returned to Sicily and
Rep. Walter, co-author of the McCarran-Walter Immigra-
tion Act, has done nothing about Artukovic.
Rep. James B. Utt, California Republican, sought to pro-
vide Artukovic a permanent home in America. He sponsored
a "private bill," H.R. 2844, to suspend deportation proceedings
entirely and grant formal admission to Artukovic. Rep. Utt
quoted Roman Catholic Church authorities in Artukovic's be-
half. He alleged that "only Communists?' were anti-Artukovic.
The truth is that many non-Jews of Yugoslav origin share
the Jewish view of Artukovic. Artukovic persecuted not only
Jews but Christians of other sects, in fact all who did not share
the narrow, totalitarian ideology of the pro-Nazi Ustachis.
As a result of public protest, the House Judiciary Com-
mittee killed Rep. Utt's bill. A majority had no intention of
rewarding an alien war criminal of the Eichmann variety.
Argentine Officials Split on Request to Deliver Eichmann
BUENOS AIRES, (JTA)—A division of opinion with regard to the Eichmann
case is developing within the Foreign Ministry here. One group in the. Foreign
Ministry is known to advocate a moderate position toward Israel. Another group,
led by ultra-nationalist Luis Maria de Pablo Pardo, legal adviser to the Foreign
Ministry, insists on a strictly legalistic position, holding that Argentina should
break relations with Israel because of the Eichmann case.
The same differences of opinion were indicated in editorials in La Nacion,
La Prensa and Correo de la Tarde. All three are very influential dailies here. La
Nacion and La Prensa supported . the steps taken by the government until
now. However, Correo de la Tarde states that, at most, Argentina can demand
only the extradition from Israel of those who "illegally" captured Eichmann,
but not Eichmann himself. The Nazi's capturers, declares this newspaper, should
be brought to trial here for violations of the criminal code, under which they
could be sentenced to prison terms of from two to six years.
(Continued on Page 10)
France Denies Selling Potent Jets to Israel;
`Warm de Gaulle Welcome for flen-Gurion
Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News
PARIS = Reports featured in the London press Tuesday that an Israel-French
agreement for 40 Mirage 3 French Jet Interceptors would be signed during the
current visit of Israel's Prime Minister D avid Ben-Gurion were denied Wednesday
by a spokesman for the French Foreign Ministry.
Asserting that the report was "absolutely unfounded," the spokesman told
the Jewish Telegraphic Agency that Israel and France have "open trade relations"
and such deals as that reported by the L ondon press were not necessary.
At the request of President Charles De Gaulle another meeting between the
French leader and Prime Minister Ben-Gurion is being arranged before the Israeli
leader's departure from France, it was disclosed Wednesday.
While no definite date has been fixed, it was understood that liaison officers
were busy Wednesday morning trying to set a date for a second tete a tete between
the two leaders. it was indicated that because the French president has an unusually
crowded week, the second meeting will probably take place Friday.
Ben-Gurion spent Wednesday morning in meetings with "old friends" and with
leaders of the Paris Jewish community. He exchanged reminiscences and views
on the future of the socialist movement for more than an hour with former French
Premier Guy IVIollet and Maurice Bourges Mamoury.
Continued on Page 40
Backed by Jews Gets
•Bonn Parliament OK
BONN, (JTA)—The upper house of
West. Germany's Parliament passed an
anti-defamation bill, previously approved
by the lower house, providing stiff pen-
alties for "instigation of hatred against
parts of the population, inciting to vio-
lence, slander, defaming part of the
population or maliciously making parts
of the population contemptuous."
Under the measure, which amends
the penal code, persons guilty of these
offenses would be liable to three months'
imprisonment or to fines. The Central
Council of Jews in Germany favored the
bill when it was brought up in the
lower house, the Bundestag, last month.
Messiah in Israel; Get
Jewish Agency Aid
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
JERUSALEM, — The Jewish Agency settle-
ment department decided Tuesday to provide aid
to a group of Seventh Day Adventist families who
came to Israel from Oregon two years ago. They
came in the conviction that the Messiah will come
to Israel and they wanted to be present at his
Previously they had been considered as not
eligible for support, since they were not con-
sidered immigrants. They settled in a collective
village in the Upper Galilee and recently ran
into economic problems.
The decision to treat them as new immigrants
is expected to speed the arrival of an additional
30 families of the sect now in Oregon.