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May 13, 1960 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-05-13

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Department Pledges to Take Steps
Purely Commentary State
to Halt Arab Blacklisting of U. S. Ships

By PHILIP SLOMOVITZ

Outrageous Raising of 'Jewish Vote' Issue

It is sad enough that a Catholic issue has been injected
into the current Presidential political campaign. Politically
myopic correspondents, including Jay Hayden of the Detroit
News, who has a long tenure of service, apparently continue
to consider it "good copy" always to revert also to the mythical
"Jewish vote" speculation.
Hayden has seldom discussed Zionism, Palestine, Israel or
the defensive efforts in behalf of Israel, in our nation's capital,
without speaking of the "Jewish vote."
In his reference to the Fulbright episode in the U.S. Senate
last week, Hayden spoke of a 20-year effort "designed speci-
fically to court votes of Jewish Americans."
It is too late to complain against the views of a corres-
pondent who has always been myopic on the subject. But it is

never too late to ask whether an American, who should know
the meaning of the principle of fair play, is unable to appre-
ciate that legislators are not always motivated by vote-getting,
that there are times when they act determinedly in support

of just causes.
Since the Detroit correspondent found it necessary to
speak of "every presidential campaign over the past 20 years,
designed to court" Jewish votes, there are two questions to be

raised—not with him, necessarily, since we doubt whether he
can be moved to mend his views, but with his readers who
may be misled by him:
1. If we are to deal with a 20-year period, we go back to
the days of Hitler and his cohorts. Americans recognized the
sense of justice in Zionist aims to rescue Jews and to end their
homelessness. Since when does an American speak contrary to
such aspirations in behalf of a downtrodden people? All of
the world's great powers recognized Jewry's right to a national
home, but a few misguided and deluded correspondents have
fallen prey to the oil magnates' propaganda against granting
elementary right to Jews seeking a home. It is not the American
way of thinking.
2. Anyone who speaks of American interest in Zionism
dating back only 20 years doesn't know what he's talking about.
America's interest in Zionism began with the creation of the
United States, with the interest of this country in the Bible
and the Prophets. It dates back to John Adams, the second
President of the United States, who wrote to Mordecai Manuel
Noah, in 1818: "I really wish the Jews again in Judea, an inde-
pendent Nation, for, as I believe, the most enlightened men
of it have participated in the amelioration of the philosophy
of the age; once restored to an independent government, and no
longer persecuted, they would soon wear away some of the
asprities and peculiarities of their character. I wish your nation
may be admitted to all the . privileges of citizens of every part
of the world. This country has done much; I wish it may do
more, and annul every narrow idea in religion, government and
commerce."
As far back as the 1840s, the American Consul in Jerusa-
lem, Warder Cresson, took a deep interest in the Jews of Pales-
tine and, in behalf of our Government, aided Jews who set-
tled in the Holy Land. From that time on, for more than 120
years, this country has been sympathetic to Jewish activities in
Palestine, and in Israel since 1948. Yet there are myopic writers
who haven't found the facts because they did not look for them.
It is much more sensational to speak of a "Jewish vote."
Now we come again to the nasty injection of a "Jewish vote"
issue in American thinking, and we have another question to
ask:
Have those who have fallen prey to Senator Fulbright's
unjust accusation made a study of the areas whence come the
Senators who objected to Senator Fulbright's implications? If
they had, they would have found that Senator Proxmire's state
of Wisconsin has a very small Jewish population and the Senator
has little to gain from currying Jewish favors. They would find
that there are so few Jews in Oregon that Senator Morse could
easily ignore them. There aren't so many Jews in Texas for
Senator Johnson to become frightened over the encouragement

NEW YORK, (JTA)—As a
result of a State Department
commitment given to organized
American labor during the
weekend, promising that fresh
steps will be taken by the Unit-
ed States Government to halt
the blacklisting of American
ships stopping at Israeli ports,
the Egyptian vessel Cleopatra
was unloaded on Sunday.
The 22 days of picketing, con-
ducted by the Seafarers' Inter-
national Union and supported
by the International Longshore-
men's Association, whose mem-
bers refused to cross the picket
line, started with the arrival of
the Cleopatra in New York har-
bor on April 13. It was estimat-
ed that the picketing cost the
Egyptian owners of the vessel
$44,000.
The formula to end the pick-
eting was worked out in talks
between Acting Secretary of
State C. Douglas Dillon, Secre-
tary of Labor James P. Mitch-
ell, and Arthur J. Goldberg,

general counsel of the AFL-
CIO. The formal statement by
Dillon of a declaration of prin-
ciples "which actuate United
States foreign policy affecting
the American merchant ma-
rine" was largely a re-state-
ment of American opposition
to Arab blacklisting and restric-
tions on freedom of the seas
and freedom of access to for-
eign ports.
There was one specific new
commitment, however, to the ef-
fect that the State Department
would consult with the AFL-
CIO and its maritime unions,
the SIU and the ILA, on•devel-
opments "affecting American
vessels and seamen" in the
Middle East.
(Press dispatches from Cai-

grievances of the Seafarers' In-
ternational Union and, through
appropriate diplomatic action
with the foreign countries in-
volved, to renew its efforts to
assure freedom of the seas and
to protect the interests of our
shipping and seamen now being
discriminated against by the
Arab boycott and blacklisting
policy."
In a telegram to Hall asking
that the pickets be withdrawn,
George Meany, president of the
AFL-CIO, said he felt that the
"good trade union purposes"
for which the picketing had
been organized had been
achieved. He urged the pickets
be withdrawn on the strength
of the "good faith assurance"

given by the Administration.
The State Department declar-
ation was not released until it
was discussed with President
Eisenhower.
(AJTA cable from London
quotes Cairo Radio as having
repeatedly criticized the Eisen-
how Administration during the
last few days for alleged arm-
ing of Israel. The Guardian,
reporting on the broadcasts,
said that the criticism included
charges that the United States,
despite protestations of neutral-
ity in the Arab-Israel conflict,
gave aid only to coun`ries which
permitted the United States to
dominate their affairs. ,Cairo
Radio said the U. S. was "again"
arming Israel.)

0■ 100.11111,041 ■ 041iO 4•11•11.4•1•1•0 •• ■•.1 .1•1141 4■0•1■ 04011 .1■0■1■41.0■ 0 ■0401■0011111 .41 ■.■ fienOt 1

Boris Smolar's

'Between You
...and Me'

(Copyright, 1960,
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.)

Jewish Affairs
A study of Jewish moods in the South has been completed
by the American Jewish Committee . . . It reveals that about
75 percent of the Jews in the South claim that they had heard
of no anti-Semitic incidents recently despite integration tensions
. . . It establishes that 94 percent of the Jews in the South are
affiliated with a temple or synagogue . .. The AJ Committee
is also conducting a survey to determine with more certainty
the effect of publicity on stimulating psychopaths and bigots to
commit acts of violence ... Philadelphia being known as "the
cradle of American finance," the AJ Committee has initiated
there a study of the discriminatory barriers against Jews as
executives in the banking field . . . Though still under way, the
study has already developed a considerable body of significant
information . . . It established that on the management level
in commercial banking the proportion of Jews is extremely low
. . . Although a few Jews are on the boards of, these banks,
the number is considerably below the percentage of Jews in
the population . . . The study does not cover savings and loan
institutions . . . The AJ Committee is also sponsoring a special
project which will bring to the United States a number of lead-
ing German educators who are concerned about the lack of
education in German schools on the atrocities which the Nazis
committed against Jews and others . . . These educators will
visit schools throughout the country, and will confer with
American experts who are acquainted with the present faults
of German education . . . They will then return to Germany to
translate the American experience in terms of improving the
contemporary history education in German schools . . The
Ford Foundation and the Institute of International Education
are participating sponsors of the project.

ro reported that United Arab
Republic President Gamal
Abdel Nasser stated publicly
that he has no intention of
lifting the anti-Israeli blOck-
ade of the Suez Canal. He
also denounced American
senators who had voted for a
clause in the Mutual Security
Bill, giving the President dis-
cretion to withhold foreign
aid from countries that prac-
tice boycotts. In his address,
Nasser spoke of American aid Foreign Affairs
United Nations Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold has
as help given "in the style of
approached the IVIorrocan government with a request to lift the
Cohen.")
Paul Hall, president of the ban on postal relations with Israel . . . There are today about
SIU, has warned, that picketing 200,000 Jews in Morocco and almost 100,000 Moroccan Jews in
of Egyptian ships would be re- Israel . • . There are Jewish families where mothers and fathers
sumed if the State Department are in one country, the children in the other, and they are not
failed to produce "practical permitted by the Moroccan authorities to maintain direct com-
implementation" of its prom- munication . . . Parents die in Morocco, and there is no way to in-
form their children in Israel abou it . . . Hammarskjold asked
the Senators gave to the embattled Israelis. There certainly aren't ises to investigate the union's
Morocco to take steps to ameliorate this situation . . . His appeal
enough Jews in Hawaii and in Alaska for Senators Fong, Long complaints about abuse of its was
turned down . . . American diplomatic representatives in Mo-
and Gruening to have worried about the "Jewish vote." Many members in Arab ports. Hall rocco are watching the deteriorating position of the Jews in Mo-
said
his
union
would
also
hold
others who voted against the Fulbright Amendment—including
pessimistic about the future of the Jews there •.
Michigan's Senators McNamara and Hart—come from areas with •the State Department to its rocco and are

such small Jewish minorities that their actions were based strictly
on principles.
On the contrary, there are fairly large Jewish communities
in Illinois and Ohio, yet Senators from these two states—Dirk-
sen and Lai sche—supported Fulbright. Their votes are as little
explained by a lack of pressure than those of their oppoents by
the phoney charge of pressure.
Fortunately, there are men of vision who also possess a
keen sense of justice. Senators Douglas, Morse, Proxmire, Keat-
ing, Johnson, Hart and others knew better than to yield to an
Arab dictator. But they deserve even greater commendation
for repudiating the charge of "Jewish vote pressures." On the
latter score, it is American Jewry that is offended, and we
resent it whether it comes from a Senator from Arkansas or a
correspondent from Detroit.
Far more damaging to American Jewry was the Detroit News
editorial which contained the statement: "We object to union
vigilantes trying to take over Christian Herter's job. If Jewish
pressure is being brought to bear here at home, we object to
that, too . . . we could not stand for their shaping our foreign
policy .. . "
The News has as much right to register objections as we
.
have, but it shares journalistic responsibility to study the facts
before it drags American Jewry into an accusatory outburs1 of
rage. The News apparently overlooked the long record of Arab
discrimination against American shipping, and the previous ex-
cellent Detroit News record of protests against Nasserism has
suddenly been reversed by its deplorable slur at Jewry and its
failure to recognize the American right to petition.
"A job for the UN," said the News, and meanwhile the UN
remains an instrument that may become a threat even to the
United States, if Nasser is permitted to dominate.
Those who resort to the "Jewish vote" charge are denying
to American citizens the sacred right to petition. In the present
instance, they thereby give undue comfort to Nasser.

promise to intensify diplomatic
efforts to protect American
ships and seamen against Arab
discrimination.

For the first time in the
long-simmering dispute over
Arab blacklisting and boy-
cotts against American ship-
ping involved in trade or
other contact with Israel, the
State Department conceded
publicly that American sea-
men had been harrassed in
Arab ports. The Dillon state-
ment said that the State De-
partment had "renewed" its
standing orders to consular
officials to be on the alert to
help in settling grievances of
seamen and other American
citizens.

The statement also promised
that it would continue to "do
what it can" to end Arab-im-
posed restrictions on move-
ments of ships carrying Amer-
ican foreign-aid cargo, and it
pledged that the State Depart-
ment would do everything pos-
sible to protect American in-
terests in foreign trade.
The key point of the declara-
tion was the statement that the
State Department would "un-
dertake to investigate fully the

The hostile attitude towards Jews on the part of Moroccan gov-
ernment officials at all levels is increasing . . . Jews in Morocco
find suspicion and difficulties when they have to deal with gov-
ernment offices . . . Moroccan parties and press are competing
in anti-Zionist expression and no longer make the sharp dis-
tinction between Zionism and local Jews as was previously the
case . . . Although the Jews now constitute only about two per-
cent of the total population in Morocco, they are suffering from
increasing economic discrimination . . . Moroccan government is
permitting practically no emigration to Israel . . . On the mere
suspicion of desire to emigrate, Jews are being arrested there
. . . Thus, the 200,000 Jews in Morocco are trapped.

Military Notes

The number of Jewish men in the United States Armed
Forces whose wives and children live with them is constantly
growing . . . This presents special problems to the National
Jewish Welfare Board which provides religious and recreational
services for Jewish military families . . . There are no Jewish
religious schools, synagogues, or Jewish community centers on
the military posts . . . But Jewish military families require an
atmosphere in which their children can grow as Jews . . . Homes
of the Jewish servicemen and their families are temporary,
since military personnel are moved from place to place ... JWB
must, therefore, step in to help them achieve a sense of stability
and belonging . . . Among the Jewish servicemen is a substan-
tial body of men trained to handle the highly complex weapons,
methods of communications and systems of detection which are
part of the U.S. modern system of defense . . . These men, who
are older than the average GI of former years, are making a
career for themselves in the military services . . . For them and
their families, service in the U.S. Armed Forces is becoming a
way of life as it does for the many non-Jewish married service-
men whose wives and children live with them on or near the
military posts.

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