a or limited in Battle Against Boycott of
Israel byUAR;SeamenContinue Retaliation
Continued from Page 1
to all, including the Nasser gov- public passenger - cargo vessel ern policy by elements in the demonstration related" to UAR
the Cleopatra's inability to un- ernment, that American work- Cleopatra in the New York Har- United States. He said the pick- restrictions against Israel.
load its cargo may be repeated . ingmen do not take kindly to bor.
eting of the Cleopatra in New
G. Frederick Reinhart, the
when the next UAR ship . ar- suffering loss of jobs because
Pierre Foray, general secre- York Harbor was "calculated to U.S. Ambassador to the UAR;
Egypt does not happen to like tary of the Dockers Federation, thwart the objectives of our told UAR officials in Cairo that
Chief Judge J. Edward Lumb- 'Israel. That the protest is effec- made the message public. The Government's foreign policy" the United States Government .
bard, sitting in the Circuit Court Jive is all the more reason for cable lauds the New York mari- and represented interference had no legal means of forcing
with Judges Leonard Moore and continuing it, and the ultimate time workers for their "cour- with "peace and stability in the the two maritime unions to stop
Henry J. Friendly, reserved de- object of the protest is to in- age" and asks them to "continue Near East."
cision on the motion to reverse duce an abandonment of the the action on behalf of the lib-
The' State Department noted
Egyptian boycott which directly erties of all."
Judge Murphy's opinion.
a view that the United Arab that the United States "has
threatens the economic welfare
Seymour W. Miller, attorney of both seamen and longshore-
According to M. Foray, the Republic's restrictions on cer- repeatedly emphasized that it
for the Seafarers, told the court men."
French workers can only ex- tain shipping were being appro- does not condone" the Arab
that the action is a pure labor
press moral support of the boy- priately handled by the United boycott, •vvich was described
dispute and "not 'political ac- 1 There was no immediate indi- cott against the UAR ships in States a n d United Nations as one of "the many unfor-
Court will hand down its ruling retaliation for the Arab black- "through diplomatic channels." tunate outgrowths of the
"More than 100 American on Wednesday's arguments.
listing of ships trading with Is- He characterized the picketing whole Palestine situation."
ships," he said, "have been
rael, since no UAR ships call of the Cleopatra as an attempt
It expressed regret about "an
Prior to taking the case to at French ports.
"to force political action in an
blacklisted by the UAR for trad-
area of most delicate interna- effort by a private group to ap- -
ing in Israeli ports. On these the Circuit Court, the Khedivial
ply pressure publicly with a
ships alone, more than 5,000 attorneys lost three separate ac- State Dept. 'Pressure' on
view to bringing about shifts in
American seamen's jobs are in- tions in the U.S. District Court. Ending of Picketing Deplored
The State Department com- the poliCies of foreign govern-
volved. The Department of Ag-
WASHINGTON, ( JTA) — ment. was one of a series of ments." This, it said, "is of
riculture has stipulated that no the Cleopatra began on April Members of Congress deplored actions and reactions involv- course embarrassing to the con-
charters for carrying U.S."sur-
"pressure" by the State Depart- ing United Nations Secretary duct of our government's for-
plus commodities to Egypt will fused to issue a restraining or- ment toward ending the picket- General Dag Hammarskjold, eign relations and may have
be granted to American ships
ing of the Egyptian ship Cleo- the Seafarers International unfortunate consequences."
on the UAR blacklist. Until re- decided to order immediate patra in the New York harbor. Union, the Federal District
cessation of the picketing. Fi-
A State Department spokes-
cently, the Navy Department
nally, last Saturday, Judge Mur- Congressmen indicated they Court of New York, the Arab man elaborated on the possible
also had such a rule in effect.
phy agreed with the union at-
unfortunate consequences with
To us, this means jobs. We are torneys that the Federal Court gress acts on forthcoming Mu- dinavian union movement.
the observation that unions in
fighting for jobs."
has no jurisdiction whatever
Hammarskjold became involv- the Middle East were consider-
• Martin Markson, appearing over the case.
A statement by a State De- ed in the dispute when reports ing widespread reprisals against
on behalf of the law firm of ! Picketing of the Cleopatra partment spokesman has said developed in Israel that he had U.S. flag vessels.
Waldman and Waldman for continued for the fourteenth the picketing is "embarrass- intervened with the Scandina-
Captain M. B. Mandour, mas-
the International Longshore- successive day on Wednesday. ing." He asserted that "from vian Transport Workers Feder- ter of the Cleopatra, told a
men's Association, told . the
United States Circuit Court of the viewpoint of foreign policy, ation in the lifting of the Swed- press conference that one of
court that the Egyptian mo- Appeals Judge H. Edward Lum- it should be made clear that ish maritime workers of their his ship's stew-
tion should be denied among' bard denied a motion on behalf the picketing is regarded abroad two-week boycott of UAR ship- ards was "bru-
other reasons because it is ' of the Khedivial Mail Line in as a political demonstration re- ping.
"perfectly clear that the plain- the third setback for the Egyp- lated to the United Arab Re-
near the pier.
tiff" is in court "with unclean tian shippers.
public restrictions against Is-
ence, asserting that. the "very I longsh o r emen
The Central Labor Council
The Egyptian boycott against of New York, representing all
According to the State De- idea" of such intervention by ; denied that
ships trading with Israel, he " trade unions in this city affili- partment, "an effort by a pri- him was "stupid." However, I any one was
stated, "constitutes inequitable ated with the American Fed- vate group to apply pressure Reuters News Agency . reported attacked a n d
conduct towards the members . eration of Labor - Congress of publicly with a view to bring- from Stockholm that the Scan- t h e y repudi-
of the SIU and the ILA." He Industrial Organizations, sent ing about shifts in the policies dinavian Transport Work e r s ated Mandour's
pointed out that American long- a message to Paul Hall, presi- of foreign governments is, of Federation had discussed with charge that
shoremen suffer loss of work dent of the SIU, commending course, embarrassing to the con-; the Secretary General "the ques-1 "Zionists" or-
when the UAR discriminates the union for "the battle it duct of our Government's for- tion of Scandinavian ships that ganized the picketing. They
eign relations, and may have have been interfered with in ! maintained that they were pro-
Against some American shipping. is waging."
the Suez Canal on the way to tecting the rights of American
"If an American line," he
Declaring that the picketing
seafarers whose jobs were
said, "is told that because of is "a battle in defense of free- ,1 Rep. Seymour Halpern, New or from Israel."
jeopardized by Egypt's anti-
an Egyptian boycott it can deal dom of the seas and the rights' York Republican, in a message
The Israel Foreign Ministry Israeli actions.
with Egypt or Israel but not of maritime workers," the Cen- to Secretary of State Herter, re- declined comment on the re-
both, then it must of course tral Council said in its message: minded the Secretary that de- ported intervention, indicating U. S. Failure in Six-Mile
give up one of these two pos- "The SIU, true to its tradition nial of commercial access to it was awaiting an authoritative Territorial Limit Quest
sible sources of business. That of free trade unionism, is not American citizens "because of report from the Israel Embassy Blamed on Cleopatra Issue
business will go to another ves- only defending its own mem- foreign religious bias was re- in Stockholm on the ending of
Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News
sel, in all likelihood a foreign bers, but waging a historic bat- pugnant to American princi- the Swedish anti-UAR boycott.
ship which is not interested in tle for freedom of the seas in ples." He added that he was
The Israel press, however,
dealing with both countries. accordance with international "deeply disturbed" by the State was virtually unanimous in American delegate to the second
And when the trade opportuni- law."
Department's reproach to the stating the intervention to be Law of the Sea conference, said
Tuesday that the American
ties of American ships are cur- ,
Seafarers' International Union.
Judge Murphy's ruling, said "These men are protesting in a fact. A typical comment was Maritime Union boycott of the
tailed, the job opportunities of
American seamen are corre- Paul Hall, president of the SIU, the only way open to them gan of the Histadrut, which Egyptian ship Cleopatra may
"is a vindication of our posi- against a policy which is imper-
have been partly responsible for
said the reported intervention
tion." "The court recognizes,"
"ILA longshoremen," he con- he stated, "that we are properly iling their right to exercise might hove been somewhat the failure of a strong United
tinued, "are similarly affected. protesting the loss of jobs and their trade," he stressed.
justified i f Hammarskjold States effort at the conference.
He cited the defeat for lack of
Longshoremen in Marseilles or mistreatment. We have every
The State Department's "ap- "has some other plan against one or two votes of a joint
Oslo may well discharge goods intention of continuing this ac- peasement" of the United Arab the Egyptian boycott of Israel
which, but for the boycott, tion until the situation is cor- Republic, Congressman Halpern ships and goods," a possibil- United States-Canadian proposal
to limit territorial waters to six
would provide work for the ILA rected."
declared, give the impression ity about which the newspa- miles. He said that the United
longshoremen in New York." '
"that America condones the per was highly skeptical.
Arab Republic was one of 28
Hall, in a cable to President continuation of the immoral
Both Miller and Markson
In an immediate response to Communist Afro - Asian a n d
Nasser of the United Arab " and irresponsible economic war-
told the court, however, that
Republic, denied that the fare by the Arab nations in the the picketing of the Cleopatra, South American nations voting
it really has no jurisdiction
Syrian port workers picketed against the proposal.
picketing was a result of "so- Middle East."
over the entire case. Both ar-
three American freighters and
called Zionist pressure." He
The 54 approving votes were
gued that Judge Murphy was
(In New York, Paul Hall, two oil tankers in the port of few less than the two-thirds ma-
said the action of his union
correct in refusing to assume
was based on Cairo's denial of president of the Seafarers' In- Latakia and in the oil port of jority needed to make the pro-
jurisdiction. They held that
freedom of the seas to many ternational Union, replied to Banias. Syrian authorities said posal international law.
if there is a case at all it
the State Department that the American vessels would not. be
The conference ended Tues-
should go either to the Na-
picketing had been begun "only handled in UAR ports until the
Except for sacks of mail, after other efforts to obtain re- picketing of the Cleopatra was day without setting up a uni-
tional Labor Relations Board
or possibly to a New York which the International Long- lief for American-flag vessels ended. The Arab trade unions versally acceptable limit on ter-
shoremen's Union allowed its and crews had been unsuccess- met to plan a general boycott ritorial waters. If one of the
The firmest defiance of the members to unload from the full" American seamen on in all Arab ports of United opposing votes or two of the 'ab-
Nasser government's boycott Cleopatra, the rest of the ship- , ships trading with Israel," he States shipping to counter the staining votes had been in favor,
the proposal would have been
against ships trading with Is- ment aboard the Cleopatra is said, "were abused, mistreated blockade against the Cleopatra. adopted.
rael was voiced by Markson. still in the vessel's holds.
and held virtual prisoners" in
The State Department com-
The Arab States voted against
(Nearly 3,000 American tour- . )
"The purpose of the picket- ists in Israel for the Passover Egyptian ports, and the "United ment was preceded by an ex- the proposal. They had sought*
pression by the UAR of "official a 12-mile limit, -which would
ing is clear," he stated. "It was season gathered at a reception
not mere idle protest. If the in Hamlin House in Tel Aviv pressing disapproval of the boy- concern" to the State Depart- have made it possible to seal
ment over the blockade of the. off the mouth of the Gulf of
Egyptian government is inter- and adopted a resolution con-
ested in the plaintiff, then of gratulating the New York mari- tion to protect the American Cleopatra. UAR Ambassador Aqaba and cripple - Israel'S grow-
flag in international trade.")
Mostafa Kamel delivered the ing maritime trade with the
course economic action such as time workers and longshoremen
Chairman J. W. Fulbright of protest personally to G. Lewis Afro-Asian countries,. from its
this is directly calculated to for their boycott of United Arab
cause the employer—that is, the Republic shipping in New York the Senate Foreign Relations Jones, Assistant Secretary of Eilat Port through the Gulf to
Committee, however, denounced State for Near Eastern Affairs. the Red Sea.
Nasser government—to change Harbor.)
trade unions for picketing the
The American position was
The State Department state-
Egyptian freighter Cleopatra ment said it understood the that it was important "to keep
"If the Egyptian government; Dockers Federation in
is not financially interested in France Backs Picketing
Stand of the two maritime territorial seas as narrow as
the plaintiff, then this is a dra-
PARIS; (JTA)—The influen- "pressure group" he accused of unions that the Arab anti-Israel possible, from the viewpoint of
matic but forthright protest of ; tial Dockers Federation of the
boycott discriminated against general freedom in the world."
the policies of the government French Confederation of Chris- policy.
American shipping and seamen. A 12-mile limit to replace the
of which the plaintiff and its tian Workers sent a cable of
In a speech on -the Senate However, the department added, present largely obsolete three
owners are nationals.
congratulations to the maritime floor, Sen. Fulbright alleged "from the foreign policy stand- mile limit would have created
"It is designed not only as a ; workers in New York who are that undue pressures were be- point," the picketing was re- • problems for the United States
protest but as .a demonstration boycotting the United Arab Re- ing imposed on U.S. Near East- garded abroad "as a political i NaVy.