100%

Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Share

Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

The University of Michigan Library provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes. These materials may be under copyright. If you decide to use any of these materials, you are responsible for making your own legal assessment and securing any necessary permission. If you have questions about the collection, please contact the Bentley Historical Library at bentley.ref@umich.edu

April 22, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-04-22

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Southern
J ewry's
Troubled
Horizon

Maritime
Unions'
Courage
Editorials
Page 4

eb t . •

E JEW

A Weekly Review

Michigan's Only English-Jewish

VOLUME XXXVII—No. 8 noPTr o iltencloninSialop 17100

W.



‘,

1/4 .4 O..

AA .%#

N E WS

eg\ .44n.

5h E

E vents

porating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle

'Lex Talioniss:
Capital
Punishment
Impossible in
Jewish
Tradition

Commentary
Page 2

9364—Detroit 35, April 22, 1960 $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c

Maritime thrt%;ons' Retaliation
Against Egypt for Boycotting
Israel Spreads Internationally

Direct JTA Teletype Wires to The Jewish News

Disperse Neo-Nazis'
Rally in Washington
as Crowd Protests

WASHINGTON, (JTA)—United States park police re-
ported they were forced to disperse a neo-Nazi rally to avert
what appeared an imminent violent clash between Lincoln
Rockwell's followers and a crowd that became enraged when
Rockwell voiced extreme anti-Semitism.
Police said that about 150 persons were present at the
open-air rally of the "American Nazi party." Most of the crowd
appeared to be tourists, mainly students, who were passers-by
in the area. Individuals armed themselves with sticks. It was
the hottest flare-up yet ignited by the neo-Nazi group which
harangues against Jews near the art gallery and museum.
• Rockwell's Jew-baiting, under a banner proclaiming Nazism,
caused listeners to surge forward, hooting and threatening
the agitator. His voice was drowned out by the tumult. Police
ordered Rockwell to turn off his loud-speaking system and
leave the area. They also dispersed the crowd.
As part of their protest, individuals in the crowd sang "God
Bless America." Some persons stood in front of the Nazi plat-
form and sang "Hatikvah" in defiance of Rockwell's men.
POlice noted that pro-Nazis in the crowd almost came to blows
with the anti-Nazis, and that the whole area would have
erupted in a wild melee had they not terminated the meeting.

-

'Do-It-Yourself fnehrer'
Bids for Tourist Attention

BY MILTON FRIEDMAN

(Copyright, 1960, Jewish Telegraphic Agency,' Inc:):

WASHINGTON—Is Lincoln Rockwell, the "do-it-yourself
fuehrer" of the American Nazi Party, destined to become an-
other of Washington's tourist attractions?
This issue puzzled hundreds of -passers-by who heard Rock-
well harangue over a powerful public address system near the
National Art Gallery and Smithsonian Museum.
. The average tourist was first attracted by a speaker's plat-
form emblazoned with a large sign advertising the . "American
Nazi Party." One then noticed the husky "storm-troopers" flank-
ing Rockwell.
A well dressed woman, accompanied by two attractive
children, walked from the art gallery to the museum. A tourist
from Altoona, Pa., she paused to listen to Rockwell's tirade
against the Jews. The children tugged at her. She finally yielded.
A Jewish family sauntered from the gallery toward their
parked car. They stopped to listen. The mother and daughter
laughed. A teen - aged son brimmed with anger and resentment.
"Something has to be done," said the father, "this is beyond
the limits of free speech."
Boys from a Zionist youth group took copious notes. They
seemed ready to fight.
A bored police officer—a kindly looking middle-aged
man—termed the neo-Nazi line "rubbish." He expressed regret
he had been assigned to protect Rockwell. He said there should
be some legal way for the authorities to silence a Nazi whO
spoke of gassing Jews. But he was under orders.
Noting a feW Negroes in the crowd, Rockwell shouted that
Negroes were victims of the "easy payment rackets" of greedy
merchants. He accused New York Jews of exploiting Negroes
as a "voting bloc." Then he alleged that Negroes were seeking
to marry whites. The Negroes left.
Rockwell drew a titter of laughter when he said he would
use "Jewish lawyers" who seemed intent on defending his
"free speech" rights. But when he gained power, he would
place them, too, on trial.
An elderly drunk, obviously a Rocl Fell sympathizer, kept
approaching the speaker's platform and . sking Rockwell to say
a few words about Eleanor Roosevelt. Rockwell reassured his
supporter that he would get to Eleanor a little later. Noting that
the drunk was becoming a nuisance, police sent him on his way.
Rockwell was not to be disturbed.
It was an incongruous spectacle, inconceivable to some
tourists who came from visiting the tomb of the unknown
soldier. The loudspeakers blared the Nazi SS troops' "Horst
Wessel song" and "Heil Hitler."
Resting quietly, across the Potomac in Arlington National
Cemetery, were Americans who died to end the Nazi scourge.
How would their next-of-kin react to the Nazi rallies?

• WASHINGTON — The United Arab Republic Tuesday made known its "of-
ficial concern" in a heated protest to the State Department over the refusal of
American dockworkers to unload the Egyptian freighter "Cleopatra." UAR Am-
bassador Mostafa Kamel late Tuesday delivered the protest personally to G. Lewis
Jones, Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs.
The Ambassador said the picketing was "unfair discrimination" that could un-
dermine American-UAR relations. He asked the Government to intervene with the
Seafarers Union and Longshoremen's Association to bring about the unloading of
the "Cleopatra" and other UAR ships.
Kamel said the UAR maintained , certain restrictions against Israeli shipping
because of a technical state of war. But no "state of war" exists between America
and the UAR, said the Ambassador.
The unions picketed the Egyptian ship - in New York because of UAR discriM-
ination against American ships trading with Israel.
Jones reassured the Ambassador that the New York picketing did not reflect
the official. policy of the United States. The Ambassador was informed that it would
be difficult, if not impossible, for the Department to intervene with the picketing
unions to end the strike aganst UAR ships.
State Department authorities said they received- no official reports from .
in Arab countries to the effect that longshoremen
United States , consular officers
in.Arab ports will refuse . to unload American ships because of the refusal of New.
York dockworkers to unload the Egyptian freighter Cleopatra. They added that the
State Department is aware of•such Arab threats • from press reports...
The State Department officials said that it would be inappropriate for the
government to comment on the Cleopatra case while the case is under judicial
review.• Agents of the Cleopatra are seeking legal action through courts to lift the
New York maritime boycott. The New York maritime unions have imposed their
boycott of the Egyptian ship in reprisal for the Arab boycott against American ships
trading with Israel.
(A report from London said that the -Egyptian Dockers Union, at Alexandria,
decided to boycott American ships unless the maritime unions now picketing the
Egyptian passenger-cargo vessel Cleopatra, in the New York harbor, .lift their
boycott.)
Word was received here that workers in Port Said and Latakia have already
Port Said, workers agreed
refused to work •;,::1 American ships. At a meeting in Port
Said said the decision
to suspend service to American shipS. A sr 1(eqmq/I.in
was binding on 32,000 workers in Arab ports.
A meeting of the executive council of the Arab Labor Union was o mee
Wednesday to discuss the American boycott. Delegates were expected from Libya,
Lebanon, Iraq. Syria and Egypt. The Arabs have described the New York boy-
Continued on Page 32

-

-

Belgian, International Transport Unions
Commend Docker Action • Against Egypt

BRUSSELS, (JTA)—Omer Becu, secretary-general of the International Transport Work-
ers Union, commended the American maritime trade unions that are boycotting the Egyptian
passenger-cargo vessel Cleopatra in New York Harbor, declaring their action was "justified."
At the same time, Victor Larock, leading Belgian Socialist, expressed his support to
American and Scandinavian dock workers for boycotting Egyptian shipping in retaliation for
United Arab Republic blacklisting of ships trad ing with Israel.
"I have been apprised," Becu said, "of the American dockers' refusal to unload the
cargo of the Egyptian freighter Cleopatra. The attitude of Americans and Finnish dockers has
not surprised me. The reaction of the American Dockers and Sailors' Union, affiliated to our
international, is justified."
Larock, declaring that "the patience of American and Scandinavian dockers is at an end"
because of the UAR's actions, stated: "So long a s the blacklisting policy lasts, Egyptian vessels
will be boycotted, and their cargoes will not be unloaded. Should this reprisal action spread,
and become general, Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of the UAR, may possibly understand
that aggression does not pay. It is to the honor of the New York, Stockholm and Copenhagen
dockers that they took upon themselves the task of making a rejoinder. But it also is not a
little to the shame of the United Nations."

Israel Labor Organizations Commend U.S.. Maritime Unions

JERUSALEM, (JTA)—Prime Minister D avid Ben-Gurion's Mapai party joined with
Israel labor organizations in sending congratulations to the two American maritime unions
for boycotting the Egyptian cargo-passenger vessel. Cleopatra, now tied up in a New York berth.
Joseph Almogi, Mapai secretary general, expressed the party's "full appreciation" in a
telegram to New York for the participation of the Seafarers' International Union and the
International Longshoremen's Association "in• the struggle against piracy and for the ensuring
of free navigation, justice and peace." •
Pinhas Lavon, on behalf of the Histadrut, Israel's Federatiofi of Labor, sent a cable to the
New York port workers, saying: "Your courage ous action in picketing the Egyptian ship
reveals how much the spirit of freedom is inherent in the American people. We hope your
action will encourage all those who are faithful to the principle of freedom of the seas
throughout the world." A similar cable was sent also by the Herut labor unions.
(From the two "Third Seder" dinners sponsored by the National Committee for Labor
Israel. held in New York, messages of apprecia tion went. forth to the maritime labor unions
who are picketing the Egyptian ship.)

Back to Top

© 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan