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April 15, 1960 - Image 9

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-04-15

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Deans Seek to Rid Frats of Bias

COLUMBUS, (JTA)
A majority of the deans of Ameri-
can colleges, who voted on the issue, have gone on record
against racial or religiOus bias as a basis for acceptance or
rejection of members of fraternities, according to the results
of a poll announced by the National Association of Student
Personnel Administration.
The deans of 323 American colleges, belonging to the
association, have been debating the issue for three years. The
debate was climaxed with a secret poll on a recommendation
to the effect that colleges "encourage local fraternity chapters
to work through normal fraternity procedures for the accept-
ance of student membership" without regard to race, religion
or national origin.
Of 323 deans polled, 281 voted on the recommendation, 58.4
.
percent of the deans approving it. A total of 42 deans failed
to record their votes on the issue.



Another Israeli Accomplishmen,t:
Scientists Combat Snake Poisons

Ip

Retired Michigan Supreme
Court Justice JOHN VOEL-
KER, author of the best-
selling novel "Anatomy of a
Murder," and Mrs. Voelker
smile goodbye to friends from
the deck of the SS Jerusalem.
Justice and Mrs. Voelker left
March 28 for a business-
pleasure trip to Israel, where
they will be the guests of
Otto Preminger, now in Israel
filming another best-seller,
"Exodus."

Arab Acts as Magistrate
During Mayor's Illness

HAIFA, (JTA)—For the first
time since the foundation of
Israel, an Arab citizen presided
as mayor of a large city with
a mixed Arab-Jewish popula-
tion.
In adjoining Acre, M. Ha-
; bishl, the Deputy Mayor, an
r Arab, was invested with all
mayor al powers as Acting
Mayor -..of the city, serving in
place, of Mayor Y. Gadish, a
Jew who was unable to function
in office becanse of illness.

Germany -to Discuss
$500,000,00e Loan
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — Felix
; Shinar, head of the Israel pur-
chasing mission in West Ger-
many, arrived here for consul-
tations with the Government,
presumably on ways and means
of following up the recent talks
between Prime Minister David
Ben-Gurion and West German
Chancellor Dr. Konrad Ade-
nauer.
During Ambassador Shinar's
stay • here, the government is
expected to name a delegation
to proceed to Germany to dis-
cuss the practical aspects of a
German loan to Israel possibly
totaling $500,000,000.

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By JOSEPH BAR
. Six or seven people die of
snake-bite every year in Israel.
Five or six others, mainly chil.
dren, die of scorpion sting. To
combat the deadly effects of
these reptiles, Dr. M. Shulov, of
the Zoological Department of
the Hebrew University, and a
group of assistants, have been
engaged for years in evolving a
new and effective antidote. The
serum they developed is the re-
sult of many years' research
and is of importance not only
for Israel but many other coun-
tries • throughout the world
which suffer from such poison-
ous reptiles.
Dr. Shulov's research labo-
ratory has received aid from
Hadassah, the State of Israel
and the U. S. Government.
The problem began receiving
Dr. Shulov's attention as early
as 1938, when the daughter of
one of his colleagues in the He-
brew University's Zoological De-
partment died of a scorpion
sting.
There are three types of scor-
pions in Israel, classed accord-
ing to their color: yellow, black
and brown. The yellow type is
the most dangerous, particularly
for children. Dr. Shulov'S inves-
tigations over a period of 30
years led to the production of
an effective antidote to their
violent poison. By extracting
poison from the scorpions and
injecting it in minute quantities
into various animals, mainly
lambs, Dr. Shulov has been able
to evolve resistance qualities in
their blood, and so the serum
was formed.
For his researches, Dr. Shu-
lov employed some 20,000
scorpions. This vast number
of reptiles was provided for
him by nature-lovers throne*
out the country.
Dr. Shulov is of the opinion
that the scorpion danger is de-
creasing year by year as the
area under cultivation expands.
Scorpions thrive mainly in des-
ert and desolate places. On the
other hand, the danger of
snakes is on the increase, be-
cause they subsist mainly on
field-mice which thrive wher-
ever fields are cultivated.
Dr. Shulov and his assistants
set to work on an effective
snake-poison antidote in 1957.
Their research centers mainly
on the viper, the most common
type of poisonous snake in Is-
rael. Hitherto the serum against
snake poison had been prepared
by injecting the dried venom
into the blood of animals. This
did not prove effective. Dr.
Shulov decided to try using live
venom. The results 'of the serum
evolved are remarkable.
Dr. Shulov discovered that
every country must create its
own serum by employing the
venom of indigenous snakes.
Experiments made with the
venom of. African vipers show-
ed that the serum was not
effective against the poison
of Israeli snakes.-
Snake venom generally para-
lyzes the nerve system, destroys
the tissues, particularly of blood
vessels, and brings on develop-
ments which have a fatal effect
on the heart. Dr. Shulov's serum
halts such developments. But,
Dr. Shulov agrees, the most ef-

.

.

fective method of counter-acting
snake poison is the primitive
way of inducing bleeding from
the place of the sting, generally
by cutting deep Into the flesh
and then exerting pressure
around the wound so that the
poisoned blood flows out.
So far Dr. Shulov has used
some 80 vipers in his re-
searches. These were supplied
by bold nature-lovers who are
not afraid to seize the live
snake. The snakes are "milked"
for their poison. A long pole
with a sort of lasso arrangement
is introduced into the cage. The
snake's head is caught in this
and drawn out of cage. A glass
test tube is then placed against
its fangs, and when fairly firm
pressure is exerted on its head,
two or three drops of its yellow
venom ooze into the test tube.
It takes two or three weeks for
the snake to replenish its store
of poison, and then it is
"milked" again.
The "milking" of scorpions
is more simple. Scorpions are
placed in a special contraption,
and a small test tube is placed
under their sting. A weak elec-
tric current is passed through
the scorpion which causes it to
contract its muscles and to de-
liver up its venom.
This is the latest phase in
man's war against his primeval
enemy—the snake.

New Jersey Rabbis Fight
Against Slaughter. Measure

Russia Refuses
Passover Goods

TEL AVIV, (JTA)—Soviet
authorities have prohibited
the import of matzo's and
other special Passover sup-
plies addressed by the Chief
Rabbinate here to Jewish
communities in the USSR.
According to the Chief
Rabbinate, a local agency
specializing in exports from
this country to the Soviet
Union was notified several
weeks ago that 200 packages
of matzos and other relig-
ious supplies would be sent
to the Soviet Union. The
agency, Peltours, seemed
evasive on whether it would
accept the shipment and fi-
nally, last week, notified the
Chief Rabbinate that the
shipment would not be ac-
cepted on the grounds that
the import of religious
articles into the Soviet
Union is not permitted.
The Chief Rabbinate asked
the Soviet Ernbassay here
for an explanation but, as of
now, no reply has been re-
ceived from the Russian
Embassy. Last fall, ship-
ments of religions supplies
for the Jewish Feast of Tab-
ernacles were alSo rejected
by Soviet authorities.

NEWARK, N.J. (JTA) — A
campaign against Bill 311 of
the New Jersey Assembly
(which Jewish sources say is
worse than the Humane Slaugh-
ter law which died in commit-
tee last year) was launched by
the Rabbinical Council of New
Jersey.
The Orthodox rabbis ap-
proved a resolution which la-
beled A-311 "much worse" than
the 1959 measure which was op-
posed by a united front of New
Jersey Jewish organizations.
The rabbis said that A-311 does
not exclude schehita from its
provisions. The 1959 measure
exempted Jewish ritual slaugh-
ter.

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$22,850,000 Paid •by
Bonn in Pensions
to Jewish Employees

BONN, (JTA)—The German
Federal Government has made
pension paymenth totaling in ex-
cess of $22,850,000 to former
employees of the Jewish com-
munity organizations in Ger-
many. Under the restitution
agreements, the Geiman govern-
ment undertook to pension
former officials and employees
of the Jewish communities.
Dr. Ernst Katzenstein, head
of the German office of the
Conference on Jewish Material
Claims Against Germany made
the announcement in connec-
tion with the final meeting of
the Conference's Claims Advis-
ory Board. The board was set
up seven years ago to screen
the pension claims of former
Jewish officials. As a result of
its efforts, some 2,800 pension
claims, mainly of rabbis, can-
tors, librarians and social
workers, were settled.
(Dr. Heinrich von Brentano,
Foreign Minister of the Federal
Republic of Germany, last week
signed a treaty with the Gov-
ernment of The Netherlands,
granting the Dutch Government
125 5 , 0 0 0 , 000 Deutschemarks
(about $31,000,000) for compen-
sation of Dutch victims of
Nazism. The treaty was the
result of several years of nego-
tiations between Holland and
West Germany.)

Jewish Body of Uruguay
Joins Zionist Organization
NEW YORK, (JTA) — The
Jewish Central Committee of
Uruguay has decided to join
the World Zionist Organization
within the framework of the
new constitution adopted at the
last session of the Zionist Ac-
tions Committee.

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9—THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, April 15, 1960

Voelkers Leave
for Visit in Israel

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