Common Action for
Have we not all one father? Has not one God created us?—Malachi 2:10 ... A brother
offended is harder to be won than a strong city. Proverbs 18:19 . . • Behold, how
good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity!—Psalms, 133:1.
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XXXV I—No. 25
lOginLientnii n Sgop 17100
W. 7 Mile Rd.—VE 8-9364—Detroit 35, February 19, 1960
is the crowning
objective of our
society." — Presi-
$5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
ADL Battles Rule Protecting
Nazi Pamphlet Distributors
• Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
Likelihood of Decrease
in Intermarriage Shown
in New York Symposium
NEW YORK, (JTA)—"More than 2,000 non-Jews are being
converted to Judaism in the United States each year," Dr.
David M. Eichhorn, of the new chaplaincy commission of the
National Jewish Welfare Board, stated at a two-day conference
on intermarriage convened by the Theodor Herzl Institute. He
noted that rabbis agree that "most of • these converts are. at
least as good Jews as born Jews and in many cases much
better Jews." He called them "a precious spiritual asset."
Rabbi Ralph M. Weissberger, of Smithtown, Long Island,
reported that more Jewish men and women intermarry and
that "very frequently the non-Jewish wife converts to Judaism
and becomes active in Jewish communal affairs." He asserted
that there was no recent increase in intermarriage and that
despite common interdating, intermarriage in the small com-
munity was likely to be decreasing.
In a similar vein, Isaac N. Trainin, advisor for religious
affairs of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropies of New
York, noted that the anonymity of the large city encouraged
intermarriage, while in the small town, despite the very limited
number of potential males, social pressures militate against
intermarriage. He called upon Jewish federations to make
available the means for a thorough study of the problem.
Dr. Werner Cahnman, of the department of sociology of
Yeshiva University, stressed that "the idea- that Judaism is
not a missionizing religion is historically incorrect and out of
tune with a democratic society which is based on the principle
of voluntary .association. He proposed a halakhic ruling allowing
children of non-Jewish mothers and Jewish fathers to be
considered as Jews.
Rabbi Richard L. Rubinstein, director of the Bnai Brith
Hillel Foundation at the University of Pittsburgh, declared
that intermarriage seems to be increasing markedly among
students at American colleges and universities. He revealed
that the greatest single reason why students sought his advice
and counseling was to find guidance in problems of inter-
marriage. "Intermarriage is most likely to occur at the graduate
and professional school level," he said, and noted that social
mobility and growing • estrangement from middle-class back-
ground were important factors in the increased rate of inter-
marriage among university students.
WASHINGTON — Differing with the American Civil Liberties Union, a
public position was taken here Monday by the Anti-Defamation League of Bnai
Brith that anti-Jewish propaganda distributed by the "American Nazi Party" fo-
mented violent disorder and ' could not be defended as legitimate "free speech."
The ADL, in a statement by its counsel, David A. Brody, commented on a
current case involving George Lincoln Rockwell's Nazi group and Irving Berman,
a local Jewish communal leader, arrested together with a Nazi after a street-
corner scuffle. The ACLU had defended the Nazi involved in the scuffle and main-
tained that Berman sought to deprive him of his rights to "free speech." .
Brody said that "epithets or personal abuse may constitutionally be pun-
ished as criminal acts, because by their very utterance they inflict injury or tend
to incite to an immediate breach of the peace. Surely, an abusive epithet doesn't
achieve immunity—it is 'aggravated—by being tacked to a 'political' program to
throw people into gas chambers."
The ADL stand is that it would be better policy not to prejudice the case
before the evidence is heard in court. Berman, according to the ADL, appeared
to have "responded in a wholesome and natural way to a deliberate provocation.
"He appears to have been engaged in a perfectly justified act in stopping a
breach of the peace by Rockwell, who was distributing leaflets containing the foul-
est abuse and exhortations to violence, too vicious to repeat here."
Brody said "the First Amendment . . . protects the dissemination of ideas,
even odious ones. But it doesn't protect the use of insulting epithets. or 'fighting
words,' which the Supreme Court has traditionally helrl to be outside the pale,
and no part of the exposition of ideas."
The ADL counsel held that the District of Columbia has disorderly conduct
statutes which make criminal many kinds of speech and conduct which may
threaten public order, including "insulting" or "rude" words of the kind used
in the Nazi propaganda.
District of Columbia authorities ruled that•the Nazi hate material and its
distributors should be protected by the police as within the law.
But the ADL Monday held that "whether under a criminal group libel
statute or under a simple disorderly conduct statute, the scurilous Rockwell
handbills .. . are clearly the subject of criminal punishment when distributed in
a crowded downtown Washington area at the peak of a Saturday afternoon
The District of Columbia commissioners received a ruling that they are
not empowered to halt distribution of pro-Nazi, anti-Semitic hate literature on
The ruling, from the District of Columbia Corporation Counsel Chester H.
Gray, pertained to inflammatory anti-Jewish handbills handed out here by RoCk-
well's "American Nazi Party:" Gray said that while the Nazi literature is offen-
sive, insulting and abusive, it is not obscene and does not violate District of
Columbia libel laws. The Rockwell literature urges "the gas chamber" for
The Nazi party serves printed notice that it intends to "establish an Inter-
natiohal Jewish Control Authority . to make a long-term scientific study to 'de-
termine if the Jewish virus is a matter of • environment, and can be eliminated
by education and training, or if some other method must be developed to render
Jews harmless to society." .
The Nazis also would "establish an 'international treason tribunal to investi-
gate, try, and publicly hang, in front of the Capitol, all non-Jews who are convicted
of having acted consciously as fronts for Jewish treason or subversion." Under
the Nazi program, all debts owed to Jews by non-JewS
would be "canceled." Adolf Hitler is hailed as "the
gift of an inscrutable providence."
After studying such material, the District of Co-
Continued on Page 32
of Two Sections
in This Issue
16-Page Brotherhood Week Section in This Issue
Americans of all faiths are one family. We have many differ-
ences—religious, social, economic. But our goals are the same, and
there is no reason for bigotry in our ranks. Brotherhood Week strives
for the elimination of prejudices which lead to strife. To perfect our
freedom, we must strive to advance the goals of good will and amity.
To this end, 'we dedicate this issue and its Special Good Will Section.
Dedicated as a Good Will Issue, in honor of Brotherhood Week,
this issue is published in two sections, this Section A, and the special
supplement, published as Section B.
This supplement appears between pages 16 and 17. To fold it,
remove the section between these pages, then fold and trim along
the top edge to make it into a neat 16-page brochure.