`It Is Perilous to Forget'
Crimes of Anti-Semitism
See Editarial on Page 2
Hebraic, Other Ancient
an Unjust Rap Origins of the Swastika
See Oak-Woodser, Page 12
See Purely Cammentry Column an Page 2
THE JEWISH NEWS
A Weekly Review
of Jewish Events
Michigan's Only English-Jewish Newspaper—Incorporating The Detroit Jewish Chronicle
VOLUME XXXVI—No. 21 looPjoin JenlorIn 4'lop 17100 W. 7 Mil e Rd.—VE 8-9364--Detroit 35, January 22, 1960 $5.00 Per Year; Single Copy 15c
Many Lands Fight Anti-Semitism;
`Communist Plot' Theory Rejected
Faces West Germany with.
Serious Challenge at UN
BY SAUL CARSON
JTA Correspondent at the United Nations
Copyright, 1960, Jewish Telegraphic Agency, Inc.
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. — Some pointed questions are
being asked here about the extent to which the West German
government is involved in tolerating ex-Nazis in the govern-
ment service. Specifically, concern is being expressed about
these undisputed facts:
1. What about Dr. Hans Globke, the man who runs Chan-
cellor Konrad Adenauer's office under the title of Minister of
State? Dr. Globke is the man who wrote the "official com-
the formal governmental statement of policy and
directive — on the infamous Nuremburg Laws promulgated
by Hitler. There is no doubt whatever of Dr. Globke's activities
under the Nazi regime.
A spokesman for the West German government here
merely says, in regard to Dr, Globke, that formal complaints
had been made in Germany against the man's Nazi activities
"but nothing was found to permit the court to take action." So
Globke stays on as Dr. Adenauer's righthand man.
2. What about Dr. Theodor Oberlander, a member of
Adenauer's Cabinet with the rank of Minister of Expellees
and War Victims? For months now, charges have been printed
in the responsible German press, accusing Dr. Oberlander-
the man ironically in charge of protecting the interests of
war victims — of participating in mass-murder atrocities in
Poland during the Nazi occupation.
The official German government answer: "The charges
against Oberlander originated in the Communist press." That's
true. But does that fact alter the truth or falsity of the
accusations against this member of the Adenauer Cabinet?
3. What about Hans von Saucken, former member of the
West German Consulate in New York City? Under Hitler, this
man represented the Nazi government as a consular officer in
China. He is an old German diplomatic career man who worked
also under the Weimar Republic. •
About 15 months ago, von Saucken was fired. It turned
out that, while on official duty in New York,• he had used the
phrase "dirty Jew" in referring to Dr. Max Beer, one of the
most respected ex-German journalists, a man highly thought
of by all at the United Nations, which he has been covering
since the birth of this world organization.
Now Dr. Beer claims that von Saucken has been "rehabili-
tated" through an offi,cial letter from the German Foreign
Ministry in Bonn. The West German spokesman here—as well
as the Foreign Ministry in Bonn—deny that allegation. The
fact is that von Saucken is now back in New York. The fact
is that von Saucken was invited to an official German diplo-
matic reception in New York only three weeks ago. Persistently,
UN - personalities are asking: "What about von Saucken?"
Germany is not a member of the United Nations. But the
Bonn government hopes it may, some day, obtain -membership.
Bonn has an official observer here all the time. Dr. Adenauer
and the Bonn Foreign Ministry know about these questions.
The answers received here thus far are, in the opinion of many
observers, too pat.
The recent outbreaks of anti-Semitism are being debated
here—by the Human Rights Commission's Subcommission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. The
topic is on the agenda in more ways than one. It is tied to
several formal debate topics, all of them dealing with dis-
criminations of various types—in religious rights and prac-
tices, political rights, the need for measures to outlaw incite-
ment to religious or racial hatred.
For many years, this subcommission has been holding its
annual sessions here in almost total obscurity. Suddenly, this
month. this small group's deliberations have assumed import-
ance. Names of countries where discriminations are practiced,
and where the rights of minorities are being violated, do not
The questions enumerated above — among many others
that are being asked — will not down. The answers thus far
given by the Adenauer government are not deemed satis-
factory by ,many diplomats here.
Demonstrations conducted in many lands, including Germany, protested an-
ti-Semitic manfestations and called for a h alt to the spread ofbigotry.
Anti-Nazi parades took place in England, France, Italy and West Berlin.
Assurances that the resurgence of Nazism would be stemmed were given
by West German Chancellor Adenauer and other German officials.
In this country, action against the swastika-smearing craze and of intim-
idations of Jews in many communities were strongly condemned by Christian
leaders and in newspaper editorials.
Anti-German Feeling Spreading in British Business Circles
Direct JTA Teletype Wire to The Jewish News
LONDON—One-fourth of all British families taking part in student and
children foreign exchange visits have refused to accept German exchange visitors
this year, it was disclosed Tuesday:
R. Blake, director of the London agency which arranges such visits, said
that 180 of the 750 British families registered with his agency had indicated they
would not accept German students or children as visitors with their families.
Another indication of the continuing rise in anti-German feeling in Britain
was an announcement Monday night by 3 0 British firms that they would not supply
products to West German industry in protest against ,anti-Semitism in the Federal
Republic. The firms followed the lead of the the Jewish-owned Stanmor Clothing
Company, which announced publicly on Friday that it had cancelled all business
dealings with West German companies.
Goldmann, Adenauer in Hour-Long Discussion of Crisis
BONN, (JTA)—Dr. Nahum Goldmann, president of the World Jewish Con-
gress and the World Zionist Organizatio n, had a one-hour meeting , with Chan-
cellor Konrad Adenauer Monday during w hich the recent outbreak of anti-Jewish
excesses was discussed. The German Bundestag Wednesday passed the first read-
(Continued on Page 32)
40,000 in London Protest:
Carrying signs protesting the
resurgence of Nazism and anti-Semitism in West Germany, 40,000 people marched
through the streets of London Sunday afternoon, from an assembly point at Marble
Arch to the West German Embassy. Braving cold and a penetrating drizzle, the
huge demonstration was led by Barnett Janner, member of the House of Commons
and president of the British Board of Jewish Deputies; Anthony Greenwood, a
member of the Labor Party's "shadow cabinet"; Rev. Donald 0. Soper, former
president of the Methodist Council, and Commander Ashe Montagu, chairman of
the Association of Jewish ex-Servicemen and Women, which had organized the
march. The four, with Dr. Merwyn Stockwood, Anglican Lord Bishop of Southwark,
were received by Dr. Joachim von Ritter, the German charge d'affaires, to whom
they delivered a statement of protest. In a. 45-minute meeting, the four British
leaders stressed anxiety that former high Nazis still held positions of authority in
the , West German government. The German envoy reportedly indicated that his
government would set up a committee of inquiry.