Again The Nazi Terror
THE JEWISH NEWS
Incorporating the Detroit Jewish Chronicle commencing with issue of July 20, 1951
Member American Association of English-Jewish Newspapers, Michigan Press Association, National
Published every Friday by The Jewish News Publishing Co. 17100 West Seven Mile Road, Detroit 35,
Mich., VE 8-9364. Subscription $5 a year. Foreign $6.
Entered as second class matter Aug. 6, 1942 at Post Office, Detroit, Mich. under act of Congress of March
CARMI M. SLOMOVITZ
Editor and Publisher
Sabbath Scriptural Selections
This Sabbath, the sixteenth day of Tebet, 5720, the following Scriptural selections will be
read in our synagogues:
Pentateuchal portion, Vayehi, Gen. 47:28-50:26. Prophetical portion, I Kings 2:1-12.
Licht Benshen. Friday, Jan. 15, 5:08 p.m.
VOL. XXXVI, No. 20
January 15, 1960
The Murderers Are Still Among Us'
A monument to Nazi victim s, in week?
There is no doubt that what has just
Cologne, was among the objects defaced
and desecrated in Cologne, Germany, and happened is merely a passing phase in the
a wreath that was placed upon it after- experiences of mankind which is under
leadership that is proving too weak
wards carried the inscription:
"The murderers are still among us." to tackle the major problems facing the
In these six words are summarized the world.
But a passing phase in the instance of
tragedies of the Hitler years and the
anti-Semitism means that it is a repeating
current repercussions of Nazi crimes.
Is it possible that Adolf Hitler has, phase.
It is correct, therefore, to remind our
after all, won the war against mankind?
that anti - Semitism is not a
Is it possible that the Nazi sickness
should have infected people throughout problem for Jews alone.
We are not a bit panicky over what is
the world so seriously that ,the victors
over Hitlerism now are emerging its transpiring in the world. The collective
anti-Semitism is a mere repetition of old
Who would have believed that on • - experiences. The criminals represent a
every continent on the globe, including minority. It is a minority that is certain
the most democratic countries in the . • to collapse. But a grave responsibility
world, the virus of anti-Semitism would lies upon the conscience-stricken major-
begin its work of destroying the minds of ity — not to permit the psychopathic
men simultaneously, as was the case last minority to lead us into another world
Dave Garroway's Snub to Anti-Semitism
Not only Jews, but many self-respect-
ing Christians again are asking the ques-
tion: what is the best way of fighting
It is a very difficult question to
Histadrut in 1960
Another drive will be launched here
in a few- days in support of the Israel
Labor Federation—the Histadrut.
It is a campaign that comes during a
most interesting, and at the same time
very critical, period in Jewish life and in
While the State of Israel points to
many great accomplishments in the 12
years of its existence, and although the
Israelis are in a more sound economic
position than they have been since their
acquisition of independence, there are
grave dangers facing the small new
nation. The threats that come from
elements that sit next to the Israelis
within the portals of the United Nations,
the concessions that have been .made to
Arab obstructionists and destructionists,
the manner in which "statesmen" have
yielded to Nasser on the Suez Canal issue
and on freedom of the seas—these and
many other developments point to critical
conditions in Israel.
At the same time, the hoary head of
bigotry and anti-Semitism has raised its
head, and once again the position of world
Jewry is not as secure as we thought it
was only a few days ago.
Under such conditions, it is well that
we look back into the past and begin to
give credit anew to those forces which
stood in the foreground of Jewish de-
fense. From the ranks of the Histadrut
came the defenders of Israel. From its
ranks had emerged powerful spokesmen
who ably evaluated the justice of the
Jewish aspirations and of the status of
the Jewish people in the world.
It was in Israel proper that Histadrut
was in the very center of the struggle for
freedom. At the head of the movements
for the defense of their people's just
rights still stand the men who are aligned
Histadrut also is making itself felt
in economic and cultural efforts in Israel.
It is a force that has earned respect for
Sits courage and for its great contributions
to Israel, and as such it continues to merit
the wholehearted support 'of our com-
munities in its. fund raising appeals.
answer. When hatred is imbedded in the
hearts of men, it can not be uprooted by
legislation. It is a process of education,
and the Christian world must recognize
that the responsibility is primarily on its
Jews have overcome difficulties in
the past. We will have no difficulty
weathering the present storm created by
Christianity should face the issue with
equal ease—by recognizing that the sin
was born in its midst and that it must
cleanse itself of it.
Moslems also owe a duty to humanity
to help erase the sin of anti-Jewishness
to which many of its leaders have contri-
buted in recent years. Much of the cur-
rent vandalism against Jews is without'
doubt due to the hatred that has been
spread against Jews by Arabs.
But if Mohammedanism is to be a
partner in the battle for human brother-
hood and against the criminal thinking
of people who once again are advocating
the gas chambers for Jews, Christianity
must take the lead and must show the
way in its repudiation of every semblance
of anti-Semitism in the world.
The question nevertheless remains:
how are individuals to fight this cancer
in human society?
Dave Garroway, on one of his recent
popular "Today" TV broadcasts, told
what he plans to do to help eradicate
this sickness of the mind. He said that if
he ever comes in contact with an anti-
Semite, or any type of bigot, he will snub
him. He rejected any attempts by the
Germans to explain the resurgence of
bigotry, and in his strong condemnation
of the current anti-Jewish manifestations
he said that he will treat an anti-Semite
There must be, he said, a social
weapon against the crime and the cri-
minal. Anti-Semites, Garroway declared,
must be ostracized socially. That's what
he plans to do. That's his weapon. How
many others will act likewise?
Garroway suggested an interesting way
of combatting an evil that affects man-
kind, not Jewry alone. The anti-Semites
of today are the anti-Catholics and the
anti-Negroes and the anti-hum a ni t y
scourge of tomorrow. Garroway ad-
vocates that all people beware of them.
How many will follow his example of
ostracizing socially every sick-minded
person who insists upon harming his
m Aleichem Stories and
Satires in English Translation
Sholem Aleichem Year is inspiring the publication of many
of Sholem Aleichem's works.
In many lands, there is a movement afoot to revive interest
in this century's outstanding writer of the humorous Yiddish,
works of this great man.
A work of special interest, just published by Thomas Yose-
loff (11 E. 36th, N.Y. 16) is "Stories and Satires by Sholem
Aleichem," translated by Curt Leviant.
This centennial volume is impressively illustrated by Arthur
Nineteen stories and a one-act play that was never before
translated into English are included in this important book.
The one-act play, "Agents," has been enacted by Yiddish
players here on several occasions. In its present form it adds
new interest in Sholem Aleichem.
The translator, in an introduction to this volume, reveals
that Sholem Aleichem "whispered his inimitable Yiddish into
my ear, and I, by using as wide a vocabulary range as Sholem
Aleichem's Yiddish — from the polysyllabic to the idiomatic,
from the colloquial to the slang — have tried to convert the
mood and rhythm of Yiddish into American English."
Indeed, some of the slang may not be accepted by some of
Leviant's readers. For instance, when he translates, in "Progress
in Kasrilevke," that: "Then everyone raises hell and they tell
you to get out of town," he takes liberties that may find chal-
The original Yiddish is not entirely transmitted to the
reader even in the colloquialisms attempted by Leviant. But in
the main he has added value to an appreciation _of Sholem
Aleichem by making available another collection of the humor-
ist's works for the English reader.
Perhaps it is the very simplification of the translation
that gives Leviant's work added merit.
This collection adds to the gifts that have emerged to the
literery world during the Sholem Aleichem centennial year.
The - translator was born in Vienna in 1932, came to the
U.S. at the age of 5, was educated at Brooklyn College and
Columbia University, taught English and American literature
in Israel and has traveled widely. He has translated literary
works from the Hebrew as well as Yiddish.
Dr. Kaplan 's A New Zionism--
Develops Movement s Aims
Maintaining that "as Zionists, we must realize that whatever
threatens the State of Israel is a threat to the life of the Jewish
people throughout the world," Dr. Mordecai M. Kaplan, in the
second edition of his challenging "A New Zionism," published
by Herzl Press, makes the declaration:
"Zionists must therefore leave no stone unturned in their
efforts to court public opinion and win the goodwill of the
nations for the State of Israel."
In a new chapter to the new edition, Dr. Kaplan points to
several errors in previous Zionist approaches. He states that
Zionists mistakenly believed that a Jewish State put an end to
anti-Semitism. He also deplores secularist approaches.
He shows that the security of the State calls for as large
a Jewish population as possible, and he states that Zionists
should "call into being a Jewish world assembly that would
devise a new social pattern for the Jewish People whereby its
dispersion would not mean exile, but the opportunity to have
its spiritual and moral influence radiate throughout the world."
Emphasizing the need for a religious unifying bond with
Israel, Prof. Kaplan declares:
"If we Zionists are determined not only to rescue Jews
from persecution and poverty. but also to redeem the Jewish
people from the danger of disintegration and absorption by
the nations of the world, then we must educate every Jewish
man, woman and child to transcend the petty and divisive
semantic differences as to the meaning of the term religion.
We must get them to understand by Jewish religion whatever
makes of the consciousness of Jewish Peoplehood a motivating
influence for moral character and responsibility which is the
revelation of God in the human spirit."
The second and enlarged edition of Dr. Kaplan's "A New
Zionism" reviews the crises in Zionism and in Judaism, the
Zionist backgrounds and perspectives and the developments since
the rise of the State of Israel. He proposes a platform for "the
greater Zionism," the plan he proposed at the 1958 convention
of the Zionist Organization of America.