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January 08, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1960-01-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

(Continued from Page 1)
Swastikas were painted on
Jewish-owned houses and fac-
tories and on synagogues in
Paris, Vienna, Brussels, Dub-
lin, Antwerp, Milan, Stock-
holm and Oslo. Even in Tel
Aviv there was evidence of
the spread of the cells of
hatred, a non-Jewish Swiss
cook employed at Lydda Air-
port having been arrested for
painting a swastika on the
apron of a Jewish co-worker.
Temple Emanu-El, one of the
largest Reform synagogues in
the United States, located on
New York's Fifth Avenue, was
daubed with a two-foot high
swastika. Emanu-El's Rabbi
Julius Mark, who said it was un-
fortunate that the incidents
were receiving such widespread
publicity and that he did not
believe that the vandalism was
the work of an organized group,
nevertheless ascribed it to the
"chain reaction" started by the
Christmas Eve desecration of
the Cologne synagogue.
Reports of anti-Semitic van-
dalism and the daubing of the
swastika on synagogues, homes
and offices of Jews, are reported
from Newark, N.J., Marshall-
town, Ia., and Hartford, Conn.
There was a report of a minor
incident also in Detroit.
Carl Sandburg, the noted
poet and authority on Lincoln,
on his 82nd birthday, Wednes-
day, urged that the death pen-
alty be given all who are
caught painting swastikas on
synagogues.
The Synagogue Council of
America. referring to the
"pranks," "incidents," the paint-
ing of swastikas and "the antics
of the lunatic fringe," called on
Christians and Jews to be pre-
' pared with firm leadership if
the "sickness" of the current
worldwide spate of anti-Semit-
ism should continue. Calling at-
tention to the manner in which
the "pranks" of early Hitler and
Mussolini periods also were dis-
missed as "lunatic fringe an-
tics," a spokesman for the Syna-
gogue Council said that those
events "should have taught us
that no public phenomenon of
this sort can be permitted to
escape our unrelenting vigi-
lance. Both Christians and Jews
who have a common history
and fate in this experience—
must watch these diabolical
episodes with open eyes and be
prepared for firm leadership
should, God forbid, this sickness
begin to •spread."
Meanwhile there are reports
of other synagogue desecrations
in this country. Swastikas ap-
peared on a synagogue in New
York's Flushing section on
which a six-foot high Nazi em-
blem was painted. Mayor Rob-
ert Wagner, who ordered an in-
quiry "into these vicious acts"
by the Commission on Inter-
group relations, said: New York
City has no room—and never
will have—for such Nazi-like
tactics."
The concern that is being
shown everywhere over the re-
crudescence of Nazism was evi-
denced in a front-page cartoon
in the London Daily Express. It
showed a plump German dust-
ing off the uniform of an S. S.
Nazi and the caption was from
Heinrich Hei•e's poem: "A tale
of long ago that I cannot get
out of my mind." (It is from
Heine's Lorelei: "Ein maerchen
aus uralten zeiten, das kommit
mir nicht etas den sinn.")

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Dr. Goldmann Calls for
West German Investigation

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

JERUSALEM — Dr. Nahum
Goldmann, president of the
World Zionist Organization,
called on the West German
government Tuesday to initiate
an immediate investigation to
establish, whether a fascist in-
ternational, haVing large sums
of money at its disposal, was
not behind the current wave of
anti-Semitic manifestations.
Goldmann said there was rea-
son to suspect international co-
operation among fascist ele-
ments, and asserted that West
Germany, in cooperation with
other democratic states, should
investigate to ascertain whether
such organizations exist. He said
they might have large sums of
money smuggled out . of Ger-
many at the time of the col-
lapse of the Hitler regime.
Goldmann told the closing
session of the Zionist General
Council that the swastika epi-
demic did not constitute an im-
mediate danger to the Jewish
communities in the countries
where the incidents had taken
place, because, he said, the
groups responsible were small.
He warned, however, that the
events must be viewed as symp-
toms to be taken seriously, both
by Jews and non-Jews.
The fact that young people
were involved in anti-Jewish
manifestations, Dr. Goldmann
said, was the "most disquieting
factor." This, he asserted, rep-
resented a greater danger to
Germany and to Europe than to
the Jewish people, because the
anti-Semitic character of the
outbreaks was only an expres-
sion of the revival of the spirit
of aggressive militarism which
characterized Germany in the
past:
He warned that unless the
German government punished
those responsible for the anti-
Semitic acts, and carried out a
comprehensive and systematic
educational program to teach
the younger generation the
spirit of tolerance and inter-
national good will, there was
danger of international tension
and friction.



Seen m Outrages

cited by the Communists. They
are far too clever for that."
Other government • officials,
however, are still insisting that
"there is no real anti-Semitism
in West Germany." They ex-
pressed the hope Tuesday that
"Jewish leaders abroad would
understand our difficult posi-
tion," declaring they would wel-
come German visits by leaders
of Jewish organizations to con-
vince themselves of the absence
of "real" anti-Semitism in this
country.

Austrian Jewry Demands
Stern Government Measures

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

VIENNA—A delegation rep-
resenting the Austrian Jewish
community protested Tuesday
to the Minister of the Interior,
Josef Afritsch, against anti-Se-
metic manifestations in Vienna
and the provinces, and de-
manded that the government
take stern measures to prevent
the revival of neo-Nazism.
Jewish leaders here found
themselves in sharp disagree-
ment with the official Austrian
position, which was to minimize
the importance of the recent in-
cidents. Their position was
stated by Dr. Wilhelm Krell,
general director of the com-
munity organization in a re-
corded interview in which he
charged that the Austrian au-
thorities minimized the inci-
dents, although they were aware
that when the Nazis used the
same methods in 1938 to seize
power, their tactics were termed
"boyish pranks."
The Austrian Rundfunk re-
fused to broadcast the inter-
view, presumably because of the
criticism of the government po-
sition.

dications that Nazi type anti-
Semitism still flourishes in the
country.
As further incidents were re-
ported from all parts of West
Germany and from West Berlin,
Bonn officials insisted that the
demonstrations were "organ-
ized" and were directed against
the authority and prestige of the
government. They asserted that
the German people were "most
indignant" over the anti-Semitic
excesses.
Heinrich Krone, one of the
leaders of the dominant Chris-
tion Democratic Party, as well
as a leader of the Free Dem-
ocratic Party, Dr. Erich Mende,
declared 'that the recent "ex-
cesses" were set off as chain re-
actions. Krone stated he con-
sidered open parlianientary de-•
bate on the developments "in-
opportune" at this time. Dr.
Mende thought that only "mass
hysteria" was involved.
The oppositionist Social Dem-
ocrats, on the other hand, were
pressing for parliamentary de-
bate. Leading Social Democrats
insist that Parliament must see

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what it can do at this time to
curb anti-Semitism, and demand
that the Government reveal "the
complete background of the in-
cidents, and tell what measures
it has taken to intensify and im-
prove the country's program of
political education."

Arabs Fearful Swastika
Wave Will Send Jews in
Mass Flight to Israel
JERUSALEM, (JTA) — The
news of the wave of anti-Jewish
propaganda activities in Ger-
(Continued on Page 24)

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Bonn Cabinet's Concern
Tied to Prestige Loss
BONN, (JTA) — The West
German Cabinet regards with
the utmost seriousness the anti-
Semitic acts because reports to
the Foreign Ministry from em-
bassies abroad indicate that the
Federal Republic faces a grave
loss of prestige, due to the in-

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Prof. Franz Boehm Blames
Anti-Democratic Circles

Direct JTA Teletype Wire
to The Jewish News

BONN—West Germany's fore-
most expert on relations be-
tween Germans and Jews told
the Jewish Telegraphic Agency
Tuesday that it is his belief
that the outbreak of anti-Se-
mitic incidents "has been or-
ganized by and is being steered
by anti-democratic •circles who
use anti-Semitism as a disguise
for masking their hatred of de-
mocracy."
The statement was made by
Prof. Franz Boehm, member of
the dominant Christian Demo-
cratic Party and vice-chairman
of the indemnification commit-
tee in the Bunclestag, the lower
House of Parliament. Prof.
Boehm was the outstanding
West German politician behind
the successful move to get Ger-
many to agree to pay reparations
to Israel and to the Conference
on Jewish Material Claims
against Germany, which culmi-
nated in these agreements at
the Hague in 1952,• after nego-
tiations lasting many months.
Prof. Boehm seemed to dis-
agree with government spokes-
men who have been inclined in
the last few days to blame on
Communist intrigue the wave of
anti-Semitic incidents that have
followed the Christmas Eve
desecration of the synagogue
at Cologne.
"It is true," Dr. Boehm told
the JTA, "that East German
(Communist) agencies are now
manipulating these incidents in
order to discredit the reputa-
tion of the Federal Republic
abroad. However, I do not be-
lieve that the excesses were in-

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THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS — Friday, January 8, 1960

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